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British Airways organizational structure. Figure: British Airways Organizational Structure British Airways has a unique organizational structure led by a general manager, who is qualitie, answerable to the Board of indian essay 2014, Directors. Being a global company, the British Airways has several branches across the globe. Qualitie! These branches are led by branch managers, who are in turn answerable to the general manager. The branches are divided into a number of departments such as Settlement, Imports, Handing, Customer Service, Finance and Sales. British Airways General culture British Airways has been on the frontline in the creation of an all-inclusive culture among its employees. Indian Economy Essay 2014! The culture env. Need essay sample on British Airways organizational structure ? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you for only $13.90/page. . Qualitie Essay! isioned by the airline is aimed at understanding and phd dissertation, respecting individual differences among its employees. Qualitie Essay! The airline has also embarked on a mission aimed at delivering services reflecting and responding to the various needs of the customers. The company has strived to remain competitive by integrating diversity in all aspects of its services.
Since the paper on harriet tubman airline operates globally, it has embarked on a venture aimed at essay attracting and capital budgeting, retaining talented employees capable of essay, reflecting on its customer base. Help! The airline has employed a mixture of people from different backgrounds in order to boost innovation and potential new ideas. The airline’s strategy is driven via diversity champions who represent departments across the qualitie organization. Moreover, the airline has a culture where employee groups usually meet regularly with an aim of discussing various issues about ethnicity, sexual orientation, flexible working, disability and religion. Help! British Airways communicates its diversity issues to its employees through the company newspaper, diversity employee network, diversity forums, and the company’s corporate intranet site. Qualitie Essay! The airline also owns monthly newsletters titled ‘Religious Festivals and indian essay, ‘Diverse Times’ that also help in the communication of diversity to qualitie the company’s employees.
British Airways has shown a lot of commitment towards customer satisfaction. Its high quality customer service has gone a long way in creating the company’s image. Although the customer service department is presenting the psychology to write about entire airline’s branches, its employees are also trained to serve its customers in the best way possible. British airline’s management has been described as autocratic with very few people dominating the making of decisions that involve billions of pounds. For instance, the airline’s top executive Willie Walsh was once perceived as being at qualitie the centre of major decisions by the company. Walsh’s leadership style has been described as autocratic and at the same time very charismatic. British Airways marketing features British Airways marketing is mainly through methods such as covert advertising, television commercials, infomercials, celebrity advertising, commercial advertising and newer media forms of phd dissertation learning, advertising. The company’s marketing features mainly target the already existing and loyal customers. The company’s marketing strategies mainly target the up-market business class clients. The company therefore uses marketing media that are likely to reach this group of people. Qualitie Essay! It forgets to use other forms of media that that can bring it other new clients.
The airline should start targeting a wider audience; it should also target the lower-end market since it may get some new clients from this market end. The company should also put more investment in the latest technology in need with speech its marketing ventures. It should reduce its investment in the older forms of marketing in favour of the newer forms. For instance, the qualitie essay Internet technology and the World Wide Web phenomenon should be given more attention than they are. This is the best way of reaching the new generation of economy, clients, who are in their large numbers and essay, still growing.
Conclusion The paper analysed various aspects of economy essay, two companies- Virgin Atlantic and British Airways. From the PESTEL Analysis and qualitie essay, SWOT Analysis of Virgin Atlantic Airways, many strengths and opportunities were discoveries alongside a few weaknesses and threats. After undertaking a primary research into Virgin Atlantic’s main competitor, British Airways, many opportunities were also discovered. The two companies generally have strong points with only a few areas in need of improvement. Good About! Virgin Atlantic seems more receptive to change than its competitor, British Airways. Branson, R (2006) Losing my Virginity The Autobiography, Virgin Books Limited, London Essen, Y (2007, May 30) Market report-British Airways soars on renewed takeover hopes, The Telegraph Kilbourne, J (2000) How Advertising Changes the qualitie Way We Think and Feel, Free Press. Korten, D (1995) When Corporations Rule the World, Berrett-Koehler, San Francisco, California Leiss, W (1990) Social Communication in Advertising, Routledge Louw, E (2001) The Media and research, Cultural Production, Sage Publications, London Reeves, R (1961), Reality in Advertising, New York: Alfred A. Knopf, LCCN UK CAA (2006) 2006 UK Airline Statistics, retrieved from www. caa. co. uk, on qualitie essay, September 3, 2008 Virgin Atlantic (2009) Virgin Atlantic Airways – Company Overview, Virgin Atlantic Airways Williamson, J (1994) Decoding Advertisements, Marion Boyars Publishers Limited. Distinction between Microeconomics and Macroeconomics Distinction between microeconomics and Macroeconomics Microeconomics is the study of in whitepapers, individual economic units of an economy whereas macroeconomics is the study of aggregates of an economy as a whole. For example, when we study of an individual sugar mill manufacturing sugar, our study is micro analysis but if we study #8230; Introduction Economic sociology is an attempt by sociologists to qualitie redefine in sociological terms questions traditionally addressed by economists. It is thus also an answer to attempts by economists to bring economic approaches in need help with speech particular utility mastication and game theory to the analysis of social situations that are not obviously related to production or #8230; We are live streaming the Entrepreneur 360™ Conference.
Enjoy main-stage presentations, panel discussions and more. Qualitie! Final Exam Review Questions 1) A bill becomes a law by getting passed by both sides of congress and then getting approved by the president. Economy Essay 2014! 2)Civil- usually involve private disputes between persons or organizations Criminal- involve an action that is considered to be harmful to qualitie essay society as a whole 3) The three branches of government #8230;
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mirc auto resume dcc The following commands are mostly unique to mIRC, though some are only modifications or extensions of standard IRC commands. /ajinvite [on | off] Turns auto-join on invite on or off. /alias [filename] aliasname command Adds, removes, replaces aliases; it is limited to single line aliases and will not affect multiple line definitions. /alias /moo /me moos! This will replace the first matching alias with the essay new command. In Whitepapers! To remove an existing aliases: To add an qualitie essay alias to a specific alias file, you would use: /alias moo.txt /moo /me moos!
If you don't specify a filename, it defaults to research paper on harriet tubman, using the first filename in which the alias exists, or if it doesn't exist then it uses the first loaded aliases file. This and the /ame command send the specified message or action to all open channel windows. Changes your alternate nickname. Can be used in qualitie essay, the on CONNECT event or Perform section to delay or prevent autojoining of channels. Where -n = join now, -s = skip autojoin, -dN = delay autojoin for N seconds. Note: This also affects the rejoining of open channel windows during a reconnect. /background [-abemsgdluhcfnrtpx] [window] [filename] Changes the background picture setting for a window.
This can also be changed via a windows System Menu. -a = active window. -m = main mIRC window. -s = status window. -g = finger window. -d = single message window. -e = set as default. -cfnrtp = center, fill, normal, stretch, tile, photo. -u = toolbar buttons. You can right-click in the toolbar/switchbar to pop up a menu for changing these settings. Toolbar buttons can use RGB Color 255,0,255 for transparency, the BMP must be of the same form as that in mIRC resources.
It should be a 16 or 256 color BMP. -x = no background picture. Note: The window name should only be specified if none of the window switches are specified. The filename does not need to be specified if you are only changing the display method. /ban [-kruN] [#channel] nickname|address [type] Bans someone from the current channel using their address. To do this, it first does a /userhost on the user, which gives it the user's address, and capital analysis, then it does a /mode # +b user address.
If you specify the -k switch, mIRC performs a ban/kick combination on the nickname. If you specify the -uN switch, mIRC pauses N seconds before removing the ban. If you specify the -r switch, /ban removes the ban of the specified type for qualitie essay that nickname, eg. /ban -r nick 2. If you do not specify a ban type, then mIRC uses the whole nick!*user@host to phd dissertation help on e learning, do the qualitie essay ban. If you are banning an IP address then a wild card replaces the last number of the IP address. If you are on the channel then the capital budgeting #channel specification is not necessary. If you specify a wildcard address it is used as-is, if you specify a full address then the type mask is applied to qualitie essay, it.
For a list of ban types see the $mask identifier. Note: This command uses the IAL maintained by mIRC. Beeps a number of times with a delay. Pops up the channel central window for the channel window you're currently in. You can also specify a #channel name to open the channel central for a channel you've already joined but which isn't the active window.
/clear [-sghlc] [windowname] Clears the buffer of the current window. If you specify a window name, that window's buffer will be cleared. The -s switch clears the status window. The -g switch clears the finger window. The -l switch clears the side-listbox in a custom window. The -c switch clears the click history in help learning, a picture window. The -h switch clears the editbox command history for a window.
Clears the essay buffers of the specified windows, where s = status, n = channel, q = query, m = message window, t = chat, g = finger, u = custom, a = all windows on citing research, all connections. If no switches are specified all windows are cleared. Copies the essay specified text to need help with a informative speech, the clipboard. The -a switch makes it append the text to any existing text in the clipboard. The -n switch appends a $crlf to the text. /close [-icfgms@] [nick1] . [nickN]
Closes all windows of the essay specified type and the specified nicknames. If no nicknames are given, all windows of the specified type are closed. Need Help Conclusion! The type of qualitie, window is capital budgeting study denoted by c for chat, f for qualitie essay fserve, g for indian economy essay 2014 get, i for inactive dcc windows, m for message (query), s for essay send, and help with conclusion, @ for custom windows. You can specify the qualitie Nth window for -cfgs by appending a number, eg. /close -s4 nick, would close the 4th open dcc send to nick. You can also use a wildcard as the window name and all matching windows will be closed. Allows you to change the research in whitepapers color settings for items in the Colors dialog.
The -l switch reloads the color settings from the qualitie mirc.ini file. The -r switch resets the Nth color in the 16 color palette to its default RGB value, with /color -r N. To change the color of the Nth color in capital budgeting case analysis, the 16 color palette to a new value, you can use /color index rgb To change the color of a text item in the color dialog, you can specify the name of the item, eg. Essay! Normal text, along with a new palette index. The -s switch changes the research in whitepapers active scheme, with /color -s scheme name /copy -ao filename filename Copies a file to another filename or directory. You can also use wildcards for the source filename, and a directory name for the destination. Qualitie! The -o switch overwrites a file if it exists. The -a switch appends the phd dissertation help first file to the second one. /creq [+m|-m] [ask | auto | ignore] This is the command line equivalent of setting the DCC Chat request radio buttons in the dcc options dialog (see /sreq below).
The +m|-m switch turns the minimize setting on|off. /ctcpreply nick ctcp [message] Sends a reply to a ctcp query. /ctcpreply goat HELP no help available. /debug [-cinpt] [N] [on | off | @window | filename] [identifier] Outputs raw server messages, both incoming and qualitie essay, outgoing, to a debug.log file, or a custom @window. /debug -n @moo, opens a custom @window minimized. /debug -c off, turns off debugging and closes the associated custom @window. /debug -pt, wraps or timestamps messages. /debug N @moo, uses color N for messages. The -i switch calls the citing research specified identifier before a debug line is logged.
The return value of the identifier is used as the debug line. The $debug identifier returns the name of debug file or @window. Note: /debug works independently for each server connection. /describe nick|channel message Sends an qualitie action to the specified nickname or channel, the same as the /me command, except that /me is used while in a query or channel window so you don't need to specify the target when using it. Forces a disconnect from a server. This is topics to write about different from the qualitie essay /quit command which sends a quit message to the server and economy, waits for the server to disconnect you. This allows you to call routines in qualitie essay, a DLL designed to work with mIRC. /dns [-ch] [nick|address] Resolves an address.
If mIRC sees a . in the name you specify it assumes it's an psychology topics to write about address and tries to resolve it. Qualitie Essay! Otherwise it assumes it's a nickname and performs a /userhost to phd dissertation on e, find the user's address and essay, then resolves it. If you specify an IP address, it looks up the host name. You can queue multiple /dns requests, and you can view the current queue by citing research in whitepapers using /dns with no parameters. The -c switch clears all currently queued DNS requests, except for the one currently in qualitie essay, progress. The -h switch forces /dns to treat the parameter as a hostname. Note: Due to way the with conclusion DNS lookup works, any DNS related functions currently in progress eg. connecting to qualitie essay, a server, must be resolved before subsequent requests. This means that if a prior DNS is having problems resolving, subsequent DNS requests have to wait until it times out before they can be resolved.
Manipulates the single message window. Enables or disables the psychology about sounds in the Sounds dialog. /echo [color] [-cdeghiNtsaqlbfnmr] [color name] [#channel|[=]nick] text Prints text in qualitie, the specified window using the specified color (0 to 15). /echo 3 #mIRC Testing. would print Testing in the color green in channel window #mIRC, assuming it's already open. If a channel/nickname isn't specified, the -s switch echoes to the status window, the -d switch echoes to the single message window, and the -a switch echoes to the currently active window.
The -e switch encloses the line in line separators. The -iN switch indents the wrapped line by study N characters. The -h switch forces lines to qualitie essay, hard-wrap so resizing the window doesn't change the line. The -t switch prefixes the line with a timestamp if global time stamping is on or timestamping is on for that window. The -q switch makes it not display the text if called from an alias using the . prefix. The -l switch makes it apply the highlight settings to good about, the line that's displayed. The -bf switches make it apply the beep/flash settings in the window it is essay echoing to.
The -n switch prevents the echo from highlighting the window switchbar icon. The -m switch indicates that the line should be treated as a user message, not an topics to write event. The -g switch prevents the line from qualitie, being logged to the log file. The -r switch applies the strip settings in phd dissertation help on e, the messages dialog. The -c switch uses the specified color name from the colors dialog. Note: This text is only displayed in your own window, it isn't sent to qualitie essay, the server, no one else can see it. /editbox [-safnopbNeN] [window] text Fills the editbox of the to write current window with the specified text. The -s switch specifies the Status window. The -a switch specifies the Active window.
To specify a dcc chat window, prefix the nickname with an = equal sign. The -f switch sets the qualitie focus to indian 2014, the editbox. The -p switch indicates that a space should be appended to text. The -n switch fills the editbox and presses the enter key in the editbox. The -o switch applies the command to the second editbox in a channel window. The -bNeN switches set the start and qualitie, end of the selection in the editbox.
Changes the email address in the Connect dialog. Close down mIRC and psychology about, exit. The -n switch disables the exit confirmation dialog. The -r switch restarts mIRC. /filter [-asdfkwxnpriocteubglLz] [n-n2] [c s] infile | dialog id outfile | dialog id | alias [alias] matchtext This command scans lines of qualitie essay, text in a window or file and if any of them contain matchtext, they are written out to case, another window or file which you can then use. The infile can be a filename or a window name (custom or normal). The outfile can be a filename or a custom window name. You should specify the -fw switches if the essay names are ambiguous eg.
/filter -ff in.txt out.txt *mirc* This indicates that both are filenames, and: /filter -wf #in.txt #out.txt *help* indicates that the first is actually a window name, and the second is a filename. The -a switch sorts filtered lines by citing in whitepapers calling the optional [alias] . The alias is passed two lines in $1 and $2, it must compare these and return -1, 0, or 1 to indicate relative sort order of these lines to qualitie, each other. The -x switch excludes matching lines. The -n switch prefixes lines with a line number. The -s switch makes the status window the infile. The -d switch makes the good to write single message window the infile. The -p switch wraps the text output in qualitie essay, a custom window.
The -r switch specifies the range of lines n to n2 for phd dissertation help on e learning filtering. The -b switch strips BURK codes when matching text. The -g switch indicates that matchtext is qualitie essay a regular expression. The -z switch retains line colors when filtering between custom windows. The -k switch indicates that you have specified an alias as the output instead of help on e learning, a window name. Essay! The alias will be called with the result of each filtered line. The -i switch indicates that you have provided a [dialog id] custom dialog control as the research input. The -o switch indicates that you have provided a [dialog id] custom dialog control as the output.
The -c switch clears the output window/file before writing to qualitie, it. The -t switch sorts the output based on [c s], column C using character S as the columns separator. The -e specifies a descending sort, and -u a numeric sort. The -l switch filters from the side-listbox in on harriet, the first window, and -L filters to the side-listbox in essay, the second window. You can filter blank lines by specifying $crlf for the matchtext. This command also fills the $filtered identifier with the number of matches found, if any. Note: If the input and output are the same window/file, mIRC will process the request correctly. This searches active window for the specified text (same as Control+F). /flash [-bNwNrN] [window] text This flashes the specified mIRC window/icon with text in the titlebar but only if mIRC is not the economy essay active application. The -bN switch makes mIRC beep N times.
The -wN switch makes mIRC play the Flash sound specified in qualitie essay, the Event Beeps section N times. The -rN switch makes mIRC repeat the citing flash N times. In all cases, if N is not specified the flash/sound continues indefinitely. Flushes the specified INI file to qualitie, the hard disk. INI files are cached in memory, so you may want to research, do this to make sure that your INI is updated properly. /font [-asgbdz|window] fontsize fontname This allows you to change the font for the current window. If no parameters are specified, the essay font dialog pops up, otherwise the need specified parameters are used.
You can make the font bold by using the -b switch. The -a switch applies the setting to the active window, -s to the status window, and -g to qualitie essay, the finger window. The -d switch makes the font the a informative speech default for essay that type of window, eg. for all channels, or all chats. The -z switch clears all font settings and sets all windows to the specified font. If no font is specified, all windows are set to default font settings. Note: If you use a negative number for the font size, it will match the size of fonts in research on harriet tubman, the font dialog. Changes the qualitie essay full name in the connect dialog. Brings up the section in the mIRC help file which matches the specified keyword. /hop [-cn] [#channel] [message] Parts the need a informative conclusion current channel and joins a new one.
If no new channel is specified, it parts and rejoins the current channel without closing the window. The -c switch cycles the specified channel by parting and rejoining it. The -n switch minimizes the essay channel window. This is a standard IRC command for joining a channel. The -i switch makes you join the paper on harriet channel to which you were last invited. The -n and essay, -x switches minimize/maximize the channel window when you join it. Prints the line separator selected in the Options dialog in the specified window. Retrieves the servers to which your current server is phd dissertation on e linked. The -n and -x switches minimize/maximize the window when it opens.
Loads the specified alias, popup, or script. /load -a aliases.ini loads an aliases file. /load -ps status.ini loads a status window popup. /load -pc status.ini loads a channel popup. /load -pq status.ini loads a query popup.
/load -pn status.ini loads a nickname list popup. /load -pm status.ini loads a menubar popup. /load -ru users.ini loads a users file. /load -rv vars.ini loads a variables file. /load -rs script.ini loads a scripts file. If you try to load a file that is already loaded, it's contents are updated and it's position in the alias/script processing order is qualitie maintained. You can also use the /reload command with the same parameters to reload a file without triggering the on start/load events in the script being loaded.
If you specify the citing research N with /load -rsN, this loads/reloads the script into qualitie essay, the Nth position in help learning, the script list. Note: You can only load one section at a time. /loadbuf [lines] [-apirsglecNnomttopic] window | dialog id filename Loads the specified number of qualitie, lines from the end of the file of research on harriet tubman, filename into the specified window. /loadbuf 20 @test info.txt. This loads the last 20 lines of qualitie essay, info.txt into with, custom window @test. /loadbuf 10-40 @test info.txt. This loads lines 10 to 40 of info.txt into custom window @test. The -a switch loads the text into the active window. The -p switch forces lines of text to wrap when added to the window. The -i switch makes sure that lines are indented if they wrap.
The -r switch clears the contents of the output window. The -s and -g switches apply the command to the status and finger windows respectively. The -l switch applies the command to the side-listbox in a custom window. The -e switch evaluates variables and essay, identifiers in the line being read. The -cN switch specifies the default color for lines. The -n switch logs the loaded text to a log file, if logging is need help enabled for qualitie that window.
The -m switch indicates that the indian 2014 text is already timestamped. The -o switch indicates that you have specified [dialog id] parameters instead of a window name in qualitie essay, order to load text into a custom dialog control. The -t switch loads the conclusion text under the [topic] section in essay, an INI or plain text file. /localinfo -uh [host ip] Looks up and sets your local info settings. Indian Economy 2014! The -u switch performs a /userhost lookup, the -h switch does a normal lookup. Essay! If you wish, you can also set the local info manually by specifying the host and ip values. Turns logging on and off for indian economy essay a window, if you specify a filename the logs file dialog is not popped up. Allows you to arrange icons, and cascade/tile windows. Creates the specified directory.
Changes your main nickname. Changes your nickname. Performs no operation, parameters are evaluated as with a normal command. /omsg [#channel] message This and the /onotice command sends the specified message to qualitie, all channel ops on a channel.
You must be a channel operator to use these commands. Research! If the qualitie #channel isn't specified, then the current channel is used. Parts all of the psychology about channels you are currently on. Qualitie Essay! On certain IRC Servers, you can also specify a message. If turned on, tries to speed up dcc sends by sending packets ahead of tubman, acks. Enables or disables the qualitie essay Perform form section. /play [-escpbn q# m# f# rl# t#] [channel/nick/stop] filename [delay] This plays a text file to a user or a channel. Performs a delayed op on a nickname. The purpose of this command is to prevent a channel window filling up with op mode changes whenever several users have the same nickname in their auto-op section.
mIRC will pause around delay seconds before performing the op. If delay is zero, it does an immediate op. Before performing the op it checks if the user is on e learning already opped. If you do not specify the #channel, the current channel is assumed. /pvoice delay [#channel] nickname Works the same way as the qualitie /pop command except that voices a user. This and the /qme command send the specified message or action to all open query windows. Opens a query window to the specified nickname. If a message is provided, it is sent. If the -n switch is good psychology topics about specified, the essay window is citing in whitepapers opened in essay, a minimized state.
Changes the research nickname of an open query window. Sends any parameters you supply directly to the server. You must know the qualitie correct RAW format of the need help speech command you are sending. Useful for sending commands which mIRC hasn't implemented yet. The -q switch makes the raw work quietly without printing what it's sending. This command does the essay same thing as /quote in other IRC clients. /raw PRIVMSG nickname :Hello there! /remini inifile section [item] Deletes whole sections or single items in an INI file. /remini my.ini DDE ServerStatus.
This would delete the on e ServerStatus item, and: /remini my.ini DDE. Would delete the DDE section. See the /writeini command below for a related example. Warning: Do not use this command to modify any of the INI files currently being used by mIRC. Deletes the specified file. The -b switch deletes the file and moves it to qualitie, the recycle bin. /rename filename newfilename Renames a file, can also be used to move a file from one directory to another. This resets the $idle identifier to zero or to the number of seconds you specify.
Deletes the specified directory. Note: If the directory contains files, it cannot be deleted. /run [-np] filename [parameters] Runs the specified program with parameters. The -n switch minimizes the window of the application being run.
The -p switch sets the citing research in whitepapers working path to the path of the qualitie application being run. You can enclose the filename or parameters in capital study, quotes if you need to. Qualitie! If you specify a non-executable file, mIRC tries to open it with the application associated with that file. Saves the good psychology topics about specified popup or remote users/variables file. /save -ps status.ini saves the status popup to status.ini. /save -pn nick.ini saves the qualitie essay nickname list popup to nick.ini. /save -ru users.ini saves the user list to users.ini. /save -rv vars.ini saves the variables list to vars.ini.
Note: You can only save one section at a time. /savebuf [-sgao] [lines] window | dialog id filename Saves the psychology topics to write specified number of lines from the end of the buffer of the essay specified window into the specified filename. /savebuf 20 @test info.txt. This saves the last 20 lines in custom window @test to info.txt. /savebuf 10-40 @test info.txt. This saves lines 10 to 40 in custom window @test to info.txt. The -s switch saves the status window buffer, the -g switch saves the finger window buffer, and the -a switch makes it append the research text to essay, the end of a file instead of overwriting it.
The -o switch indicates that you have specified [dialog id] parameters instead of a window name in research in whitepapers, order to save text from qualitie essay, a custom dialog control. Updates all mIRC-related INI files with the current settings. This sends a message to the current channel or query window. So /say Hello there would be the research paper on harriet same as just typing Hello there. Note: You can't use this command in qualitie essay, the remote section. Use /msg #channel message instead.
/server [-emnsarpfocz] server/groupname [port] [password] [-i nick anick email name] [-jn #channel pass] Connects you to a server, first disconnecting you from the current server. /server irc.undernet.org 6667 mypassword. If you type /server with no parameters, mIRC will connect to the last server you used. If you use the capital budgeting analysis server command while still connected, you will be disconnected with your normal quit message and qualitie, will then connect to the specified server. You can also use /server N which connects to the Nth server in the server list in the connect dialog. You can also use /server groupname which will cycle through all the servers in the server list which have that group name until it connects to one of them. The -e switch initiates a secure connection to an SSL capable server.
Alternatively you can prefix the indian economy essay 2014 port number with a plus sign, eg. +7001. The -m switch creates a new server window for that connection and connects to the server. The -n switch does the same thing but does not connect to the server. The -pfoc switches prevent perform, popup favorites folder, autojoin channels, and the on connect event when you connect to a server. The -z switch minimizes the new server window. If you specify any of the -sar switches, the format of the qualitie command becomes: /server -sar [server] [-p port] [-g group] [-w password] [-d description] -s sorts the servers list. -a adds a server. Essay 2014! If it exists, it is updated. -r removes a server. mIRC tries to find a match for either the server address or the description in the existing servers list.
You can also specify none for -g -w and essay, -d to capital budgeting study analysis, clear the current setting. Manipulates the display of the main mIRC window, where -n = minimize, -r = restore, -s = show, -t = tray, -x = maximize, -o = on top, -p = not on qualitie essay, top, -m = minimize according to tray settings. The -l switch can be used with the -nt switches to lock mIRC. Selects or de-selects lines in a channel nickname listbox. It can select either the citing Nth nickname in a listbox, or a specified nickname. If you do not specify any switches, any existing selections in qualitie essay, the listbox are cleared. If you specify the -a switch then the specified is selected without affecting the selection states of other lines. If you specify the learning -r switch then the qualitie essay specified item is de-selected.
Sends the specified text to Monologue (or Text Assist) which is a program that speaks whatever text is sent to it. Note: This feature only works with the good to write very old versions of the essay above software. The new versions do not support the method that mIRC uses. /splay [-cwmpq] filename Plays the specified sound, see the Playing Sounds section. /sreq [+m|-m] [ask | auto | ignore] This is the command line equivalent of setting the DCC Send request radio buttons in the dcc options dialog (see /creq above). The +m|-m switch turns the minimize setting on|off. Turns control code stripping options in Options dialog on/off. would turn bold, underline, reverse stripping on , and turn color stripping off . /timer[N/name] [-cdeomhipr] [time] repetitions interval command
Activates the specified timer to perform the citing specified command at essay a specified interval, and optionally at in whitepapers a specified time. If you are not connected to a server and qualitie essay, you start a timer, it defaults to being an offline timer which means it will continue to run whether you are connected to a server or not. If you are connected to a server and you start a timer, it defaults to being an online timer, which means that if you disconnect from the server, it will be turned off. You can specify the -o switch to force it to be an research offline timer. /timer1 0 20 /ame is AWAY! Timer1 will repeat an all channel action every 20 seconds until you stop the timer. If you specify a delay of 0 seconds, the timer will trigger immediately after the calling script ends.
/timer5 10 60 /msg #games For more info on the latest games do /msg GaMeBoT info. Timer5 will repeat this message to channel #games every sixty seconds and stop after 10 times. /timer9 14:30 1 1 /say It's now 2:30pm. This will wait until 2:30pm and will then announce the time once and stop. To see a list of active timers type /timers.
To see the qualitie setting for timer1 type /timer1. Phd Dissertation Help On E Learning! To deactivate timer1 type /timer1 off. Qualitie Essay! To deactivate all timers type /timers off. If you are activating a new timer you do not need to specify the timer number, just use: /timer 10 20 /ame I'm not here! And mIRC will allocate the first free timer it finds to this command. If you specify the -c switch, this makes mIRC catch up a timer by research on harriet tubman executing it more than once during one interval if the real-time interval isn't matching your requested interval.
If you specify the -m or -h switch, this indicates that the essay interval delay is in milliseconds. Note: The -h switch creates a high-resolution multimedia timer. This type of timer should only be used in critical timer situations since it uses system resources heavily. The -d switch ensures that a timer and any subsequent timers using the -d switch are triggered in that order. If you specify the -e switch, this executes the command associated with the specified timer name, also works if you specify a wildcard name. The $ltimer identifier returns the number of the timer that was just started by the /timer command.
Instead of using a number you can also specify a name for a timer. /timershow 0 10 echo -a $nick $server $time. You can force identifiers to be re-evaluated when used in a /timer command by using the format $!me or $!time. If you wish to budgeting case study analysis, turn off a range of essay, timers, you can use a wildcard for the number, for citing example: Will turn off all timers from 30 to 39. The -pr switches pause and resume a timer respectively. The -i switch makes a timer dynamically associate with whatever happens to be the active connection. If a server window is qualitie closed, the timer is associated with the help with a informative conclusion next available server window. /timestamp [-fgs|a|e] [on|off|default] [windowname]
Turns timestamping of qualitie, events on or off . If you specify default , uses the global timestamp setting. -s = for status window. -a = for active window. -e = for every window. If a windowname is not specified, then the global timstamp switch is turned on citing research, or off. The -f switch allows you to qualitie, set the event timestamp format, eg. /timestamp -f [HH:nn] The -g switch allows you to set the logging timestamp format. /titlebar [@window] text Sets the main application titlebar.
If you specify a custom @window name, then the titlebar for capital case study that custom window is changed. Changes your nickname to a temporary nickname, without affecting your main or alternate nicknames. Fills the $1 $2 . $N identifiers with tokens in text separated by qualitie character c, eg.: /tokenize 44 a,b c,d,e. The above command would set $1 = a, $2 = b c, $3 = d, $4 = e. Unloads the good psychology to write about specified alias or remote script file. /unload -a aliases.ini unloads the alias.ini file.
/unload -rs script.ini unloads the qualitie script.ini file. The -n switch prevents a script from having the on unload event triggered. Note: You can only unload one script at a time. Usually the channel nicknames list and IAL in a kick/part/quit script event are updated after the script finishes, this command updates them immediately. /url [on | off | show | hide | -dranils] [[N | mark ] | address] Show or hides the URL list window, and allows you to modify the current list of study, addresses in qualitie, it. The -r switch deletes the Nth item, or all items that match the mark you specify.
The -an switches allow you to open a browser window to an address, where -a = activate browser, and -n = use a new browser window. The -ils switches allow you to insert an item, load, and save the list, respectively. /winhelp filename [key] Opens a help file with the citing research in whitepapers specified search key. /write [-cidna l# s# w# r#] filename [text] Writes lines to a text file. For example: /write store.txt This line will be appended to the end of file store.txt. The -c switch clears the file completely before writing to it, so it allows you to start with a clean slate. /write -c c:info.txt This file will be erased and qualitie, have this line written to it.
The -l# switch specifies the capital study analysis line number where the text is to qualitie essay, be written. /write -l5 c:info.txt This line will overwrite the 5th line in the file. The -i switch indicates that the text should be inserted at the specified line instead of overwriting it. Phd Dissertation Help On E Learning! If you do not specify any text then a blank line is inserted. If you do not specify a line number then a blank line is added to the end of the qualitie file. /write -il5 c:info.txt This line will be inserted at the 5th line in the file. The -d switch deletes a line in good psychology to write, the file. If you don't specify a line number then the essay last line in the file is deleted. /write -dl5 c:info.txt. The above command will delete the 5th line in the file.
The -s# switch scans a file for the line beginning with the specified text and performs the operation on a informative speech conclusion, that line. /write -dstest c:info.txt. This will scan file info.txt for a line beginning with the word test and if found, deletes it. If you do not specify any switches then the text is just added to qualitie essay, the end of the file. The -w# switch scans a file for the line containing the specified wildcard text and performs the operation on that line. The -r# switch implies a regex match.
Note: With both -s# and in whitepapers, -w# you can enclose the scan text in qualitie, quotes if it contains spaces. The -a switch indicates that mIRC should append the research paper tubman line of text you specified to the existing text of the specified line. The -n switch prevents it from adding a $crlf to qualitie, the end of the text. Note: You cannot use this command to write to capital, an INI file. Qualitie! If you do so, you will most likely corrupt the INI file.
Writes to files in citing, the standard INI file format. If the -n switch is essay specified, mIRC will attempt to write to the .ini file even if it is research larger than 64k. A part of the mirc.ini file looks like this: You could achieve this with /writeini by using: /writeini my.ini DDE ServerStatus on. /writeini my.ini DDE ServiceName mirc. You can delete whole sections or items by essay using the /remini command.
Warning: Do not use this command to modify any of the case study INI files that mIRC is currently using.
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Construction Laborers and Helpers. Construction laborers and helpers perform many tasks that require physical labor on construction sites. Most construction laborers and helpers work full time and do physically demanding work. Some work at great heights or outdoors in qualitie essay all weather conditions. Construction laborers have one of the highest rates of injuries and illnesses of research on harriet all occupations. How to Become a Construction Laborer or Helper. Construction laborers and helpers learn their trade through on-the-job training. Formal education is not typically required. The median annual wage for construction laborers and helpers was $32,230 in May 2016.
Employment of construction laborers and helpers is projected to grow 13 percent from 2014 to 2024, faster than the average for all occupations. Laborers and helpers work in all fields of construction, and demand for these workers will mirror the level of overall construction activity. Explore resources for employment and wages by state and area for construction laborers and helpers. Compare the job duties, education, job growth, and pay of construction laborers and helpers with similar occupations. More Information, Including Links to O*NET. Learn more about construction laborers and helpers by qualitie, visiting additional resources, including O*NET, a source on key characteristics of workers and occupations. What Construction Laborers and Helpers Do About this section. Construction laborers and helpers perform many tasks that require physical labor on construction sites.
Construction laborers and helpers typically do the following: Clean and prepare construction sites by in whitepapers, removing debris and possible hazards Load or unload building materials to be used in construction Build or take apart bracing, scaffolding, and temporary structures Dig trenches, backfill holes, or compact earth to prepare for essay, construction Operate or tend equipment and machines used in construction Follow construction plans and instructions from supervisors or more experienced workers Assist craftworkers with their duties. Construction laborers and helpers work on almost all construction sites, performing a wide range of tasks varying in complexity from research tubman very easy to extremely difficult and hazardous. Although many of the essay tasks they perform require some training and experience, most tasks can be learned quickly. Construction laborers , are also referred to as construction craft laborers , perform a wide variety of construction-related activities during all phases of construction. Many laborers spend their time preparing and cleaning up construction sites, using tools such as shovels and brooms.
Other workers, for example, those on road crews, may specialize and learn to control traffic patterns and operate pavement breakers, jackhammers, earth tampers, or surveying equipment. With special training, laborers may help transport and use explosives or run hydraulic boring machines to dig out tunnels. They may learn to use lasers to good psychology topics to write place pipes and to use computers to control robotic pipe cutters. They may become certified to remove asbestos, lead, or chemicals. Helpers assist construction craftworkers, such as electricians and qualitie, carpenters, with a variety of citing in whitepapers tasks. They may carry tools and materials or help set up equipment. For example, many helpers work with cement masons to move and qualitie essay, set the forms that determine the shape of poured concrete. Many other helpers assist with taking apart equipment, cleaning up sites, and research paper, disposing of waste, as well as helping with any other needs of craftworkers. Many construction trades have helpers who assist craftworkers. The following trades have associated helpers:
Work Environment About this section. Construction laborers and essay, helpers held about 1.4 million jobs in 2014. Construction laborers held about 1.2 million of those jobs in 2014, and 60 percent of them were employed in the construction industry. About 1 in 4 construction laborers were self-employed in 2014. Construction helpers held about 227,300 jobs in 2014. The employment levels of economy essay construction helper occupations in 2014 were as follows: Most construction laborers and helpers perform physically demanding work. Some work at great heights or outdoors in all weather conditions; others may be required to work in tunnels. They must use earplugs around loud equipment and wear gloves, safety glasses, and qualitie, other protective gear.
Construction laborers have one of the highest rates of injuries and illnesses of all occupations. Research Paper Tubman. Workers may experience cuts from materials and tools, fatal and qualitie, nonfatal falls from ladders and scaffolding, and burns from chemicals or equipment. Some jobs expose workers to harmful materials, fumes, or odors, or to dangerous machinery. Phd Dissertation Help On E Learning. Workers may also experience muscle fatigue and injuries related to qualitie lifting and carrying heavy materials. Although they face similar hazards to construction laborers, some construction helpers experience a rate of injuries and illnesses that is closer to the national average. The helpers of carpenters, electricians, and pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters and need help speech, steamfitters, however, have a higher rate of injuries and qualitie essay, illnesses than the need help speech national average. Like many construction workers, most laborers and helpers work full time.
Although they must sometimes stop work because of bad weather, they often work overtime to meet deadlines. Laborers and helpers on essay highway and bridge projects may need to work overnight to avoid causing major traffic disruptions. In some parts of the country, construction laborers and helpers may work only during certain seasons. For example, in northern climates, cold weather frequently disrupts construction activity in the winter. About 1 in 4 construction laborers were self-employed in 2014. Self-employed construction laborers may be able to set their own schedule. In contrast, very few helpers were self-employed.
How to Become a Construction Laborer or Helper About this section. Construction laborers and helpers learn their trade through on-the-job training(OJT). The length of training depends on tubman the employer and the specialization. Formal education is qualitie essay, not typically required. Although formal education is not typically required, high school classes in mathematics, blueprint reading, welding, and other vocational subjects can be helpful.
To receive further education, some workers attend a trade school or community college. Construction laborers and helpers learn through OJT after being hired by a construction contractor. Workers typically gain experience by need help a informative conclusion, performing tasks under the guidance of experienced workers. Although the majority of construction laborers and helpers learn by assisting experienced workers, some construction laborers opt for apprenticeship programs. Programs generally include 2 to qualitie essay 4 years of technical instruction and OJT. The Laborers' International Union of North America (LIUNA) requires a minimum of 4,000 hours of OJT, accompanied by 300 hours of related instruction in such areas as signaling, blueprint reading, using proper tools and equipment, and following health and safety procedures. The remainder of the curriculum consists of specialized training in one of these eight areas: Building construction Demolition and deconstruction Environmental remediation Road and capital budgeting case study, utility construction Tunneling Masonry Landscaping Pipeline construction.
Several groups, including unions and contractor associations, sponsor apprenticeship programs, which usually have only qualitie essay a basic age qualification—age 18 or older—for entrance. Apprentices must obtain a high school diploma or equivalent before completing their apprenticeship. Some apprenticeship programs have preferred entry for veterans. Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations. Laborers who remove hazardous materials (hazmat) must meet the federal and research tubman, state requirements for hazardous materials removal workers. Depending on essay the work they do, laborers may need specific certifications, which may be attained through LIUNA.
Rigging and scaffold building are commonly attained certifications. Certification can help workers prove that they have the need help with a informative speech knowledge to perform more complex tasks. Through experience and training, construction laborers and helpers can advance into positions that involve more complex tasks. For example, laborers may earn certifications in welding, erecting scaffolding, or finishing concrete, and then spend more time performing those activities. Similarly, helpers sometimes move into construction craft occupations after gaining experience in the field. For example, experience as an electrician’s helper may lead to becoming an apprentice electrician. Color vision.
Construction laborers and helpers may need to be able to distinguish colors to do their job. For example, an electrician’s helper must be able to distinguish different colors of wire to help the lead electrician. Math skills. Construction laborers and qualitie essay, some helpers need to perform basic math calculations while measuring on jobsites or assisting a surveying crew. Mechanical skills. Construction laborers are frequently required to operate and paper, maintain equipment, such as jackhammers. Physical stamina. Construction laborers and essay, helpers must have the endurance to perform strenuous tasks throughout the day. Highway laborers, for example, spend hours on their feet—often in hot temperatures—with few breaks.
Physical strength. Construction laborers and helpers must often lift heavy materials or equipment. For example, cement mason helpers must move cinder blocks, which typically weigh more than 40 pounds each. Construction Laborers and research on harriet tubman, Helpers. Median annual wages, May 2016. Construction and extraction occupations.
Note: All Occupations includes all occupations in the U.S. Economy. Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics. The median annual wage for construction laborers and helpers was $32,230 in May 2016.
The median wage is the essay wage at which half the good psychology topics to write about workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $21,150, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $59,820. Median annual wages for construction laborers and helpers in May 2016 were as follows: The starting pay for apprentices is essay, usually about 60 percent of what fully trained laborers make. Capital Case Study Analysis. Apprentices receive pay increases as they learn more skills. Like many construction workers, most construction laborers and helpers work full time. Although they sometimes stop work because of bad weather, they often work overtime to meet deadlines. Qualitie Essay. Laborers and helpers on highway and bridge projects may need to work overnight to avoid causing major traffic disruptions. In some parts of the country, construction laborers and good psychology about, helpers may work only during certain seasons. Essay. For example, in northern climates, cold weather frequently disrupts construction activity in the winter.
About 1 in 4 construction laborers were self-employed in 2014. Self-employed construction laborers may be able to set their own schedule. In contrast, very few helpers were self-employed. Construction Laborers and Helpers. Percent change in employment, projected 2014-24. Helpers, construction trades. Note: All Occupations includes all occupations in the U.S. Economy. Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections program. Employment of construction laborers and helpers is projected to grow 13 percent from citing research 2014 to 2024, faster than the average for all occupations.
Employment of construction laborers is projected to grow 13 percent from 2014 to 2024, faster than the average for qualitie essay, all occupations. Laborers work in economy essay 2014 all fields of construction, and demand for essay, laborers will mirror the on harriet tubman level of overall construction activity. Repairing and replacing the nation’s infrastructure, such as roads, bridges, and water lines, should result in qualitie essay steady demand for laborers. Although employment growth of specific types of helpers is expected to vary (see table below), overall demand for helpers will be driven by the construction of homes, schools, office buildings, factories, and power plants. Remodeling activity will also result in some new jobs. Roofer, electrician, and topics, brickmason, blockmason, stonemason, and tile and marble setter helpers are all projected to grow much faster than the essay average for all occupations. However, because roofer helpers is a small occupation, the fast growth will result in only about 1,700 new jobs over help learning, the 10-year period.
Construction laborers who are able to perform a wide range of tasks should have the best job opportunities. Essay. Job opportunities for helpers will vary by occupation; for example, electrician’s helpers should have the best job prospects, while helpers for capital budgeting case analysis, roofers will likely find fewer job openings. In addition, veterans are viewed favorably during initial hiring. Employment of construction laborers and qualitie essay, helpers is economy, especially sensitive to essay the fluctuations of the economy. On the good about one hand, workers in these trades may experience periods of unemployment when the overall level of construction falls. On the other hand, shortages of these workers may occur in some areas during peak periods of building activity. SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections program.
Construction laborers and helpers. Helpers--brickmasons, blockmasons, stonemasons, and tile and marble setters. Helpers--painters, paperhangers, plasterers, and stucco masons. Helpers--pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters. Helpers, construction trades, all other. State Area Data About this section. Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program produces employment and wage estimates annually for essay, over 800 occupations. Indian Essay 2014. These estimates are available for the nation as a whole, for individual states, and for metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas.
The link(s) below go to OES data maps for employment and qualitie, wages by state and area. Occupational employment projections are developed for all states by Labor Market Information (LMI) or individual state Employment Projections offices. Psychology To Write About. All state projections data are available at www.projectionscentral.com. Information on this site allows projected employment growth for an occupation to be compared among states or to be compared within one state. In addition, states may produce projections for qualitie essay, areas; there are links to each state’s websites where these data may be retrieved. America’s Career InfoNet includes hundreds of occupational profiles with data available by state and metro area. Capital Case Study Analysis. There are links in qualitie essay the left-hand side menu to economy compare occupational employment by state and occupational wages by local area or metro area. There is qualitie, also a salary info tool to search for wages by zip code. Similar Occupations About this section.
This table shows a list of occupations with job duties that are similar to those of construction laborers and helpers. Masonry workers, also known as masons , use bricks, concrete blocks, concrete, and natural and manmade stones to build walls, walkways, fences, and other masonry structures. Carpenters construct and repair building frameworks and phd dissertation on e, structures—such as stairways, doorframes, partitions, rafters, and bridge supports—made from wood and other materials. They also may install kitchen cabinets, siding, and drywall. Electricians install, maintain, and repair electrical power, communications, lighting, and essay, control systems in homes, businesses, and factories. Hazardous Materials Removal Workers. Hazardous materials (hazmat) removal workers identify and dispose of asbestos, lead, radioactive waste, and other hazardous materials. They also neutralize and clean up materials that are flammable, corrosive, or toxic.
Painters, Construction and Maintenance. Painters apply paint, stain, and research in whitepapers, coatings to walls and ceilings, buildings, bridges, and qualitie, other structures. Plumbers, Pipefitters, and paper tubman, Steamfitters. Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters install and repair pipes that carry liquids or gases to, from, and within businesses, homes, and factories. Material Moving Machine Operators. Material moving machine operators use machinery to essay transport various objects. Some operators move construction materials around building sites or excavate earth from a mine. Others move goods around a warehouse or onto to write container ships. Grounds maintenance workers ensure that the grounds of houses, businesses, and parks are attractive, orderly, and qualitie essay, healthy in order to provide a pleasant outdoor environment. Flooring Installers and Tile and Marble Setters. Flooring installers and tile and need help with, marble setters lay and finish carpet, wood, vinyl, and tile.
Contacts for More Information About this section. For details about apprenticeships or other work opportunities for construction laborers and helpers, contact the offices of the state employment service, the state apprenticeship agency, local construction contractors or firms that employ laborers, or local union-management apprenticeship committees. Apprenticeship information is available from the U.S. Qualitie Essay. Department of Labor's ApprenticeshipUSA program online or by phone at 877-872-5627. For more information about education programs for laborers, visit.
For career videos on construction laborers and helpers, visit. Bureau of help Labor Statistics, U.S. Essay. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition , Construction Laborers and need, Helpers, Publish Date: Thursday, December 17, 2015. The What They Do tab describes the typical duties and responsibilities of workers in the occupation, including what tools and equipment they use and how closely they are supervised.
This tab also covers different types of occupational specialties. The Work Environment tab includes the number of jobs held in the occupation and describes the essay workplace, the help learning level of physical activity expected, and typical hours worked. It may also discuss the major industries that employed the qualitie essay occupation. This tab may also describe opportunities for part-time work, the amount and type of travel required, any safety equipment that is used, and the risk of phd dissertation learning injury that workers may face. The How to Become One tab describes how to qualitie essay prepare for a job in the occupation. This tab can include information on education, training, work experience, licensing and certification, and important qualities that are required or helpful for good topics, entering or working in the occupation. The Pay tab describes typical earnings and how workers in the occupation are compensated—annual salaries, hourly wages, commissions, tips, or bonuses. Within every occupation, earnings vary by experience, responsibility, performance, tenure, and qualitie essay, geographic area.
This tab may also provide information on earnings in the major industries employing the economy 2014 occupation. The State and Area Data tab provides links to state and area occupational data from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program, state projections data from Projections Central, and occupational information from the Department of qualitie essay Labor's CareerOneStop. The Job Outlook tab describes the on e factors that affect employment growth or decline in the occupation, and in some instances, describes the essay relationship between the citing research number of job seekers and qualitie, the number of research paper job openings. The Similar Occupations tab describes occupations that share similar duties, skills, interests, education, or training with the occupation covered in the profile. The More Information tab provides the qualitie Internet addresses of associations, government agencies, unions, and other organizations that can provide additional information on the occupation. This tab also includes links to relevant occupational information from the Occupational Information Network (O*NET). The wage at help learning which half of the workers in essay the occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less.
Median wage data are from the BLS Occupational Employment Statistics survey. In May 2016, the need a informative median annual wage for all workers was $37,040. Additional training needed (postemployment) to attain competency in the skills needed in this occupation. Typical level of essay education that most workers need to indian enter this occupation. Work experience in a related occupation. Work experience that is commonly considered necessary by employers, or is a commonly accepted substitute for more formal types of training or education. The employment, or size, of this occupation in 2014, which is the base year of the 2014-24 employment projections. The projected percent change in employment from 2014 to 2024. The average growth rate for all occupations is 7 percent. The projected numeric change in qualitie essay employment from 2014 to 2024.
Typical level of education that most workers need to enter this occupation. Additional training needed (postemployment) to attain competency in the skills needed in this occupation. Employment Change, projected 2014-24. The projected numeric change in employment from 2014 to 2024. The percent change of employment for economy 2014, each occupation from 2014 to 2024. The projected numeric change in employment from qualitie essay 2014 to 2024. The projected percent change in employment from 2014 to 2024. The wage at which half of the workers in citing research the occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. Median wage data are from the BLS Occupational Employment Statistics survey.
In May 2016, the median annual wage for all workers was $37,040.