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M D Thesis > Medical Education at Yale | Yale School of Medicine
50 Inspiring Resume Designs: And What You Can Learn From Them. Your resume or CV may be one of the most important projects you ever design. It can make or break job applications, open doors to medical new careers, make a great (or dismal) first impression. Apa Bibliography? When you send out your resume, you’re really sending out a piece of yourself. So make sure it’s representing you to yale medical school thesis your best advantage. Just like how you dress your best for an interview, it’s important to give your resume the same treatment — to make sure it’s polished and presentable. The 50 resume designs below span a wide range of styles, from strictly businesslike to ultra creative — browse through them to get some ideas for apa bibliography guidelines, updating your own resume. Designing your own is easy with our wide collection of beautiful resume templates. School? Click the image to digital analyst cover letter see more resume templates.
Starting off your resume strong with a bold header, like in this design by Shed Labs for yale medical, Loft Resumes, draws attention to your name and makes it more memorable. Apa Bibliography Guidelines? You can also include a few keywords or descriptors under your name that sum up who you are as a candidate. School? This chessboard-style layout is certainly striking, giving each category its own distinct space. But Mikha Makhoul’s resume is still somewhat subdued thanks to a2 english literature edexcel the simple black-and-white color scheme; it doesn’t sacrifice professionalism for visual interest. Yale School? Some well-placed shadows can make your resume pop, literally — giving it a 3D appearance and fall chinua achebe creating the illusion of depth.
Errol Veloso explains how he chose the colors of yale medical, his design purposefully: blue to symbolize his creative side and red to symbolize his analytic side. Try using shapes and digital analyst cover frames for emphasis. You can experiment with geometric shapes (circles, squares, rectangles), ribbons, or solid or dashed lines. School? Here, Michael Long frames his name and his role to help them stand out. A cohesive color scheme of cool blues and minty hues gives this information-packed, infographic-style resume by Joseph Acena a visual theme and back to college at 30 an orderly, coordinated look. Using a horizontal orientation (instead of the traditional vertical format) immediately gives your resume an edge in terms of attracting attention. Other strong points of this design by Justin Schueler include a balanced, un-crowded layout and medical thesis plenty of negative space. There seems to be a trend, at least in things fall apart chinua achebe industries where you can take some risks with your resume, to forget the stuffy business lingo and show that there’s a human behind the yale piece of paper.
Using a more conversational tone, as David Elgena has done with his “Hello, nice to meet you. Here’s a little about in a me” header at the top of this resume, may help you create rapport with the person who’s reviewing your application before you even meet them. This resume by Kyle Robertson features a custom crest with Kyle’s name and a catchy tagline. Creating a distinctive personal brand or style for yale medical school, yourself (such as a personal logo, a color scheme, a nice selection of fonts, etc.) gives your work an extra sheen of professionalism (and an opportunity to show off your abilities). Plus, once you put the work in, this “brand” is something you can use over going back at 30 and over yale medical school thesis again — on letterhead, business cards, social media profiles, you name it. For a unique take on essays fall apart traditional resume colors, try light text on school thesis a dark background, as Abdullah Al Mamun has done here. Just make sure that your font is weighty enough to be easily readable and not get lost against the background. This clean resume by Patrick Rogan uses a bright splash of color and whittles down the information to brains in a only the basics (skills and yale medical past positions). Icons in hilary brains in a the skills section provide a visual reference that still complements the simplistic style. Printing your resume on medical thesis textured paper can give an impression of quality, craftsmanship, or luxury.
If a color other than white seems inappropriate for your industry, try a white or cream-colored paper with a slight texture for an ultra-professional, upscale look. Fall Apart Achebe? This example by S.N. Thesis? Carter, printed on a recycled or kraft-style paper, gives the resume a custom, hand-printed feel. When applying for a position where a more creative approach isn’t appropriate, it’s always a safe bet to opt for a simple, text-based resume with clean fonts. Here, Frank Schamhart has embellished his resume slightly with minimal use of an accent color and a small personal portrait. If you’re after a job in analyst cover the arts or some other highly visual industry, make your resume a mini portfolio like illustrator Rianti Hidayat has done here. Bradley Brooks keeps his resume businesslike with a classic black-and-white color scheme, but livens things up with a modular layout and a personal logo. Infographic-style resumes have become popular, and they can be effective when done well. But they should be more than a collection of pretty pictures; the images should, at a glance, tell something about you and complement or enhance the yale medical school thesis text, like in this resume design by Rachel Winter. If you’re seeking work in an industry where appearance is important, or the job has asked you to include a portrait, try integrating it into your resume.
It doesn’t have to be the going at 30 essay center of yale, attention, though — you can make it a bit more subtle by essays things fall apart, using a small picture or placing it behind a colored screen, like in Egotype’s resume template. Mailing out some resumes? Make opening yours up a memorable experience, like Amber Van Mieghem has done with this clever folding resume. Wishing you could infuse a little creativity into your plain, corporate resume? Try a monogram with your initials, like Bill Mawhinney has done for this resume template. Medical School? It adds a little style while still keeping the overall presentation very businesslike. You can use the same graphic on your cover letter to give your application a polished, pulled-together look.
If you have some creative leeway in creating your resume, using a non-rectangular shape will be sure to attract attention, like John Mujica’s round resume does here. If you do format your resume in any unusual shape, just make sure all the text is readable. You’ve only essay on summer camp got one name. Make it memorable. If it’s unique, highlight it. Make it big and bold, like Fredrik Andresen did on yale medical thesis his resume. Give the digital analyst letter hiring manager something to yale thesis zero in on. Your font choices can change the whole character of your resume.
For instance, the rounded fonts with soft edges that Louis Omari has used for his resume have a more casual, friendly feel than sharper, serif fonts might have. Need to show your qualifications on the run? Post your resume online and literature edexcel make it mobile-friendly, like Julien Renvoye has done. Medical School Thesis? You can include your resume on things chinua your personal website or even post it to networking platforms like LinkedIn. Use blocks of yale, color and/or lines to digital marketing analyst cover separate different sections of your resume, give it structure, and make it easy to navigate visually. Yale Medical School? This template from Beautiful Resumes features vibrant colors, but you could just as easily get the hilary in a vat essay same effect with a more subtle color scheme. If you’re going the infographic route, think of effective ways that you can use different types of graphs to represent your skills, experience, or background, like Martin Suster did here.
Organizing your resume with columns, like this three-column layout Anton Yermolov used, keeps the information tidy, creates clear divisions between sections, and helps you keep everything sharply aligned. Use a sidebar in your resume to call attention to extra (or extra important) information that you want to highlight. Here, Ola Hamdy used a colored sidebar to separate her personal and contact information from her educational and professional details. Although this resume design is text-heavy, Gershom Charig mixes things up with a two-color scheme and a word cloud to creatively represent the breadth of his skills and experience. Similar in school thesis function to the word cloud above, various sizes of circles represent Silviu Schiau’s proficiency in various areas, such as management and design.
The size of the circles corresponds with his amount of experience — a fresh way to illustrate core competencies. Give the back person looking at your resume an yale medical thesis excuse to find out more about you. Fall Achebe? Including a link to medical school thesis your website or portfolio (or even a QR code, as Krysten Newby has done here) acts as a good prompt. If your job history includes working for big companies with recognizable logos, feature them on your resume. Tamas Leb has included space to going do so on this resume template, and medical thesis it makes an impressive statement, even at a glance. For creative resumes, a theme can give you a starting point to build a one-of-a-kind design and essays apart think about innovative ways to present your information. Here, Peter Kisteman’s laboratory theme makes a strong visual statement and gives his artistic background a scientific, experimental dimension. Putting your resume in a folder or other kind of holder gives you more space to showcase your experience and accomplishments, plus the extra tactile feature makes it memorable, as with this design from S1M. The vertical timeline on the outside offers an immediate visual representation of the candidate’s career history. This traditional black, white, and gray design by Brice Seraphin brightens up quite nicely with some turquoise as an accent. This can be done with any color (and you may want to tone it down depending on your industry), but vibrant hues have particular impact.
Besides being another nice example of school thesis, using an accent color, this design by Adam Rozmus keeps things clean and a2 english coursework simple, showing that resumes don’t have to be fancy to make a good impression. If competition is stiff, try standing out with a resume package that gives you some space to demonstrate your abilities, develop a personal brand, and include more information than the limited area of a one-page resume allows for. Here, Sabrae Precure uses a distinct color scheme and custom illustrations to stand out from the crowd. This resume by yale medical school thesis, Gabriel Valdivia combines a traditional format (the typical positions, dates, and short descriptions) with pictorial elements that provide a more personal touch. As if to say that a normal paper resume just won’t cut it, Alison Root got clever with her resume presentation, which demonstrates that she thinks outside the box. This sample resume from a2 english coursework Rahul Chakraborty features bold typography and yale medical school thesis bright colors for a high-impact look that will make people take notice. Hilary Putnam Brains In A Vat Essay? There may be times when it’s ok to let your sense of humor shine through in your resume; it makes you more relatable, more likable. For instance, check out the yale school thesis pronunciation guide Nick Iannuccilli provided for his difficult last name. Using a border is a good way to add a little bit of color to a2 english literature your resume, as Evelien Callens has done here, without worrying about yale school looking unprofessional.
Stylistically, this design is a good compromise between customary and more creative resumes. The two-color, mostly traditional layout uses graphic elements sparingly but purposefully. As a nice touch, Dan Hernandez has branded his cover letter with the same style, which is a smart idea if your job application involves submitting multiple documents. Guidelines? Sometimes you have to do what you can to get noticed. For an illustrator like Lucia Paul, hand-drawing her resume is yale, both appropriate for her industry and apa bibliography gives her a standout way to display her skills. Big, bold typography, a high-contrast color scheme, and a well-organized presentation all combine to make sure Joao Andrade’s resume gets looked at. No long-winded explanations of medical, job roles here.
Just the guidelines essentials — enough to get someone interested in wanting to know more about Gianina Santiago and her background. Clean, sans-serif fonts, relatively little text, and lots of yale medical school thesis, white space give Maxat Malbekov’s resume a sleek look that’s easy to achieve if you condense your resume down to only the most relevant information. If you have a lot of information you need to going back to college at 30 essay fit on medical one page, take a tip from this design by Halle Rasco and apa bibliography guidelines use easy-to-read fonts and clear headings for medical, each section. Apa Bibliography? Need to keep your resume fairly conservative? A two-column layout with a businesslike blue-gray accent color gives this otherwise traditional resume from yale medical thesis ResumeBaker some extra interest. Essay? Syril Bobadilla’s illustrations are whimsical and kid-friendly, and her resume reflects that style. Notice how she also created matching business cards for a cohesive personal brand. Even if your industry doesn’t allow as much creative expression as someone in medical thesis the arts, you can express your personality in more subtle ways, like through font choices or an accent color. Back? Resumes don’t always have to read from left to right, top to school bottom.
You can play with the layout of your resume to hilary putnam brains make the best and most visually interesting use of the space you have available, like Milena Filipova has done here. You can use a grid structure to organize your resume and make it easier to navigate, similarly to how Orlando Silva designed this template. If applicable, you might also try including some pieces from your portfolio right on the resume (so your abilities are on display at first glance). As you can see from the yale medical school thesis examples above, there are many approaches you can take to designing your resume. But no matter what style or format you choose, there are a few things you want to make sure to digital marketing analyst cover letter get right: Readable text Industry-appropriate style (if unsure, play it safe with a conservative design.) Updated and accurate information No spelling/grammar errors. Now it#8217;s your turn. Put these skills into action! Bring great design to yale medical school your entire workplace. Janie is a freelance writer and graphic designer and hilary brains the owner of Design Artistree Creative Studio. After college, she built on her background in art to yale school thesis explore design. and digital analyst cover letter loved it.
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excavation resume On too many projects, the Construction Supervisor allows the Excavation Foreman to make most of the major decisions for thesis, the site work staging and planning. It seems to make sense to allow the Excavation Foreman to make these decisions, since his crews are doing the work. This assumption causes many problems on projects that could have been easily avoided. The Excavation Foreman generally focuses on essays apart the most efficient method to get his required work items done. Yale? Generally the excavator's goals can be visualized if the dirt were being moved with a stick; pushed from the putnam high areas to the nearest low areas with a minimum of carrying.
Sometimes the most efficient method for the Excavation Foreman is also the yale medical school thesis best plan for the entire project. Many times, though, project complexities exist that are beyond the excavator’s scope of work. In these cases, the Construction Supervisor should make sure the planning considers what is best for the entire project, not just for the Excavator. A simple method that works well involves a color marked site plan that the Construction Supervisor develops just for job staging and planning. The Construction Supervisor needs to consider fill pile locations, topsoil pile locations, haul roads, building layout points, building material storage locations, parking areas, office trailer locations, etc for the various phases of the at 30 essay project. Perhaps several color marked up site plans will be needed to show what happens at the various project stages. Each project is different and requires a slightly different approach. But the one consistent rule: lack of site work planning for the various project stages by the Construction Supervisor will definitely not achieve an optimized project.
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In recent years, erosion control on construction sites has become an issue. Many state and local governments have statutes requiring erosion control for construction projects. Often inspectors have the authority to shut-down an entire project for erosion control concerns. The effects of erosion can be summarized as three-fold: Damage to stream channels: stream channels downstream become filled with sediment and flooding can occur. Damage to essay water: sediment lowers water quality for municipal and industrial use. Damage to property: sediment buries lawns, fills ditches, clogs storm sewers, culverts and inlets, and injures fish. Obviously erosion should be controlled for medical, both legal and going to college practical reasons. Erosion is medical school thesis, defined as the detachment and transportation of soil particles.
Rain falling on bare soil detaches particles and digital as the yale rainwater runs off soil erosion occurs in cover letter proportion to the water volume and yale thesis velocity. The eroded soil particles are deposited when the water slows and the soil particles settle. Erosion can be controlled through both mechanical and vegetable measures. One of the most effective mechanical measures involves grading, or disturbing, only those areas immediately needed for construction. Limiting the area of exposed, bare soil greatly reduces erosion. This method of erosion control can often appear to a2 english coursework edexcel be at yale medical odds with the excavator's goal of completing the project quickly and efficiently. Adequate planning of the grading work, which always involves considering several different options, may reveal a solution that meets both the goals of erosion control and efficient grading. Subsurface trench drains, discussed in the groundwater section of this chapter, are another means of controlling erosion.
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What You should Know about Clearing and Grubbing? The process of removing and disposing of essays apart, brush and trees is described as clearing. Grubbing is defined as removal and disposal of yale medical school thesis, stumps and roots. Clearing and grubbing is essay on summer camp, generally performed concurrently in order to ready the site for topsoil stripping and bulk excavation. Since clearing and grubbing happens as the first work item on yale school the project, it is usually critical to the project schedule. Brains Vat Essay? Therefore, the Construction Supervisor needs to medical understand the hilary brains in a vat essay process of yale medical thesis, clearing and grubbing in order to control the project. Clearing and grubbing is often thought of digital marketing letter, as a simple process, but there are many options and yale medical school thesis complexities involved. There are several methods of disposing of brush, trees and stumps, depending on project conditions and local ordinances.
Brush and small trees (seedlings and saplings) can be burned, buried or chipped. In order to discuss tree usage it is helpful to use the U.S. Forest Service size classification. Name Diameter in inches at breast height or (DBH) Veterans Over 24” Poles may be burned, buried, salvaged for future use or sold.
While standard and veteran size trees are often salable to saw mills. Burning of material on the job site should be thoroughly investigated prior to beginning. State environmental laws and local ordinances should be checked. If burning is allowed, it can be an efficient and low cost way of disposing of brush, trees and marketing analyst stumps. Usually a good, hot fire can be started with brush and small trees. Stumps can be burned if the equipment operator places the stumps correctly on a hot fire. Burial is another economical way to dispose of stumps and trees, but it must be approved by the project owner. Be aware that large stump holes, which are often filled in medical with loose, un-compacted soil, become settlement problems. Don't allow the Sitework Contractor to just bury at the most convenient spot, causing a later problem for you or the on summer Owner.
The actual procedure of burying stumps and school logs is straight-forward although considerable care should be given to the location of buried items. Analyst? The simple process of installing a conduit 4’-0” below grade can turn into a huge mess if one runs into a buried stump or tree. As this is often a problem that one subcontractor unwittingly creates for another, the Construction Supervisor should be aware about the burying of material on the project site. Yale School Thesis? Chipping, hauling away and sales to a lumber mill are also methods of disposal. These methods usually require less involvement for the Construction Supervisor.
While considering the clearing and grubbing, keep the following items in mind: amount and type of trees and hilary brains in a brush, dangers from dead limbs, soil conditions when wet, possibility of working over thesis, frozen soil, and general access to the site. What to digital Consider for Site and Building Demolition? Site demolition includes removal of catch basins, manholes, underground pipe, asphalt paving, concrete paving, etc. The method of disposal of site demolition materials can have a large impact on a project. Yale Medical School? If the material is hauled to a dump site, the putnam Construction Supervisor should know the dump site location and be assured that the dumping meets all state and local ordinances.
I've had a major project can be stopped because a neighbor to medical school thesis the dump site complained and found that we didn't have the proper permits. A2 English Literature Coursework Edexcel? It is simply not enough, in today's environment, to merely get permission of the landowner to place fill on their property. If site demolition materials are also disposed on site (either buried or broken and used for rip rap) the Design Professional or Owner should give requirements for this type of use (i.e. maximum size of fill lift, equipment used to compact, maximum size piece allowable, requirements for wood, rebar, etc. found in the materials, etc.). Another important question concerning site demolition work is limits of work. The Construction Supervisor should be clear on what the limits are, who is responsible for establishing those limits in the field and yale medical school thesis who will be responsible for damages if those limits are exceeded. Limits should also be established for specific items of demolition. For example if a catch basin and storm pipe crossing an existing street must be removed, the literature Construction Supervisor should help determine if the pavement will be chisel cut or saw cut and yale medical thesis the width of the cut. The Construction Supervisor can be very effective by keeping the information flowing if one subcontractor performs demolition and another restoration. Building demolition can vary from removing some doors or walls in an existing structure to razing an essay camp, entire building. The work is extremely varied and runs from the yale medical school simple to the complex.
Understand the demolition requirements before you start! Building demolition work is usually not well understood at the onset of hilary putnam, a project. Describing the work to be performed is necessarily tricky because it normally involves areas of unknowns. For example, it's difficult to know the school thesis material inside a wall that support a lintel. At 30? Regardless of the school unknowns, the Construction Supervisor must work to clarify the intent of the demolition work. Particular attention should be paid to transition areas where demolition work ends and existing materials remain. These transition areas are often not considered and can be very costly to resolve. Lastly, the Construction Supervisor must understand the contracted responsibilities for demolition and try to reveal and resolve changes as soon as possible.
One item that requires special mention regarding building demolition is hazardous materials. Due to the technical, health and legal problems involved, asbestos, lead paint, or any other hazardous material should be removed by qualified, licensed personnel only. The liabilities are so huge with these materials that the Construction Supervisor should defer decisions in digital marketing cover letter this area to his employer. Demolition of an entire building falls somewhere between an art and a science. Usually the responsibility will be let to one subcontractor. The Construction Supervisor should understand the method to be used, precautions used to yale medical school project neighboring buildings, techniques, if any, of monitoring of neighboring buildings for on summer, damage, dump site location and requirements, and proposed finish condition of site for next contractor to begin work. What You should Know about Earthwork Excavation and Compaction? Earth excavation and grading can be a fascinating part of yale medical, a construction project. The powerful heavy equipment, used to best advantage by analyst cover letter, a skilled operator, is yale, a joy to behold. The scope of the fall achebe excavation job varies from digging footings for a small building to moving millions of medical school, cubic yards of earth. The one thing all excavation jobs have in common, though, is a2 english coursework, that careful planning is the key to success.
There are several terms which should be defined. Excavation is often used as a broad term which includes cut (or excavation) and fill (or embankment). Cut is yale school, defined as removing material to lower the a2 english literature coursework elevation of an area. Fill is defined as placing material to raise the elevation of an area. Compaction must take place during a fill operation to increase the density of the soil material being placed. School? Another common breakdown in apa bibliography excavation work is yale medical, bulk excavation and trench excavation. Swell and shrinkage are two important, and often misunderstood, terms.
Consider the simple example of essay on summer camp, digging a 1.0 cubic yard hole with a shovel and throwing the dirt into school, wheelbarrows. In the ground the 1.0 cubic yard of soil is in going back to college at 30 essay its virgin (or natural) state. Upon being shoveled into the wheelbarrows the soil is in a loose (or lower density) state and probably has a volume of yale medical, 1.2 to 1.4 cubic yards. This process of soil increasing in hilary brains in a vat essay volume from its virgin state to a loose state is called swell. Shrinkage, on the other hand, occurs when that same soil is placed back in the one cubic yard hole and is properly compacted. Depending on the soil type, the final volume could be 0.9 cubic yards or 1.1 cubic yards. The above explains why when one digs and refills a hole, sometimes there is not enough soil to fill the hole and sometimes there is medical, soil left over. An excellent table showing weights, swell factors, and shrinkage factors for various materials is hilary putnam brains in a vat essay, included below.
The table of characteristics is medical thesis, a growing body of going at 30 essay, knowledge with many contributors over yale thesis, the past 100 years. All the marketing letter values given are necessarily approximate. Yale Medical School? The rock materials are labeled in essay on summer camp the following way: I, igneous; S, sedimentary; or M, metamorphic. The cubic yard in cut column assumes natural moisture and yale school has + 10 percent variation. The cubic yard loose column has a +33 percent variation. For example, damp clay with a given swell of 40 percent should be assumed to have a swell range of 30 percent to 53.2 percent. The cubic yard in fill column also has a 33 percent variation and assumes mechanical compaction at putnam brains appropriate moisture levels. In earth excavation and site grading some of the most common problems encountered are improper compaction, incorrect final elevations, and working beyond the yale school specified area to be disturbed. On Summer Camp? There are no magic, simple answers or procedures to make the above problems not happen.
Improper soil compaction is a common, and often difficult problem. Soil Engineering and Geology, a previous section, discusses the technical aspects of school, soil compaction. The practical, in the field problems include: Soil too wet: must be aerated or mixed with dryer materials. Soil to dry: must add water Soil lifts for compaction too deep: lessen lift depth Different types of soil: check if the proctor test (the test which measures the essays fall density of the soil sample for other tests to be measured against) matches the yale school thesis type of essay, soil encountered The soils inspector holds-up the compaction operations to takes tests: try to create a team environment and plan test taking for everyone’s advantage. The problems of incorrect final elevations and working beyond the specified contract limits are more straight-forward.
The excavation contractor certainly should be responsible for their own work, the thesis only real problem involves determining the mistake. The Construction Supervisor should be aware of this potential problem and develop his own solution to resolve it. In general, the best solutions follow: The Construction Supervisor should be aware of the specific requirements as much as possible (i.e. understand the whole job) and spot check on occasions. Whenever practical the a2 english literature coursework edexcel subcontractors following the site grading should check and accept the previous work prior to beginning. Even though the excavation contractor is medical thesis, ultimately responsible for their work, project schedule or quality can be ruined if errors are found too late. The above are some problems encountered in the field with possible solutions. In many cases the solutions seem simple to apply but are quite difficult and costly. Regardless of the apa bibliography complexity, the site work is almost always critical to the timely completion of the project and must be a priority for yale, the Construction Supervisor. What are the Basic Pieces of Site Equipment on a Project?
The advances in our ability to move earth and rock since the essay camp early 1900's is yale medical thesis, truly impressive. It’s a joy to watch a skilled operator produce on one of these technically evolved machines. Bud Caldwell, a great Construction Superintendent from the edexcel 1950s to yale school thesis the 1980s, remembered construction before the heavy equipment. As a boy, I helped with earthmoving on construction projects. There was a steel scoop with two handles that could be pulled like a plow.
I'd hook-up the team of mules to this scoop and drive through the excavation area, scraping a couple of inches of soil at each pass. It was a slow process. But still much better then digging with a shovel and hauling with a wheelbarrow. The mules are now replaced with diesel engines and the scoop has been transformed to perform many specialized tasks. This section will briefly outline the most common equipment types and present some specific technical information. Though it is the Site Contractor's job to thoroughly understand the function, cost and a2 english maintenance of the equipment; the Construction Supervisor should understand basic heavy equipment characteristics and uses to help plan the job.
This review of equipment in not comprehensive, but rather an introduction to commonly used heavy equipment on building projects. The Bulldozer is medical school, a simple, versatile machine that has a tremendous number of uses. Guidelines? Generally a self-propelled track machine, the bulldozer pushes or pulls only. Conversely, a front end loader uses a front bucket to lift soil to yale medical school load a truck. Essays Fall Apart? The bulldozer uses include: Clearing and grubbing Grading earth for short haul distances Pushing scraper pans Ripping rock Spreading borrow fill General site maintenance. The sizes of bulldozers vary greatly from small machines that use 6-way tilt blades for fine grading to huge machines that need special permits to yale medical thesis be hauled over guidelines, bridges. These web links show equipment specifications for several common bulldozers. The Front-end Loader is another versatile piece of equipment, found on most projects at one time or another. Always self-propelled, a front-end loader can be either rubber tire or a track machine. A front-end loader has a front bucket that tilts vertically to load and unload and lifts vertically.
The front-end loader uses include: Clearing and school thesis grubbing Excavate and carry soil Excavate and load soil into a truck Grading and spreading borrow (although less ideal then a bulldozer) On-site material transport (rebar, pumps, etc.) Particular attention should be paid when a front-end loader excavates and loads soil onto a truck. The loading cycle time can be simply analyzed, possibly improved, and also used to camp predict production quantities for planning decisions These web links show equipment specifications for several common front-end loaders. Scrapers or Pans excavate soil in yale medical one location, haul and dump the soil in another spot. It is difficult to apa bibliography guidelines match the efficiency of scrapers for cut/fill soil operation if the haul distance is less then a mile. Scrapers are generally pulled by yale thesis, a rubber tire wheel tractor and are sometimes pushed through the cut area by digital marketing analyst cover letter, a bulldozer. Yale Medical? These web links show equipment specifications for several common scrapers. There are many times that scrapers are not used for site grading and a dump truck is employed: the haul may be to long, the haul may cross roads where scrapers are not permitted, hard rock may be encountered, equipment availability, etc. Dump trucks are in common use and probably require little discussion.
The Construction Supervisor should be aware of a difference in bed types. Many trucks have a top-hinged tailgate that cannot dump any rock wider then the tailgate width. Rock body beds, on the other hand, have no tailgates and can dump any size rock, although their volume capacity is diminished. Apa Bibliography Guidelines? These web links show equipment specifications for several common dump trucks. Compaction Equipment increases the density of the yale soil and in some cases provides a smooth, rolled surface.
Compactors achieve these results by either static weights or vibration. Care must be taken when using a vibrating compactor concerning nearby structures and pumping excess water up through the soil. Apa Bibliography? The vibrations can literally causes nearby buildings to fall down. The compactor surface that touches the soil can be classified as either steel drum, pneumatic rubber-tired, or sheepsfoot. Compactors can be either self-propelled or towed. These web links show equipment specifications for several common compactors. Hydraulic Excavators are extremely useful machines for both bulk excavation and yale medical thesis trench excavation. Usually self-propelled on tracks, excavators operate hydraulically. The cable driven power shovels are the forerunner of the modern day excavator. These web links show equipment specifications for several common hydraulic excavators.
Backhoe Loaders perform a multitude of chores on an average building project: dig trenches, load material, haul material and equipment, unload trucks, provide transport, etc. Backhoe loaders are self-propelled and rubber-tire machines. These web links show equipment specifications for essays fall apart chinua, several common backhoe loaders. So take some time and learn the basic equipment that Sitework Contractors use. Remember, the person who calls every piece of equipment on school thesis the jobsite a Bulldozer labels himself as a dope. What You should Know about a2 english literature coursework edexcel Rock Excavation? Rock excavation solutions vary greatly. The best method to remove rock in medical school thesis an excavation must be reassessed continually for changing conditions. However rock excavation is a fact of construction life and must be anticipated by the Construction Supervisor. Prior to a project beginning, an Owner has probably already considered the possibility of rock in literature the excavation area and the associated costs.
The Owner makes a decision during the design stage about the amount of thesis, geotechnical information required. The Owner has many exploratory options available. From a simple test pit to percussion drilling to core drilling the apa bibliography guidelines owner has increasingly more expensive options that yield increasingly better data about the site underground. For example, the Owner on a 100,000 SF building project may authorize twenty boring locations with split spoon soil samples taken until rock is reached and then core samples of rock. This information can be carefully studied by the Construction Supervisor and Sitework Contractor and used to help make the project schedule. Knowing the type and quality of rock (from the core samples) and location of school thesis, rock (from the soils boring) is a real advantage in jobsite planning. Conversely, the Owner of a 100,000 SF building may decide to essay on summer proceed with no geotechnical testing whatsoever. The decision about school thesis geotechnical testing is usually made by an Owner with no input from the Construction Supervisor. All too often, though, some geotechnical testing information is available to the Construction Supervisor and is not properly utilized. The section on Soils and Geology helps you understand the terms in the geotechnical report.
A knowledge of the approximate location of the rock helps the Construction Supervisor to plan the sequence of steps following rock excavation. If rock is in essay on summer camp one corner of yale medical school thesis, a large building project, for example, the earth excavation could begin at the opposite end of the brains vat essay building in medical order to start foundation work soonest. Brains Vat Essay? This simple example indicates the medical thesis usefulness of rock core borings (which show the type and quality of rock encountered). Beginning the foundation work early would be a good idea if the rock could be removed by ripping. However, if the rock is extremely hard and requires substantial blasting, it may be prudent to guidelines hold foundation work until the blasting is completed. The Construction Supervisor should coordinate these types of decisions and use all the technical date available. Think about school payment terms for rock on each project. Unclassified excavation stipulates that all rock or other unexpected materials (excluding hazardous materials) encountered in the sitework will be the hilary putnam in a responsibility of the Contractor at yale school no change in contract cost. An unclassified excavation is simpler from a book-keeping standpoint and on summer camp places the thesis responsibility for geotechnical conditions onto the Sitework Contractor. Classified excavation, on essays things fall chinua achebe the other hand, defines rock and yale school thesis makes provisions for measurement and brains vat essay payment of any rock encountered at yale medical thesis an agreed upon literature edexcel unit price. This method places the rock payment responsibility onto thesis, the Owner.
The Construction Supervisor must be aware if the excavation is classified or unclassified. If classified, the Construction Supervisor must help set-up clearly understood procedures for definition and measurement of rock quantities. Rock is removed by essays things fall chinua achebe, ripping, blasting, or breaking, depending on medical thesis the rock type, quality and quantity. Marketing Analyst Cover Letter? Ripping is a mechanical splitting of rock by inserting a steel point into a rock crevice and thesis applying force. The force is usually supplied by a bulldozer. Blasting involves explosives placed in drill holes and detonated. Breaking of rock by a hydraulic hammer bit mounted on an excavator is used when the rock quantity is small or blasting is not feasible.
If blasting is required for rock excavation, the Construction Supervisor should be assured that the work is performed by a licensed blaster and that the proper permits have been obtained. The effect on existing structures and nearby work should also be discussed with the blaster. It's amazing what a heavy rain can do to a construction project. Prior to the rain, the site may be dry, heavy equipment efficiently moving earth, the other trades smoothly performing their work. Within hours the project can be a sloppy, mud-hole with worker efficiency cut to about 10%. In many cases, the change comes mostly from poor planning. In most areas of the world, the Construction Supervisor must remember a simple fact: IT WILL RAIN. Good planning can minimize the damage and disruption of a heavy rain to a jobsite. Often the excavation and hilary vat essay grading is left to school thesis the Sitework Contractor (and their Foremen is responsible to digital analyst supervise and direct the heavy equipment and medical school thesis operators).
But remember, the apa bibliography Construction Supervisor is responsible to complete the entire project in yale school thesis an efficient, timely manner. Things Fall Chinua? Therefore the Construction Supervisor must be continuously aware of what rain will do to the project site. It is not uncommon for the Sitework Foreman to work their heavy equipment for maximum efficiency and hope it doesn't rain. One of the best ways to prepare for rain is to slope all grades to drain and to smooth rolled the school surface prior to a rain. This work can cut down on short-term productivity, but can really help a jobsite more quickly recover from a storm. Marketing Analyst Cover Letter? The Construction Supervisor must be far-sighted enough to insure that heavy rain does not stop work on the project longer than necessary. Daily discussions with Sitework Foremen may be required to achieve this goal. Any time excavation is required below the existing water table on a project, the process of dewatering must be considered.
Generally dewatering is thesis, required because of a high level of ground water (underground streams and springs) in areas with cohesionless (sandy or gravelly) soil or water yielding rock. In a truly cohesive soil, the water travels so slowly through the clay or silt that dewatering is not usually necessary for analyst cover letter, the relatively short time of yale, excavation. Dewatering may be required for a single footing excavation or for an entire project site. The most common dewatering methods are trench drains, deep wells and well points. A variety of pumps and a2 english coursework piping types are used with these systems. Thesis? Ground water seepage can also be decreased by cutoff methods such as sheet piling. The costs for dewatering can be staggering, including equipment rental, labor and electricity (or fuel). High dewatering costs have paled the profit margins on far too many projects. The many variables listed below make the job of estimating dewatering costs very difficult, and very inexact. Specific soil and rock characteristics and a2 english literature coursework edexcel locations.
Groundwater location, extent, direction and rate of movement (including seasonal variations). Most efficient dewatering method: trench drains, deep wells, wellpoints. Effectiveness of cutoff structures. Time period dewatering is required. Costs associated with dewatering system failure (mucking out and cleaning). Costs associated with over dewatering (damage to adjacent structures). In dewatering, the simplest solution is often the best. On many sites dewatering can be accomplished without pumps, using gravity, by the use of trench drains or siphons. Medical School Thesis? This option should always be considered when analyzing the prospect of dewatering.
Obviously the option is only viable if gravity can run the water to lower ground. Trench drains can be cut with a backhoe and filled with a coarse, granular material (#4 stone for example), but care must be exercised in choosing the water outlet type and location. Siphons present an going back to college at 30 essay, economical, and often overlooked, method of dewatering. A siphon, by definition, uses atmospheric pressure to carry water from one elevation, up over an obstacle, to a lower elevation. The pipes in a siphon system must be airtight and some ingenuity is often required to completely fill the medical school thesis siphon pipe. Going To College At 30? The siphon pipe must be full for the siphon to begin. The time required for siphon dewatering is school thesis, usually longer then for pumps since the force moving the apa bibliography water is atmospheric pressure, not electricity or gasoline. A deep well consists of a pump, hose and a vertical well casing. The pump intake is at the bottom of the well casing (usually some crushed stone is yale medical school thesis, placed down there as a filter medium).
The water is pumped up the hose, out of the well casing, and to a suitable discharge location. A2 English Literature Coursework Edexcel? The effectiveness of a deep well depends mainly of the permeability of the soil. In a coarse sand, for example, a large area can be pumped to near the pump intake elevation. A less permeable soil, on the other hand, reduces the effectiveness of a deep well. Since the pump is generally at the bottom of the deep well, there are no height limitations due to vacuum lift, and yale thesis deep wells can lower the groundwater over 50 feet. Wellpoints are the most complex dewatering system discussed here. The wellpoint system is digital marketing analyst letter, composed of vertical wellpoints (commonly 1-? inches diameter) connected to a header pipe at grade and a vacuum/discharge pump at medical grade. The wellpoints operate on the principle of vacuum and have a maximum depth of about 15 feet. If deeper dewatering is required, successive sets of wellpoints can be installed at lower elevations.
The vertical wellpoint is actually jetted into the ground with water. On the bottom of the wellpoint there is a2 english edexcel, a 2 foot long screen and valve, water jets out of this valve and creates a hole into thesis, which the wellpoint pipe can be lowered. Going At 30 Essay? This hole is yale school, often made a larger diameter (for example 10 inches) to in a vat essay allow for thesis, a coarse sand backfill to help filter the water. The wellpoint spacing depends on the permeability of the soil, but 2 feet to 6 feet centers are common. On average a single pump can handle up to 50 wellpoints.
The jetting portion of wellpoint work generally results in quite a bit of digital marketing analyst cover letter, mud and muck at grade. The Construction Supervisor should assure that provisions are made for this material to be removed. While the wellpoint system usually does an excellent job of dewatering, the pipes also cause significant congestion at grade. Since the Construction Supervisor manages the project site, he should strategically place the wellpoints and headers to minimize conflicts. Pumps are the most important, and the most troublesome, piece of equipment in yale school most dewatering schemes. Most dewatering pumps are described by the following categories: a. Brains In A Vat Essay? suction pumps. b. submersible pumps Diaphragm pumps (or trash pumps)
Centrifugal pumps come in a great variety of school thesis, sizes, from marketing analyst a 1-? inch to over 12 inch nominal discharge diameter. The most common sizes are 2 inch and 3 inch nominal discharge diameter. Centrifugal pumps can be driven by gasoline or diesel engines or be electrically powered. If gas or diesel, provisions must be made to keep fuel in the tank; these solutions range from assigning the responsibility to someone to yale medical school thesis special valves that feed fuel from 55 gallon drums. Special care must be used with liquid fuel on the jobsite. Electric pumps tend to be easier to use in many ways, but safety is an important aspect here also. It is extremely disconcerting to be standing ankle deep in essays fall apart chinua water, working on a pump, and realize that the guy who wired it didn't know a volt from an amp. Even though it seems trivial, get an electrician to wire dewatering pumps. Using the proper breaker, wire size and ground fault protection is essential.
Centrifugal suction pumps have a rigid suction line (to prevent collapse) and lift water up the level of the pump. Fifteen to twenty feet is the maximum height that water can be lifted by suction. Some centrifugal suction pumps are self priming, but many must be primed prior to each use, which can be labor intensive and annoying. The centrifugal submersible pump operates in the bottom of the hole. There is no suction line, the pump must be flooded. Medical School? With proper float controls these electric pumps can be quite trouble free. Diaphragm pumps are the workhorses of construction dewatering; pumping mud, sand, small rocks, and trash (pumped material can be up to fall achebe 70% of the size of the yale medical school thesis pump intake). The diaphragm pump uses a rigid suction line and is generally self-priming. Fall Chinua Achebe? The responsibility for installing and maintaining construction dewatering pumps must be clearly assigned.
Sometimes weeks of work can be ruined if the school thesis pumps malfunction for only one day. Therefore the Construction Supervisor should know who is responsible for dewatering and be updated of the status regularly. The use of cutoff walls can also help control ground water on a construction project site. Water seepage horizontally through the soil can be a major source of water entering a project. A below grade cutoff wall can virtually stop this horizontal flow of water. Interlocking steel sheet piling, is the most common type of cutoff wall. Camp? Sheet piling functions best in medical thesis course grained soils where boulder sizes are generally less then 6 inches, or where there are stratified soil layers and horizontal water flow greatly exceeds vertical.
It is important to drive cutoff walls well below the inside excavation elevation. What Public Domain Documents are available for Further Study? The US Army Field Manual for Earthmoving Operations is an excellent introduction to sitework equipment and processes. This 202 page handbook is officially called FM 5-434. Another resource, more useful in the site design area than in construction, but that may be helpful, is the US Dept of Defense Area Planning, Site Planning and Design Manual. It has 79 pages of information that helps one think about how to locate and layout buildings on a site. The official name of this document is UFC 3-210-01A 16 January 2004. The Dewatering and Groundwater Control Manual produced by the US Dept of Defense provides many details describing water and sitework. The name of this document is UFC 3-220-05 16 January 2004. Tricks of the putnam brains in a vat essay Trade Rules of yale medical school, Thumb for Excavation:
Prior to any site work, get several blank site plans and mark them up with color markers showing major site and building staging issues: topsoil piles, fill piles, parking areas, material storage areas, layout locations, etc. Understand the disposal method and literature coursework edexcel location for stumps, trees and brush prior to the start. Consider future practical difficulties and legal problems that could occur. If an yale, offsite dump site is to be used, verify that any required permits are in place. Know demolition scope of work clearly before any work begins (people seem to have no sense of putnam, humor when you mistakenly tear their stuff down). When excavation begins do the following: a. Grab a handful of topsoil or whatever organic soil there is and squeeze it and get. familiar with the texture, color and smell. School Thesis? Keep looking for that soil in places. where it shouldn’t be. b. Grab a handful of soil, squeeze it and do a quick guess of a soil classification per. the instructions above.
Keep looking if the marketing analyst cover soil type changes in different areas. c. Discuss the soil type with the excavating foreman, learn about the way the soil. compacts, passes water, etc. Get Site Contractor to agree to smooth roll and grade to drain at any time rain is expected.