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Auto Mechanic Job Description Example. Auto Mechanics find out faults in cars and other vehicles and repair them. Auto Mechanic Job Description Example. If you want to my best my family employ the best auto mechanic available, you need to put together a good job description highlighting all the skills and competencies that you require from the applicants. This makes it easier for you to essay contest sieve out the qualified from the unqualified applicants. On the other hand, if you are a trained automobile mechanic with the intention of applying for the job position, having a general knowledge of the skills required of auto mechanics and the duties, tasks, and responsibilities they perform on the job will assist you in preparing an irresistible resume. So, this auto mechanic job description is written to assist hirers and applicants for the position. What Does an Automobile Mechanic Do? Auto mechanics are specialists whose primary responsibilities are the diagnosis, maintenance and repair of essay moments my family, cars. Depending on his/her area of expertise, an auto mechanic may be good at repairing particular parts of the vehicle or the entire vehicle.
Also, there are auto mechanics that specialize in the repair of some particular kinds of vehicles while others repair all kinds of for accounting major, vehicles. An automobile mechanic may also utilize computer diagnostic applications to carryout troubleshooting while common hand tools like screwdrivers, pliers, and wrenches are used to carry out repair and maintenance activities. The role of an auto mechanic also includes assisting drivers and vehicle owners in carrying out regular maintenance on their automobiles, including changing oil after certain mileage, lubricating vehicle parts, and performing other light repairs on moments my family, the vehicles. These technicians also test vehicles and inform their owners of the overall condition of the vehicles. Their work description also entails assisting car owners in the purchase and replacement of damaged parts. Being a great mechanic involves a combination of certain qualities and skills. A good mechanic must be able to carry out his/her duties diligently and ethically.
To do this, he/she must be good at diagnosing auto problems, and based case study definition must be a problem solver as well. An auto mechanic ought to be a good communicator and customer-oriented. Basic literacy is necessary, but the most important is having sound auto repair training. Being ASE certified may also be an advantage, but nothing is more important than being skilled at diagnosis and repair of essay my best my family, automobiles. Auto Mechanic Job Description Example. The day to day duties, tasks, and responsibilities of auto mechanics are stated in the following job description example: Diagnose and detect mechanical faults in cars manually or by the use of computer diagnostic programs Examine vehicle parts to ensure that they are working perfectly Maintain and repair vehicles for customers Assist customers in carrying out routine maintenance on vehicles, such as changing oil, lubricating frictional car parts and tightening bots and nuts Help customers in buying quality car parts for replacement Replaced damaged or worn-out car parts Keep customers informed on the condition of the car, problems detected, and cost of short music, repair Answer customers’ inquiries and render advice on vehicle maintenance Ensure safety of vehicles brought in for repair Test drive each vehicle after repair.
If you need to prepare a resume for the job of an automobile mechanic, the sample job description provided above, which consists of the typical duties and moments responsibilities of the role, can help you in making the work experience part of on rap music, it. Requirements – Skills, Knowledge, and Abilities – for Auto Mechanic Job. The following are important skills and qualities to have to improve your chances of my best with, being hired by best most employers as an auto mechanic. Strong communication and customer service orientation: A good mechanic must be able to essay my best with my family communicate and relate very well with customers. This quality is ray bradbury essay, very important in conveying information on car condition to customers and convincing them that you are capable of handling the problem. My Best Moments With. Customers will always feel at ease when complex technical issues are explained to them in plain language that they can easily understand Good diagnostic and problem solving skills: A good auto mechanic should be able to essay merchant of venice quickly identify the source of minor problems manually. For complex problem, using diagnostic tools is important. My Best Moments With My Family. Also, it is gsd thesis reviews, very important that the mechanic is able to fix or proffer solution to the problems in my best moments my family, real time Dexterous and energetic: He/she should be skilled at using complex and hand tools.
In addition, he/she must be energetic and essay have the stamina to sit, stand, bend, kneel, and squat while carrying out his/her job Educated and certified: These two requirements may not be mandatory, but they are necessary. For one to be employed as a mechanic, he/she must be trained. Going ahead to obtain a recognized certificate like the ASE certificate for auto technicians presents him/her as a true professional. Also, most employers prefer to hire auto mechanics with minimum qualification of high school diploma Innovative and ability to moments with my family learn fast: A good automobile mechanic must always be on the lookout for based control study, better techniques and tools for carrying out his/her duties. He/she must be able to learn and essay with my family adapt fast to changes in diagnostic and repair technology. Your auto mechanic resume will be stronger if it has a well-written skills section, which proves to employers that you are capable of excelling on gsd thesis, the job by highlighting the relevant qualities you have and are bringing to my best moments with my family the job. You can easily make this section by using information from the above job skills requirements. To an employer, knowing the various duties and responsibilities of an automobile mechanic will help in designing a suitable job description for employees, while to someone aspiring to work as an auto mechanic, knowing what the ray bradbury contest, job entails, including the skills and moments with my family qualities required to succeed in it is reading analysis, also important. Did you find the auto mechanic job description useful?
Let us know what you think about this post by making a comment in the box below . With My Family. You may need to pass a job test to contest be hired for essay my family, a position, improve your chances of population based case study, making high scores today! Job Assessment Tests: How to Top Your Competition. Essay My Best Moments My Family. As part of the hiring process, most applicants that passed the initial Resume/CV screening phase are required to pass an short, assessment test for the job or apprenticeship position they are applying for. Essay My Family. The goal of this phase is to determine if the candidate has the appropriate set of skills and population based case control definition qualities to excel on the job. Find out the tests you will be needing to take for the position you are applying for; get lots of success proven Practice materials to prepare with now: Sure way to make high scores in essay my family, job tests.
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negtive homework Copyright 2002 by Elizabeth Yeow. Included here with permission of the author. #9;Every fall excitement fills the essay moments my family air as students arrive at school with new backpacks and school supplies, eager to meet their new teacher. Always a new beginning, the start of school allows every student to have a fresh beginning and make this year the best year ever.
Yet within weeks of the start of school, teachers begin to see a certain pattern emerging: the same students repeatedly neglect to turn in homework. The teacher will then remind, reprimand, take away recess, and essay merchant of venice, threaten to call home and talk to their mom and dad. Occasionally, this will work and the student will miraculously appear with homework in hand, most of the time there are just excuses. More often, the teacher becomes more frustrated and disheartened, the student#146;s grades drop and he or she will feel like a failure. The repetition of this scenario caused me to really consider the value and effect of homework. Every year, and this year is no exception, I have at essay my best moments with my family, least one student, usually two, who never bring their completed homework back on time. I was puzzled by these students#146; attitudes towards homework. I wanted to understand more about their perceptions of homework and to find out what kind of support they were receiving at home.
Perhaps, these students do not understand the homework or maybe their parents are unable to help them. Essay About. Maybe the instructions were unclear or the homework is moments my family, too difficult for them. I wanted to understand more about their parents#146; views about school and homework. I also wanted to know more about ray bradbury contest other issues that may be going on at home. Essay Moments My Family. What are some things that I could do to help them bring their homework back? As I began this study, I had several assumptions. I saw homework is an important part of career their schoolwork and is a reinforcement of moments with my family what is learned at school.
This extra practice is helpful to students and when students do not do their homework it affects how they do in school. On Rap. Also, lack of finished homework may be an indication of their attitude towards school or learning. I teach at Clara Barton Elementary School (pseudonym), a public elementary school in the suburbs of a metropolitan area, about 15 miles outside of Washington, DC. At the beginning of this school year Clara Barton Elementary School switched from a traditional school calendar to a year round calendar. On the year round calendar school is in session for nine weeks and then there is a two or three week intersession break. My Best Moments. During the intersession remediation and enrichment classes are offered to students. The cost of on rap music attending intersession is moments with my family, five dollars. The community around Clara Barton Elementary School is comprised of single family homes, townhouses, and multifamily dwellings. The majority of the students that attend Clara Barton Elementary School live in the townhouse community directly behind the school.
The townhouse community accepts Section 8 housing certificates. Many of the townhouses house more than one family. Reading Analysis Essay. There is a high transience rate at Clara Barton Elementary School of about 40 percent. Seventy-five percent of the school is composed of ethnic- and language-minority students. More than 22 countries and many different languages are represented at Clara Barton Elementary School. Essay My Best. Many of the students that attend Clara Barton Elementary School are from low-income families. Ray Bradbury Essay. Clara Barton Elementary School receives funding from Title I and many of the students receive free or reduced lunches. The school is organized primarily into my best my family, self-contained classrooms. The school does not have a formal homework policy, but in the staff handbook there is ray bradbury essay contest, a recommended amount of time students should spend on homework based on grade level. Third grade students should have between 30-60 minutes of homework per evening.
The school slogan is essay moments my family, Clara Barton Reads and students are encouraged to read 20 minutes at home every night as part of their homework. This is my fourth year teaching and I have taught third grade at based case control definition, Clara Barton Elementary for all four years. I am an Asian female. The students in my class are all in essay my best moments with, the third grade. The class is short essay, composed of 18 students, 8 boys and 10 girls. Sixteen out of the 18 are ESOL students. Eight of the students speak Spanish at home, 5 speak Vietnamese, and 1 speaks another language. My Best Moments With My Family. Homework in my classroom is gsd thesis, assigned Monday through Thursday evenings and usually includes spelling, reading, and math. Essay With My Family. When students arrive at school in the morning they take out their homework and stack it on ray bradbury, a table at the back of the room. While they are putting their backpacks, books, and jackets away I check in their homework.
Any student who does not bring in completed homework has to finish their homework during free activity time. Selecting a Focus Group. As I looked over my homework grade sheet I noticed that I had three students, all boys, who repeatedly did not bring in their homework. Two of the boys, Jose and Juan (pseudonyms), are Hispanic and one, Aaron (pseudonym), is my best moments my family, African-American. Best Career For Accounting. Originally I decided to look at all three students, but then Juan moved mid-year. So, I had two students to my best moments with focus on, but the more I collected data and reflected I realized that I really was focusing more on Jose. Case. Due to time constraints and the inability to contact Aaron#146;s mother I decided to essay moments focus this study about Jose. #9;Jose is a third grade, ESOL student. His primary language is Spanish; however he is very fluent in merchant, English. Jose has helped translate a few words for me before. He is the oldest child in his family and essay my best moments with my family, has one younger sibling who is not old enough yet for school.
He lives with his mother, father, grandmother, and best career path major, younger sister. His father and my best with my family, mother both work full-time. Gsd Thesis Reviews. His father often has to work night shifts and sometimes does not get to see Jose much because of his work schedule. Jose has attended Clara Barton Elementary School since kindergarten and lives in the townhouse community behind the school. Moments With. Jose loves to population control draw during his free moments and will frequently take out a notebook and essay moments, draw action figures. Case Control Definition. Jose takes Tae Kwon Doe classes in the evenings and frequently talks about how he enjoys these classes. Essay My Best Moments With. He is well-liked at school and has many friends, both boys and reviews, girls, in essay with, his class.
He is short on rap music, reading on grade level, but his writing and math are below grade level. Frequently Jose needs short extensions on in-class assignments. As I considered my puzzlement over my family, students#146; attitudes towards homework I realized there may be many different things contributing to this puzzling situation. My own beliefs and best path for accounting major, values may be contributing to essay with this puzzling situation. Based Definition. Perhaps my expectations for completed homework are too high or I am giving too much homework. My expectation that students should have and do homework may be influenced by my experience with homework as a child. #9;In the last thirty years the controversy over the value of homework has come up again and again. Depending on the decade there are either demands for more homework or cries for less homework.
Proponents for homework believe that it can help students retain more, improve study skills, and essay moments my family, teach students that learning can take place anywhere. In addition, homework can promote independence and responsibility and it can help parents connect with what their children are learning in school. Opponents of homework believe that homework can hinder children from participating in other beneficial activities, such as sports or scouts. In addition, parental involvement with homework can confuse students if their parents use techniques that are different than their teachers. Homework can also accentuate the disparity between students from low-income homes and students from middle-class homes.
Students from low-income homes may have more difficulty completing an reading essay, assignment (Cooper, 2001). It is also possible that there is a cultural mismatch between what is emphasized at home and what is moments with, emphasized at school. My belief that homework is important and should be given Monday through Thursday nights is also emphasized by merchant, the administration at my school. Perhaps Jose#146;s parents do not value schoolwork and homework as much as it is emphasized in essay my best, school. They may feel that homework is repetitious and unnecessary for short on rap music, their child.
Maybe they feel they can provide more authentic learning after school for their children by providing them with cultural, athletic, or other experiences. Essay. Parents may feel that these other activities will benefit their child more and ray bradbury essay, may therefore not stress homework. Essay My Best With. It is also possible that parents may not value school and this feeling is conveyed to ray bradbury students. Outside influences may also affect Jose. Perhaps he has seen older friends or relatives who do not do their homework. He may view these older ones as cool or maybe he has seen kids on my best moments, television or in based control definition, movies that do not do their homework. Another outside influence might be the economic situation of the family.
The family may be struggling to make ends meet and moments with, there may be difficulties at home that are a higher priority to students than homework. #9;These cultural influences are important for me to look at population case, because they could change the way I administer homework or the essay amount of homework that I give. After considering all of the possible cultural influences, I decided to narrow them down to the two that I believe to reviews be the most significant. The two cultural influences that I thought might be the most applicable to my puzzlement are teacher beliefs (CIP 3.1) and a cultural mismatch between home and school (CIP 3.3.2). Moments My Family. My beliefs as the contest teacher affect my giving of homework, my expectation that it be done, and how much I actually assign to students.
I believe that one of the strongest influences on young children is my best, their family and their home. Since young children are still very much under the direct charge of their parents, if they bring in best career major, their homework or not is moments, especially dependent on their parents. Their parents have control over whether or not they are given time after school to complete homework. The school culture emphasizes an importance on homework and this may not coincide with parental beliefs or practices. This discord will ultimately affect how a child is ray bradbury, perceived by his/her teacher and how successful he/she is academically. In order to determine what cultural influences were contributing to my puzzlement I needed to gather information about my best moments with my beliefs. Analysis. I chose to look at these by my family, journaling, a technique recommended in the Cultural Inquiry Process (Jacob, 1999).
In my journaling I needed to analysis essay consider why this situation was puzzling to essay moments my family me and why I think this situation is happening. My beliefs, background, and previous experience influence how I look at this puzzling situation and how I approach this situation. If I can identify my beliefs and values then I can see how they might be contributing to the puzzling situation. After reflecting and journaling about my homework beliefs I had the path for accounting opportunity to discuss the topic of moments with my family my research with my colleagues at school. Through this discussion I realized that I should ask them what their beliefs were about analysis homework and find out how much homework the essay my best moments my family other third grade teachers were giving (CIP 4.1). #9;Information also needed to be gathered about a mismatch between the student#146;s home culture and the school curriculum (CIP 4.3.2). The school or the short music school district might have a homework policy that I am unaware of.
If there is a homework policy then there is essay my best with my family, not a strong emphasis on it and it does not seem to gsd thesis influence teachers and how often or how much homework they give. Weisenthal, Cooper, Greenblatt Marcus, (1997) found that schools with a strong emphasis on homework influenced how often teachers gave homework. I realized it was important to look at the school culture and then to moments look at best path for accounting, the home culture and see if there was a mismatch. In order to find out more information about Jose#146;s home culture I considered visiting his home but I had difficulty contacting his parents. I sent many notes home, called home and tried to leave messages. Eventually I was able to speak to essay my best with my family Jose#146;s father. Essay About Merchant. I also interviewed students using a modified version of The Student Survey of Homework Practices (Grajria, M. Salend, S. J., 1995) to try to my best with my family determine what the home environment and culture was like as well as to find out what their attitude was toward homework. I looked at Jose#146;s school history and contacted Jose#146;s second grade teacher to see what Jose had been like as a second grader. #9;I grew up in an environment where receiving and doing homework was part of a daily routine. Teachers gave me homework, my parents expected that I would have it done, and if I did not do it I felt horrible.
My parents always made sure that my homework was done when I was in elementary school. By the time I reached middle school and high school I had acquired the habit of doing homework independently. I have always believed that homework helps students learn and reinforces concepts. The question I have to reading analysis essay ask myself in moments, this puzzlement is Do I know for sure that homework benefits students? In order to answer this question I decided to look at some research that has been done on reading essay, the benefits or detriments of homework. The correlation between completing homework and academic achievement has been the subject of essay moments much research.
Depending on gsd thesis 2014, which side of the homework argument one is on, research can have both positive and negative effects on students. According to essay moments with Cooper (2001) some positive academic effects of homework include retention and understanding of material, improved study skills, improved attitudes toward school. Some nonacademic effects of essay homework include promoting independent and responsibility in students and moments, involving parents in what is going on best path major, in the classroom. Essay. Homework also has some negative effects, such as boredom, denying students leisure time and gsd thesis 2014, the benefits of wholesome learning from scouts or sports. Homework can lead to essay my best cheating and can emphasize the disparity between the homes of essay low-income and middle class students. Students from with low-income homes may have to work after school or may not have a quiet place to study at home. When looking at 50 studies done on homework and student achievement, Cooper (2001) found that homework had little or no effect on student achievement at the elementary level. #9;After reading some research on the effects of homework on academic achievement I had to about merchant seriously consider how my beliefs fit into essay moments my family, this. I realized that giving homework benefited me as the teacher.
These benefits matched the reading benefits teachers expressed having in the Homework Attitude and Behaviour Inventory for Teachers (Weisenthal et al., 1997). Homework improved my ability to essay my best moments with cover the curriculum and acted as a kind of reading essay bridge between the last lesson and my best my family, the next one. Although homework benefited me, as the teacher, I found myself reconsidering why I was handing out homework to students. According to Kralovec and Buell (2001), elementary school students show no significant academic gain from population case control study definition doing homework. So, if homework was not helping students academically then how worthwhile was giving homework? #9; I found out that the other two third grade teachers, both males, at my school were not giving as much homework as I was. One teacher usually gave only spelling and reading as homework. Every once in a while he would give math homework. The other third grade teacher usually gave math and with my family, reading as homework and rarely gave spelling homework.
I, on case study, the other hand, gave math, spelling, and reading as homework. Essay Moments My Family. Why weren#146;t the other teachers giving as much homework as I was? According to Weisenthal et al. (1997) some teachers may go easy on themselves so they have less homework to collect and to study grade. I decided to go back and interview the other third grade teachers to find out what their beliefs about homework were. One of the teachers did not believe that giving homework was a big deal unless a child did not understand the homework. Essay My Best. He believed that homework should be given for students to build responsibility and for character building. In his experience the ones that don#146;t bring their homework back are usually the ones that don#146;t understand the essay concepts. He also felt that at the elementary level if students pay attention in essay moments my family, class then they will achieve and homework will not necessarily help them achieve. Short Essay. The other third grade teacher believed that homework should be a reinforcement of what is taught in school and moments with my family, he felt that it made a difference in analysis, their achievement at school. Essay My Best. He said that he could tell the next day by student performance if a student did or did not do their homework.
He also believed that homework helped students learn to be responsible and build a good work ethic. After discussing homework policies and their beliefs about homework with my colleagues I went to the principal and asked her if we had a school wide homework policy. She referred me to the staff handbook. Although there is not a school wide homework policy, there were some generally accepted principles that should govern teachers when assigning homework. Some of the short music principles include, flexibility and differences in moments with my family, the assignments to ray bradbury essay individual students, homework should be reasonable in view of the pupil#146;s situation including health, housing conditions, outside work or responsibility, leisure-time activity and moments, conflicting demands of home and school.
On the daily announcements students are encouraged to read for 20 minutes every night as homework. Any homework given out in addition to this is up to the individual teacher. I also looked through Homework Helper: A Guide for gsd thesis reviews, Teachers which was published by the school district. This guide was handed out at a staff meeting at the beginning of the school year and teachers were encouraged to use it as a guide. Since that time homework has not been discussed with the my best moments my family staff. According to the guide the purpose of homework is to reviews 2014 practice skills, reinforce academic concepts, extend learning, promote good study skills, apply new skills and concepts, involve parents, and develop positive attitudes toward school and learning. Essay My Best With. The guide does not discuss the about of venice amount of homework to be given. Any homework, aside from the daily reading, is my best moments with my family, up to essay of venice the individual teacher.
#9;In order to my best moments my family gather more information about Jose#146;s home culture I tried to contact Jose#146;s parents through notes and phone calls home. After repeated attempts to contact Jose#146;s parents, his father appeared one afternoon at my classroom door. It appeared that he had finally received one of the many messages I left for him. I was very excited to meet with him, but wondered how the meeting would go as we did not have a translator. After a few minutes I thought it would be appropriate because it seemed that he had enough of a grasp of the English language for us to be able to communicate without a translator. Our meeting was short (we really did need a translator). I asked him a few questions about his job and Jose#146;s behavior and work habits at home.
He seemed very responsive and ray bradbury essay, concerned. Apparently Jose had been telling him since the my family beginning of the short essay music year that he did not have any homework. He had believed Jose and did not try to my best with contact me to confirm it. He and his wife both worked long hours and many times he had to work the night shift. Often when Jose comes home his mother is at work and his father is population case control study definition, either at work or sleeping. His grandmother, who speaks only Spanish, is there to watch him. Jose#146;s father said that he or his wife always asked Jose if he had finished his homework. He did mention that one afternoon when he told Jose his friend had to my best moments go home he saw Jose give his friend a piece of paper that looked like homework.
His father didn#146;t ask about it and forgot about it until his meeting with me. The weekly notes that I had been sending home did not reach Jose#146;s parents either. Jose#146;s father suggested that he could sign Jose#146;s homework every evening and maybe this would help Jose do his homework and bring it to based case definition school. The day after meeting with Jose#146;s father, Jose did not have his homework. He did bring his homework the next day signed by his father, but since then he hasn#146;t had anything signed by either parent. #9;I realized through this brief interaction with Jose#146;s father that he and his wife both cared about their son and his success in school. However, I realized that they also had other things, such as tae kwon do lessons, that they wanted their son to learn. Gonz á lez (1995) points out how important it is for teachers to my best with my family know their students#146; culture and to not have a prepackaged awareness of cultural diversity. They were providing nonacademic experiences for their son that they felt were important for his development as a person. In addition, I realized that Jose#146;s father wanted his son to do his homework, but was very limited due to his work schedule to encourage and help Jose. I#146;m not sure why Jose#146;s mother did not return phone calls or come to school with Jose.
I have only seen Jose#146;s father with him when attending school events. Although Jose#146;s father indicated that they asked Jose about reading analysis his homework they did not seem to do anything to encourage or require that Jose do his homework. Since they may not have been encouraging him to do his homework Jose may have been getting the message that homework was not valuable to his parents. #9;I contacted Jose#146;s second grade teacher to discuss his homework habits in second grade. I found out that he rarely brought in finished homework and Jose#146;s second grade teacher frequently tried to my best contact his parents to discuss work habits. She noticed that when his father had to work the night shift Jose came to school quite disheveled and without any homework. When Jose#146;s father switched to working during the day Jose seemed more attentive in school and on rap music, sometimes was able to bring in finished homework. Jose#146;s achievement in school, including homework completion, seemed to my best moments my family be directly affected by his father#146;s work schedule. Tapia (1998) indicated that the most important factor influencing poor students#146; academic performance is family stability. Major. Jose#146;s feeling of family stability seemed to essay my family be affected by population based case control definition, seeing his father regularly during the afternoon and moments my family, evening.
#9;To find out my class#146; attitude and homework habits I passed out the Homework Survey to my whole class and read it to ray bradbury essay them as they circled responses. I emphasized that this was not for a grade and they should answer exactly how they felt and essay my best with my family, not be worried about being wrong. Some sample questions from the survey are as follows: - I get easily distracted when I am doing my homework. - I feel unsure about which homework assignment to do first. - I feel teachers are unfair and give too much homework.
- Activities such as sports and music are more important to me than doing my homework. - Someone checks my homework for me when I am done. - Someone at home asks me if I have finished my homework. I handed out the surveys and then read through each item and explained any of the short essay music questions that students did not understand. As I looked over my best, the surveys I realized that my students were limited in their ability to self-report because of their young age and their self-reports may not be identical to their actual practices at home.
For example, Aaron reported that he always turned in his homework when he actually rarely turned in his homework. Nine students, half of the class indicated that they need someone to remind them to do their homework. On Rap Music. Half the class indicated that they sometimes need help with their homework. It was interesting to note that Jose indicated that he does not like to do homework, many times feels he needs help with his homework, and he thinks homework is important only some of the time. Jose also indicated that he received daily reminders at home to do his homework, but despite these reminders he did not always do his homework. Interventions and Monitoring.
#9;One intervention I tried was to change homework assignments so there wasn#146;t as much of a mismatch between Jose#146;s culture and essay with my family, the school curriculum (CIP 5.3.2). Maybe Jose did not see the relevance of the homework that was given and needed homework that was more meaningful. Kravolec and based, Buell (2001) found homework could be very disruptive of essay my best moments with family life. It can interfere with what parents want to teach their children and ray bradbury, punish children in essay moments with my family, poverty from being poor. Essay. Parents may have cultural and religious beliefs or life skills that they feel are important for their children to my best learn, but homework may interfere with the limited time they have with their children to share those beliefs or skills. Since Jose frequently talked about Tae Kwon Do lessons and other things that he did during the week with his parents, I realized that it was important to them for based definition, their son to be trained in essay my best moments with my family, some kind of sport. They might also feel that as a growing boy Jose needed some physical activity after school. Essay. Although Jose indicated that his parents asked him about his homework they did not ask to see his homework. They believed him when he said he did not have homework or that he had finished his homework. It is my best my family, possible that they did not have the best for accounting major time or energy to look at his homework.
They both worked long hours and it is possible that they had many daily survival demands that are more important than Jose#146;s elementary school homework. Since outside influences can not always be controlled or changed, I realized that interventions had to be made at the school or classroom level to help students (CIP 5.4.1). It seemed that Jose was not getting the support that he needed from home because his parents#146; time is my best with, occupied with work and other basic survival issues, so one intervention was to give less challenging homework. Although all the homework I give students should be able to based case definition do independently, he had indicated on essay, his Homework Survey that he needed help a lot. So, I modified his homework and noticed that he started turning in part of his homework.
His parents#146; limited English may affect Jose, so I tried to give more homework that was self-explanatory and made sure that he understood all the of venice directions before he left school. Another intervention I tried was to allow Jose to begin his homework at school. I let him start his homework at school. I noticed that the next day sometimes the only part he would have to turn in was the part he had started in school. Jose seemed to have difficulty getting his homework from school to home and then back to school. So, I gave Jose a checklist with a Velcro check that he could move when he had completed a task.
The checklist was to help him write his homework down, collect the materials he needed for my best with my family, home, put them in his backpack. His father was given a matching one to keep at home. Before leaving to go home everyday he had to make sure to check in with me so I could check his backpack. After receiving the analysis checklist I watched Jose everyday and noticed that he wasn#146;t following it. I reminded him and encouraged him to use it, but he still didn#146;t use it. On a daily basis I continue to essay my best with my family check Jose#146;s backpack and give verbal reminders to use his homework checklist. He lost the Velcro check for essay contest, his end-of-the-day checklist on his desk, so I gave him a new one, but he still hasn#146;t used it.
He has gotten used to checking with me before leaving. For about with my family two weeks I reminded him that he needed to see me before he walked out the door. Now he remembers on his own that he has to show me his homework inside his backpack. He comes up to me with his backpack open and his homework at the top so I can see it. I send informal weekly progress reports home to his parents so that they know how he is doing in school and whether or not he has been turning in his homework. Summary and Implications. After all the reviews 2014 interventions and monitoring I can say that Jose turns in his homework about half the time. For the first half of the year he rarely turned in any homework assignments and the ones he turned in essay my best with, were usually unfinished.
He seems to have more of an understanding that for best major, me doing homework is just as important as doing work in with, school. Population Based Case Control Definition. I also have a better understanding of his home situation and moments with, that although his parents want him to do well in school they also have other things that they feel are important for Jose to learn. The communication between home and school is case study, definitely better. Essay Moments With My Family. In addition I feel that I am more aware that the situation at home greatly affects students#146; ability to work on homework and bring it back to school. This inquiry and research on the benefits and negative effects of homework on students like Jose has really caused me to population case control study definition rethink why I give homework and the amount of homework I give. I realized that my beliefs and values about homework really contributed to my puzzlement. I have really been considering and moments, debating within myself the essay issue of homework.
I feel like I have been forcing my culture and background on students and making them relive how I went through school. Do I give homework for character building or do I really believe that it will help students#146; academic achievement? Checking homework usually takes fifteen minutes in the morning. Maybe this time would be better spent giving minilessons at the beginning of the my best moments my family day or building community in gsd thesis reviews 2014, the classroom. Moments. Although the school and school district set policies for homework, they do not stress that homework must be given every night. As a result of this research, I want to make sure that I give meaningful homework. I have also decided to give more differentiated homework. Students like Jose seemed to be overwhelmed with the reading analysis essay amount of homework that I give so I will try adjusting assignments to fit the essay my best individual student as necessary. Cooper, H. Best. (2001). My Best Moments. Homework for all #151; in moderation.
Educational Leadership , 34-38. Gajria, M. Salend, S. J. (1995). Homework practices of students with and without learning disabilities: A comparison. Journal of analysis Learning Disabilities, 28 (5), 291-296. Gonz á lez, N. E. Essay Moments My Family. (1995). The funds of knowledge for teaching project.
Practicing Anthropology, 17 (3), 3-6. Kralovec, E. Gsd Thesis Reviews 2014. Buell, J. (2001). End homework now. Educational Leadership , 39-42. Tapia, J. (1998). The schooling of Puerto Ricans: Philadelphia#146;s most impoverished community.
Anthropology and Education Quarterly, 29 (3), 297-323.
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The Role of essay my best moments with my family Alum in Historical Papermaking. (This article is population case control definition, based on a talk presented at the IPC Conference 1992 in Manchester, England. Essay My Best Moments My Family! A paper published in the conference proceedings contains additional information not included here.) As a sizing ingredient, alum has been one of the most important materials in best career major the history of papermaking. Since the late 19th century, it has also been mentioned as a primary cause of essay my best moments with my family paper degradation, but little detailed information on the manufacture and use of alum has been available in gsd thesis the readily accessible literature. The two major alum varieties employed in papermaking have not always been distinguished for their different properties. Aluminum potassium sulfate was used throughout the history of papermaking until the 19th century. It was then replaced by the newly developed aluminum sulfate, a cheaper and more concentrated source of aluminum compounds. Although both aluminum potassium sulfate and with my family, aluminum sulfate tended to introduce different impurities into paper, the gsd thesis negative effect of essay my best moments with my family aluminum sulfate on paper degradation overall is best career path for accounting, more significant.
Certainly, an understanding of the characteristics of the two compounds can provide certain insights into essay moments my family the aging properties of paper containing either alum variety. Aluminum potassium sulfate had been imported into Europe since antiquity for application in various trades such as fabric dyeing, and it was the first alum used in papermaking. It could be obtained from minerals such as alunite which occurred in sulfur-containing volcanic sediments. Mining sites were sometimes located in ray bradbury volcanic crater bottoms where the stones were extracted with naturally heated water, alum crystals forming in the evaporating solution. In the mid-15th century, the first European alum mines were exploited at Tolfa, a volcanic area north of Rome in central Italy. This particular site is of interest to us as the source of what appears to have been one of the best varieties of alum in papermaking: the so-called Roman alum. 1 Known for its high quality until the with 19th century, Roman alum was recognizable by its distinct reddish appearance, which was a result of dusting the alum crystals with a pigment--probably iron oxide. 2 The pigmentation served as a trademark of Roman alum. About Of Venice! Before use, the alum could be rinsed under cold water to remove the pigment without dissolving significant amounts of the alum itself.
Slate and shale were other minerals which yielded alum when subjected to several production steps which can be summarized as follows: the aluminous rocks were piled up, roasted, and subsequently extracted in water; potassium hydroxide was added to the resulting solution; the moments crude alum crystals which formed in the evaporating solution were rinsed and redissolved in boiling water to purify the alum; the solution was transferred to large wooden casks where the alum crystals formed on the inside walls; and finally the casks were dismantled and the crystals removed. 3. Alum could be contaminated with byproducts of its manufacture, iron oxides and iron sulfates. Iron compounds significantly impaired the performance of about alum as a mordant of textile dyes and were more likely to essay with, discolor gelatin-alum sizes, as is 2014, indicated by the concern of 18th-century papermakers for good quality alums. Essay My Best With My Family! The repeated recrystallization of the career for accounting alum effectively freed it from iron contaminants.
In Europe, the use of alum for hardening gelatin sizes is recorded during the 16th century. Essay My Family! In 1579, Samuel Zimmermann in essay on rap music Germany wrote in a treatise on so-called secret arts, which included papermaking: The printing and other paper. . . is drawn through alum-water and essay my family, dried again. 4 This quotation apparently refers to the separate application of gelatin and alum, a practice which was continued until the 18th century. 5 In the analysis essay process, the paper was first gelatin- sized, then steeped in a vessel containing the alum solution, and essay, finally pressed for essay removal of excess size. Gelatin solutions already containing the alum were more economical to use. They offered the advantage of essay my best preventing the reading analysis rapid spoilage of the size during storage since the my best moments with my family alum crystals were added to the freshly cooked gelatin sizing solution.
Despite these advantages of the latter method, both sizing processes appear to short on rap, have been used contemporaneously. Like other 18th century writers, Lalande provides more detailed information on alum than is available from earlier sources. Roman alum, he states, was preferred in papermaking over what was designated only as rock alum. 6 Rock alum was a general term for my best with an inferior quality alum which could affect the paper brightness. Until the 19th century, paper mills prepared their own gelatin size solutions by cooking raw animal parts. The reported weight of alum added to such a solution was typically based on the weight of the animal parts rather than the gelatin concentration of the solution. Short! This information only allows an estimate of the ratio of alum and gelatin in the size. My Best Moments My Family! Percentages of 5% to 40% have been mentioned in the literature. Barrett used Lalande's text to reading, calculate that the essay my family size described in his book could have had an alum content of 27%, based on the weight of the dry gelatin.
7 It is short essay, interesting to note that aluminum ammonium sulfate was a not uncommon substitute for regular alum in essay my family paper sizing until the 1800s. 8. A.3 Miscellaneous Historical Uses of Alum. Watercolorists brushed their gelatin-alum sized papers with an alum solution to ensure or improve their uniform moisture resistance. Alum was also believed to give additional luster to watercolors, as is noted in a 17th century manual.
9 More significant, however, is the fact that some pigments used in essay about of venice watercolors are altered through the increased acidity of the alum-treated paper surface. In 1901, Church described how an artist can test the acidity of watercolor papers by applying ultramarine, chrome yellow and carmine washes. The subsequent visible alteration of pigment color indicated the presence of excess alum. Essay Moments! 10. In traditional bookbinding, alum was also widely used. For example, decorative paste papers, which were manufactured from the 16th century onward, were sometimes brushed with an alum solution after application of the pigment-paste mixture. This treatment increased the toughness of the paper surface. For centuries, alum has been used as an ingredient in Japanese dosa or gelatin sizing for the preparation of paper for painting or printing. Aluminum sulfate, also called alum, became an industrial product in the 19th century. It was made by treating either bauxite or china clay with sulfuric acid. Unlike true alum, aluminum sulfate could not be conveniently purified through recrystallization because of its greater solubility in water.
This is population based control study definition, one of the my best with my family reasons why it often contained varying proportions of silica, iron and free sulfuric acid. By the early 20th century, however, commercial aluminum sulfate varieties were relatively uniform in quality. They were ranked according to essay on rap, grading systems and could be purchased in solid pieces as so-called patent alum. Well-known varieties included cake alum 11 , porous alum 12 and Turkey Red Alum. 13 Because of essay with my family its greater concentration of alumina (Al 2 O 3 ) and cheaper production procedures, aluminum sulfate saved mill expenses and therefore replaced aluminum potassium sulfate for most purposes in papermaking and particularly in rosin sizing towards the mid-19th century.
This earned it the name papermaker's alum. Some 19th century European papermakers produced alum in their own facilities to ensure a more consistent quality at a lower price. 14 At the mill, alum was emptied into tanks for dissolution in water prior to use. In the early 19th century, papermakers learned the correct use of the newly-developed rosin sizing technology by trial and error methods. The first valid theory explaining the principles of rosin sizing was not put forward until 1879.
To precipitate one part rosin onto the paper fibers, 1.5 parts alum were required in the pulp solution, but an excess of alum was frequently added to ensure sufficient sizing. (Through improvements in 20th-century paper manufacture, the proportion of rosin and alum added to the pulp has significantly declined.) Not all of the alum was retained by the paper and some mills recovered it from the white water drained from the wire of the paper machine. Papers which needed to be particularly strong could be sized twice--either with rosin and a subsequent gelatin size or with two gelatin size applications. In such cases, the alum concentration was sometimes increased in the second size bath. B.2 Miscellaneous Historical Uses of essay merchant of venice Aluminum Sulfate in Paper Manufacture. In 19th-century paper mill operations, alum was introduced for miscellaneous purposes besides sizing.
It became what a critic called one of the most used (and most abused!) non-fibrous materials in essay my best with my family the papermaking industry. 15. For water clarification, blocks of alum were placed at the bottom of water tanks feeding into the mill. There the slowly dissolving alum precipitated suspended dirt particles and best path for accounting major, alkaline earth carbonates. The presence of either was particularly undesirable in rosin sizing. 16. In the chlorine bleaching of pulp, small quantities of alum were added to speed up the chemical reactions. Essay My Best My Family! The risk of damaging the cellulose fibers increased through this treatment. 17. Alum helped to retain clay fillers, pigments, resins and fiber fines in the pulp by aggregation.
They were otherwise easily drained away with the best path major white water from the pulp on the paper machine. 18. Alum was effective in pitch control. Pitch, composed of my best with resinous unsaponifiable chemicals in certain types of pulp, accumulates in the headbox and on the wire of the paper machine and can interrupt its smooth operation. Population Case Control Definition! The frothing or foaming of dispersed sizing materials on the paper machine was also inhibited through the presence of my best with alum. 19. Aluminum ions also act as deflocculating agents in pulp slurries. 20 They react with the career path major paper fibers and essay moments my family, give them electrical charges of the same sign. The repulsion of ray bradbury essay their like charges keeps the fibers apart and in even suspension. On the other hand, alum helped to increase bonding between fibers during sheet formation on the paper machine. This increased the wet strength of the paper.
Figure 1. Presence of my best moments with my family alum in gsd thesis reviews 2014 historic book papers. The percent of books that contained alum is indicated for moments my family each century. Average pH of tested books is indicated in each bar. Gsd Thesis! (Source: Barrow.Research Laboratory, 1974, Table 2) Overall, the essay my family use of reading essay alum increased between the 16th and essay my best moments my family, the 20th century. (Fig. 1) Simultaneously, the average pH of book papers shifted from 6.7 to 4.8. 21 Barrett, in his X-ray fluorescence analysis of book papers from 1500 to 1800, found that papers in good condition contained less aluminum, potassium and population based case study definition, sulfur than those in my best moments with poor condition. 22 Twentieth-century sizing trends can be further exemplified by the postwar US rosin consumption, which steeply increased during the late 1950s. 23 At the reading same time, up to 500,000 tons of alum were used each year worldwide by the paper industry, which amounted to 60% of the worldwide alum production. Only a small percentage of this alum was sold as being iron-free. 24 The use of rosin decreased significantly during the 1980s.
C. ASPECTS OF THE ROLE OF ALUM IN PAPER SIZING. Aluminum ions show a characteristic strong affinity for cellulose and a complex behavior under various papermaking conditions. Some of the relevant research of the past years has been excerpted as follows: Figure 2. Example for rosin-alum bonding to cellulose. (Source: Gess, 1989, p. 78) The basic mechanism of rosin sizing involves, among a variety of essay other possible reactions, the formation of cationic aluminum salts from the rosin soap and the aluminum ions.
As Gess observes, the aluminum salt can then react with the cellulose to provide the bridged complex between the cellulose and the rosin. 25 (Fig. 2) Figure 3. Structure proposed by career, Gess for the aluminum/beta keto acid reaction product. (Source: J.M. Gess and R.C. Lund, The Strong Bond/Weak Bond Theory of Sizing, Tappi J. Jan. 1991, p. 111 ff.) In the sizing process with alkyl ketene dimers, the aluminum in the beta-keto acid complex serves a similar purpose by essay, linking the dimer to the cellulose, as recently proposed by Gess. About Of Venice! (Fig. 3) Only five pounds of my best moments my family alum are usually added per gsd thesis, ton of paper produced. 26. In gelatin-alum sizing, the essay my best with my family formation of crosslinkages between hydrated forms of ray bradbury aluminum ions and gelatin molecules has been suggested.
27. Figure 4. Retention of rosin and essay with, alum in paper as a function of pH conditions during sheet formation. (This graph shows two of the curves in Fig. Essay! 1.1, p. 28, from E. Strazdins, Chemistry and Application of Rosin Size, in W.F. Reynolds, ed., The Sizing of Paper, 2nd ed., Tappi Press, 1989.) Figure 5. Relationship between extractable acidity and sheet making pH, for pulp containing 30% alum. (Source: W.F. Reynolds and W.F. Linke, The Effect of Alum and pH on Sheet Acidity. Tappi , Vol.
46, 7, 1963, p. 410 ff. The alum and rosin retention in the paper is determined, among other aspects, by the pH of the pulp solution. There is evidence that the essay my best moments with alum retention increases with increasing pH in the 4 to ray bradbury, 6 range, whereas the rosin retention remains constant over that range. 28 (Fig. 4) Varying pH conditions also determine the extractability of acidity from paper as demonstrated for softwood pulp impregnated with aluminum sulfate. The amount of essay with my family acidity, measured as sulfur trioxide, which could be extracted from the best career path major sheets was greatest when the sheets were formed at pH levels between 4 and my best moments with, 6. 29 (Fig. 5)
The effects of conservation treatments on alum-containing papers have been investigated by a number of individuals. Reading! Some of the findings can be briefly summarized as follows: In the 1970s Daniels found that the bleach chloramine-T was retained by water-rinsed test samples impregnated with alum, whereas alum did not affect the essay my best moments with my family removal of other oxidizing bleaches. 30. Wilson noted that, among selected deacidification agents, only magnesium carbonate was able to reduce the concentration of aluminum compounds in alum-impregnated papers, and its effect was slight.
31. Prolonged aqueous conservation treatments may cause the partial removal of alum-containing sizes, as has been noted in a recent study on the light bleaching of paper carried out at the Conservation Analytical Laboratory, Smithsonian Institution, Washington. 32. E. EXPERIMENTAL OBSERVATIONS ON GELATIN-ALUM SIZING. In order to investigate the natural aging characteristics of gelatin-alum sized papers, the author carried out several experiments. Test papers were sized with 3% gelatin solutions containing varying proportions of alum. In some cases alkaline earth carbonates were added to simulate hard water papermaking systems. The papers were artificially aged at essay, 90°C and 50% RH and tested for a change of physical properties. The resulting color change, ÆE, and tensile energy absorption, TEA, of the essay with my family aged papers can be summarized as follows:
Figure 6. Relationship of alum content in gelatin size and color increase in sized and aged cotton linter papers. (Original data) The increase in discoloration in units of ÆE (measured with a Minolta Chroma Meter) of sized and aged cotton linter papers was directly proportional to the increase in aluminum sulfate concentration, which ranged from 0 to population case definition, 90% based on the gelatin content. Essay With My Family! The alum concentrations above 50% do not reflect papermaking practices but were included to show possible paper aging trends resulting from the reading alum increase. (Fig. 6) The presence of iron compounds with the moments with alum in the paper appeared to play a significant simultaneous role in inducing the color changes. Reading Essay! Also, alum concentrations higher than 40% made the paper very water absorbent. Accelerated aging (90°C, 50% RH) produced a color shift in cotton linter papers that depended on the composition of their size. Under the aging conditions employed, unsized paper remained relatively white. Gelatin-sized paper showed a tendency towards yellowish discoloration, whereas increasing alum concentrations in the gelatin size shifted the my best moments with discoloration from yellowish towards grayish brown. Test papers impregnated only essay contest with alum also discolored to a distinct grayish brown tone. Figure 7. Relationship of alum content in gelatin size and paper strength in sized and aged Whatman #4 filter papers. (Original data)
The value of the TEA measure of paper strength declined proportionally with an increase in alum content of gelatin-alum sized and aged Whatman filter papers. (Tensile energy absorption is a measure for the amount of energy necessary to stretch a sheet of paper to the point of rupture.) Interestingly, the test paper sized with only 1% alum on the weight of the moments with gelatin did not suffer physical strength loss during aging. Population Based Case Study Definition! Papers impregnated with magnesium carbonate or calcium carbonate and then sized with a gelatin-alum solution showed better physical strength properties after aging than did similarly sized unimpregnated papers. (Fig. Essay Moments With My Family! 7) Pre-16th century accounts of the use of alum in papermaking are scarce, but alum was very likely known to papermakers by the 14th century. The presence of elemental aluminum and potassium detected in 15th-century papers indicates the application of alum. The early use of the substance is not surprising since it provided the about most effective method of reducing the ink absorbency of gelatin sized writing papers. Papers sized only with gelatin remain readily moisture absorbent. In sizing practice, alum was added to the gelatin size or, alternatively, was applied to paper separately after gelatin sizing. My Best Moments With My Family! Both of these sizing methods are recorded in the 18th-century literature. Whether the aging properties of contest sized papers were affected by the method chosen remains to be investigated. The quality of the alum (as mainly determined by the extent of its contamination by iron) and of the gelatin probably was more important in influencing the aging properties of papers than was the my best moments with method of application.
Aluminum ammonium sulfate was an occasional substitute for aluminum potassium sulfate in for accounting paper sizing. Moments My Family! This should be borne in mind when elemental analysis of paper specimens shows the presence of aluminum, but not of potassium. In sized and artificially aged test papers, alum decreased the paper strength and essay contest, brightness. It was observed that, whereas the use of Whatman filter papers ensured the greater homogeneity of the sample population and therefore greater reliability of the test results, handmade cotton linter papers had aging properties more closely resembling those of naturally aged papers. The cotton linter papers, for example, discolored more readily upon artificial aging (90°C, 50% RH), probably because of impurities such as iron compounds in the pulp. In the evaluation of historical papers, however, alum should not be regarded as the only cause of paper degradation. The effect of alum on paper can only be appreciated in context with the many interrelated aspects of paper composition, including the quality of the gelatin used; the pH of the sizing solution; the purity of the my best alum; and the presence of other pulp constituents. Although it will not be possible for a conservator to distinguish between these aspects for every paper examined, the history of alum application should be a reminder of the reading analysis essay variability of paper as a historical medium. The author expresses her gratitude to the faculty of the Art Conservation Department, State University College at Buffalo, especially to Cathleen Baker for moments my family suggestions and comments and to Dan Kushel and Christopher Tahk for technical advice and assistance throughout the project. She would also like to thank Timothy Barrett, Director of Paper Facilities (at the School of Art and Art History, University of Iowa and the UI Center for the Book), for carrying out X-ray fluorescence analysis and folding endurance testing. Reading Essay! He, along with Pamela Spitzmueller, University Conservator, University of Iowa Libraries, generously shared their insights into papermaking practices and paper properties.
The helpful historical literature suggestions provided by Tom Conroy in Berkeley, California, are also much appreciated. This paper was prepared during 1990-91 while the author was a Getty Senior Fellow at the Art Conservation Department, State University College at Buffalo. Barrett, Timothy. Early European Papers/Contemporary Conservation Papers. The Paper Conservator, 1989, Vol. 13. Barrow, W.J., Research Laboratory. Physical and Chemical Properties of Book Paper, 1507-1949. (Permanence/Durability of the Book--VII) Richmond, Virginia: Barrow Research Laboratory, 1974. Beckmann, Johann A. Anleitung zur Technologie. 4th edition from 1796, in: Karl Keim, Das Papier, 2nd edition. Otto Blersch Verlag, Stuttgart, 1956.
Chambers, E. Cyclopedia or an my best moments Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences. London, 1784. Church, A. H. The Chemistry of Paints and Painting. Seeley and Co. Based! Ltd., London, 1901. Daniels, Vincent. The Elimination of Bleaching Agents from Paper. The Paper Conservator, Journal of the IIC United Kingdom Group Paper Group, 1976, Vol. Essay My Best Moments My Family! 1.
Davis, Charles T. The Manufacture of Paper. Philadelphia, 1886. Gess, J. M. et al. The Strong Bond/Weak Bond Theory of Sizing. Best Path For Accounting Major! Tappi Journal, January 1991.
Gess, J. M. Rosin Sizing of Papermaking Fibers, Tappi Journal, July 1989. Grant, J. A Laboratory Handbook of essay my best moments with my family Pulp and based case, Paper Manufacture, 2nd edition. Edward Arnold Co., 1944. Hofmann, Carl. Praktisches Handbuch der Papier Fabrikation. Verlag der Papierzeitung, Berlin, 1891. Vol. 2. Jenner, Thomas.
A Book of essay with my family Drawing, Limning, Washing or Colouring of Maps and essay, Prints. Printed by Simmons for Jenner, London, 1652. Kragh, A. M. The Effect of Aluminum Sulphate and other Polyvalent Metals on the Viscosity of Gelatin Solutions. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, June 8, 1957. Lalande, Joseph de. The Art of Papermaking (1761), transl. by R. My Best Moments! Atkinson. County Clare, Ireland: Ashling Press, 1976. Libby, C. Earl. Pulp and Paper Science and Technology, Vol. II. McGraw-Hill, New York, no date (probably 1960s).
The Manufacture of Pulp and Paper, Vol. III. (Joint Executive Committee on Vocational Education Representing the Pulp and Paper Industry of the United States and Canada) McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1922. Rance, H. F. The Raw Materials and Processing of Papermaking. Reading Essay! Handbook of Paper Science, Vol. 1. Essay With! Elsevier, New York, 1980. Reynolds, W. F. Ray Bradbury Contest! et al. The Effect of Alum and pH on Sheet Acidity. Tappi, Vol.
46, No. 7, 1963. Schaefer, Terry T., et al. Essay My Best With My Family! Effect of gsd thesis reviews 2014 Aging on an Aqueously Light Bleached, Mixed Pulp Paper. The Book and Paper Group Annual, Vol. 10. Essay Moments With My Family! American Institute for Conservation, Washington, D.C., 1991. Singer, Charles. The Earliest Chemical Industry: An Essay in the Historical Relations of Economics and best for accounting major, Technology Illustrated from the Alum Trade. 1st edition.
The Folio Society, London, 1948. Tomlinson, Charles (ed.). Cyclopedia of Useful Arts, Mechanical and essay my best moments, Chemical Manufactures, Mining, and Engineering. London, 1862. Ure, Andrew. A Dictionary of Arts, Manufactures, and Mines, Vol.
1. Appleton Co., New York, 1866. Wilson, William K. et al., The Effect of Magnesium Bicarbonate. Preservation of Textiles and Paper of Historic and Artistic Value II. J. C. Williams, ed. (Advances in gsd thesis reviews Chemistry Series, 193) American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C., 1981. Witham, G. S. Essay Moments! Modern Pulp and analysis, Paper Making. Chemical Catalog Company, New York, 1920.
Zimmermann, Samuel. Von Gehaimnuß verborgner Künsten/ New Titularbuech Das ist/ wie man ainer Jeden Person/ sey was Wurdigkait sie wolle/ in zwen Thail gethailt/ sambt etlichen hinzugethanen fürtreffentlichen Gehaimnussen/ verborgenen Mechanischen Apochryphischen und gleichsam Übernatürlichen Künsten/ des Lesen und die Schreiberey betreffend/ Desgleichen vor niemals in moments Truck aussgangen. Ingolstadt, 1579.
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20 Basic Resume Writing Rules That#39;ll Put You Ahead of the Competition. If you’re thinking about my best moments my family taking a new step in reviews 2014, your career, your resume’s probably high on your mind. When’s the last time you updated it? How will you transfer the skills from your current job or industry to a new one? How will you set yourself apart from other candidates? How long and horrible will this revision process actually be? Just asking these questions can be exhausting, let alone actually answering them. With? And, if you’re not fresh off the essay about job search, the thought of thinking everything through and creating an interview-worthy resume can be exhausted. Fear not!
We’ve come up with the 20 basic rules that will get you that much closer to success. This is a biggie! If a hiring manager’s spending six seconds looking at your resume, he or she might not even get to the second page! Unless you’re applying to be an executive or a partner somewhere, one page will be sufficient and is a widely accepted “best practice.” To cut it down, remember the purpose of moments, it—it’s not to showcase everything you’ve ever done, but rather to best major show that you have the background, skills, and essay moments my family experience for the job at population based case study, hand. 2. Avoid Spelling or Grammar Errors. Moments? Another biggie. There are some recruiters who will discount your resume the second they see a spelling or grammar error. Although it can be painful, make sure you don’t just read over your resume several times, but also that you have a friend take a peek, too.
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For example, rather than saying “successfully hit sales quotas” as a bullet point in your resume you should say “successfully hit sales quotas 100% of the case control study time and essay moments with my family exceeded goals by 25% in the last 5 months.” You can even do this if your position doesn’t involve using numbers. 13. Name Drop (and Title Drop) Like You’ve Never Done Before. This is gsd thesis reviews, your chance to essay with my family brag. If you got a promotion or a raise because of your performance, you should mention it. If you worked with the contest CEO of the company or were a point of contact for a large, corporate customer, mention their names! This goes a long way in showing that you can run with important people.
It shows that you’re confident. It shows that you’re capable. Essay Moments With? (Of course, make sure you’re presenting the facts accurately and not exaggerating.) WANT AN EXPERT TO HELP YOU PERFECT THE RESUME. . and get you way ahead of the competition? Don’t use any of your precious space to reviews 2014 include the my family names and essay about merchant contact info for your references (or to write things like “references available upon my best moments request”). This document’s for recruiters to decide if they want to talk to gsd thesis 2014 you, not your references. If they get to the point in the application process where they want to my best speak to these people, they will reach out to you and ask for those names. Until then, no need to mention. 15.
Use Your Judgement When it Comes to Creativity. Some industries are more creative than others. If you’re working in digital media or design or elementary school education, it might make sense for your resume to be creative and essay colored. If you’re applying for a job in finance, operations, or most corporate jobs, you probably want to keep it black and essay with white and structured. Essay Contest? Be thoughtful when it comes to your creativity (or lack thereof). Essay With My Family? 16. Don’t List Everything You’ve Ever Done. There should be a purpose for every word. When you’re writing and editing, ask yourself this question, “Will this sentence help me get the job I want?” If not, you should consider editing that sentence or removing it.
17. Think About the population study definition Person Reading Your Resume. It’s important to remember that there’s a real person reading this. And it’s also important to remember that it’s her job to find awesome candidates to interview and present to her boss or team. It’s also not her job to do you any favors. Essay My Best With? So you should think about her when you’re writing your resume.
How can you make her job easier? How can you write your resume in career path for accounting major, such a way that she gets excited when she sees it, thinks you’re perfect for the job, and is willing to put herself out there by presenting you to her team. 18. My Best? Think About What Makes You Different. Case Study? It’s important that you be yourself during the application process (obviously putting your best foot forward). This includes what you write on your application materials. Don’t hesitate to show who you really are, your likes and interests, your personality, what makes you unique, and so on. While this definitely requires some judgment calls (for example, expressing personality when applying for essay my best moments with a traditional role in a traditional industry might not be the about merchant of venice best move) it could ultimately be the thing that sets you apart and gets you hired. After all, these are real people hiring you and my best moments my family they’d probably prefer to work with someone who’s enjoyable and a good culture fit. And if your personality isn’t a fit for the job, you probably wouldn’t have been happy there any way so it works out for everyone.
19. Think About the Specific Job You’re Applying To. One of gsd thesis reviews, my favorite tricks to help communicate that you are the moments perfect person for gsd thesis 2014 a job is to read the job description and list out key phrases. Then, when you’re writing or editing your resume, find ways to incorporate those words and phrases from the desired job description into your resume. This can be super useful when a machine or human recruiter skims it. 20. Think of This as a Storytelling Document. Many of the tips that I’ve mentioned all point to with the general idea that your resume should clearly and concisely tell the story of “you”—helping hiring managers understand why you’re the right person for the job. This is, in fact, the entire purpose.
Ultimately, when you re-read and essay on rap music edit it, make sure that it tells the story of your background, the skills you gained along the way, the my best with experiences that you’ve had, and makes it crystal clear why you’ve ended up where you are today and why the role that they are hiring for is the reviews perfect next step for you. Essay Moments With My Family? Photo of hands on computer courtesy of Dougal Waters/Getty Images#46; Jody loves anything that has to do with people, business, and reading essay technology. Essay My Best Moments With? With these passions (and perhaps the merchant of venice fact that her parents are a psychologist and a counselor) it only makes sense that Jody manages Coach Connect at my best with my family, The Muse. In her spare time, Jody enjoys writing, spending copious amounts of time outside, falling in love with NYC, and visiting friends and family in North Carolina. (Go Heels!) Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for this class. While you#39;re here, you may as well check out all the amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.
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essay portkey Get via App Store Read this post in our app! Why was the Triwizard Cup used as the portkey? In Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire the Triwizard Cup was used as the moments with, portkey to essay of venice send Harry and moments with Cedric to the graveyard in Little Hangleton to face Voldemort. Why was the Triwizard Cup chosen? Couldn't Crouch Jr. have used anything as a portkey; which would have been much easier and career major without as much risk (after all of their planning Cedric almost ended up getting the cup first). Harry is famous and well guarded.
What better way of disposing of him while keeping Voldemort's return secret than by having him die mysteriously in a tournament with a history of killing its participants? Since they know he should be in the maze and they can't see him, his absence in the middle will never get noticed. No one else is ever going to touch the cup by essay moments, accident (as would be much more likely happen if it was a sock, say), and short on rap Crouch Jr was using Imperio to get rid of the moments my family, other contestants just in case; Cedric only best path reaches the cup because Harry saves him. There are three critical components to consider. One: There is the difficulty of using portkeys; portkeys are not supposed to essay my best my family be used unless prior authorization by the ministry has occurred. Although it seems Dumbledore can easily break this rule; Now see here Dumbledore! said Fudge, as Dumbledore walked over and picked up the golden head you haven't got authorization for short on rap, that portkey!
You can't do things like that in front of the Minister of Magic! Order of the Phoenix Chapter 36 (pg. 818 in the Scholastic edition from 2003) As far as we are aware, Dumbledore is the only wizard to break this rule and although he does so easily, there is another example in Order to prove breaking this rule is no easy task. How're we getting - wherever we're going? Harry asked. Brooms, said Lupin. Only way. You're too young to my best moments with my family Apparate, they'll be watching the Floo Network, and it's more than our life's worth to set up an unauthorized Portkey. Order of the Phoenix, The Advance Guard, Pate 52 (Scholastic:2003)
In the ray bradbury essay contest, example above, there were a number of highly capable wizards present, Lupin, Moody, Shacklebolt, . . . I'm going to say Crouch probably wasn't capable of it either, prior to training from Lord V and even then, it may have helped him in essay my best moments, the measure of short essay music, success he did obtain in moments, that the trophy was already a portkey. The Triwizard Cup was an allowed portkey that was authorized and essay about of venice was supposed to transport the winner out of the maze and back to the stands to be celebrated. Even if Crouch Jr. thought he had turned it into essay my best moments with, a portkey, in reality, he only altered it a little before placing it in the maze by adding an analysis essay extra portus to the graveyard. Perhaps, this made Crouche Jr's job easier because there was no need for spells to make it difficult to detect an my best unauthorized key, perhaps it doesn't really matter in the end in terms of how difficult his job was and he learned what he needed from Lord V first, either way it was not, in fact, an reading essay unauthorized and brand-new made from scratch portkey, but already had the portus to the grandstands on essay my best with my family, it when Barty did his bit. Two: Voldemort felt he needed to based definition put on a show for his not-so-satisfactory-Death-Eaters (the ones not in my best with my family, Azkaban) to prove to them he was as powerful as ever.
While Crouch could have killed Harry and then escaped, Voldemort wanted to short essay on rap kill Harry himself and he needed Harry's blood. It hurt Voldemort's pride that he had been defeated by a baby and essay with my family he felt he needed to prove there wasn't really anything special about, the about merchant, boy who lived. He talks about this need in The Death Eaters when he says: You know of course, they have called this boy my downfall. . My Best! . but no matter, I can touch him now! [Harry feels terrible pain in the next paragraph while V touches him] he goes on, but you get the idea. It is quite clear that Lord V understood he couldn't touch Harry because of what occurred in the chamber at the end of Sorcerer's Stone. Lord V needed Harry so he could have Harry's blood. Simply having Crouch kill him would not have worked because although it would get rid of V's need to analysis touch the boy, it wouldn't get rid of his need to prove Harry was not his undoing or stronger than he. Just before having Harry released for the Duel Voldemort says: You see, I think, how foolish it was to suppose that this boy could ever have been stronger than me, but I want there to be no mistake in essay my best with, anyone's mind.
Harry Potter escaped by lucky chance and now I'm going to prove my power by killing him here and about merchant now . . . Emphasis mine. Three: Harry needed to be ported to Voldemort at an expected time and a particular place. I'm sure there was a complicated bit of spell work and a potion involved here. Who knows how long it took for the potion to be ready for adding Harry's blood in moments with, the first place. Reading Analysis! Keeping Harry captive for any length of time would likely have proved dangerous as it surely would have brought Dumbledore looking. One of the essay my best moments with, first things Dumbledore would likely have done once Harry had been identified as missing, would have been to check out any location connected to Voldemort and his past anyway. Even though we don't know for sure they had to wait that long for the potion to be ready, We do know throughout the book, Voldemort is getting progressively stronger (Dark marks of Karkaroff and Snape as evidence). I'm sure he wanted to ensure sufficient strength for the spell to work and to look good for his cronies. Case Control Study Definition! So just having Harry show up whenever Crouch could happen to essay moments with my family get him to touch the reviews, proper pen where no one else would see and at essay moments with my family, a time when he was not expected at another class or whatever would also have been risky. Just for path for accounting major, the sake of argument, let's say Voldemort felt he could keep Harry captive long enough for V's strength to my best with my family be what it needed and the potion to short essay on rap be ready, how would he be sure to capture Harry if Harry arrived at an unexpected time?
Until he was able to call the other deatheaters to essay with my family him, Voldemort only on rap music had Pettigrew, Nagini and Crouch. Pettigrew was busy with caring for and strengthening V, and Crouch was busy with getting Harry to the set location. As we know, there wasn't anyone there to intercept Harry right away when he arrived in a short window of expectation. Had he arrived at the graveyard with a window of any time that year there would have been a chance he could have walked right out of the graveyard or some such other escape. because no one was there to make sure he was captured. I don't think Voldemort trusted the other Deatheaters to let Pettigrew go through with it, he certainly didn't want all of them seeing him in his weakened state. Finally, Voldemort intended that it would Appear as though Harry simply died/inexplicably went missing in the maze.
It is mentioned in both the essay with, book and the movie that contestants have died battling in the Tournament in the past - this is partly why the age limit is best major added - to protect the my best my family, younger witches and wizards that would be most likely to have the inability to protect themselves from a permanent injury or fatality. Voldemort did not want anyone to know yet of his return, so he planned on using the history of occasional deaths during the tournament to his advantage. Best Path! A death during any other part of the year would result in much stronger inquiry and essay my family much deeper searching into best path for accounting, a cause. He hoped the tournament would provide a cover to explain Harry's death without too much questioning. He still needed to essay my best with my family be sure he was at his own full strength (including having all of his best supporters by his side - which meant breaking them out of Azkaban) He needed secrecy in order to easily free those Death Eaters still in Azkaban and to infiltrate the ministry sufficiently to prevent organized resistance on a government level. Voldemort mentions to his returned DE's about ray bradbury essay contest, gaining the allegiance of the with, dementors next and getting those entombed in Azkaban back and even goes on to mention getting the essay, allegiance of the giants as well.
While he doesn't explicitly identify an order of occurrences, within the context, it does not sound at moments my family, all like a plan to reveal himself back at Hogwart's right away (650-651). Additionally, Barty Crouch/Mad-eye Moody clearly expects Lord V to torture if not kill all of those who were able to go to the graveyard that night because they were neither locked up, nor dead. Certainly, he would not be under that impression if they planned to show up at Hogwart's ready for based case study definition, a fight after killing Harry (674-675). The real kicker for me to refuting the idea that it was made into essay my best moments with my family, a return portkey by Voldemort/Crouch, is that Dumbledore points out, Voldemort has returned, Dumbledore repeated, If you accept that fact straightaway, Fudge, and take the ray bradbury essay, necessary measures, we may still be able to save the situation.
The first and most essential step is to remove Azkaban from the control of the dementors . Essay Moments With My Family! . . Analysis Essay! Fudge reacts negatively . . Essay Moments! . The rest of reading analysis essay, us sleep less soundly in our beds, Cornelius, knowing that you have put Lord Voldemort's most dangerous supporters in the care of creatures who will join him the essay my best with my family, instant he asks them! said Dumbledore. They will not remain loyal to you, Fudge! Voldemort can offer them much more scope for their powers and their pleasures than you can! With the dementors behind him, and his old supporters returned to reviews 2014 him, you will be hard pressed to essay my best moments with stop him regaining the sort of power he had thirteen years ago! Emphasis is mine - pg 707. The reason this is a key ingredient in this discussion is that it shows clearly, Lord V still had work to do before the likes of Dumbledore would consider him a truly serious threat - and that it was work that needed doing before the based study definition, ministry knew of V's rebirth.
Showing up at Hogwart's triumphantly having killed Harry was most definitely not V's plan here. Moments My Family! He is contest pompous and proud enough, showman enough to moments my family want that, but also way too clever to do it and let his secret out career for accounting major way too soon for ultimate success. He still fears Dumbledore and doesn't ever seek out having to kill Dumbledore himself because of that fear. For these reasons I am convinced the return aspect of the portkey is placed there by Dumbledore (or someone else he trusted such as Minerva) before he ever hands it over to Barty to take into the maze. It is placed there as a convenient way to get the with, winner of the tournament to the stands and out of the maze, as well as a sure-fire way to know who the short on rap, winner was in case of a close race. Barty and Lord V would have considered such a prior portus irrelevant and of no concern because it simply, would never get used (in their thinking).
Or, they may have even considered it advantageous as it made it easier to add the portus charm to the graveyard without discovery. With My Family! They would never have considered the possibility of Harry's escape from Voldemort in the first place so they certainly would not have bothered with trying to remove it. This leaves only one hole I can think of. How did Voldemort figure on reading analysis, explaining the disappearance of the trophy? My conjecture is that he didn't. My Best With My Family! Voldemort does have a history of over looking plenty of details throughout the books. The love of mothers for their sons being only one of these details. And I'm not just speaking about Lilly's love for Harry.
Narcissa's love for Draco is included here. Major! Then there is also hiding the diadem right at Hogwart's in a room he somehow supposes others won't find. Or what about Kreature's role with the locket and the idea of Regulus defying him? . . Essay Moments With! . The list of overlooked details on the part of Voldemort could be quite long if I really got into it. The point is that it is completely feasible that Voldemort would over-look such a detail figuring the ministry might figure something had also happened to it when Harry also disappeared. Or, Rowling over-looked that detail herself or both. Cedric got to the cup first because Harry helped him out of two tight jams.
Cedric took a deep breath. ‘You take it. You should win. 'That’s twice you’ve saved my neck in here.’ I think Crouch Jr. anticipated Cedric's fair nature and felt he wasn't much of ray bradbury essay, a risk. I would guess that he used the Triwizard cup as the Portkey because he knew that Harry would have to touch it. As well, Voldemort was very weak physically throughout Goblet of Fire -- perhaps it was a timing issue -- Voldemort may not have been strong enough to withstand the essay my best, regeneration potion until the time of the third task, and short on rap music so the essay my best moments my family, Triwizard cup made sense logistically as the Portkey to the graveyard. Crouch Jr. could have used any object, sure, but there would have been less of a guarantee that Harry would touch a random item just lying around. I’m going to make some suggestions that might help us make more sense of, Why the Cup?! Voldemort’s Power: While Wormtail suggested that they could use someone other than Harry and get the thing done with a lot quicker, it is rather evident that Baby-mort was gaining power throughout the course of the merchant of venice, book. The Dark Mark tattoos kept getting clearer throughout, as we heard from both Karkarov and Snape. Frequent mentions were made about Dumbledore “reading the signs.” It seems a reasonable explanation that Voldemort wanted to wait long enough to achieve a certain amount of regained strength, even in his defeated form, before the re-birth occurred. We have no idea what kind of magic took place in that cauldron, but it might indeed be a process that could have failed had Babymort not been strong enough.
Voldemort’s Planning: Voldemort is very patient and cunning. As the symbol of pure evil in the series, it’s likely that we can draw some parallels between him and essay my best with my family the current world threat of terrorism, which also embodies one of the population based case control, clearest forms of present-day evil. Essay My Best! And we know terrorists are patient and cunning. They are willing to wait as long as it takes to make sure their plans go correctly. As such, it would also make sense for Harry to population based case definition grasp a portkey at a time when it would not be noticed that he was missing. Were Harry expected in a class, at essay with, lunch, or back in the common room after an office meeting with Faux Moody, people would have noticed he was missing. At the Third Task, however, no one had any idea how long it would take the champions to find the cup. Essay About! The whole plan moved him at significant distance from Dumbledore and the rest of the essay my best with, school, ironically, during the very time that they were most aware of Harry’s absence! Voldemort is obsessed with important artifacts; the whole point of Half-Blood Prince was to show that his horcruxes were all important objects with significant history.
Knowing Voldemort's fixation on such objects, it's completely in character for essay, him to want to use the world famous Triwizard Cup to bring his arch-nemesis to his demise, rather than some random, ordinary object. The idea was that Portkeys don't work inside Hogwarts, and Harry was not supposed to ever leave Hogwarts the entire year (though he did sneak out to drink some butterbeer), because the Dursleys never signed the permission slip. The cup was located off the Hogwarts campus, and my best moments my family planting Harry as a contender for the cup forced the Hogwarts staff to career let Harry off grounds long enough to touch the portkey. -1 to Rowling for contrived plot. Everyone reads it anyway. I found an answer I like at an external location. Essay My Family! Essentially the author of the essay ponders the same question that I do and asks why use the Triwizard Cup as the essay merchant, portkey. They bring up the point that the Cup was rigged to moments with also be a portkey back to Hogwarts. Population Based! But if the plan worked and Voldemort would have killed Harry then why rig the my best moments with, portkey to go back? At this point Voldemort and his minions touch the best, Portkey and return to Hogwarts to begin the new Reign of my best moments with, Terror. This is why the Portkey was rigged to return to Hogwarts.
They arrive outside the path for accounting, maze, with Harry's lifeless body (after all a good gloat is my best needed) and population based definition begin decimating the future wizarding population. They're merely students (and not just Hogwarts students either, but Beauxbatons and Durmstrang as well), easy prey. My Best With My Family! Also in the arena is Karkaroff the coward, Snape the spy, Bagman, Minister of Magic Cornelius Fudge, Dumbledore, and, of course, Crouch as Moody. Crouch didn't just forget to take his Polyjuice Potion. Essay Merchant Of Venice! It wasn't needed. He could begin hurling hexes as Moody (in all the moments, chaos who could tell for which side he was playing?) and after the potion wore off, he could fight clearly as himself, alongside his Dark Lord. After the battle, Voldemort would be in absolute power and all would be right in his world. It was so brilliant. It was so simple.
It should have worked. I don't think the best, answer is essay moments with my family perfect but I do think it offers up a plausible solution and analysis essay covers most of the bases that I've had problems with. Voldemort and Barty Jr. hatched the plan that unfolds in moments with my family, Book 4 to get Harry away from best for accounting Dumbledore in essay my best moments with my family, as discrete a manner as possible. While any Portkey would have done the trick (whether inside or outside Hogwarts castle or the grounds), it would be very difficult to gsd thesis reviews ensure that Harry would be the one to trigger it, while at the same time not making it perfectly obvious that Harry had disappeared, thus provoking Dumbledore's wrath. At the essay moments my family, time, Harry was lost in the maze, and only Mad-Eye's eye could see through the hedges, so only he and Harry knew exactly where he was at any given time.
Had Voldemort's plan gone off exactly as expected (with Harry dying in that graveyard), Dumbledore wouldn't become suspicious until hours later when it became obvious Harry was no longer in the maze at all, and 2014 it would take hours or days more to figure out essay my best moments with my family exactly what happened and by essay of venice, then Voldemort would be dozens of steps ahead of Dumbledore and the Order. Even given all this, if Cedric hadn't shown his nobler side (in the book) and with my family walked away from the Cup to give Harry the opportunity of suggesting they take it together, it would all have been for essay merchant of venice, nothing. Cedric would have disappeared along with the Cup, Voldemort's plan would have failed, and we wouldn't have known anything about it. First, the Triwizard Cup was already supposed to essay my best moments be set up as a Portkey, to take the victor out of the maze. Path Major! It would have been easy for Barty Crouch Jr. to add an extra stop to that, as the essay my best with, cup was already an authorized Portkey. Second, Voldemort couldn't just return unseen, killing Harry in the process, in the middle of the Triwizard Arena. So, he would return in the middle of analysis, a graveyard, no one would be the wiser, and Harry would be dead. Essay My Best My Family! Simple. Third, has anyone else noticed that Voldy tends to have a flair for the dramatic? He would kill Harry in front of all the Death Eaters, proving that after death he was just as evil, and scaring all of the cowards, like Pettigrew.
Harry would also be weak and tired, meaning Voldemort should easily defeat him. The potion to resurrect Voldemort wasn't ready until the about merchant of venice, end of the year. What would Harry do in the graveyard until then? Just sit down, twiddling his thumbs? Also, if Harry took a Portkey to the graveyard too early, Dumbledore would have to search for moments my family, a missing student. I think its because Voldemort wanted a long time to be with harry for his Resurrection, and they needed time to essay contest set up for his resurrection. My Family! I believe he intended to use the portkey to come back to Hogwarts disguised as Harry (using a polyjuice potion), and kill Dumbledore when he wasn't expecting it. My evidence: First: I want you to think. Think about all of the portkeys ever used in Harry Potter. The only ray bradbury essay contest one that was two-way (it will take you back to where you left from as well as where you are going) was the Triwizard cup, which supports the part of my best moments my family, my theory about essay contest, Voldemort getting into Hogwarts. Next: Why would Voldemort, newly resurrected after 15 years of being less than the essay my best with, meanest ghost, risk fighting Harry in a duel, and give him back his wand for it.
He doesn't have to prove that he is better than Harry, since the Death Eaters fear him and analysis essay wont think anything of it if he doesn't battle Harry (well, out loud and with actions, at with my family, least), so he could have kept Harry tied to the tombstone and reading analysis essay killed him, witch would have the same outcome as the duel (what Voldemort wanted to happen). Instead, he lets Harry down and essay my best moments gives him his wand so that they can duel. I believe he did this so that he could win Harry's wand, so that when he went over to Hogwarts, he would have the reading analysis, full, working disguise. Voldemort never really understood wand lore, so he might have heard that a wand will work for my best with my family, you if you win it from its owner, but being Voldemort, he probably thought that that meant he has to battle the person, and kill them to win. That isn't the reading, only reason why he would wait till the end of the essay my best with my family, year, and use the triwizard cup as the portkey. If Harry suddenly went missing, Dumbledore would be able to guess it was Voldemort who caused it, and deduce that Moody is an impostor, all of based, which, as Hermione states, is the last thing Voldemort would want once he was resurrected. We can see very clearly that the Triwizard cup was made into a Portkey for a quick escape from the essay my best moments my family, finality of the essay of venice, gauntlet when the hedges began to close shut and would've crushed Harry and Cedric with no other way out besides a Portkey.
Someone changed the essay moments, location of the ray bradbury essay, Portkey (probably Pettigrew) to bring Harry directly to Voldemort. Some of the information contained in this post requires additional references. Please edit to add citations to reliable sources that support the assertions made here. Unsourced material may be disputed or deleted.
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This long-running column examines ethics in the paralegal profession. Do you have an ethical dilemma or question? E-mail us today. Writing Paralegal Resumes. Tips for experienced and new paralegals. By Linda T. Chin. Many paralegal students who have just graduated from college or who have completed a paralegal studies program most likely are searching for their first paralegal jobs. Experienced paralegals also might be looking to change jobs.
This article will assist both new and experienced paralegals in essay my best with my family, drafting resumes and cover letters that will be concise but comprehensive, appealing but not overwhelming to prospective employers. Gsd Thesis Reviews? Sample paralegal resumes and cover letters also are included. Resumes for New Paralegals. Let’s begin with some general pointers. Essay My Best With? Your name, home address, phone number and about, e-mail address should be on my best moments, top of the resume. Based? Use more common computer fonts, such as 12-point Times New Roman. Your name can be bold and a larger font than the rest of the content in the resume. Try to keep the essay my best moments with my family resume to one page, if possible. Prospective employers receive numerous resumes so they might not read resumes beyond the first page.
Many resumes usually contain four to five sections. Ray Bradbury? Some resumes might include sections such as Honors and Awards or Achievements. For the purpose of this article, I have concentrated on these sections: Career Objective, Education, Experience, Skills and Other Relevant Experience, if applicable. Career objective. This is important for several reasons.
It’s the first paragraph after you provide your personal information and it immediately lets the prospective employers know what your career goal is, and encourages them to continue reading the resume. You should express your career objective by my best moments with writing a 1-sentence description of the job you are seeking. If you are unsure of the area of merchant, legal practice in which you want to my best my family, specialize, focus your objective to a general practice of law. Some examples of career objectives are: “To secure an population control study definition, entry-level position as a paralegal in a real estate law firm,” or “To secure a position in a law firm that can use a legal professional with outstanding research and essay moments with my family, writing skills.” Education. This section is an important part of the resume for those new paralegals who have just completed their education. If you are a new paralegal with limited or no work experience, this is the section on which you should focus. Control? Indicate your degree or the paralegal certificate you completed, your major, the college from which you graduated, and the date of your graduation. List the moments with my family courses that are relevant to the jobs for which you are applying. In general, law firms seek prospective employees who have skills in areas of legal research and writing, litigation and law office management. You also should expand on your leadership and academic activities in this section.
List your membership in all student and academic organizations. 2014? Emphasize your leadership positions and my best with my family, highlight your respective duties and achievements while serving in those leadership roles. Short On Rap? If you were a member of the organization but didn’t hold a leadership position, specify your contributions to the organizations. Moments? For example, you might have arranged for population based control, a speaker, publicized an event or coordinated a social event for essay my family, the organization. Did you write for a college newspaper, or contribute or edit an analysis essay, article for a newsletter or the college yearbook?
If so, these activities should be included in your resume since they show initiative and leadership qualities — characteristics that all employers seek in a prospective employee. Finally, if you have received academic achievements such as being on the dean’s list or graduating with various honors, emphasize these awards and honors in your resume. Experience. This section is the meat of a resume. While your work history as a new paralegal is minimal, there are other areas besides employment that can be classified as experience. Serving in an internship program is an excellent way to my family, highlight your duties and about of venice, responsibilities as well as the skills you obtained. Under this section, list the duties you performed, as well as the skills that were enhanced during this internship. If you have participated in more than one internship, list the most recent internship first with the relevant dates.
Another type of essay my family, experience is the Academic Service Learning component that many colleges have incorporated into their academic curriculum. St. John’s University in essay, New York, for example, defines Academic Service Learning as a teaching method in which students learn and develop through organized service that reinforces course content. This organized service takes place in nonprofit organizations such as bar associations, senior citizen centers, Legal Aid offices or other organizations that provide legal services at reduced fees or at no cost to the clients. If you have participated in an Academic Service Learning program, you should indicate the organization in which you served, and your duties while serving in that capacity. For example, if you helped draft health planning documents in an Elder Law Clinic as part of the Elder Law course you took, you should incorporate these duties in the Experience section of your resume. Skills. This section of the resume focuses on special skills you have that you might not have highlighted in essay my best moments with, other sections of the resume. Are you familiar with Microsoft Word? Do you have skills in other software applications such as Microsoft PowerPoint or Excel? Are you an expert in using Westlaw and/or Lexis as a research tool?
Are you proficient in gsd thesis 2014, a foreign language? If you have any of these skills, include them in the skills section of the essay my best moments my family resume. However, be honest in merchant of venice, assessing your proficiency. For example, don’t indicate fluency in Spanish if you can only read it, but not speak it. Other relevant experience. The last section of the resume is for other relevant experience that you might have but was not addressed in the other sections of the resume.
For example, if you demonstrated leadership skills while serving in a civic or community project or activity, then certainly include this experience. The Cover Letter From New Paralegals. The cover letter should have the my best with following information: your name, address, and population based case control definition, the date, name and title of the person to whom you are writing, the company or organization and the relevant salutation. Try to get the moments with exact name of the gsd thesis reviews person to essay my best with my family, whom you are writing since this will be more personal. The first paragraph of the cover letter should explain why you are writing and indicate how you found out about the available position. Essay Music? For example, “I am writing to apply for the position of paralegal as advertised in the June 20 New York Times,” or “We met last month at the paralegal conference and essay moments with my family, I am following up on for accounting major, my interest to obtain a paralegal position in with, your law firm.” The next few paragraphs are where you want to highlight and discuss your qualifications, achievements and experience. Ray Bradbury? Summarize your experience rather than repeat what already is in the resume. Discuss why your qualifications and experience are a good fit with the company and what you can contribute to my best moments with my family, that company.
The final paragraph closes the letter by thanking the employers for their consideration of path for accounting, your application and essay my best moments with, notifying them where they can contact you for an interview. Merchant Of Venice? Also indicate that your resume is enclosed and that references are available upon request. Resumes for Experienced Paralegals. Many of my recommendations for resumes for experienced paralegals are similar to resumes for new paralegals. My Best Moments With My Family? Your name, home address, phone number and e-mail address should be on the top of the gsd thesis reviews resume and it should be limited to one page, if possible. Resumes for experienced paralegals should contain the following or similar sections: Career Objective, Professional Experience, Skills, Other Relevant Experience and Education. Career objective. Essay My Best With My Family? This is important for experienced paralegals. Path? It signals to the prospective employer whether the applicant is seeking a career change, a position with greater responsibility or a lateral move to a different company. For example: “To secure a senior level paralegal position with supervisory responsibilities” indicates to the employers that the applicant has prior paralegal experience and is seeking further professional growth. Education.
The experienced paralegal should indicate the relevant information under the my best Education section. You should provide your degree or the gsd thesis reviews certificate completed as well as your major, the college from my best with, where you graduated and the date of ray bradbury, your graduation. List any awards and honors you received upon graduation. Moments With My Family? Since prospective employers will focus more on the work history of experienced paralegals, the education information can be included either at essay about merchant of venice the beginning or at the end of the essay moments my family resume. Experience.
For the essay contest experienced paralegal, this section of the resume is the most important information provided by the applicant in essay moments with my family, engaging the interest of the prospective employers. The most common form of presentation is to list jobs in reverse chronological order; therefore, you should list your most recent job first. Indicate the career path for accounting major company’s or law firm’s name, list your job titles and my best moments, dates of control, employment. Use active verbs to describe your duties and responsibilities, and be consistent in the use of the verb tense. For examples: “Developed systems for billing clients,” “Conducted extensive research for class action lawsuit” and “Maintained and updated court dates.” Skills. My Best Moments With My Family? This section is where you can highlight your technological skills.
At a minimum, employers expect their experienced paralegals to be proficient in word processing, and to be able to gsd thesis reviews, navigate e-mails and prepare spreadsheets using Excel. Do you have computer-assisted research skills using Westlaw or Lexis? Are you proficient in other software applications such as CaseMap, LiveNote or Abacus Law? If so, don’t hesitate to essay my best, list them. Prospective employers always are seeking applicants who are technologically savvy to help make their law offices become more efficient. Other relevant experience. If you have had relevant experience other than work experience, you can describe it under this section.
Were you an active member of a national or state paralegal organization? Did you volunteer to participate in your firm’s pro bono program in ray bradbury essay, providing legal service to those who could not afford to hire a legal professional? Perhaps you volunteered in events related to law that were sponsored by your community or civic groups. Moments? These all are activities to stress in your resume. They demonstrate initiative, leadership and commitment to the legal profession. The Cover Letter from Experienced Paralegals. The cover letter is your initial introduction to reading essay, the prospective employer. The purpose of the cover letter is to with my family, encourage the employer to read your resume and invite you for an interview.
Therefore, like the resume, it has to be error-proof, neat and well-written. The first paragraph of the cover letter should explain why you are writing and what position you seek. For example: “I am writing to ray bradbury essay, apply for the position of moments, Senior Paralegal that was advertised on your Web site.” Also explain why you are interested in the position, such as seeking greater and/or more diverse responsibilities. In the best path for accounting next few paragraphs, summarize your qualifications, experience and achievements. For example: “As the enclosed resume indicates, I have had over 10 years of paralegal experience in employment law” or “My 10 years of experience include working with cases involving bankruptcy law.” Follow up as to why this experience will benefit the law firm. You also can highlight specific skills, such as the my family ability to use computer-assisted research or software applications that help with the management of reviews 2014, a law office. The final paragraph closes the essay with my family letter by thanking the employers for their consideration of your application and reviews, notifying the essay my best my family employers where they can contact you for an interview. Also indicate that your resume is analysis essay enclosed and that references are available upon request. SAMPLE COVER LETTER FOR NEW PARALEGALS.
345 Highway Street. Lakeview, NJ 10671. Tobin and Dempf, LLP. I am writing to apply for the position of my best my family, Paralegal in based case control, your litigation department as advertised in the New Jersey Times , dated June 25, 2008. I have just completed the ABA Approved-paralegal program at Gainsville State University . My coursework and essay, my internship experience have given me the skills to qualify for this position. As you can see from my resume, in path, addition to essay my best moments, coursework in the areas of civil litigation and population based case definition, trial practice, I have enhanced my skills in essay my family, the practice of litigation through my internship experiences. I have had practical experience in essay about merchant of venice, legal research, writing complaints and moments my family, legal memoranda, and filing pleadings.
I am highly proficient and comfortable in the use of technology. I am proficient in using Westlaw to perform research. Best Career Path? I am also skilled in using Microsoft Word, PowerPoint, Excel and Outlook. Thank you for your consideration. Moments? I look forward to speaking with you further regarding my qualifications for short on rap, this position. Enclosed in my resume and my best with my family, I will be happy to provide you with references upon request. SAMPLE RESUME FOR NEW PARALEGALS. 345 Highway Street. To secure a position as a paralegal in a law firm that specializes in essay music, litigation.
June 2008: Gainsville State University , Smithtown , New Jersey. Paralegal Certificate Program, ABA Approved. Coursework: Introduction to Law, Civil Litigation, Legal Research and Writing, Tort Law, Family Law, Elder Law, Real Estate Law, Trial Practice. Leadership and Academic Acitivities: President of Legal Society (2007-2008) – Organized activities for.
students in the Paralegal Program; arranged for my best moments with, speakers on legal issues; coordinated visits to courts. Feb. 2008-May 2008: Paralegal Intern, Smith Smith, Smithtown , New Jersey. Assisted with scheduling meetings with clients. Helped with filing pleadings. Performed legal research using Westlaw and in the library. Wrote legal memoranda. Prepared demand letters. Sept. 2007-Jan. 2008: Academic Service Learning in about of venice, conjunction with Elder Law course, Senior Legal Clinic, Newtown , New Jersey.
Assisted in drafting advance health planning documents. Interviewed clients for case intake. Assisted with drafting complaints. Assisted in drafting health proxies and living wills. Microsoft Word, PowerPoint, Excel, Outlook, Westlaw. Coordinated Annual Fund-Raising Event for the Homeless since 2000. SAMPLE COVER LETTER FOR EXPERIENCED PARALEGALS. 345 Highway Street. Lakeview, NJ 10671.
Tobin and Dempf, LLP. I am writing to apply for the position of my best moments, supervising paralegal in your litigation department as advertised in the New Jersey Times , dated June 25, 2008. After more than 10 years of experience as a litigation paralegal, I am seeking a new position that can provide me with additional responsibilities and an opportunity to use my supervisory skills. As you can see from my resume, I have had extensive experience as a litigation paralegal and my responsibilities have increased over the years. Recently, I was given the additional responsibility of supervising and best path, training secretarial staff and student interns. In that capacity, I have developed my mentoring and supervisory skills. I am highly proficient and my best, comfortable in the use of about merchant, technology. I am proficient in using Westlaw and Lexis to perform research.
I have assisted the essay my best with attorneys in on rap music, my firm in essay moments with, making presentations using Microsoft PowerPoint and career path major, have created spreadsheets using Microsoft Excel. Essay Moments? I have become skilled in the use of software applications to assist with the management of complex litigation cases. As a result, I can offer your firm a high level of expertise in using Concordance, Summation and CaseMap. I believe I can contribute much to your firm. Thank you for taking time from your schedule to consider me for contest, this position. My Best Moments My Family? I look forward to speaking with you further regarding my qualifications. Enclosed is my resume and I will be happy to gsd thesis, provide you with references upon request. SAMPLE RESUME FOR EXPERIENCED PARALEGALS. 345 Highway Street.
Lakeview, NJ 10671. To secure a position as a senior-level paralegal with supervisory responsibilities. July 2000-Present: Paralegal, Kleinsmith Associates, Newark , N.J. Provide legal and administrative support for moments my family, civil litigation firm. Supervise and train secretarial staff and student interns. Implement an online billing system for clients. Draft legal memoranda and client correspondence.
Conduct research employing online resources such as Westlaw and Lexis. Assist with document production and trial preparation. July 1998-June 2000: Paralegal, Smith Smith, Smithtown , N.J. Assisted with scheduling meetings with clients. Assisted with filing pleadings. Performed legal research using Westlaw and in the library.
Wrote legal memoranda. Prepared billings for clients. Feb. 1998-June 1998: Paralegal Intern, Legal Aid of essay about merchant of venice, New Jersey , Newtown , N.J. Interviewed clients for case intake.
Assisted with drafting complaints. Assisted with document production. Microsoft Word, PowerPoint, Excel, Outlook, Westlaw, Lexis, Concordance, Summation and CaseMap. Member of the American Alliance of with my family, Paralegals and the Legal Assistants Association of ray bradbury essay, New Jersey; organized workshops on technology for paralegals. Participated in the pro bono program initiated by Kleinsmith Associates.
June 1998: Gainsville State University , Smithtown , N.J. Bachelor of Arts, Legal Studies, ABA-Approved Paralegal Program. Linda T. Chin is an assistant professor at St. John’s University in New York City. She teaches in the American Bar Association-approved legal studies program, which prepares students to work as paralegals in the legal profession.
Professor Chin’s field of essay, expertise is employment and elder law.