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Difference between thesis and dissertation ppt presentation
bookreport Why do book reports strike terror in paper and thesis ppt the hearts of most students? Simply, writing a book report is not easy. A book report challenges students to think and write critically about what they’ve read. In the early elementary grades, extra support is given, often with book report worksheets that prompt students to write about a favorite character and emotion topics, other book details. But as children progress through upper elementary, middle, and high school, they are expected to write book reports independently.
At Time4Writing, we work with students on an individual basis to develop their writing skills through online writing courses. We hope this roadmap helps your child navigate writing a school book report with a minimum amount of terror! How to Write a Book Report. Before you write, read. Research Dissertation! There’s no substitute for reading the book. Choose a book you’ll enjoy—reading should be fun, not a chore! Read with a pen and paper at your side. Jotting down page numbers and notes about significant passages will be very useful when it comes time to write.
Remember, unless your book is a personal copy, don’t write in the book itself. Use a Book Report Outline. Essay On Respect! After reading the book, you are ready to start the writing process. When writing a book report, or when answering any writing prompt, you#8217;ll find writing easier if you follow the proven steps of the writing process: prewriting, writing, revising, editing, and publishing. In the first step, prewriting, you’ll plan what you want to say. An outline is dissertation ppt, a great prewriting tool for essay on respect and parents, book reports. Start your book report outline with the following five ideas. Each idea should correspond to a paragraph: 2. Summary of Book. 3. Research Paper Dissertation And Thesis Ppt! Book Details: Characters.
4. Book Details: Plot. Organizational Buying Behavior! 5. Evaluation and Conclusion. In organizing your thoughts, jot down a few ideas for paper dissertation ppt, each of these paragraphs. Reminder: Every grade level (and teacher) has different requirements for emotion, book report content. Review your teacher’s instructions before you create your book report outline. Most book reports begin with the basic information about the book: the book’s title, author, genre, and publication information (publisher, number of pages, and dissertation, year published).
The opening paragraph is on respect of teachers, also your opportunity to build interest by mentioning any unusual facts or circumstances about the writing of the research paper ppt book or noteworthy credentials of the author. Was the book a bestseller? Is the between and essay author a well-known authority on the subject? Book reports are personal, too, so it’s perfectly acceptable to research paper dissertation and thesis ppt state why you chose to read it. In the definition justice body of the book report—paragraphs two, three, and four—you’ll describe what the research dissertation and thesis book is about. Emotion Essay Topics! This is your chance to show you’ve read and understood the book. Assuming you’ve read a fiction book, below are helpful writing tips: Summary: Start this paragraph by writing an overview of the story, including its setting, time period, main characters, and plot. Specify who tells the story (point of view) and the tone or atmosphere of the book. Is it a creepy tale of research dissertation and thesis ppt, suspense or a lighthearted adventure?
Character Details: In this paragraph, describe the main characters and identify the major conflict or problem the main characters are trying to solve. You can also write another paragraph about the other characters in the book. Plot Details: In writing about the plot, you don’t need to tell every detail of the topics story. Instead, focus on the main sequence of events. You can discuss plot highlights, from the rising action to research paper dissertation and thesis ppt the book’s climax and conflict resolution. Make sure you mention the author’s use of any literary devices you’ve been studying in class. Book Reports on Non-fiction.
If you are writing a book report on a biography or other factual text, you’ll want to devote the body of coaching banned, your book report to a description of the book’s subject and the author’s points of view. Use the chapter headings to help you present the author’s ideas and arguments in an orderly manner. As with a fictional plot, you don’t have to research paper dissertation and thesis cover every argument made by coaching classes, the author. Instead, choose the main ideas and the ones most interesting to you. If you read a biography, write about some of the research paper and thesis important events in buy paper watermark the person’s life.
Personal Evaluation and Conclusion. You’ll like writing the final paragraph because it is here that you’ll be able to offer your own critique of the book. What are the book’s strengths and weaknesses? Did the book hold your interest? What did you learn from the book? If you read a work of paper ppt, fiction, how did the thesis book affect you? If you read non-fiction, were you swayed by the author’s arguments? Try to paper be balanced in your opinions, and should not be, support your statements with examples from the paper and thesis book. Give your honest opinion of the book and whether or not you would recommend it to buy paper with watermark others. Revising, Editing, and Publishing.
After you’ve drafted your book report, you’re ready to follow the next three steps of the research paper dissertation writing process: revising, editing, and publishing. Begin revising by reading your book report aloud or to a friend for feedback. Should Not Be! As you edit, check your grammar and use of the correct guidelines for book quotes and writing the book title. Give enough time to research revising and editing, and your published book report will be that much better. Book Reports: A Type of Expository Essay. A book report is usually written as an essay on respect of teachers, expository essay, although it can be written in other forms. In some cases, a teacher will ask students to take a point of view when writing a book report. Here is an example: “Explain why Hoot by Carl Hiiassen is the best American kid’s novel of the last decade. Please use examples.” This type of writing prompt requires a persuasive style of writing.
Teachers may also assign book reviews, which challenge students to persuade their classmates to read or not read a particular book. If writing a book review, don’t reveal the ending! Rely on Your Writing Training to Write Book Reports. Time4Writing#8217;s online writing classes and one-to-one, teacher-led instruction help in building students’ writing skills. When students develop strong basic skills, they can succeed at any writing assignment, including a book report. Time4Writing offers online writing courses for research dissertation and thesis, kids in elementary, middle school, and high school, and pairs each student with a certified teacher for of teachers, personalized writing instruction. Time4Writing’s eight-week, online writing courses are highly effective in helping students develop their writing skills and paper dissertation and thesis, building confidence.
Find out how Time4Writing#8217;s online writing classes can make a real difference in your child’s writing.
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LEEWS (Law Essay Exam Writing/Preparation Science/System) changes the game! A proven effective (true) science of preparing for and executing the paper dissertation and thesis “A” essay exam, LEEWS is applicable to bar as well as law school exams. Unique, proven systems are put in place for (systematically!) identifying issues [No more haphazard spotting!], presenting analysis in buying concise paragraphs (roughly one per issue), briefing cases in 2-4 lines(!!), taking far fewer class notes, and compiling condensed, effective, 30-50 page course outlines. Research Ppt. And much more. A law student learns—finally—to learn/think as a reasonable facsimile of a [practicing] lawyer. I briefed, outlined my notes, reviewed the law, but still felt totally unprepared for upcoming exams. This program was exactly what I needed €” the tools to confidently tackle exams in a methodical way. — Jan Court, Univ Texas '00.
Just knowing you have a plan €” i.e., the steps €” keeps you from worrying about panic. €” Rob Goldbaum, U. Chicago '92. 3 Sample Law Essay Exams From the LEEWS Primer (with Model Responses) [And an example of LEEWS' effectiveness in practice.] 1 Actual Civil Procedure Exam With Model Response (written by a LEEWS grad) and Professor Comments. The entire grade (!!) in most law school courses will depend upon performance on a final exam, most if not all of which is essay in nature. Buy Paper. (You are basically asked to identify and analyze so-called issues generated in a hypothetical [made up] and usually complex fact pattern, much as a lawyer might.) Most exams are 3-4 hours in length, and either closed or open book. The former means you bring nothing into paper dissertation ppt, the exam with you (save the code in a course based on a code of rules [e.g., IRS Code in taxation, Federal Rules of Civil Procedure in civil procedure]). Normally open book allows you to bring in difference class notes, textbook, outlines, whatever, which tends to reassure students. However, open book is misleading, as there is typically little time to refer to aids. Open or closed book, the law you need to research paper dissertation and thesis, know should be in your head. Some professors offer take home exams, which may have 8-24 hour time limits, and limits as to how much you can write or type. Grading is invariably anonymous to protect professors and students alike.
Unlike college and graduate school, class participation, acquaintance with the professor, even midsemester (as opposed to midyear) midterms generally have no bearing on law school grades. Ask professors themselves, or upperclass students about the grading policies and practices of individual professors. There follow three examples of essay hypotheticals selected from essay on respect of teachers and parents among the eight in the appendix of the LEEWS Primer. Following are models of the LEEWS approach to breaking fact patterns down into units corresponding to relevant issues [Planning Phase], as well as fully developed written responses corresponding to research paper dissertation ppt, our format of concise paragraphs, roughly one per issue [Writing Phase]. The law needed to address each hypo is provided, as the subjects may as yet be unfamiliar to you. You may want to attempt a response before looking at the models.
Standard exam writing advice posits that you follow IRAC. I.e., identify the Issue, state the applicable Rule, Analyze, Conclude. (Sounds great, until you realize you don't know what an issue is, much less how to identify all issues lurking in the fact pattern; you don't know how to analyze as a lawyer; and you don't know how to coaching not be banned, present analysis concisely.) Whether you are familiar with the three subjects tested or no, all essay exercises are predictable in nature. A typically complex and research dissertation and thesis ppt, confusing fact pattern is followed by question(s)/instruction(s) that in effect require you to identify or spot the legal issues that would be of buy paper with watermark, interest to a judge or lawyer. You must then resolve those issues, bringing to bear relevant law and the analytic dialectic between law and paper ppt, facts known as lawyerlike thinking. Should you find yourself thinking, as you review the model responses, I don't think I can ever do that, unless you have a knack for taking such exams (possessed by only a small handful of with watermark, students -- 5-7%, even at Harvard), you are probably correct. Which is why so few law students manage even a single A on research paper dissertation ppt, final exams.
But rest assured that anyone with reasonable intelligence and diligence can produce such responses consistently. Showing you how is what LEEWS is all about -- for any exam in any subject, no matter the question(s)/instruction(s) posed by the professor. Civil Procedure Hypothetical (60 min.) Coris Becker, an occasional tennis player, fell while descending steps at the Only For Us Racquet Club in Long Island City, Queens County, New York. As she explained to her husband moments later by phone: Not the most graceful move in the world, Morris. I got so mad, I smashed Mommy's new titanium Stroker. Be a dear and emotion topics, bring home din-din. I'm going to be in the hot tub for hours. As she limped out to her Lexus, Coris ran into the club owner, Jett Setter.
He grinned and remarked, I saw that spill, Coris. Not the most graceful move in the world. At which point Coris determined to sue Setter personally, as well as the club. Although a resident of Queens County, Coris, joined by research paper dissertation her mother, Doris, a resident of Manhattan, New York County, brought suit against Only For Us Racquet Club, Inc. (OFU, Inc.) and Jett Setter personally in New York County, seeking damages for Coris' injury and the destruction of the tennis racquet. Thereupon followed, inter alia , the difference and essay following events and motions:
1 €” OFU, Inc. and Setter moved for a change of venue to dissertation, Queens County. 2 €” Attempts to serve Setter personally at essay of teachers and parents, his club were twice unsuccessful, so a copy of the summons and complaint was affixed to the door of his home. Another was mailed to him. Research Paper Dissertation. [So-called nail and mail service.] 3 €” Although the complaint affixed to his door separated from the summons and blew away, and the mailed copy never arrived, Setter, by his attorney, appeared in the action, answered the complaint, interposed affirmative defenses, and otherwise defended against the action. Only later during an appeal did he assert lack of personal jurisdiction as a defense. 4 €” OFU, Inc. served notice of the organizational behavior deposition of a person who, while standing in the next phone booth, had overheard Coris' conversation with her husband. Coris moved for a protective order forbidding disclosure of anything overheard as a privileged conversation. 5 €” OFU, Inc. requested an admission from research and thesis ppt Doris that Coris has a tendency to negligent behavior.
Doris ignored it. 6 €” Following a directed verdict during trial dismissing her cause of action for write definition justice, destruction of the racquet, Doris immediately instituted a claim for damages on the same ground in small claims court, Manhattan. You are a law clerk to, where appropriate, both trial and dissertation and thesis, appellate judges assigned to this case. Difference And Essay. Prepare a memorandum of law respecting the issues raised in the above. Majority state law applies. RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPO. (Such legal knowledge should be in your head as well as your course outline.
Note: The law provided herein may or may not be currently accurate.) Discovery (scope of) €” Generally, all information not otherwise privileged that is relevant to research dissertation ppt, the subject matter of the with watermark action is discoverable, whether or not the material would be admissible as proof. Communications between spouses €” A confidential communication between husband and wife is dissertation privileged against disclosure by either spouse or by a third person (e.g., an eavesdropper). Personal Jurisdiction €” Generally, in on respect of teachers and parents order to determine the rights and duties of parties to an action, and to bind the parties personally to paper dissertation and thesis, its determinations, a court must have in personam jurisdiction over said parties. Said jurisdiction will be had, inter alia, where a defendant is present in the state where an action is between brought, and personally served with process.
Where personal service on paper, a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence, a plaintiff is entitled to substitute such service by difference between affixing a copy of the summons and complaint to the door or other conspicuous place at the defendant's last known address, and also mailing a copy of dissertation and thesis, same by regular mail to said address (so-called nail and mail). A court has held that three attempts at in hand service at a defendant's place of business, without attempting to serve the defendant at home or leave the summons and emotion topics, complaint with a person of suitable age and discretion at dissertation, the place of business does not satisfy the requirements of due diligence. Waiver of €” Where a defendant appears, answers the complaint, interposes defenses, and at no time during or after trial moves to emotion, dismiss based on, nor claims lack of personal jurisdiction, the defense will be deemed waived on appeal. Requests for admission €” A request for admission imposes a duty on the party served to paper dissertation ppt, acknowledge the existence of facts that are not in doubt and that should not be necessary to prove at trial. The party served normally has 30 days to respond. Failure to timely respond results in the matter being deemed admitted. Inter alia , it is essay on respect of teachers and parents permissible to dissertation and thesis ppt, request that a party admit to a legal conclusion (e.g., that an employee was acting with authority, or that the party was traveling against traffic on a one-way street).
However, it is not proper to request an admission to an abstract statement of law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to difference research and essay, drive is negligent, per se). Res Judicata €” Doctrine that for reasons of economy, prevention of paper dissertation and thesis, harassment, and of teachers, avoidance of inconsistent judicial rulings (policy!), the relitigation of claims and issues is paper dissertation ppt generally prohibited. Claim preclusion €” Doctrine whereby a final judgment on the merits of a claim or cause of classes banned essay, action precludes reassertion of that claim or cause of action in a subsequent suit. Venue €” Refers to research paper dissertation, the proper place for trial of a lawsuit. The purpose of venue rules is to prevent a plaintiff from forcing a defendant to trial where it would be burdensome for him to appear and defend (policy!). Unless compelling reasons exist to direct otherwise, a transitory action (meaning that the watermark transaction which is the subject of the action could have happened anywhere) should be tried in the county where the action arose.
MODEL RESPONSE TO CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPOTHETICAL. (1/4 - 1/3 of research dissertation and thesis ppt, allotted time divided into 10-15 minute intervals) Preliminary Overview €” Six distinct events/motions. Perform Steps One, Two, and Three (The Blender) on each is my initial perspective on how to proceed. [Always the Steps, always the Steps €” a constant way of thinking.] Step One €” [Conflict pairings and party objective(s) for organizational, each of the dissertation and thesis ppt six events/motions.] The conflict pairings for all six are either Coris and/or Doris versus OFU, Inc. and/or Jett Setter. [The consistent overall objectives are to research and essay, obtain damages on one side and to avoid liability on the other. However, given that this is a civil procedure exam, the objectives that count for research dissertation and thesis, purposes of generating premises are intermediate in nature. In the larger (intermediate) sense they are to keep the litigation going versus termination on a procedural ground. More immediate to write definition justice, the six events/motions:] 1 = Change venue to Queens County vs. Research Dissertation And Thesis. keep it in Manhattan County.
2 = Establish personal jurisdiction vs. not. 3 = Have lack of personal jurisdiction defense ruled moot vs. exists and viable. 4 = Preclude disclosure of overheard conversation vs. have it ruled discoverable. 5 = Have fact admitted vs. not admitted. 6 = Have claim heard in small claims court vs. dismissed. [My view at classes should, this point is research paper ppt that each event/motion will generate no more than one or two premises, and emotion topics, will be relatively straightforward of analysis. Therefore, the and thesis time to essay, be allotted each will be roughly the same. As it would interrupt continuity of train of thought and be time wasting to continue applying the Steps to all six, from this point on I shall work on each question to completion before going on to the paper dissertation and thesis next .] Step Two €” [Consider each pairing, party, and objective. Cull facts (and course outline) for relevant premises.] 1 = Venue of transitory action is write definition essay overriding , (i.e., governs the determination, no matter which party's perspective/objective is considered.
See definition of Step Two and paper dissertation, footnote, page 104.) 2 = Nail and mail service vs. due diligence rule. [Complete analysis/discussion of buying thesis, No.2 (7-8 minutes??), then on to No.3; . Research Dissertation And Thesis. . . No.4; . . . 5; . . . Essay Topics. 6.] 3 = Rule re lack of personal jurisdiction and grounds for waiver thereof overrides. 4 = Rule re discovery of spousal communication overrides. 5 = Requests for admission, and failure to respond thereto overrides. 6 = Res judicata rules override. Step Three €” [Consider each premise to paper dissertation and thesis, note missing elements or real issues.] [Since there appear to be but one or two premises to justice, be considered for each event/motion, and since I am working on each exclusive of the others, Step Three is unnecessary as an paper dissertation, independent exercise. It is part and parcel of inspecting the law giving rise to the premise under consideration to determine whether it is necessary to state all of the law to begin the first paragraph of buy paper with watermark, analysis, or whether one or more elements can be focused on paper dissertation and thesis, as pivotal.] Preview of a logical sequence for discussion €” No overlap of discussion apparent.
No reason apparent not to proceed in the chronology given. [When question(s)/instruction(s) offer a labeling format, you of course normally use it. The professor/bar grader will likely be looking for it (Here -- 1,2,3, etc. Buy Paper Watermark. It seems unnecessary, time wasting, and research ppt, probably confusing to mention conflict pairings here. And Parents. However, I am thinking of and guided by them.] Generally, unless compelling reasons exist to direct otherwise, a transitory action [flag relevant law with underlining or boldface] should be tried in the county where the action arose. Transitory has been defined to mean that the transaction that is the subject of the action could have occurred anywhere. Coris' fall and the destruction of the racquet could have occurred anywhere. [Concludes statement of relevant premise, i.e., controlling legal precept, that abruptly begins every paragraph.] Moreover, Coris, Only For Us, Inc. (OFU), and Jett Setter all reside in Queens County. The residence in New York County of Coris' mother, Doris, whose claim is minor, is the only apparent reason for trying the action in dissertation and thesis ppt New York County. It is hardly compelling. [Concludes lawyerlike analysis -- application of law to essay topics, relevant facts.] Conclusion : The motion should be granted. [No hedging, as this seems open and shut.]
So-called nail and mail service will satisfy the requirements of personal jurisdiction only where personal service on paper, a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence. [Law.] It has been held that three attempts at in hand service at a defendant's place of business, without attempting to serve the defendant at home or leave the summons and essay on respect of teachers, complaint with a person of suitable age and discretion at the place of research, business does not satisfy the buying behavior thesis requirements of due diligence. Plaintiffs made no attempt to serve defendant Setter personally other than twice unsuccessfully at research dissertation and thesis ppt, his place of essay, business. [Analysis.] Conclusion: The attempted nail and mail service was likely [Hedging!] ineffective for lack of due diligence. Where a defendant who has not been properly served nevertheless appears in research paper dissertation and thesis ppt an action, answers the complaint, and essay topics, interposes affirmative defenses, but never moves to dismiss for lack of personal jurisdiction, nor at any time claims lack of personal jurisdiction, the defense of lack of personal jurisdiction will be deemed waived upon the taking of an appeal. [Law.] Setter, as concluded above, was never properly served. Nevertheless, he appeared, answered the complaint, defended in the action, and at research paper dissertation and thesis ppt, no time prior to appeal claimed lack of personal jurisdiction. Arguably, raising the claim on appeal is after trial. However, waived upon should banned essay the taking of an appeal clearly indicates that the research paper dissertation and thesis time for raising the claim would be deemed tolled. [Analysis.] Conclusion : Setter's defense of lack of essay of teachers, personal jurisdiction would be deemed waived on appeal. Generally, all information that is not privileged and is relevant to the subject matter of the research paper dissertation action is discoverable, even if not admissible as proof. Confidential communications between husband and wife are privileged from disclosure by either spouse and by a third party (e.g., an eavesdropper). [Law.] Coris' statement that she had smashed the racquet was relevant for its truth, as well as an indication of Coris' truthfulness.
Confidential normally implies private or secret. Watermark. [Add clarification, or law, where needed, and appropriate.] A conversation at a phone that was apparently near other phones would not seem confidential. Moreover, given that Coris had not yet determined to sue, her statement in the context of remarks about dinner and a hot tub seems merely casual. [Analysis.] Conclusion : The motion will fail. The conversation with the husband was not confidential, and therefore not privileged. A request for an admission imposes a duty on the party served to acknowledge the research dissertation existence of emotion essay, facts that are not in doubt and that should not be necessary to research dissertation and thesis ppt, prove at and parents, trial. However, inter alia, it is not proper to request an admission to an abstract statement of law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to research ppt, drive is negligent, per se).
The statement in question seems manifestly a matter that is in some doubt, and on respect, that may be necessary to prove at trial. Moreover, in that negligence is a legal conclusion, the research paper dissertation statement would appear to be an abstract statement of law. Conclusion : Doris' disregard of the request is of no consequence, as said request imposed no duty of acknowledgment. A final judgment on essay and parents, the merits of research paper dissertation and thesis ppt, a claim or cause of action generally precludes reassertion of on respect of teachers, that claim or cause of action in a subsequent suit. Doris' action in small claims court is grounded in the same facts (destroyed tennis racquet) and sets forth the research dissertation same cause of action as the one dismissed in the primary action herein. A directed verdict during trial seems both a final judgment and a judgment on the merits. Conclusion : The action in small claims court would be dismissed as res judicata. Corporations Hypothetical (50 min.) The RIP Corporation, formed in 1998 by the Bottomline brothers, Ohmy, Padthe, and Savethe, for the purpose (as duly set forth in essay of teachers and parents its bylaws and articles of incorporation) of paper, manufacturing and write, retailing so-called landscape rape accessories for four wheel drive and other off-the-road vehicles, quickly prospered and went public. Between 1999, when 100,000 shares were first sold over the counter, and 2001 the total value of RIPCORP (as the research paper enterprise was affectionately known) shares, after two splits, rose tenfold to forty million dollars.
Flush with their success and invincible in their avarice, the difference between and essay Bottomline brothers led RIPCORP in the aggressive pursuit of profit wherever it might be found. Research Paper And Thesis. The brothers held the classes not be essay chief executive positions in the corporation, as well as a majority of seats on research dissertation, the board of directors. They further owned thirty percent of the difference outstanding shares, by far the largest voting block. Thus, acquiescence in paper and thesis ppt their increasingly bold ventures was virtually assured. Matters began to tangle when Meddle, a shareholder of with, record since purchasing 100 shares at the initial offering, took umbrage at RIPCORP's proposed acquisition of Southeast Asia ski resort options. And Thesis Ppt. In the fall of 2001 Meddle sought permission to inspect the RIPCORP minutes and other records relating to the ski resort venture. When she refused to accede to the demand of the Bottomline brothers that she first divulge her intentions regarding the inspection, the with brothers issued a directive limiting access to research paper, the books and definition essay, records to paper ppt, persons cleared by them, and under no circumstances to Meddle or her representative. Thereupon Meddle brought suit in her own right and on behalf of RIPCORP against the corporation and the Bottomline brothers personally to gain access to the books and records, to classes not be banned, block the ski resort venture as an ultra vires act, and for repayment by the RIPCORP board of directors of any expenses incurred in research dissertation connection with the pursuit of said venture. 1) RIPCORP moved to dismiss the action for, inter alia, lack of standing, failure to first make a demand on the board of directors, and failure to state a cause of action.
2) RIPCORP moved in the alternative that the court require Meddle to post $25,000 security for costs as a precondition to continued maintenance of the suit. 3) Meanwhile, the RIPCORP board passed a resolution providing for indemnification of the directors in the event Meddle prevailed, and purchased insurance to provide for same. Meddle immediately moved to quash these actions. How should the court decide the between motions under 1, 2, and 3 above? RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CORPORATIONS HYPO. Ultra vires acts €” Generally includes acts beyond the research purpose or powers of the corporation, and coaching classes not be banned essay, sometimes includes acts within the purposes and powers of the corporation, but performed in an unauthorized manner or without authority. Research Paper And Thesis. Many jurisdictions now restrict ultra vires challenges to the following: 1) the right of a shareholder to enjoin unauthorized corporate acts; 2) the research right of the attorney general of the state to enjoin such activities; 3) the right of the ppt corporation to recover damages from the write essay officers and/or directors (present or former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s). Shareholder inspection rights €” Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in and thesis ppt common law and statute, to inspect corporate books and coaching should banned, records which are relevant to a proper purpose. Courts will determine whether a purpose is proper.
A shareholder may examine the stock book and research dissertation ppt, minutes of between, stockholder meetings on demand if 1) he has been a stockholder of record for at least six months immediately preceding the demand; or 2) he is a holder of 5 percent of paper and thesis, any class of outstanding shares. Shareholder rights of action €” Generally, a shareholder may sue the corporation in his own name to enforce his rights as a shareholder, and/or on behalf of the corporation to procure a judgment in favor of the corporation. The latter derivative action may be maintained only emotion if 1) the plaintiff is paper dissertation and thesis a shareholder when the coaching should banned action is brought; 2) the plaintiff was a shareholder when the alleged wrong to the corporation occurred; and 3) the plaintiff shows in dissertation and thesis ppt his complaint that he has demanded that the board of directors commence the write essay justice action, or that there are sufficient reasons for dissertation and thesis, not making the demand (e.g., the board members are the defendants). Write Definition Essay Justice. Note that in order to minimize the possibility of derivative actions without merit being brought merely for nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, the corporation may require the plaintiff to post security for dissertation and thesis, costs, unless 1) the plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at least 5 percent of any class of on respect of teachers, outstanding shares; or 2) the dissertation and thesis value of their shares exceeds $50,000. Indemnification €” Generally, a director or officer may not be indemnified (reimbursed) against a judgment obtained against him in a direct action by the corporation, or a derivative action on behalf of the corporation, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof. The director may, however, be indemnified against expenses of defending the essay and parents action, unless, inter alia, he is adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of good faith and reasonable care in the circumstances. The corporation may purchase insurance to indemnify officers and directors for even the above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of the research paper and thesis ppt officer/director is shown. MODEL RESPONSE TO CORPORATIONS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview €” The three motions referred to by the question are like three questions, each to be considered separately. [Note the enormous benefit here of skipping over the facts.]
Step One €” Conflict pairing(s) : [A quick review of the motions in research and essay conjunction with the sentence that precedes them reveals the single conflict pairing throughout.] RIPCORP, Inc. v. Paper And Thesis. Meddle, etc., or vice versa for each motion (i.e., question). Objectives : [Somewhat confusing, as the sentence immediately preceding the motions reflects three ultimate objectives of Meddle. However, the coaching banned essay objectives relevant to a Step One analysis and research paper, the question are implied in the three motions. Note that motion #1 also provides Movant RIPCORP's premises (!!). Whether the ultimate objectives will be achieved depends upon resolution of the motions.] 1) dismiss the action versus keep it going;
2) $25,000 security be required to be posted, versus not; 3) board indemnification resolution and purchase of insurance be quashed, versus maintenance of same. Step Two €” [RIPCORP is movant for motions 1 and 2, Meddle for 3. The motions themselves, especially the first, point to overriding premises. In that a court may dismiss all or part of a suit, each premise must be considered in light of each of Meddle's objectives set forth in write definition essay the preceding sentence . The facts in paper and thesis ppt the first two paragraphs need only be considered for purposes of analysis.] 1) Lack of standing, failure to first make a demand on the board, and failure to state a cause of action respecting each of Meddle's three objectives = potentially nine discussions. but probably not. 2) [Must refer to relevant portions of corporations toolbox.] The law [Noted in toolbox only. And Parents. Don't write it in your outline.] respecting requirement that a shareholder plaintiff in action against corporation post bond.
3) The law respecting indemnification and/or insurance of directors in such a suit. Step Three €” [The motions seem more or less equivalent in weight. Given the complexity of the relevant premises noted in Step Two, the effort necessary for a Step Three analysis seems needlessly duplicative of the analysis to paper and thesis ppt, be performed in writing the actual response. Therefore, it seems advisable to skip Step Three and write essay justice, go to the writing phase .] Preview of a logical sequence for discussion €” No reason apparent for not proceeding chronologically. Lack of dissertation ppt, standing/failure to state a cause of action. Generally, a shareholder may sue the corporation in buy paper with her own name to enforce her rights as a shareholder, and/or on behalf of the paper ppt corporation to procure a judgment in favor of the corporation. Inter alia, the latter derivative action can be maintained only if the plaintiff is of teachers a shareholder when the action is brought and when the alleged wrong to the corporation occurred. Meddle (M) is currently a shareholder, and dissertation and thesis, has been since long before the ski resort venture. Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and statute, to inspect corporate books and records which are relevant to a proper purpose.
Courts will determine whether a purpose is write definition justice proper. A shareholder may examine the stock book and minutes of stockholder meetings on demand if she has been a stockholder of record for at least six months immediately preceding the demand; or she is dissertation and thesis ppt a holder of five percent of should not be, any class of paper ppt, outstanding shares. Between Research. M's 100 shares, presumably grown after 'two splits to 400, constitutes much less than five percent of any class of shares. However, she has been a stockholder of record since the initial offering, over two years prior. So-called ultra vires acts €” acts beyond the purposes or powers of the corporation, and sometimes acts within the purposes and powers of the corporation, but performed in an unauthorized manner or without authority may properly be challenged by shareholders. Moreover, the corporation may recover damages from the officers and/or directors (present and research dissertation, former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s) . Given that RIPCORP's stated corporate purpose is to classes should banned essay, manufacture and retail accessories for off-road vehicles, the Southeast Asian ski venture (Venture) has the appearance of an ultra vires act for which damages may be sought.
Failure to first make a demand on the board. Another requirement for maintaining a derivative action is that the plaintiff demand that the board commence the action, or there be sufficient reasons for not making such demand (e.g., the board members are the defendants). The Bottomline brothers are named in M's suit and hold a majority of seats on paper dissertation ppt, the board, thereby satisfying the exception. Conclusion : The motion should be denied, as all of RIPCORP's challenges lack merit. Corporations, in order to minimize the possibility of derivative actions without merit being brought merely for nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, may require a shareholder plaintiff to post security for costs , unless the plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at organizational buying thesis, least five percent of dissertation and thesis, any class of outstanding shares, or the value of their shares exceeds $50,000. With. M's 100 shares constituted but 1/10th of one percent of the initial 100,000 share offering. Research Dissertation And Thesis. Their value at write definition essay justice, the time of the research paper and thesis suit would have been 1/10th of and essay, one percent of and thesis, forty million dollars, or approximately $40,000. However, M has been a shareholder since the very beginning of the corporation, and, as set forth, supra , a challenge to the Venture seems hardly without merit. [Yes, basic math may be necessary!] Conclusion : Although M falls $10,000 short of the $50,000 exception, the motion should probably be denied. Coaching Classes Should Not Be Banned Essay. Given that M's sharehold nearly satisfies the exception, and dissertation and thesis, the policy justification underlying the essay topics security requirement seems utterly lacking, it is unlikely that a court would permit the corporation to impose this financial impediment. Research Dissertation And Thesis Ppt. [Note the use of the should policy underpinning as a basis for a counterargument.] Generally, a corporate director (or officer) may not be indemnified against research and thesis a judgment obtained against him in a direct action by difference the corporation or a derivative action, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof.
The director may, however, be indemnified against dissertation expenses of defending the action, unless, inter alia, he is adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of good faith and reasonable care in the circumstances. Justice. The corporation may purchase insurance to indemnify officers and directors for even the above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of the research paper and thesis officer/director is shown. [Given this much legal preamble, it seems appropriate to begin the analysis in a new paragraph.] M's action is in part derivative on behalf of RIPCORP, and a judgment obtained in this respect cannot be indemnified against. The facts are unclear about whether the resolution indemnifies against expenses of defending against organizational behavior thesis the action. Assuming, arguendo , that it does, the inherent improbability, indeed inherent folly of the Venture, coupled with its seeming obvious ultra vires aspect, strongly suggests a violation by and thesis the directors of their duty to exercise reasonable care, if not a violation of their duty to act in good faith. Justice. However, given that RIPCORP appears to have been engaged for some time in dissertation a pattern of divers schemes wholly unrelated to its stated purpose, it is unlikely that a court would be willing to take judicial notice of such a conclusion so early in the proceedings. Nothing in on respect of teachers and parents the facts suggests deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of paper dissertation and thesis ppt, any RIPCORP director/officer that would preclude the purchase of indemnification insurance.
Conclusion : The motion should be granted as to any portion of the resolution that purports to indemnify against judgments obtained on behalf of the corporation, denied as to coaching classes essay, portions that indemnify against judgments obtained by M, and denied with leave to renew at a later time with respect to and thesis ppt, all other portions. T properly executed a will in 1994, by the terms of which he distributed his entire estate in the following manner: First: I bequeath my racehorse, Swayback, to with watermark, my friend, X. Second: I bequeath $100,000 to paper dissertation, my brother, Y. Third: I give, devise, and bequeath the rest, residue, and on respect of teachers and parents, remainder of my estate to my faithful companion, Z. In 1998, having fallen out with Z, T properly executed a new will with the research dissertation ppt following terms: First: I bequeath $100,000 to my brother, Y. Second: I give, devise, and bequeath the rest, residue, and remainder of my estate to my (new) faithful companion, B. In 1999, having reconciled with Z and spurned B, T properly executed a codicil to his 1994 will, by the terms of which he increased the legacy to Y to $150,000; and in all other respects he ratified, confirmed, and republished the 1994 will. T died in 2001.
In a probate proceeding the evidence established the following: 1) Although sober when he made the codicil in 1999, T was drunk out of his mind when he executed the 1994 will. 2) T sold Swayback to a syndicate in 1997 for $200,000. 3) Inadvertently in 2000 T, falling asleep at his desk with cigarette in coaching classes banned hand, set fire to some papers. One of the papers destroyed was the original copy of the 1999 codicil, which T had been reviewing.
4) Y died in 2000. 5) S, the son of Y, was one of several witnesses to T's execution of the 1994 will. Discuss the rights of the various parties in terms of who takes what from T's estate. RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR WILLS HYPOTHETICAL. Ademption €” Occurs when a specific legacy (defined below) is not in existence or not in the possession of the paper dissertation and thesis ppt testator when he dies (because, for example, it has been sold or given away). When an ademption occurs, the definition justice legatee takes nothing. Death of a beneficiary €” A disposition to a beneficiary who predeceases the testator ordinarily lapses (returns to the estate). By statute in many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue.
Such surviving issue will take the legacy in equal proportions per stirpes . Disposition of estate €” Shall be in accordance with a decedent's last will and testament. Execution of a will €” A properly executed will implies at research and thesis ppt, least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to take under said will. Republication €” A properly executed codicil to a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in form, properly executed. This is coaching should so despite the fact that the will so republished may have been invalid for want of research ppt, testamentary capacity at the time of making. Revocation €” As a general rule, a subsequent will that is entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to have revoked the prior will by essay implication.
A will may further be revoked by means of its physical destruction. Such destruction, however, must be accompanied with the intent and for ppt, the purpose of revoking the will. Specific legacy €” A bequest of a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from all other articles of the same or similar nature. It must be taken by the legatee as and where he finds it. Testamentary capacity €” Absent evidence to the contrary, testamentary capacity will be presumed where the emotion essay testator, in executing a will or other document, accurately recites the nature and extent of his property, and recognizes the natural objects of his bounty.
Witness as beneficiary €” A witness to a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in probate without his assistance. MODEL RESPONSE TO WILLS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview €” The instruction points to parties who stand to take from T's estate. Each will be in opposition to anyone or anything that would prevent him from taking from T's estate. Step One €” X, Y, Z, B, and A vs. anyone or thing (including each other, T, the state, or the estate) that stands between him and taking from T's estate. B v. Z seems a key conflict. Step Two €” [Each claimant must establish that the will or codicil upon which he bases his claim is valid and controlling. Each will likewise seek to dissertation, defeat a competitor claim. Legal precepts governing testamentary disposition set forth in of teachers and parents my wills toolbox will come into play.
However, it would be inefficient and confusing to research dissertation and thesis ppt, try to sort them out at this point. Better to focus on one conflict at a time in the writing phase. Possibly there will be overlap of essay of teachers, premises/discussion.] Step Three €” [Having declined to set forth the premises of the dissertation ppt various parties in Step Two, I may as well go straight to the response. Coaching Should Not Be Banned Essay. My impression is paper dissertation and thesis that once the controlling rules are set forth, analysis will be relatively uncomplicated.] Ability of buy paper, a per stirpes witness, S, to take may be an dissertation and thesis, interesting discussion. Preview of a logical sequence of discussion €” Resolving which instrument controls seems the obvious first step. Therefore, beginning with B v. Difference Research And Essay. Z would seem to paper dissertation and thesis, make sense.
B and Z's rights [This label conforms to the instruction. B v. Z might confuse. But I'm thinking B v. Z!] As a general rule, a subsequent will that is entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to organizational thesis, have revoked the prior willby implication. The 1998 will was inconsistent with the 1994 will and research paper and thesis, made a complete disposition of buying, T's property, thereby revoking the 1994 will and Z's legacy. However, a properly executed codicil to a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in form, properly executed. This is so despite the fact that the will so republished may have been invalid for dissertation and thesis, want of testamentary capacity at the time of making. The properly executed 1999 codicil republished the properly executed 1994 will, thereby restoring Z's legacy. The fact that T was sober when making the difference between research and essay codicil moots any effect of T having been drunk when making the 1994 will. There being no evidence to paper dissertation and thesis, the contrary, the fact that T in executing the codicil accurately recited the nature and extent of his property and recognized the natural objects of buy paper, his bounty will establish his testamentary capacity in making the codicil.
Although a will may be revoked by means of physical destruction , such destruction must be accomplished with the intent and for the purpose of revoking the will. Paper Dissertation And Thesis Ppt. The circumstance that the original copy of the codicil was destroyed inadvertently in 2000 is thus of no avail to B. Conclusion : The 1998 will is revoked, and B takes nothing. Z takes the rest, residue, and remainder of T's estate under the 1999 codicil that revived the 1994 will. An ademption occurs when a specific legacy (i.e., a bequest of a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from classes should banned essay all other articles of the same or similar nature) is not in existence or not in the possession of the testator when he dies. When an ademption occurs, the legatee takes nothing. The racehorse, Swayback, appears to be such a particular, individualized chattel. In that Swayback was sold prior to T's death, the republication of the 1994 will is of no avail to X. Conclusion : X takes nothing from T's estate, as his legacy has adeemed.
A disposition to a beneficiary who predeceases the testator ordinarily lapses. Paper Dissertation. By statute in many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue. Such surviving issue will take the legacy in equal proportions per stirpes . Therefore, although Y predeceased T, Y's son, S, would take the write essay justice $150,000, providing he is not disqualified by having witnessed the now republished 1994 will. A witness to a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in probate without his assistance. A properly executed will implies at least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to take under said will.
S was one of several witnesses to the 1994 will, implying that more than two persons witnessed the will. Research Paper. Therefore, presumably two other witnesses exist to prove the essay topics will in probate. NB: Arguably S should be permitted to dissertation, take under the 1994 will per stirpes, even were he one of only two witnesses to the will. Coaching Classes Not Be. The rationale for not allowing a witness necessary to probate to take under the will being probated is presumably the paper ppt conflict of difference between research and essay, interest posed. The reliability of a witness with a vested interest in having the will probated is compromised.
Y, however, not S stood to take under the 1994 will. Had there been any consideration of Y predeceasing T, and therefore S taking, S probably would not have been asked to paper ppt, witness the will. However, it could also be contended that that was then, and write justice, now S does have a compromising vested interest. [This latter paragraph is not necessary. Research Dissertation. However, it demonstrates the kind of interest and thoughtfulness that may catch a professor's attention and garner an A. Research. Possibly it should be highlighted in some way, perhaps with a red star. I might even decide to put it on the blank page left at the beginning. (See p.75.)] Conclusion : Y, having predeceased T, will take nothing.
However, Y's intended legacy will go to the son, S, per stirpes . S's having witnessed the paper and thesis will under which he takes should not disqualify him, providing two others of the several witnesses to the will exist to prove it in probate. Actual Civil Procedure I Exam, Fall 2006, U. Research. Memphis School of and thesis ppt, Law (with Model A+ Response and Professor Comments) [The example that follows is an essay and parents, actual exam and dissertation ppt, model response sent to us by one Richard Townley, Sr., U. Memphis class of 2009E (evening division). The exam was given jointly to two first year classes by their professors. Richard ordered the audio CD version of LEEWS. His is the verbatim model response offered to students — with professor comments! — as what was wanted. Buy Paper With. His response received the highest grade, one of only dissertation two A+ grades. Organizational. His accompanying remarks are reprinted in the Results section. Inter alia (among other things), he said, LEEWS was absolutely essential to my success. . The exemplar is, in research paper dissertation fact, *my* exam essay answer, and if I say so myself, it's a pretty good LEEWS exemplar as well. We reiterate that the LEEWS objective for every response is a series of paragraphs, each beginning with relevant law and essay, presenting balanced lawyerlike analysis. . What is surely wanted when confronted with a task such as what follows is research paper dissertation a system whereby in structured, step-by-step fashion, the examinee knows exactly what is wanted and how to proceed and present. For example, a LEEWS grad will immediately skip over classes should not be, the confusing fact pattern to the question/instruction, typically at the end, and perform Step One.
A LEEWS grad has also read many such introductory instructions, and therefore will skim through quickly to note what, if anything, is new and/or unusual. Research Paper Dissertation And Thesis Ppt. Note that the average student managed less than 17 points out of a possible 45 on the essay exam versus Richard's 39 (!!). . It may be further noted that although these professors did not require a so-called IRAC format [and we commend that!), Richard's paragraphed response could easily have been conformed to a Follow IRAC instruction by merely introducing an issue statement before each paragraph, and a conclusion statement at the end. LEEWS posits that in definition essay justice general issue statements are unnecessary, as starting a paragraph with law implies the issue, and conclusions are unimportant.] Civil Procedure I -- Exam Results -- Fall, 2006 (§ 11 = Prof Banks, § 12 = Prof Entman) Essays - 45 points. Average -- § 11 [17.2]; § 12 [16.1]; both sections [16.6] Range -- § 11 [3 - 42]; § 12 [4 - 39] Multiple Choice - 55 points (35 questions) Average -- § 11 [33.70]; § 12 [35.00]; both sections [34.36] Range -- § 11 [18.86 - 50.29]; § 12 [17.29 - 53.43]
Total - 100 points. Average -- § 11 [50.90]; § 12 [51.09]; both sections [50.99] Range -- § 11 [22.86 - 92.29]; § 12 [26.29 - 83.00] Average Grade - § 11 [2.33] Both Sections [2.34] § 12 [2.34] A+: 82 and research paper, above. F : 0 - 32.
INSTRUCTIONS - Read these instructions carefully. You are responsible for following them to the letter and will be assessed a point penalty or given a failing grade for buying, failure to follow instructions. Before you begin work on this examination, be sure that you have an paper and thesis, examination booklet consisting of coaching essay, 8 consecutively numbered pages -- beginning with this page. Part I consists of problems calling for written analysis. Part II consists of research paper and thesis, 35 multiple choice questions. If your examination is incomplete, you should advise the of teachers instructor immediately.
It is ppt your responsibility to ensure that you are working with a complete examination. The exam is closed book. You may not use any material other than this examination booklet, the answer sheet, blank paper and an appropriate writing instrument. You may not, of buy paper watermark, course, confer with or receive assistance from any other person. Your answers for Part I should be written on the paper provided. Be sure to identify clearly which subpart you are answering (e.g., I. Research Paper Ppt. A.). Classes Should Not Be Banned Essay. When you have completed your answers to dissertation ppt, Part I, number your pages consecutively, write your identification number on each page, and staple all of the pages together in organizational the upper left hand corner. 1. Answer only the question asked and do so with organization, precision, legibility, and proper grammar and spelling.
2. If a court rule or a statute is relevant to a problem, you may identify it by number, but you must discuss its substance whether or not you mention the rule or statute by dissertation and thesis ppt number. 3. Write on only one side of a page and leave a left margin. Write your identification number in the space provided on the answer sheet for Part II and mark the appropriate corresponding circles on classes should not be essay, your answer sheet to indicate your examination number. Do not staple the answer sheet for Part II to anything. Submission of Exams -- General Instructions When you have finished the examination, place your answers to Part I, your answer sheet for paper and thesis, Part II, and the exam booklet in the separately designated boxes. All examination booklets must be turned in. Buy Paper. You must write your identification number on this exam booklet at the top of the first page and return the booklet in order that your exam answer sheet may be matched with the correct version of the answers.
Do not write your name on anything. For this examination, unless we have specifically studied to the contrary, you should assume the following: 1. all states have adopted rules of civil procedure identical to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure; 2. all states have enacted statutes that authorize the research paper and thesis exercise of jurisdiction on each of the traditional bases recognized by the Supreme Court up to the date of its decision in International Shoe; 3. Coaching Classes Should Not Be Banned Essay. all states have also enacted the following statutes: X.C.A. § 1-1-111: A court may exercise personal jurisdiction over a person (including an individual, his executor, administrator, or other personal representative, or a corporation, partnership, or any other legal or commercial entity) who acts directly or by an agent, as to a claim for relief arising from the person€™s. (a) transacting any business within this State; (b) causing tortious injury by an act or omission in this State; (c) causing tortious injury in this State by an act or omission outside this State if the research dissertation person regularly does or solicits business, or engages in any other persistent course of conduct, or derives substantial revenue from goods used or consumed or services rendered in this State; (d) owning, using or possessing any property situated in this State; (e) contracting to buying behavior thesis, insure any person, property, or risk located within this State at research and thesis, the time of contracting. X.C.A. § 2-2-222: In any suit brought in the courts of this State, service of process may be achieved by sending a summons and a copy of the justice complaint by registered mail, return receipt requested, to the defendant's home address, or principal place of business, wherever located. The problems in Part I are worth a total of 45 points. They are not of equal weight. A. You are now an associate attorney in a law firm.
Respond fully to the following memorandum from one of your employers. €śI Quit€ť is not a recommended answer. To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Dissertation And Thesis Ppt. Isolde. Date: Dec. 11, 2006. [Fact pattern (hypo)] Tristan and Isolde are partners in a furniture repair business.
Their shop is in the State of Swabia where most of their customers are from. Sometimes people from the nearby States of Prussia and Bavaria bring repair jobs to the shop in Swabia. Isolde was raised in Prussia and lived there with her parents until June, 2003, when she moved into an apartment in Swabia to see if she would enjoy living away from not be banned home. In July, 2003, a vice-president of First Commercial Industrial Bank of Prussia [€śFirst Commercial€ť] attended a lecture on furniture repair that Isolde gave in Prussia. He decided that Tristan and paper ppt, Isolde had a promising business and that the bank would do well to procure their business. After receiving a letter at their shop offering the bank€™s services, Tristan and Isolde decided to borrow $150,000 from First Commercial. By telephone, they requested the bank send them the paperwork at their shop. On August 15, 2003, Tristan and Isolde signed the loan papers at their shop and Tristan immediately took them to First Commercial€™s main office, located ten miles away in the State of essay on respect, Prussia.
First Commercial then gave them a check for $150,000 minus closing costs of approximately $5,000. The loan agreement provided that its interpretation and research paper ppt, validity would be governed by the law of Prussia and that it was to be repaid in two years. Due to coaching classes essay, financial difficulties, Tristan and Isolde made only two payments on dissertation and thesis ppt, the loan. Buying Behavior Thesis. When First Commercial threatened to dissertation, sue them, Tristan settled the bank€™s claim against him for $50,000. First Commercial then sued Isolde in the United States District Court for Prussia to collect the unpaid principal and essay, interest.
First Commercial€™s attorney served Isolde with process by registered mail, return receipt requested, to her at the shop in and thesis Swabia. On May 15, 2005, after Isolde failed to respond to buy paper watermark, the complaint and summons, the court entered a default judgment against her for $100,000. On December 1, 2006, First Commercial sought to register the judgment against Isolde with the United States District Court for the District of Swabia. Paper And Thesis Ppt. In conjunction that proceeding, First Commercial procured a writ of garnishment, attaching $10,000 that Isolde had in a bank account in emotion essay Swabia. First Commercial also procured a writ of garnishment from the federal court in dissertation and thesis Bavaria, attaching a $5,000 debt owed to Isolde by one of her customers there. [Question/instruction] We represent Isolde. Please submit a memo to me discussing fully whether Isolde has any defenses she may raise to the enforcement proceedings in Swabia and Bavaria. Be sure to discuss fully any possible defenses that you may have considered and rejected and explain fully why you have rejected them. B. The next day, you receive the following memorandum from the same partner.
Again, respond fully. To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Isolde. Date: Dec. 12, 2006.
I have now learned that Isolde was involved in an automobile accident in Swabia a week after she was served with process by organizational registered mail. She was rendered unconscious for two days. An ambulance rushed her to dissertation and thesis, the nearest hospital, which was located in Prussia. Three days after the essay accident, but while she was hospitalized in Prussia, a private process server acting on behalf of First Commercial served Isolde in her hospital bed with a another copy of the summons and complaint for research paper ppt, the same lawsuit. Given that she was served while in the state, it now seems to me that the judgment of the federal district court in write definition essay Prussia against and thesis ppt Isolde is unquestionably valid and is enforceable in both Swabia and behavior, Bavaria. Please discuss fully whether you believe that assumption is valid and whether the dissertation ppt service on Isolde in the hospital establishes jurisdiction. The discussion below is a verbatim copy of a student€™s essay that received a top grade.
Commentary by Professors Banks and Entman appears in brackets. . [LEEWS note: We reprint this commentary in essay on respect of teachers blue.] LEEWS NOTE: “IRAC” (merely a formula for organizing analysis of an issue) prescribes a statement of I ssue to precede the statement of R ule, and the discussion ( A nalysis). (And C onclusion at the end.) The LEEWS paragraphing format posits that an abrupt statement of premise (relevant law) to begin a paragraph implies the issue, making a separate statement of issue unnecessary (thereby saving time). Richard's model response in LEEWS format does this. Our only suggestion is that underlining or boldfacing key words in the preamble of law — e.g., Subject matter jurisdiction in the opening paragraph, federal diversity statute in the next — to assist the professor in research dissertation ppt recognizing the topic (issue). Subject-matter jurisdiction. The federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction; they can only hear certain types of claims as outlined in organizational Article III of the US Constitution and and thesis, as authorized by Congressional Statute.
First Commercial will argue that the US District Court has subject-matter jurisdiction to hear this case based on the diversity of citizenship of the parties. Emotion Essay Topics. First Commercial is paper dissertation and thesis a citizen of Prussia. Isolde has been living in Swabia for one month. Coaching Essay. [The facts do not give sufficient information to know how long Isolde had been living in Swabia at the time First Commercial filed its complaint, which is the time at which jurisdiction must either exist or not. At most, one can deduce that the suit was brought as early as November 2003 or as late as April 2005. Research Paper Ppt. Consequently, Isolde must have been living in Swabia for more than one month, but not the buy paper with two or three years that some students stated.] She can argue that she is research and thesis still domiciled in Prussia, where she lived her whole life up to June of 2003, because she only definition moved to Swabia temporarily, to see €śif she would enjoy€ť life on her own. If Isolde is research dissertation ppt found to be a domiciliary of Prussia, then there is not diversity of citizenship and thus no subject matter jurisdiction. However, if Isolde is found to have relocated to Swabia with the intent of staying for the indefinite future, then the classes parties are diverse. The federal diversity statute also requires the paper amount in controversy to exceed $75,000. The $100,000 judgment against Isolde satisfies this requirement.
N.B. [Please do not use abbreviations, including this one.] This action could not be brought under €śfederal question€ť jurisdiction because breach of contract is a state common-law claim. Therefore nothing in the plaintiff€™s complaint arises under the Constitution and laws of the United States. Subject-matter jurisdiction is never waived, and in this case, it has not been previously litigated, so it could be raised on collateral attack. However, it is emotion essay topics more likely than not that the court will find that Isolde did move to Swabia with the intent to stay indefinitely, so the District Court in Prussia probably did have subject-matter jurisdiction. Personal jurisdiction.
In the alternative, Isolde can argue that the rendering court in Prussia lacked jurisdiction over the person. Because this has not been litigated, it can be raised on collateral attack in research paper dissertation ppt the enforcing court. [We would have preferred a discussion at this point that specifically points out emotion essay topics that Isolde never even appeared in the first action. Most of you could have improved your answers by making better use of the facts to support your analysis. Dissertation. The reason Isolde can raise personal jurisdiction on collateral attack is because she did not appear at all in the original action. Since she did not appear, there is no reason to discuss Rule 12.] First, Isolde will argue that there are no traditional bases for establishing jurisdiction over her in Prussia. Research. N.B. The federal courts derive their personal jurisdictional reach from the state in which they are situated, so the District Court can exert personal jurisdiction over an out of state defendant only if the state court could do so. Isolde was not served with process with Prussia, so transitory [transient?] jurisdiction does not attach. Because it is necessary that she be domiciled in Swabia to establish diversity of citizenship, First Commercial cannot argue that she be subjected to dissertation ppt, personal jurisdiction on the basis of domicile.
Even though the contract included a choice-of-law provision applying the laws of Prussia to possible disputes, that is not the same as a consent provision. [A surprising number of buy paper watermark, students referred to this as a forum selection clause. At least one student referred to paper dissertation ppt, it as a forum selection clause in part of the answer and a choice of law provision in another part of the same answer. Another specifically stated that it was a forum selection clause and not a choice of law provision. Mistakes of this type may be attributable to sloppy reading of the facts but they are also a strong indication of a serious lack of buying thesis, preparation. Failure to devote sufficient time to study of the assigned materials frequently manifests itself in a person€™s demonstrated obliviousness to important distinctions.
Others simply didn€™t know what to do with the fact, thus reflecting a failure to study the Burger King opinion and to pay attention to our class discussions of it.] Statutory basis. First Commercial will argue that the long-arm statute conferred specific jurisdiction over research dissertation and thesis, Isolde on the basis of the first of the enumerated acts: €śa) transacting any business within the State.€ť The claim for relief, the $100,000 breach of contract, arises from the defendant€™s act of entering into the loan contract, which First Commercial will argue was executed on Tristan€™s delivery of the loan documents to the Bank€™s main office in research Prussia. Isolde will counter that her act was signing the documents, which took place at paper dissertation and thesis, the furniture shop in Swabia. This is organizational buying behavior a valid argument so long as the court reads the statute literally and narrowly. However, if a court interpreted the statute broadly (See Gray v. American Radiator) it might find that the statute reaches the out of state act, the signing of the contract, which causes an in state result, the execution of the and thesis contract. [It is probably not necessary to stretch the construction of the statute as the court did in Gray to hold that it confers jurisdiction, given the facts of this problem. The statute covers transacting business in the forum state €śdirectly or by essay of teachers an agent.€ť Like McShara in Burger King, Tristan was acting on behalf of the partnership (thus as an agent) in delivering the papers to the bank. The facts specifically state that Isolde, along with Tristan, signed the papers and that he immediately took them to the bank. You should never, as many of you did, overlook the statement that Isolde signed the papers or speculate that she may not have read them. There is research paper and thesis simply no basis in buy paper with the facts for speculating that Isolde didn€™t know what she was signing.
Indulging in research speculation that she might not have reveals desperation.] Constitutional Standard. The Fourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution provides that no state shall deprive a citizen of with, life, liberty or property without due process of law. The U.S. Research Dissertation And Thesis. Supreme Court defined the due process standard as it relates to between research and essay, imposing personal jurisdiction on an out of state defendant in International Shoe: jurisdiction is research paper dissertation ppt constitutional only essay if the cause of action arises from the defendant€™s minimum contacts with the forum, such that the assertion of jurisdiction would not offend traditional notions of fair play and paper dissertation and thesis ppt, substantial justice.
Assuming, arguendo, [LEEWS note: We teach the proper use of words like arguendo -- because they are useful and with watermark, add a lawyerly caste to research dissertation and thesis, the presentation.] that the long-arm statute is sufficient to provide a statutory basis of between, jurisdiction over Isolde, would such jurisdiction be constitutional under the research dissertation and thesis Shoe standard? [While it is implicit in the answer that the constitutional hurdle becomes important only buy paper with if the and thesis court first accepts the argument that the statute confers jurisdiction, a perfect answer would have explained that relationship more fully.] Isolde will argue no, because the contact which gives rise to the claim, the difference research and essay signed loan contract, was brought into the forum by the unilateral actions of paper dissertation and thesis, a third party, Tristan. Therefore, Isolde did not purposefully avail herself of the with watermark privileges of conducting activities in and thesis ppt the forum, Prussia. First Commercial will counter that Tristan and Isolde were operating together to secure the loan. Behavior Thesis. They reached into the forum when they called First Commercial. Isolde knew that Tristan was taking the documents to Prussia, [run-on sentence, a sin committed by paper and thesis many students in watermark these essays] therefore it was imminently [eminently] foreseeable that the contract would be executed there, and she could reasonably anticipate being haled into court in Prussia over dissertation ppt, any disputes to the contract. (See Denckla, Worldwide VW). While there are some open questions regarding minimum contacts, the facts seem to favor First Commercial. In the alternative, [In addition?] can Isolde raise any of the fairness factors, defining €śfair play and on respect of teachers and parents, substantial justice,€ť articulated in the US Supreme Court€™s Burger King decision?
In weighing the relative burden on dissertation and thesis ppt, Isolde compared to the interest of buying behavior thesis, First National in research paper litigating in Prussia, it does not seem unfair to require Isolde to travel to a nearby state where she lived most of her life and buying behavior, where she sometimes appears to give lectures. The interest of the forum state in adjudicating the dispute would be well served because of the choice of law provision; Prussia has an interest in adjudicating its own laws. Research Paper Dissertation And Thesis. The interest of the several states in efficiency and public policy do not seem to enter the picture, so the fairness factors do not point to Prussia as an of teachers and parents, unfair forum for Isolde. Conclusion. Although Isolde has some colorable arguments, she probably cannot invalidate the dissertation original judgment on a defense of lack of personal jurisdiction.
[Many of you neglected altogether most of the of teachers and parents issues about validity of the Prussia judgment treated in the foregoing answer, instead discussing at length personal jurisdiction, subject matter jurisdiction, and service of process in the enforcement proceedings in and thesis Swabia and Bavaria. Such discussions reflect a lack of knowledge of banned essay, our classwork on Assignment 27, a failure to read the Shaffer v. Heitner opinion carefully, and a failure to study the problems following that opinion in the casebook.]
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Telling the Tales of Trees Around the World. Weegee: King of the Nighttime Streets. Credit Weegee/International Center of research dissertation and thesis ppt, Photography, Courtesy of Daniel Blau, Munich. Weegee: King of the Nighttime Streets. In Her Own Words, Photographing the Vietnam War. In Her Own Words, Photographing the Vietnam War. Credit Dotation Catherine Leroy. In Her Own Words, Photographing the Vietnam War.
The Evolution of Fashion Photography. The Evolution of Fashion Photography. Credit Tim Walker. The Evolution of Fashion Photography. Credit Gianni Berengo Gardin/Courtesy of write justice, Prahlad Bubbar Gallery, London. Global Voices and Emerging Photographers at Photoville. Global Voices and and thesis ppt Emerging Photographers at essay justice Photoville. Credit Emily Macinnes.
Global Voices and Emerging Photographers at Photoville. Credit Alan Chin. 2:38 p.m. | Updated An explanation of the transliterations used in this post, following the article, has been expanded. Original post | Although I was born in research paper dissertation ppt the United States, Toishan is my ancestral home. Topics? I speak a local dialect of Cantonese that is incomprehensible to the rest of China. Toishan is a county-level city of 1 million people in Guangdong Province in southern China.
I have been photographing there since 1989. It looks at first glance like many other areas: a few gleaming buildings and factories, multilane divided highways, McDonald’s, new cars and well-dressed pedestrians. It seems to and thesis ppt, exemplify wealth and economic growth. Behind this facade is Toishan’s peculiar history. Until the 1960s, two-thirds of all overseas Chinese, like my family, originated from this one small region. It was poor and over-populated during the 19th century and very close to Guangzhou, where the foreign powers first penetrated China. Write Essay Justice? Thus it was a fertile recruiting ground for the “coolies” who built the American transcontinental railroad, and for research paper, the generations who emigrated to become restaurant workers and laundrymen. My paternal great uncle, Sing Chin, left our village of buy paper with watermark, Gongmei in 1927, traveling first to research and thesis, Cuba and buy paper then the United States. My father, Fow Sang Chin, followed in 1951. He would not see my mother for 18 years. They worked in family-run laundries in research paper the Bronx and Queens, and coaching not be essay I grew up in that now-vanished world of the old sojourners’ Chinatown.
Those were tumultuous years in China, with the Second World War and civil war between Communists and Nationalists. Contact with the paper ppt, motherland was almost completely severed during the Cold War and buy paper with the chaos of Mao’s Cultural Revolution. The lives of the research paper dissertation, Chinese in the diaspora diverged radically from those of our relatives back home. Politically and emotion topics culturally, mainland China disintegrated and rebuilt itself in paroxysms of murderous totalitarianism and then unabashed capitalist reform. Many ordinary social services like schools and dissertation hospitals survive only on donations from justice, overseas. State funding has withered. The health system once provided basic, if primitive, care to all.
It is now accessible only to research dissertation, those who can pay. Villages have lost their populations as residents seek better opportunities elsewhere. My last remaining close relative in Toishan was a great aunt who died early last year. My father’s house and emotion the house in which my mother was born now sit empty, their former inhabitants scattered across the United States, Malaysia and research Canada. But when I walk through the rice fields and the paved roads that now lead to Gongmei, villagers recognize me and on respect accept me as a native son — albeit one who is overheard speaking in English on research dissertation and thesis, a mobile phone and seems to spend an inordinate amount of time taking photographs.
After all, I keep returning. Essay Topics? And my name is on the donors’ plaque of the recently built community center. The more time I spend there, the more it begins to feel like some kind of home, illusory as that might seem. Research Paper Dissertation? Despite the persistent poverty and the vast chasm between Gongmei and behavior thesis my life in New York, I can foresee a time when Toishan might become like Tuscany, a picturesque region rich in paper dissertation and thesis ppt history and architectural heritage, a vacation getaway. For now, though, it is still part of the forgotten rural China, engulfed in a crisis that is difference between quiet but sustained. Instead of the conventional transliteration system of Pinyin, which The Times ordinarily uses, Mr.
Chin has employed Jyutping Cantonese in his post. Readers accustomed to dissertation, seeing the name “Taishan” will find it rendered Toishan (??) here, in part to avoid confusion with the famous mountain of buy paper watermark, Taishan (??) and research ppt also because Mr. Chin said it is write definition closer to the local pronunciation. Paper Dissertation? In this post, Gongmei is used for ?? , rather than “Jiangmei”; Hoiping for ?? , rather than “Kaiping”; and Cekham for ?? , rather than “Chikan.” Slides 2, 3 and 8 were originally captioned Hoiping, but are now more precisely captioned Cekham. (The town of Cekham is part of the write definition, district of Hoiping, Mr. Chin explained.)
Comments are no longer being accepted. If you come back now. you ‘ll probably find it isn’t as poor as you think. china’s economy is booming with an amazing speed . The rising tide has still not lifted all boats–there are still plenty of poor people in China, and there is a growing gap between them and the new rich. Indeed, as Chin notes, some are poorer than before because state subsidies no longer exist. The old remain in the villages and the young migrate to the cities, where many work for a pittance. Thanks for research dissertation and thesis, sharing these photos and your family history witth us. I too am from essay, Toishan, my grandfather first touched western soil in Trinidad, my father followed shortly, though my own journey to the U.S. came about research ppt as my mother fled the Communists, leaving my two elder sisters behind. no matter how far flung or displaced the people become, the traditional meal as you’ve photographed remains an anchor for a gathering or celebration even for those in the U.S. Very nice piece Alan! Thanks for your contribution to this forum. I’m surprised you were able to post your comments here given the severe restrictions placed on Internet users in China.
I’ll take the personal freedoms in between research and essay most Western nations over dissertation and thesis ppt the “economic boom,” with communist restrictions on expression of organizational buying thesis, thought, any day. Research Paper Dissertation Ppt? Alan Chin’s photos show many sides of daily life in China that I suspect the government there would not allow published in mainstream news sources. Write Justice? I wonder how those people that had their homes seized for the Olympics feel today. Rural China and urban downtown scenes always appear in stark contrast, but that is true in many nations. Availability of health care is research dissertation and thesis ppt a subject I’ll leave for between research, another day… Hey “cousin,” in my family, it was my father who left the village in the early 1920’s and came to America where relatives got him started in the kitchen of restaurants. We seem to research and thesis ppt, share a Cuban connection in our families. My aunt and thus my cousins established their lives in justice the San Francisco Bay area (a very common choice for the Taishanese.) Some of them have gone back to visit the dissertation and thesis ppt, “homeland.” But that has not happened for me yet. Our little branch of the family settled in the midwest and far from many influences of the old country. For many years, I’ve been spelling the town’s name, “Toy Sun.” I think that was how it appeared on my immigration papers from the 1950’s.
I enjoyed viewing your photos. A few of essay, them require some captioning for western eyes to make any sense of them. Permit me to add some here: #5 – Although this looks like a feast for some family, I think the stack of fake money in the upper right shows that this is the offering to be taken to graves of ancestors or the recently deceased. #8 – This is a street fish market. The vendors are cleaning and scaling the dissertation and thesis ppt, catch.
#10 – The school children are washing their hands in the outdoor common basin. #11 – Many photos, old or new, disintegrate from write essay, mildew in the high humidity of this region. Thank you for the wonderful photos and description of your ancestral home. Paper Ppt? It is a great reminder of the hardships and essay separation our ancestors went through to provide a better life for their children and grandchildren. My mother’s parents are from Toishan. They moved to HK before the paper dissertation, war and lived through the occupation. Her sister was in New York when Martin Luther King was assassinated and she has various uncles and great-uncles who lived and died in the United States. Essay On Respect And Parents? Her mother and siblings are now scattered across Canada.
There is something about the and thesis ppt, human soul that is difference akin to the Ridley turtle that beckons us back to where we came from. When the chain is broken, we find new locations to claim as our ancestral homes. I don’t know where Gongmei is in research paper dissertation ppt regards to Taishan, the pictures here do not show the on respect of teachers and parents, modern looking city of Taishan I visited just last year. It’s a small city and off the beaten track, but thoroughly “new” and prosperous China with an extensive pedestrian shopping district downtown, all bordered by a lovely park and paper dissertation ppt lake. These pictures are quite obviously taken in not be a village or countryside. Alan, I have the same story here. My maternal roots (Chan) are from DaoShan, Toishan. Susica, I was back there in October: it’s on par with the description and pictures that Chin gave.
China’s so diverse and different with its 50 different languages and districts/counties/provinces: not everywhere is booming at amazing speeds. And nice change in the pictures from paper and thesis ppt, “Kaiping” to “Hoiping.” When I first heard the write definition justice, name “Kaiping” as a youngster four years ago, I couldn’t associate it with where my parents were from. Everyone from there calls it “Hoiping.” Beautiful work (as always) my friend. Simply lovely. (Thanks to the NYT’s LENS for showcasing it.) Alan, can we see your photos in color? Could you post your pictures to flickr, pbase, photo.net, smugmug, picasa, or your website?
The color of a place also tells a story — the white buildings of Paris, the colorful houses in the Carribean, etc. The well traveled cities are easy to recognize in b/w. But Toishan, a place most people have never been to, has no reference point. I like your article. And it is as poor or poorer today than you think. Yes there are major roadways and electricity, but more in a leninist style of development than actual growth. You find extreme poverty in all major regions, living on less than 1 Dollar a day for retirees.
Never mind the paper dissertation and thesis, hard work of the average worker. It’s just bad that much of China’s society is still in a constant state of emergency. Buy Paper? There is not enough safety (health, education, infrastructure, legislation) to think of building functional communities. Thanks for the nice pictures. My mother is from Taishan. My first wife is also from there.
At least her grandparents were. She was born in China. Her mother escaped to Oakland from the SF Earthquake at age 4. Research Paper Dissertation And Thesis Ppt? The mother known as Grandma Ow, went to China after her her brother, Tom Gunn, (who built airplanes and was helped by donations by west coast Chinese to go help Sun Yat Sen. They learned airplane building from buying thesis, a Chines guy in the Berkeley Hills who used to fly very big kites—the Chinese guy’s paper is referenced by the Wright Brothers.) I now visit China perhaps twice a year. I especially enjoy driving around Guangdong province. I’m looking for a ‘third wife’ to warm my bones in my old age. love it…would love to research paper dissertation ppt, hear one of your songs to on respect of teachers, accompany the show! Great work, great history lesson!
Thanks. Beautiful work, Alan. Dissertation? Thanks for showing these pictures. My ancestral home is Hoisan (=Taishan) as well, and my village Hangmi (Kengmei ??) is still as poor as, if not poorer than, scenes of these pictures. The gap between the rich and the poor is a crippling problem in today’s China. I appreciate your using Cantonese Toishan for transliteration.
But as you and others on this post know, we call them Hoisan, Hoiping, and so on. Thank you very much for sharing your beautiful photos #038; thoughts. Alan- Great work! Very beautiful and informative work about one place in between and essay a country, a huge country, that we still have so much to learn from and about. The fact that it is made more personal. by the relationship Alan has with it is important. And though. people may live in what we look at as poverty, these are. sometimes the people whose lives are the richest in culture…..not to gloss over poverty ever….it is not easy to. live with poverty….but how western eyes regard poverty.
is usually about the accumulation of thing where the. real impoverishment comes from owning things but being without soul. Maggie Steber. Thanks for the amazing photos and blog. I always knew you were the best photographer I know, but the blog was a perfect compliment to your photos. I hope we can spend some more time hanging out in China, and this time we can go down to Toishan and you can be my translator! Seriously, Alan, great job. Behind the and thesis, Scenes: Reclaiming a Lost Past. Telling the Tales of Trees Around the World. Telling the Tales of essay topics, Trees Around the World. Credit Diane Cook/Len Jenshel.
Telling the research, Tales of Trees Around the World. Weegee: King of the between, Nighttime Streets. Weegee: King of the Nighttime Streets. Credit Weegee/International Center of Photography, Courtesy of paper dissertation and thesis, Daniel Blau, Munich.
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analytical essay How to develop and research paper and thesis ppt, write an analytic essay. Argument : Writing an with watermark analytic essay requires that you make some sort of argument. The core of dissertation this argument is should called a thesis. It is your claim, succinctly stated in paper dissertation and thesis ppt a single sentence. What do budding literary critics such as yourselves argue about? You make a pervasive, persistent case that a certain thing is true about with watermark, a piece of literature. This thing should not be readily obvious to the casual reader of the literature in question. It is research dissertation and thesis ppt what you draw out of the book or essay, how you interpret it. It is between and essay a claim that must be supported by specific evidence from the text. Thesis statement: At least once during the course of research dissertation and thesis writing your essay, isolate what you consider to be your thesis. Essay? Is your proposition both arguable and reasonable?
If it is obvious (i.e. Mary Rowlandson used the Bible for comfort during her captivity) you don’t have an argument. Argument requires analysis (i.e. Research And Thesis? taking things apart and explaining them). One test that may help is coaching not be asking yourself what the opposite side of and thesis your argument would be. A good, complicated thesis (which was proposed by essay one of your classmates) is that Although Mary Rowlandson says she often used the Bible as a source of comfort during her captivity, a closer reading of research paper dissertation her narrative suggests her faith may have been more troubled by her experience than she lets on.
One useful structure for writing thesis statements is the although form used above: Although x seems to essay, be true about this piece of literature, y is in research paper and thesis fact more true (or makes our thinking about x more complex). In this form you present both sides of your argument at once and difference research, show which side you’re on. Your job in research paper dissertation and thesis the paper is to buy paper with, convince your reader to join you. Another way to write an effective thesis statement is to use the form If we look closely at x (e.g. how Bradford defines freedom) we discover y (that ). In order to find something to argue: Look for images or metaphors that the author uses consistently. What other sort of pattern can you identify in research the text? How do you interpret this pattern so that your reader will understand the book, essay, poem, speech, etc. better? What philosophical, moral, ethical, etc. ideas is the author advocating or opposing? What are the consequences of classes should essay accepting the author's argument?
Explain how the work functions as a piece of rhetoric-- how does the author attempt to convince his or her reader of something? For instance, what widely held beliefs do they use to dissertation ppt, support their argument? How do they appeal to emotions, logic… Re-examine something that the text or most readers take for granted (that Thoreau’s book Walden represents his attempt to escape from society). Coaching Should Banned? Question this major premise and see where it takes you. Ask yourself if an author’s literary argument is paper dissertation inconsistent with itself or is in some way philosophically dangerous, inadequate, unethical, or misleading. Examine how characters are presented in a story.
How do they help the main character to develop? Which characters are trustworthy? Which are not? Why are they presented this way? What counts as evidence: Structure : How the parts of the book or essay follow one another; how the essay, parts are assembled to make a whole? Why does the author start where they start, end where they end? What is the research and thesis ppt, logical progression of thought? How might that progression be intended to affect the reader What effect might this progression of ideas have on a generic reader or on a reader from the time period in which the work was written? Does the buy paper with, piece move from the general to the specific or vice versa?
If you could divide the book/essay into sections, units of meaning, what would those sections be? How are they related to each other? Note that chapters, while they form obvious sections can themselves be grouped. Referring to the text : In writing analytic papers that address any kind of literature, it is necessary to refer to the text (the specific words on the page of the ppt, book) in order to support your argument. This means that you must quote and interpret passages that demonstrate or support your argument. Quotation is usually stronger than paraphrase. Remember also that your purpose in writing an essay is not merely to emotion, paraphrase or summarize (repeat) what the author has said, but to make an argument about how the make their point, or how they have said what they have said.
Language : includes the way an author phrases his or her sentences, the key metaphors used (it’s up to you to explain how these metaphors are used, why these metaphors are appropriate, effective, ineffective, or ambiguous). Is the way a sentence is phrased particularly revealing of the research dissertation and thesis, author’s meaning? Practical Essay-writing Hints: Please title your paper and make the essay, title apt and enticing--I LOVE a good title. Paper Dissertation And Thesis? It puts me in a good mood before I start reading. Be clear about whether you’re writing about with watermark, a book, an dissertation and thesis essay (non-fiction, short prose), a story (short fiction) a poem, a novel (book-length fiction), an autobiography, a narrative (as in Captivity Narratives) etc. Walden is a book comprised of chapters. Each of these chapters could also be called an essay. Within these essays, Thoreau sometimes tells stories. The book itself is not a story, but closer to a narrative, which is non-fiction. Always go through at least two drafts of you paper . Buy Paper? Let your paper sit, preferably for paper and thesis ppt 24 hours between drafts sometime during the process of coaching classes not be banned essay your writing. Eliminate first person pronoun (I) in your final draft (it’s OK for rough drafts and research paper dissertation and thesis ppt, may help you write).
If your paragraphs are more a full page or more in length it is more than likely that they are tooooooo long . Probably you have too many ideas in the air at once. Consider breaking the paragraph in half--into two smaller, but related arguments. Your reader needs a break, needs more structure in order to be able to follow your meaning. If several of your paragraphs are exceedingly short (4-5 lines), it is emotion essay likely that you are not developing your ideas thoroughly enough--that you are writing notes rather than analysis. Short paragraphs are usually used as transitional paragraphs, not as content paragraphs. (Short paragraphs can be used in the rhetorical devise of reversal where you lead your reader down a certain path (to show them one side of the research and thesis ppt, argument, the between research, one you are going to research paper dissertation ppt, oppose) and then turn away from that argument to state the true argument of your paper.) Employ quotation often. One quotation per argumentative paragraph is usually necessary. Depending upon the length and complexity of the passage or topic you're dealing with, more quotations may be useful to prevent you from getting too far away from the text. Your quotations combined with your interpretations are your proof. On Respect And Parents? Be sure that you show your reader how they should interpret these quotations in order to follow your argument. (Almost every quotation should be followed by an interpretation, a deeper reading of what is being said and how its being said. This interpretation demonstrates how the quotation supports the claim you're making about it).
Pay attention to metaphor, phrasing, tone, alliteration, etc. How is the research dissertation and thesis, author saying what they are saying--what does that teach us about the text? Remember to write directive (sometimes called topic) sentences for your paragraphs . The first sentence of any paragraph should give your reader an with idea of what the paragraph is going to research paper dissertation, say and how the paragraph will connect to the larger argument. It should have more to do with what you have to say about the buy paper watermark, materials than what the dissertation ppt, author him or herself has said. Transitions between paragraphs : try to organizational behavior thesis, get away from using The next, First of all Another thing. to connect your paragraphs. This is the list method of structuring a paper--not an integrated, logical approach. A really strong transition makes the logical connection between paragraphs or sections of a paper and gives the reader a sense that you’re building an argument. To make sure you are making a well-connected argument, ask yourself how the last sentence of each paragraph and the first sentence of the research dissertation and thesis, next are connected. Each of the sentences within your paragraphs should be related somehow (follow from, refer to, etc.) the one that precedes it, and the one which follows it. This will help the reader follow the flow of your ideas. The order of your paragraphs should reveal a developing argument.
On the most basic level, you should be able to consciously justify the essay, presence and placement of ppt every word in every sentence, every sentence in every paragraph, every paragraph in every essay . Definition Essay Justice? To repeat: in revising your papers after the research, first draft (which is always, inevitably to coaching classes should banned, some degree confused because you are involved in the process of working your ideas out), you should be highly conscious of what you are doing and why you are doing it.
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