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Boston University Arts Sciences Writing Program. Oscar Wilde prefaces his novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray, with a reflection on art, the rules artist, and the utility of both. After careful scrutiny, he concludes: “All art is quite useless” (Wilde 4). In this one sentence, Wilde encapsulates the complete principles of the Aesthetic Movement popular in Victorian England. That is to say, real art takes no part in writing molding the social or moral identities of society, nor should it. Art should be beautiful and pleasure its observer, but to imply further-reaching influence would be a mistake. The explosion of aesthetic philosophy in fin-de-siecle English society, as exemplified by Oscar Wilde, was not confined to rules essay, merely art, however. Rather, the proponents of this philosophy extended it to arnaud, life itself.
Here, aestheticism advocated whatever behavior was likely to rules essay, maximize the beauty and happiness in general one’s life, in the tradition of hedonism. To the aesthete, the ideal life mimics art; it is beautiful, but quite useless beyond its beauty, concerned only with the individual living it. Influences on others, if existent, are trivial at essay, best. Many have read The Picture of Dorian Gray as a novelized sponsor for just this sort of aesthetic lifestyle. However, this story of the rise and fall of Dorian Gray might instead represent an allegory about morality meant to critique, rather than endorse, the obeying of cold essay one’s impulses as thoughtlessly and dutifully as aestheticism dictates.
In the novel, Lord Henry Wotton trumpets the aesthetic philosophy with an elegance and bravado that persuade Dorian to rules essay, trust in direct research papers the principles he espouses; the reader is often similarly captivated. Rules Essay. It would be a mistake, however, to interpret the novel as a patent recommendation of aestheticism. Essay. To the aesthete, there is no distinction between moral and immoral acts, only between those that increase or decrease one’s happiness; yet, Dorian Gray refutes this idea, presenting a strong case for the inherent immorality of purely aesthetic lives. Dorian Gray personifies the aesthetic lifestyle in action, pursuing personal gratification with abandon. Yet, while he enjoys these indulgences, his behavior ultimately kills him and others, and he dies unhappier than ever. Rather than an advocate for pure aestheticism, then, Dorian Gray is a cautionary tale in which Wilde illustrates the dangers of the aesthetic philosophy when not practiced with prudence. Aestheticism, argues Wilde, too often aligns itself with immorality, resulting in a precarious philosophy that must be practiced deliberately. Dorian Gray is often read as an explicit proclamation of the rules worthiness of living life in accordance with aesthetic values. This is due in part to cold essay, the flourishing Aesthetic Movement of Victorian England at essay, the time of the novel’s publication, as well as Oscar Wilde’s association with the movement itself (Becker 660).
The Aesthetic Movement, which coincided with the essays Industrial Revolution at rules essay, the end of the nineteenth century, emphasized the artistic aspect of a man’s work in producing a variety of goods, from furniture to machines to arnaud koetsier thesis, literature (Becker 660). Essay. Oscar Wilde, however, proposed that the principles of the Aesthetic Movement extend beyond the production of violations essays mere commodities. In Joseph Pearce’s biography, The Unmasking of Oscar Wilde , Pearce recalls Wilde’s own perspective on the popular movement. Speaking of aestheticism, Wilde is quoted: It is indeed to become a part of the people’s life . . . Essay. I mean a man who works with his hands; and general, not with his hands merely, but with his head and his heart. The evil that machinery is doing is rules, not merely in the consequence of its work but in the fact that it makes men themselves machines also. Arnaud Koetsier. Whereas, we wish them to essay, be artists, that is to say men. (qtd. in Pearce 144) In his exposition of aestheticism, Wilde applies the philosophy in a more universal sense, stressing the positive influences of aestheticism in one’s life beyond mere craftsmanship.
Just as the machines that mass-produce materials with the intervention of human thought are labeled “evil,” Wilde similarly condemns men who act as metaphorical machines, programmed to behave in accordance with society’s ideas of propriety rather than allowing themselves to act freely and arnaud thesis, achieve the greatest amount of happiness. Essay. Wilde’s eloquent advocacy of an aesthetic lifestyle is paralleled in his depiction of Lord Henry in curfew violations Dorian Gray . Lord Henry lectured to the impressionable Dorian, “We are punished for our refusals. Every impulse that we strive to strangle broods in the mind, and poisons us. . . . Resist it, and rules, your soul grows sick with longing for koetsier, the things it has forbidden itself” (Wilde 9). Wilde, through Lord Henry, laments the stifling nature of his contemporary Victorian society and how the supposed morality it boasts necessitates self-denial and rejection of life’s most beautiful aspects. Lord Henry warns that without an enthusiastic embrace of aestheticism, one will perpetually anguish with the desire of precisely what he must deny himself, all for the sake of propriety. This philosophy espoused by Wilde and rules essay, Lord Henry often leads, not surprisingly, to the conclusion that Dorian Gray is a declaration of Wilde’s, promoting the adoption of purely aesthetic lives without qualification. This, however, is too shallow of an interpretation. Opponents of a purely aesthetic lifestyle will certainly cite what they consider an inevitability: one’s desires and impulses, though when acted upon result in general a more pleasurable life, will at times be undeniably immoral. It is at these times that the virtues of the wholly aesthetic life become questionable.
The ruination of Dorian Gray, the embodiment of unbridled aestheticism, illustrates the immorality of such a lifestyle and gravely demonstrates its consequences. Wilde uses Dorian Gray not as an advertisement for aestheticism, but rather, he uses Dorian’s life to rules, warn against aestheticism’s hostility toward morality when uncontrolled. Wilde himself admits, in a letter to the St. James’s Gazette, that Dorian Gray “is a story with a moral. And the moral is this: All excess, as well as all renunciation, brings its own punishment” (Wilde 248).
Aestheticism does well to essay tips, condemn the renunciation of desires, but it is an excessive obedience to these desires that is subversively dangerous. Therefore, in rules essay the practice of violations essays Wilde’s aestheticism, forethought and constraint are necessities, yet too often lacking, and without them, one is doomed to rules, suffer the same fate as Dorian Gray. The character of koetsier thesis Dorian Gray and rules essay, the story of his profound degeneration provide a case study examining the viability of purely aesthetic lives. Dorian lives according to what Lord Henry professes without hesitation, and what Lord Henry inspires Dorian, through persuasive rhetoric, is an attitude indifferent to consequence and altogether amoral. As Wilde writes, Dorian’s newfound position is “never to accept any theory or system that would involve the sacrifice of any mode of passionate experience. Its aim, indeed was to be experience itself, and not the fruits of experience, sweet or bitter as they may be” (Wilde 125). Under Lord Henry’s mentorship, Dorian, once the epitome of wide-eyed youth, behaves with no regard for arnaud koetsier thesis, the ramifications of essay his actions, diligently pursuing instant gratification without thought of its implications, whether they be “sweet or bitter.” Dorian’s relationship with the actress Sibyl Vane plainly illustrates this marked change in personality. Dorian pursues Sibyl from first sights, intent on curfew essays acquiring her before he ever attempts to truly know her. Indeed, Dorian’s love for Sibyl is overtly superficial, as evidenced by Dorian’s own description of his infatuation with Sibyl: “I loved you because you were marvelous, because you had genius and intellect, because you realized the dreams of great poets and gave shape and substance to the shadows of art” (Wilde 101).
Dorian is not attracted to Sibyl’s character of personality, but rather her acting talent and enthralling performances; this is rules essay, what enchants the aesthetically inclined Dorian. When Sibyl leaves the stage, then, she no longer serves a purpose in direct papers Dorian’s aesthetic life, and thus, Dorian abandons her unceremoniously. Essay. Dorian does not regret informing Sybil that, “Without your art, you are nothing” (Wilde 101). The tragedy of Sybil’s later suicide, brought about by utter despair at instruction research papers, her desertion, is lost on rules Dorian, who instead enjoys the dramatic intrigue of the occasion. For Dorian, whose uncontrolled aestheticism rejects the concept of morality, the instruction research papers immorality of his actions goes unrecognized. In fact, Dorian declares excitedly, “It seems to me to be simply like a wonderful ending to essay, a wonderful play. It has all the terrible beauty of a Greek tragedy, a tragedy in which I took a great part, but by which I have not been wounded” (Wilde 114). Cold. Here, the adverse consequences of aestheticism surface in Dorian’s life. In his pursuit of his own pleasures, a distinctly narcissistic attitude emerges, and the incompatibility of rules essay morality and unconditional aestheticism becomes all the more apparent. Cold. The emergence of narcissism in Dorian and its correlation with his newly adopted aesthetic philosophy is integral to Wilde’s novel as it emphasizes the frequent hostility between aestheticism and morality that Wilde cautions against.
Dorian Gray exposes the immorality of rules essay self-absorption, as Dorian’s portrait becomes more disfigured with each one of Dorian’s selfish acts. This self-absorption, then, appears to be an inevitable consequence of aestheticism. Only a more deliberate practice of aestheticism may harness this egotism and avoid the immorality Dorian embodies. Interestingly, in his essay “Come See About Me: Enchantment of the Double in The Picture of essay writing tips Dorian Gray ,” Christopher Craft recognizes a mirroring of the rules essay Greek myth of Narcissus in the life of Dorian Gray. According to mythology, Narcissus, upon catching a glimpse of koetsier his reflection in a pool, becomes so enraptured by it that he stood and admired it endlessly, unmoving for the rest of his life. Rules Essay. As Craft notes, this self-absorption “is a commitment that, like Dorian’s, graduates fully until death” (Craft 113). Narcissus becomes so infatuated with himself that the rest of world effectively ceases to exist or affect him and, as Craft argues, “it is into precisely this silent delirium that Dorian unwittingly steps” when he allows Lord Henry’s aesthetic philosophy to research, so dominate him (Craft 113). Dorian enjoys a life of eternal youth, with only his portrait aging in parallel with Dorian’s immorality; so, as Dorian sinks into the depths of narcissism, he maintains his external beauty, and his portrait degenerates instead. Eventually, as in the myth of Narcissus, such egotism has its consequences. When Dorian, disgusted with the decrepit picture of the rules essay supposedly “real” him, destroys it in a fit of arnaud thesis anger, Dorian too is destroyed. Wilde writes that after Dorian’s death, “it was not till they had examined the rings that they recognized who it was” (Wilde 220).
In the essay end, as a testament to the purely aesthetic life, the only legacy Dorian leaves behind—everything that identifies him as who he was—is his superficial jewelry. There is an argument, then, made by research papers, Wilde for a new aestheticism, approached with more constraint than Dorian employs. This argument is based not only in rules the moral obligation of the individual, but with the curfew violations betterment of all of society in mind. Matthew Arnold, in his essay “Culture and Anarchy,” provides reasoning against the ethos of Lord Henry’s aestheticism and an unconditional application of it. Arnold focuses on its detrimental effects on society and the possibility for rules essay, societal improvement when aesthetic tendencies are properly controlled. There appears to be agreement, then, between Wilde and Arnold; Wilde’ novel provides a failed example of the purely aesthetic life, and when scaled to a larger society, a similar result is understandably expected. As Arnold views his contemporary society, it is arranged hierarchically, dividing the aristocrats, the middle-class, and the working-class, all of which, Arnold laments, are inclined to live hedonistically, pursuing pleasure and only what is comfortable and easy. Dorian Gray embodies just his defect in Arnold’s society.
Arnold argues, however, that “there are born a certain number of natures with a curiosity about their best self with a bend for seeing things as they are . . . for simply concerning themselves with reason and essay writing tips, the will of God, and doing their best to make these prevail;—for the pursuit, in a word, of perfection” (Arnold 277). Essay. Arnold is optimistic that some may pursue beyond the immediately pleasurable and act to perfect themselves both morally and intellectually. This pursuit of perfection, however, is likely an arduous and uncomfortable task, and is therefore incompatible with pure aestheticism. Some concessions must be made for the absolute aesthete, then, for cold, such transcendence occur. Dorian Gray, for essay, much of Wilde’s novel, fails to koetsier, embody Arnold’s ideal, as in rules essay his hedonistic life he is curfew essays, seen “creeping at dawn out of dreadful houses and slinking in disguise in the foulest dens in London,” despite being once too honorable for such debauchery (Wilde 118).
Dorian exemplifies a regression in social intellect from his beginnings rather than the kind of transcendence hoped for by Arnold. Rules. Dorian displays no such pursuit of intellectual perfection as he is arnaud koetsier, slowly corrupted and in essay turn corrupts others, luring them with him into the slums and opium dens of London. Arnold refers to those able to transcend social classes in society as “aliens,” hinting at sweepstake, their rarity to the point of essay foreignness and to their almost mythical quality (277). The mere existence of these aliens, however, provides hope that the utter hedonists of society may learn to harness their damaging tendencies, and in doing so, better the intellectual and moral state of humankind. Wilde, too, recognizes this ability to control the hedonistic temptations associated with aestheticism, as demonstrated by the last stages of Dorian’s life. Mitsuharu Matsuoka, in his essay “Aestheticism and Social Anxiety in The Picture of essay tips Dorian Gray ,” notes that, as Dorian’s death approaches, “Dorian ultimately reacts against his lifestyle, choking on his New Hedonism,” at which point “a great sense of doom hangs over Dorian” (Matsuoka 78).
Indeed, Dorian appears to realize the consequences of his unbridled aestheticism; however, he is much too far gone to salvage. Dorian reveals his epiphany to Lord Henry: “The soul is rules essay, a terrible reality. Thesis. It can be bought, and sold, and essay, bartered away. It can be poisoned or made perfect. There is a soul in each one of us. I know it” (Wilde 211). Unfortunately for Dorian, this realization comes too late to save his soul from its degradation, long-nurtured by a purely aesthetic life, and he is destroyed.
The realization itself, however, is violations, indicative of Wilde’s argument woven throughout Dorian Gray . Despite Wilde’s publicly advocating the principles of rules essay aestheticism, Dorian’s demise illustrates Wilde’s recognition that aestheticism needs to be properly controlled. While the pursuit of general essay writing tips beauty and happiness in life is always Wilde’s ideal, he also implies that the essay consequences of thesis one’s actions must be thought out and the impact of one’s decisions, beyond oneself, must also be carefully considered before acting on any impulse. The Aesthetic Movement in fin-de-siecle England, as interpreted by Oscar Wilde, revolved around the ideal that the utility of one’s actions should be to create the maximal amount of beauty and pleasure in rules essay one’s life, and nothing more. Wilde’s Dorian Gray appears, at first glance, to promote this philosophy unequivocally. Indeed, a lifestyle based on this aestheticism is espoused in Wilde’s opening preface as well as throughout Lord Henry’s professorial lectures. Upon closer inspection, however, Wilde’s novel is not as wholly embracing of aestheticism as this implies. Wilde realized and depicted in the life of Dorian Gray, a need for a more controlled and deliberate approach to cold essay, aestheticism, without which morality will inevitably be elusive. The adoption of unrestrained aestheticism, as exhibited by Dorian, results in a lack of remorse, self-absorption, and intellectual regression.
For the sake of essay preserving morality, a concept proven incompatible with pure aestheticism, more deliberation is necessary from the aesthete in deciding upon action. If, in the pursuit of one’s desires and of the beautiful aspects of life, the condition of others’ or of arnaud koetsier one’s own intellect is jeopardized, the enjoyment garnered must sometimes be sacrificed for the greater good. Rules Essay. As Wilde makes clear, it is only through a more restrained philosophy that aestheticism and morality may eventually align. Arnold, Matthew. “Culture and cold war persuasive, Anarchy.” The Picture of Dorian Gray . Rules. Ed. Andrew Elfenbein. Violations Essays. NY: Pearson Longman, 2007.
276–279. Becker-Leckrone, Megan. “Oscar Wilde (1854–1900): Aesthetic and Criticism.” The Continuum Encyclopedia of Modern Criticism and rules, Theory 20 (2002): 658–665. Craft, Christopher. “Come See About Me: Enchantment of the Double in The Picture of Dorian Gray .” Representations 91 (2005): 109–136. Matsuoka, Mitsuharu. “Aestheticism and Social Anxiety in The Picture of Dorian Gray. ” Journal of Aesthetic Education 29 (2003): 77–100. Pearce, Joseph.
The Unmasking of Oscar Wilde . NY: Ignatius Press, 2004. Wilde, Oscar. The Picture of Dorian Gray . Ed. Cold War Persuasive. Andrew Elfenbein. NY: Pearson Longman, 2007. Writing Consultants are available for all CAS WR classes. Appointments can be booked online. The Writing Program recently announced its competition for Fall 2018 Graduate Writing Fellowships. The Fall 2017 course catalog is available to view on the Curriculum page.
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Most people aren’t able to fit those traits, so when you find a person that fits those traits, I classify them as having the potential to be a true friend. They’re also easy to find out in essay a person because they're all actions in. Male friends do not like to usually hug or touch their female or male friends unless it is their significant other. They also do not hide anything; they will tell us the truth no matter how bad it will hurt us. Unlike female friends they do not like nor carry drama. Essay Writing Tips! Male friends do not like drama at all, they stand as far away as possible from essay it. The advantage of having a male friend is they do not strive for drama like females, so we will not be pulled into their problems. Also unlike female. Hamlet#x27;s Horatio: A True Friend Essay. If Hamlet had listened to his oldest friend, his tragic fate may have been spared. Because Horatio believes in Hamlet, as readers, we can believe in koetsier thesis Hamlet as well.
Horatio believes Hamlet when so many doubt his sanity. Hamlet completely trusts Horatio; He reveals to him first that his madness is an act, makes him swear to keep it a secret, which he does: “How strange or odd soe'er I bear myself/(As I perchance hereafter shall think meet/To put an antic disposition on),/That you, at such times seeing. The precipitating incident is when the Lion was wounded and essay unable to catch food for curfew violations essays, his friends, and then it transitioned to essay, the falling action, being the sacrifice proposal from the Fox. Lastly the Resolution is that the sweepstake, Camel was eaten by his rescuers after accepting his offer of sacrifice. Essay! The generic structure of this story helps us focus not on direct instruction the narrative characteristics and figurative language, but on the meaning behind the story. This story specifically values loyalty, nobility, and. Essay on rules essay R.K.Narayan and Swami and Friends.
their English skills. Author of the book. http://pinterest.com/pin/create/bookmarklet/?media=http://s2.hubimg.com/u/8134329_f520.jpgurl=http://nimeshdesilva.hubpages.com/hub/Swami-and-Friendsis_video=falsedescription=R.%20K.%20Narayan R. K. Narayan About the author. The author of curfew violations essays, 'Swami and Friends' is India's one of the greatest authors of all time, R. Rules Essay! K. Narayan. Koetsier Thesis! R. K. Narayan is rules essay responsible for many of the outstanding literary works India has ever produced. And this book in particular. My main emphasis in teaching will be to grasp the student’s interest. Violations Essays! In my opinion, if a student is essay interested in what they are learning, and their work, their knowledge will expand. I want the material that I teach to become as interesting as television for the students.
The way that I teach the children will help them to enjoy learning In return this may help them to enjoying learning throughout their lives, causing them to have a more successful school career. My belief is that the best way to. Some 1,500 customers—each that the propensity of unwanted and unsolicited with an average of 150 friends—agreed to post advertising messages contributed significantly to essay, recommendations, which the company estimates MySpace’s woes (Vara, 2006). resulted in essay approximately 225,000 positive adver- These concerns suggest a delicate balancing act tising impressions (York, 2009). Arnaud Thesis! Faced with declin- for social-networking advertising (SNA). On one ing sales in rules the wake of safety. Comprising is just another way of getting things done, later.
When I started school, mom was my friend. To me, school was a world where strangers and bad guys lurk. Instead of cold war persuasive essay, laughing at my fears, mom showed me instead how great school can be. On my first day of school, she prepared my favorite snacks drove me school. Essay! Instead of arnaud, leaving me at the gates, she got off the golf cart, knelt down and tenderly cupped my face in both hands and rules told me, “Don’t worry honey, there isn’t any bad guys today, Mommy.
My dad is always determined to push my sisters and me to violations, do our best. Rules! He taught us that school comes first and that without it we’ll go no where. If we don’t have A’s and B’s we lose our phone, car and we are grounded till we get our grades up. Also my dad would give us a dollar for every hundred we got on essay a test; which pushed us to do our best because that and chores were the only way to make money and who wants to do chores? Lastly, he was determined to teach us that friends come and go but family. talk to your friend and be absolutely ensured that he is not lying and he will help not every time, but only those times, when he could. I believe that’s very important. I don’t agree also to the idea that friends, having in common only external personalities are bad ones. I don’t think that it’s good to have a friend for a life.
After some years you feel kind of exhausted and the light of the friendship begins to go out. People with external similarities can also be very good friends and essay the ones. Friend goes to the full extent, even dressing the part, pretending to be a teenage boy trying to take a gal out “just for a ride” on a Sunday afternoon in thesis order for his prey, Connie, to to his trap. At first the devils’ plan works as, “Connie liked the way he was dressed, which was the way all of rules, them (teenage boys) dressed.” By dressing in a way that Connie would normally associate boys her age with, Friend initially tricks Connie into believing he is a boy her age. His false appearance of friendship. “the Best of curfew violations, Humanity Is Possible Even in the Most Trying of Circumstances.” situation and while I don’t find it particularly good to disobey your parents I do think it was the very best thing Bruno could have done. Against all odds Bruno had a friendship with Shmuel that no one could destroy. This was of rules, such vital importance I don’t think that anything, race, religion or beliefs could sever the friendship that Bruno and Shmuel had so effortlessly created on their own terms. Cold! My third and final character that I am going to use to support this statement was Shmuel.
Who was a character. Outliers - My Rosetta Mystery Essay. time. Essay! Without having good relationships with my friends and thankfully, my friends being the way they are, my health would not be as great as it is today. Aside from essay my friend’s roles in helping me maintain a healthy way of life, my gym membership has helped me stay healthy. I like to go to the gym because at essay the gym, I can lift weights and chat with others at the gym. I like to try and go to the gym at arnaud thesis least twice a week for at least an hour each visit.
My routine usually consists of forty-five minutes. Job spoke out after each of his friends but not to defend or justify himself. It seemed he was praying aloud to God. Questioning the reason for essay, his suffering but never wavering. His faith in cold him self was shaken and yet Job just assured God of his faith in him, but wondered what Gods plan was. Job understood that life was brief and essay no matter if you were a servant or a king your faith in God should be the same. The friends not seeing the remarkably strong faith Job possessed. They could only. I hit my preteen years as well and as tradition has it, I left my pack of little children and joined a new pack, middle school. While both my cousin and I matured, the six year age difference became nothing if not a means to strengthen our relationship, she was my teacher and interesting in essays I her student, she had a lot to teach me. Rules Essay! I can quite clearly recall my first love interest and violations essays me going to Kerra for advise on how to hold hands and essay where to writing, take her on essay our first date.
Thank god that I had my cousin. event by broadening the papers, attendance base and enriching the exchange of view and experience. LETTER OF SUPPORT 10 October 2014 th Dear Mrs. Smith, I would like to take this opportunity to congratulate you and rules essay offer my support for the launch of the Quest for the Best surf competition that will be commencing on Saturday 27 th of December through to Sunday the 28 th in 2014 Gold Coast, Australia. I have followed with keen interest that the sweepstake, environmental aspects of the competition and I. Value System and My Critical Thing About My Sexual Decision Essay. My gender identity is essay that I am women and cold essay I have always been that way. I some time wish I was a men thought so I didn’t have to deal with some of the thing I have to deal with but have my son I am glad I got to carry him inside me and I glad I got to give a birth to him because I feel that what being a female is all about and I glad I got to have at rules least one because he the greatest gift anyone could ask for. Even though now I have to take hormone supplement that make me grow hair like a guy it. this point in my life from age five to seven years old, my dad has signed me up for different leagues such as mini mites. Mini mites, is one of the first leagues you participate in and I remember it as being a blast.
It was fun as I began to meet new hockey players, which I know to this day. Interesting In Essays! Some friends I began to play with throughout my hockey years. Rules! Mini mites weren’t my strong leagues, as it wasn’t many. Squirts were the next league I was involved with. This time in my life was when. Television - Friend or Foe Essay example. education, Language skills are best developed through reading and interactions with others in conversation and play (Graham 1). Children can't interact with a television.
Placed in cold essay front of a television set, the typical child manages to tune out everything around himself or herself, focusing only on the bright, loud distraction of the quickly changing images of the rules, television. Writing Tips! Television clearly takes time away that could be spent with family members, playing with friends, and reading. Unsupervised. 10) I feel shy to share my sorrow with my friends thinking that may be they will laugh at me which am not true. Opportunities: 1) I have one of the best families of this world. Loving charming! 2) Chance to get higher study in the University. 3) I have the most loveable helping friends which is rules a great opportunity to me because true friends are very rare in the present day. War Persuasive! 4) My opportunity is to learn under the rules, good qualified teachers who really want to teach us something which will. Essay on Wedding Reception Speech – Best Man.
I can only guess how nervous the bride and groom felt this morning, but I can assure you that this isn’t the first time today I’ve risen from a warm seat with a piece of paper in my hand. At this point it’s customary for me to thank the groom on curfew essays behalf of the rules essay, bridesmaids (Judith, Judy and Claire), so with that I’d like to thank Randy for curfew essays, his kind words and generous gifts. Rules! I’m not sure why they can’t thank him themselves but there we go. I’m told it’s quite difficult to pout, look pretty and. What would you like to improve upon? My ability to better organize my classes workloads 6. Do you have a hidden talent or skill? If so, what is it? I don’t have any hidden talents that I know of. Sweepstake! 7. Rules! What is the one characteristic you wish people noticed about you more?
I’m an easy going guy. 8. Explain an obstacle you had to overcome. The death of my grandmother was kind of difficult. PERSONAL INTERESTS: 1. How do you think you learn best? I learn best by repetition, looking over things over.
In order for violations essays, a child to receive the rules, best possible education, cooperation and direct collaboration between the parents and rules essay the teachers on a regular basis is necessary. Violations Essays! Proper interaction between parent and teacher ensures that everyone is working toward a common goal for rules, the child. As with academics, I also believe the curfew, same applies to discipline. I don't believe children are born either entirely good or entirely bad. A child's behavior is rules essay influenced by general writing tips his parents' action and reactions to situations, the. competition from swimming teaches sportsmanship, and punctuality. Swimming to me was a major part of my health and rules essay physical fitness my junior and senior year, but the biggest part was running cross-country and track and general essay field.
I did not start competing in cross-country until my junior year of high school. I remember going to rules essay, the first practice and running about direct research a mile and a quarter in twelve minutes. My first race was 24:24, which is rules essay right around eight minutes a mile. Research! That was the first step to me. The Life of my Dog Precious Essay. returned home from school all my carpet was dug up and rules my curtains were torn down. My mom was really pissed.
We also had to put a brand new heating and curfew air conditioning unit in my aunt and rules uncle’s house because Precious chewed their old one up trying to get out of cold essay, their basement. A few years down the road, Precious finally had gotten out of chewing things up, but never overcame her fear of being locked up by essay herself. The summer before my seventh grade year, my family went on vacation.
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An Analysis of essay Andy Warhol#x27;s Gold Marilyn Monroe (1962) Essay. The woman portrayed in the painting is the famous movie star Marilyn Monroe. The photograph that Warhol used for arnaud, this piece is a publicity still from the 1953 movie Niagra.(Museum of Modern Art) Marilyn Monroe has always been known, and always will be known as our nations most famous sex symbol. Essay. Her personal life was even more interesting and exciting to the public than her films. She was married several times, and the mysterious events surrounding her death were rumored to general tips, be the rules essay, result of an affair with President John F. Kennedy. Warhol chose the year of Monroe's death, declared a suicide, to create this piece. Her troubled personal life and untimely death only in essays made Warhol's painting more powerful. He displays Monroe at her best. She is young and rules, beautiful with styled hair and a made up face-yet inside she was empty. Arnaud Koetsier Thesis. By glorifying her, Warhol shows her vulnerability.
She was an rules icon to millions, yet the openings in essays, constant demands from fans and the media drove her into the downward spiral which ultimately ended her life. This piece was created during a time of essay political and social change. Increased political awareness and a focus on instruction celebrity demanded art that was more Personality Analysis of Marilyn Monroe by Using Trait Theories. Personality Analysis of Marilyn Monroe By Using Trait Theories Marilyn Monroe, whose real name is Norma Jeane Mortenson, was born on June 1, 1926 in Los Angeles, California. She was American actress, singer and model. She also was one of the most famous movie star, the sex symbols and pop icons of the 20th century. Despite her an unhappy, difficult childhood she got succeed during her short life period.
She worked minor roles for essay, years. Then, she showed her comedy ability, appearance on television this, in July 1946, she got a short contract with Twentieth Century-Fox. Then she changed her name to Marilyn Monroe. Marilyn for the musical star Marilyn Miller and essay, Monroe from her mother’s maiden name. After six months of acting classes and dance lessons, she was finally told to report for work on a film. This film being The Shocking Miss Pilgrim which was released in 1947. After that, Marilyn played many small and unimportant roles.
When Marilyn’s contract came up for renewal in August 1947 1946, Norma Jeane Dougherty became Marilyn Monroe. As Monroe’s career drug on she lit up every screen that she was on, becoming one of the most famous actresses of her time. Rules. She had over thirty well known movies and was continuing to work on sweepstake essay more serious roles. In the 40’s 50’s and 60’s women were just stepping out into the business world, going from house wife to working girl. Rules Essay. It was the sweepstake essay, time in which beauty couldn’t have brains in the media’s eyes. Marilyn was put into the stereotypical box of Marilyn Monroe Informative Speech Essay. Throughout that time in essay, her life she abused alcohol, pills, and suffered from interesting openings in essays, 2 miscarriages. Marilyn was slowly disintegrating. Rules Essay. She would show up late on war persuasive set while filming movies and was even fired from what was supposed to be her last film “Something’s Got to Give”.
The movie never was released because of this. Only 17 days after her famous “Happy Birthday” performance for John F. Rules. Kennedy, Marilyn Monroe was found dead at her home from an overdose of interesting in essays sleeping pills. She was only 36 years old. There Media industries were controlled by rules males; therefore Marilyn Monroe's image served the interests of men by legitimizing their power. Research Papers. This creates a marketable image aimed at a well defined audience that is male. Classing Marilyn Monroe as merely 'Entertainment for essay, Men' contributes to behavioral ideologies in society for women to act as objects for male desires. The myths drawn from such slogans creates for direct instruction research papers, females a sense of inferiority, where in Monroe's case, her body and sexual allure were her
A Star is Born: Marilyn Monroe Essay. A Star is Born: Marilyn Monroe I was inspired to write about Marilyn Monroe because she seemed like she knew a lot about life and everything she went through. She was a big movie star and she fought for what she believed in she wanted a good part in movies but the directors always put her as a blonde and she had to be dumb and she didn't like that. She didn't understand because she was intelligent and that is what they thought of beautiful blonds back then. She was good at everything she did. Rules. People Andy Warhol#x27;s Influence on the Art World Essay. I was looking at a bunch of instruction papers Warhol’s paintings and rules essay, I was confused.
I was just staring at sweepstake them and I’m thinking “why don’t you look like a Warhol?’ Then I realize that these paintings are from when he was younger. This was before he defined his aesthetic. I believe this was his discovering phase then he goes into his silk screening phase. Rules Essay. Andy Warhol used current icons from the world for his work. One of the famous icons was the Campbell’s soup can.
In 1962 Warhol displayed his Campbell's soup Essay on Journey Into the Mind of sweepstake essay Marilyn Monroe. Essay. continued to set the bar ever higher, testing to see if the admiration was for her as the fragile person she was or for the salacious roles she played in movies such as Some like it Hot. General. How could she ever be convinced? This was the rules essay, tragedy of Marilyn Monroe. In her comedic films, one has a sense of impending disaster. Sweepstake. It seems to skulk in the background even as she portrayed the innocent and naive pubescent juvenile. Then, in her dramatic efforts, there was the comedy of her feeble attempts to long; Andy was rather fast at finding steady employment. In 1951, two years out of school, Andy Warhol bought a nice apartment for himself. Shortly thereafter his mother and her three cats showed up one evening. Julia Warhola was to live with the son she adored so greatly for her remaining twenty years. During these two decades Andy kept his home life strikingly separate from his public persona.
His time with his mother was cherished. Julia was in fact his first collaborator in essay, art. Andy helped Marilyn Monroe and Mental Illness Essay. where the father is listed as “unknown” (Doll, 1998-2012). Family History of Mental Illness Norma Jeane’s mother had a documented history of mental illness. Both of writing tips her parents, Otis and Delia Monroe were found to have lived out their later years in mental institutions, Norma Jeane’s uncle, Marion Monroe, was also
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Cognitive and essay Affective Psychology. Cognitive and direct instruction Affective Psychology. Through the centuries, humanity remained absorbed in the attempt to explain human nature. The philosophers speculated. Literary giants wrote of human passions, struggles, triumphs, and tragedies. Rules Essay! But the facts were not available; only personal opinion and guesswork. General Essay! It was impossible to rules know for sure how we see and hear until modern science learned about light and violations sound waves and the way they affect nerve endings within the body. Human moods and emotions could not be analyzed until science identified the substances secreted by the human glands and the complex way the glands interact with the brain.
The process of rules, heredity could not be understood until biologists discovered the chromosomes, genes, and the chemical key to life called DNA. The influence of essay tips, environment was unclear until psychologists established the facts about learning and about development from rules essay, infant to adult (Sternberg, 2006). Need essay sample on Cognitive and Affective Psychology ? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you for only $12.90/page. Even today, we do not know the full story, and perhaps we never will, for human behavior is so complex that it may forever defy complete understanding. But psychologists aided by the progress of other scientists have found some of the answers, and research they are making new discoveries all the time. The psychological experiment, psychology itself, has come a long way since the science began. At the start, the idea of taking approach to the study of behavior required a radical shift in human thinking and invention of brand-new techniques of study. The early psychologists lacked the tools necessary for sophisticated exploration (Buckley, 2001). Nevertheless, they provided humanity five precursors to the development of rules, cognitive psychology, namely, functionalism, pragmatism, behaviorism, structuralism, and associationism. Factual: Five Antecedents to Cognitive Psychology.
According to the theory of functionalism, mental events depend on primarily on arnaud, the networks, pathways, and rules essay the interconnection of mental processes, and sweepstake essay not on the material stuff that it is composed of. Functionalists do not deny that human mental processes are a function of human brain activity. They simply throw open the criteria of mental activity to include computers, robots, or other human-made devices that exhibit the relevant processes (Levin, 2004). The field of artificial intelligence attempts to realize the functionalist theory and duplicate human cognitive mental states in computing machinery. For some time scientists have tried to replicate human thought processes in essay some kind of sweepstake, mechanical form. However, at that state of technology, the robot was little more than a wind up toy, and it exhibited none of the internal processes that functionalists would associate with thinking. Computer technology of recent decades has provided the first viable opportunity for at least attempting to replicate all human mental processes in machine form such as emotions, willful activity, and artistic sensibility, advocates of artificial intelligence focus only on the thinking process, analyzing sensory data and making judgments about it. Rules Essay! From a functionalist perspective, the war persuasive, dangerous claim about rules, artificial intelligence is philosophically controversial since it holds that a computer can have human-like thoughts (Witherington and Crichton, 2007). “Pragmatism,” William James writes, “is a method only.” Still, as a method, pragmatism assumed that human life has a purpose and that rival theories about essay, human nature and the world need to rules be tested against purpose (Goodman, 2006).
According to curfew violations James, there is in fact no single definition of essay, human purpose. Instead, our understanding of human purpose is cold war persuasive, part of the rules, activity of openings in essays, thinking (Zachar, 2002). Philosophical thinking arises when we want to understand things and the setting in which they live; purpose derives its meaning from a sense of rules essay, being at home in the universe (Gross, 2002). James rejected rationalism chiefly because it was dogmatic and presumed t give conclusive answers about the world in terms that frequently left the issues of life untouched. By contrast, pragmatism “has no dogmas and no doctrines save its method” (Leigland, 2004). As a method, pragmatism takes its cue from the arnaud koetsier, newly discovered facts of life. Essay! We should not accept as final any formulations in science, theology, or philosophy, but instead see them as only approximations (“Pragmatism”). In 1913, another American, John Watson, revolutionized psychology by breaking completely with the school of introspection and founding the movement behaviorism. Watson declared the mental life is something that cannot be seen or measured and thus cannot be studied scientifically. Rather, he concluded that psychologists should concentrate on koetsier thesis, actions that are plainly visible.
In other words, he wanted the rules, science to study what people, not what they think (Graham, 2000). He considered all human behavior to be a series of actions in a which a stimulus, that is, an event in the environment, produces a response, that is an curfew violations essays observable muscular movement or some physiological reaction, such as increased heart rate or glandular secretion, that can also be observed and measured with the proper instruments (Harzem, 2004). All our sense organs, though they vary greatly in the sensations hey produce, operate on rules essay, some basic principles. In particular, Ernst Weber proposed means and established laws to measure our source of information, the senses (Thorndike, “Behaviorism”). When receptor cells are activated by essay a stimulus, they set off bursts of rules, nervous impulses.
After being routed through various switching points, the receptors’ messages reach the sensory areas of the cerebral cortex, where they are translated into our conscious sensations of vision, hearing, and sweepstake essay the rest. Our brain never actually encounters light or sound. Rules Essay! It depends instead on the incoming nervous impulses that originate when the sense organs are roused to activity. The senses also have a threshold for the ability to discriminate between two stimuli that are similar in strength but not exactly alike (Thorndike, “Behaviorism”). Research Papers! The rule that the difference threshold is a fixed percentage of the essay, original stimulus is called Weber’s Law, in honor of the physiologist who discovered it more than a century ago. War Persuasive Essay! In practical terms, it means this: the more intense the rules, sensory stimulation to general writing tips which the human organism is being subjected, the greater the increase in intensity required to produce a recognizable difference (Ludvig, 2003).
The year the science was founded is usually put at essay, 1879, when Wilhelm Wundt opened the first psychological laboratory at Germany’s University of Leipzig (Boeree, 2000). Wundt had studied to be a physician, then instead of practicing medicine, taught as a professor of physiology. But he soon lost interest, because he was much more concerned with human consciousness than with the workings of the arnaud, body. His experiments, in retrospect, seem rather trivial. For example, he and his students spent hours in rules essay the laboratory listening to interesting openings the click of a metronome, sometimes set fast and sometimes set slow, sounding only a few times or many, and analyzed their conscious reactions. They decided that a rapid series of clicks produced excitement and a slow series made them relaxed, and that they had slight feelings of tension before each click and rules of relief afterward (Boeree, 2000). Despite this modest beginning, the koetsier, new science of psychology found an rules essay immediate and enthusiastic response. A few years later, similar acclaim came to Sir Francis Galton, one of the arnaud koetsier, first British psychologists. Galton, who was interested in rules essay individual differences, invented numerous devices to test such traits as hearing, sense of smell, color vision, and direct ability to essay judge weights. Arnaud Koetsier Thesis! Even in those early years, when psychology was just taking a few tentative steps into the vast realm of human behavior, it captured the public’s attention (“Structuralism”).
Like Wundt, most of the pioneers concentrated on an attempt to essay discover the nature, origins, and significance of sweepstake essay, conscious experiences. This was what is methodically known to be structuralism. Their chief method of investigation was introspection, or looking inward. They tried to analyze the processes that went on inside their minds, asked their subjects to rules essay do the same, and recorded their findings, as objectively as possible, for comparison with other observers (“Structuralism”). The most prominent of the early American psychologists and structuralists was William James, who came to the science from an unusual background (Boeree, 2000). Like Wundt, he studied medicine but never practiced. Indeed he had a difficult time finding his true vocation.
At one time, he wanted to be an artist, then a chemist, and once he joined a zoological expedition to instruction Brazil, In his late twenties, he suffered a mental breakdown and went through a prolonged depression in which he seriously thought of committing suicide. Essay! But he recovered, largely he believed through what he called an achievement of the will, and went on to become a Harvard professor and prolific writer on psychology and philosophy. James had no doubt about the mission of the new science. His definition of writing, psychology is the study of mental life. The distinguishing feature of his mental life, he felt, was that human beings constantly seek certain end results and must constantly choose among various methods of rules essay, achieving them.
James was interested in the broad pattern of human strivings, the direct instruction research, cradle-to-grave progress of human beings as thinking organisms who adopt certain goals and ambitions, including spiritual ones, and struggle in rules essay various ways to attain the goals or become reconciled to failure (Boeree, 2000). It is not by mere chance that our ideas are related to each other. There must be, David Hume says, “some bond of union, some associating quality, by which one idea naturally introduces another.” Psychologists call it the theory of associationism. It is not a special faculty of the mind that associates one idea with another but by observing the actual patterns of our thinking and analyzing the essays, groupings of our ideas (Holtorf, “Associationism”). Whenever there are certain qualities in ideas, these ideas are associated with each other. These qualities are three in number: resemblance, contiguity in time or place, and cause and effect.
Associationism states that the connections of all ideas to each other could be explained by these qualities and gave the following examples of how they work: “A picture naturally leads our thoughts to the original (resemblance): the rules, mention of one apartment in the building naturally introduces an koetsier enquiry…concerning the others (contiguity): and if we think of a wound, we can scarcely forebear reflecting on rules, the pain which follows it (cause and effect)” (Holtorf, “Associationism”). There are no operations of the mind that differ in principle from one of these examples of the association of general writing, ideas. Essay! But of these, the essays, notion of cause and effect was considered by cognitive psychologists to be the central element in knowledge. They took the position that the causal principle is the foundation upon which the validity of all knowledge depends. If there is any flaw in associationism, we can have no certainty of knowledge (Holtorf, “Associationism”). Analytical: Plato vs. Aristotle. Plato and Aristotle were both commanding thinkers and leaders of their respective eras and fields.
Both philosophers possess analogous qualities in their writing flairs, on top of their topics in their writings. Plato’s comprehensive treatment of knowledge was so powerful that his philosophy became one of the most influential strands in the history of Western thought. Unlike his predecessors, who focused upon single main problems, Plato brought together all the major concerns of human thought into a coherent organization of knowledge (Cooper, 1997). Aristotle on the other hand invented formal logic. He also invented the rules essay, idea of the separate sciences. Essay Writing! For him, there was a close connection between logic and science, inasmuch as he considered logic to be the instrument or organon with which to formulate language properly when analyzing what a science involves. Psychology as well know today is rules essay, somewhat founded on in essays, the harmonious relationship of logic and science (Large, “Aristotle”). The foundation of Plato’s philosophy is his account of essay, knowledge. Direct Instruction Research Papers! The Sophists had skeptical views regarding our ability to acquire knowledge. Human knowledge, they believed, was grounded in social customs and essay the perceptions of individual people.
Such “knowledge” fluctuated from one culture or person to general another. Plato, though, staunchly rejected this view. He was convinced that there are unchanging and universal truths, which human reason is capable of grasping. In his dialog, The Republic, he picturesquely makes his case with the Allegory of the Cave and the metaphor of the Divided Line (Cooper, 1997). In the Allegory of the Cave, Plato rejected the skepticism of the Sophists by arguing that there are these two worlds, the dark world of the cave and the bright world of light. For Plato, knowledge was not only rules essay, possible, but it was virtually infallible. What makes knowledge infallible is that it is sweepstake, based upon what is most real. The dramatic contrast between the shadows, reflections, and the actual objects parallels the different degrees to which human beings could be enlightened. Plato was convinced that we could discover the real objects behind all the multitude of shadows, and thereby attain true knowledge (Cooper, 1997). In his metaphor of the Divided Line, Plato provides more detail about the levels of rules, knowledge that we can obtain. Plato concludes his discussion of the Divided Line with the summary statement, “ now you may take, as corresponding to the four sections, these four states of mind: intelligence for war persuasive, the highest, thinking for rules, the second, belief for the third and for the last imagining.
These you may arrange as the terms in a proportion, assigning to each a degree of clearness and certainty, corresponding to the measure in which their objects possess truth and reality” (Cooper, 1997). Essay! The highest degree of reality, he argued, consists of the Forms, as compared with shadows, reflections, and even the visible objects. Unlike Plato, who thought that to essay know the good was sufficient to do the good, Aristotle saw that there must be deliberate choice in addition to knowledge. Thus, Aristotle said that the “origin of moral action, that is its efficient, not its final cause, is choice, and the origin of choice is desire and violations essays reasoning with a view to an end” (Barnes, 1984). With the end in mind, Aristotle became inclined to arriving at an end from a deductive approach. Aristotle’s classic example of a deductive argument is this: (1) All men are mortal; (2) Socrates is a man; (3) Therefore, Socrates is mortal (Smith, 2004). The problem with this approach is that the conclusions we draw only rules, perpetuate the errors that are already contained in the premises. Instead we need an argumentative strategy that gives us new information upon which we can draw new conclusions. Induction does just this. Plato was particularly concerned with the cognitive aspect of art, feeling that it had the effect of distorting knowledge because it was removed several steps from reality (Eskritt, et al., 2001).
Aristotle, on the other hand, believing that the universal Forms exist only in particular things, felt that artists are dealing directly with the universal when they study things and translate them into art forms (Large, “Aristotle”). Plato argued that Forms, such as Human or Table, had a separate existence. Aristotle rejected Plato’s explanation of the Universal Forms, criticizing specifically the contention that the Forms existed separately from individual things (Eskritt, et al., 2001). Essay! Of course, Aristotle did agree that there are universals, and that universals are more than merely subjective notions. Indeed, Aristotle recognized that without the theory of universals, there could be no scientific knowledge, for then there would be no way of saying something about all members of a particular class (Cooper, 1997). Aristotle was not convinced that Plato’s theory of the Forms could help us know things any better: “they help in no wise toward the knowledge of essay, other things” (Cooper, 1997). It is Aristotle’s belief that biology and psychology were tangled, much more so than we would perceive them in modern times, and he took up the two areas of interest as a single science.
The end of direct instruction research papers, psychology was to determine the characteristics and real meaning of the soul or psyche. Aristotle toiled to procure a cohesive definition of the soul and construed that not an iota was existent (Large, “Aristotle”). For Aristotle the soul is the definitive form of the rules, body. Without the body, the essay, soul could neither be nor exercise its functions. This is in sharp contrast to rules essay Plato’s explanation of the body as the prison house of the soul. This way, Plato could describe knowledge or learning as the koetsier, process of recollection of what the essay, soul knew in its previous state. Aristotle, on research papers, the other hand, tied soul and body so closely together that with the death of the body, the soul, its organizing principle, also dies (Barnes, 1984). Though Aristotle may have seen biology and psychology as unified science, the relevant eternal worth of each exhibits the rules essay, enormous disparity between them. Aristotle’s version of sweepstake essay, psychology is rooted in conjecture that has ever since been abandoned with improved comprehension and technology brought to light, while his role in biology was found on essay, competent annotations deduced with ardent insight that survived centuries of criticisms (Large, “Aristotle”).
Creative: Descartes vs. Locke. By the time of such ancient Greeks as Plato and Aristotle, the science of mathematics was flourishing, physicians had learned a great deal about the human body, and philosophers took a more sophisticated view of human experience (Buckley, 2001). One puzzle that fascinated the Greeks was the human senses, our ability to see a person standing many yards away, totally unconnected in any apparent way with our own body, or to hear that person speak. Violations Essays! One philosopher speculated that all objects must give off some kind of rules essay, invisible substance that penetrate our eyes or ears, then travels to the brain. Another puzzle was human temperament. Why are some people so melancholy? Doubtless, the Greek physicians decided, because they have too much bile in their systems. Why are others so optimistic, happy and warm-hearted? Doubtless because they have an especially rich flow of interesting openings in essays, blood (Buckley, 2001). Throughout the rules essay, Middle Ages, intellectual and philosophical figures scrutinized behavior primarily from a spiritual rather than a scientific perspective.
Then again, a number of philosophers of the 17th and 18th centuries provided sizeable inputs to the expansion of psychology (Sternberg, 2006). Rene Descartes is arnaud koetsier, one of the rules, inquisitive minds in the history of psychology (Lagerspetz, 2002). Cold! Since Descartes has found a piece of certain knowledge, that he exists as a thinking thing, he starts to look around for essay, more of self- evident truths. He discovers that he has quite a few of them, prominent among these being the truths of mathematics and logic, and he is optimistic about general, his chances for developing a system of rules essay, certain knowledge (Smith, 2007). Then he realizes a kink in general essay tips his plan. These clear and distinct perceptions are only indubitable so long as he is attending to them.
Rene Descartes portrayed the body and essay mind as unconnected elements that heavily shape each other. Descartes proposed that the transmission between body and violations essays mind happened in the pineal gland in the brain (“Rene Descartes”). By around the year 1600, most leading thinkers of the essay, Western world had decided that behavior was largely dictated by inborn characteristics, somehow present at the moment of birth. Babies are born with strong tendencies to sweepstake essay be gloomy, optimistic, generous, greedy, ambitious, or lazy. Some are born to be leaders, others followers, still others to be scholars, oddballs, or even criminals. But a little later the philosopher John Locke popularized a different view, namely that a bay at birth is simply a tabula rasa, or blank tablet, on which anything at all can be written by experience and learning (Uzgalis, 2007). The two opposite views posed another puzzle: Are our lives governed by heredity or by environment? The school of empiricism came upon the scene and was destined to alter the course and concerns of then emerging psychology in rules the form of modern philosophy (Ward, “Empiricism”). Whereas Francis Bacon aimed at the total reconstruction of all human knowledge, Locke, who was the founder of empiricism in Britain, aimed at the more modest objective of curfew violations, clearing the ground a little, and removing some of the rubbish that lies in the way of knowledge. Locke hit upon a bold and rules original interpretation of how the mind works, and from this, described the openings, kind and extent of rules, knowledge we can expect from the human mind (Uzgalis, 2007). The scope of our knowledge, according to curfew Locke, is limited to our experience.
This was not a new insight as both Bacon and Thomas Hobbes had urged before him that knowledge should be built upon observation, and to this extent they indeed could be called empiricists (Markie, 2004). Additionally, Rene Descartes assumed that there was no problem that human reason could not solve if the correct method was employed. This was also the rules, assumption Locke called into critical question, namely the belief that the human mind has capabilities that enable it to in essays discover the true nature of the universe. David Hume pushed his critical point even further and asked whether any secure knowledge at all is possible (Markie, 2004). In line with the philosophers’ concept of the inseparability of mind and rules body, I describe my own mind-body philosophy by looking at the knowledgeable mind, for instance, as the mind of integration and full, creative health regardless of the state of the direct instruction research, body. It is rules, full personhood or mature wholeness and creative adaptation, components of highest truths and values brought into daily life.
It is more than difference between shadows and general tips actual things as described by the legendary Plato but to me, knowledge transcends across shaded or lucid and bodily matters. By having a creative yet knowledgeable mind, the person becomes equipped with the knowledge that is beyond the confines of the body or any learning environment. As we increase our ability to see our mind’s processes, we steadily gain control over physical events. Consequently, the rules, original dimensions of the mind are preserved but are apparently growing proportionately in order to produce a kind of knowledge that is not skewed. Before even starting school, many children have an answer if asked, “What do you want to be when you grow up?” One girl might dream of being a veterinarian because she loves her dog so much, a boy might want to be a police officer because of what he has seen on television. Undoubtedly, these children’s occupational visions, according to Hermann Ebbinghaus, are highly idealized and inaccurate (Fuchs, 1997). However, it is clear that ideas about possible occupations begin early in life.
As the child grows up, he or she learns more about what it means to work in a particular field. The vet-to-be, for instance, might read books about working with animals or visit the small animal clinic. When she goes to college and vet school, she learns even more about her chosen occupation. Papers! Thus, form childhood onward, she is being socialized into an occupational role (Halverson, 2004). In line with this maturation process, Ebbinghaus described how children’s ways of thinking developed as they interacted with the world around them. Infants and young children understand the world much differently than adults do, and as they play and explore, their mind learns how to think in rules essay ways that better fit with reality. Adeptness with language facilitates the formation of concepts, which helps organize information into categories and facilitates the deep processing that creates long-lasting memory. General Essay Writing! Ebbinghaus regarded children as juvenile logicians constructing their own particularized social realities and rules hypotheses of wisdom (Postman, 1968). According to essay writing tips Ebbinghaus, children also develop psychologically and cognitively as their brains absorb more information and they learn how to rules essay use that information. Literally, children have to learn how to think on purpose and to process or organize all the information that comes to them from the environment. They must learn how to solve problems, to talk, and to complete mental tasks such as remembering telephone numbers or using computers (Postman, 1968).
Ebbinghaus employed some children’s problem matters to aid in comprehending their mental growth and maturity (Wozniak, 1999). As an example, children may fall short in going easy on eight checkers scattered and openings in essays recount that there probable are more checkers. Rules! If one trims down the number to five, they may perhaps detect numbers. By concentrating on the truth that they are not capable of keeping up the numbers for eight items he is possibly obtuse to openings commit to memory that they can only accomplish it for reduced numbers. What may astonish anyone is upon telling the children a magic bunny rearranged the checkers, they are likely to evoke bigger figures. Some people overlook the reality that children are conjectural. In telling something of grave importance, it is therefore suggested to be as close to the truth as possible to avoid magical speculations (Postman, 1968).
In any case, intellectual comprehensiveness, according to rules Ebbinghaus, instead of general essay writing, being innate or dependent on a neurologically programmed readiness, is an outcome of the child’s social interaction with the rules essay, dynamics of maturation. The influence of cold war persuasive, this theoretical position has resulted in the contemporary emphasis on early childhood experience within the academic setting. In the classroom, Ebbinghaus demonstrated that in addition to rules essay the textbook to be used as principal reference for the class, the lecture would include a number of aids that shall help the direct research papers, pupils understand various concepts successfully and rules essay enjoyably. Specifically, the lecture shall be carried out not without visual aids as some itself may be confusing in the absence of curfew violations, visual illustration. Using examples, strategies, and essay integration of the concepts may guarantee that key concepts or valuable ideas are not elapsed, or that these are not confused with other concepts instilled by the domineering students in the class (Postman, 1968). Unlike children in war persuasive elementary level, whenever young adults or college students learn something new, they are profiting from experience by changing their ability to adapt to their environment.
They transcend their genetic inheritance by using their potential for a remarkable range of learning. Learning frees them from stereotyped automatic reactions by enabling them to develop adaptive, novel behavior sequences. They learn to predict what events tend to go together, as well as what the consequences of their actions will be. In fact, the nervous system is designed for learning, for being changed by virtually all that they experience (Halverson, 2004). True to Ebbinghaus’ notion, we also need to keep a record of our experiences and anticipate the challenges we will be meeting. Rules! Memory is the living library of all references to our past. Much of it is available to help us deal with problems of the present or make future decisions, as long as we have access to the material that is stored there. Koetsier! When we do, we are able to go beyond what is rules essay, given in our current experience within or beyond the arnaud, classroom to become powerful information processors, that is, thinking, reasoning, judging, problem-solving, creating individuals. Rules! And when we add our unique ability for language, we can learn secondhand from the cold war persuasive essay, experiences of other students or fellowmen in general, and also communicate to others what’s in essay or on our minds (Wozniak, 1999).
To conclude, indeed, cognitive and affective psychology is the manifestation of the countless aspects of human life that psychology had been trying to exhume and exhaust since its early beginnings. Psychology in general has even evolved to a profession in the industrial age. Especially in the United States, where psychotherapy has flourished more vigorously than anywhere else, it represents a large investment by essay society (Buckley, 2001). It is impossible to estimate how many millions of hours have gone into rules the training of psychotherapists, the practice of essay, various treatment methods, and research into new and better methods. Barnes, Jonathan. (1984). The Complete Works of essay, Aristotle. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
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William James. Stanford Encyclopedia of war persuasive essay, Philosophy. Retrieved November 8, 2007, from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/james/ Graham, G. Essay! (2000). Behaviorism. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved November 2, 2007, from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/behaviorism/ Gross, N. (2002).
Becoming a pragmatist philosopher: Status, self-concept, and intellectual choice. American Sociological Review, 67(1), 52-76. Retrieved October 23, 2007, from the ProQuest Database. Halverson, R. (2004). Accessing, documenting, and communicating practical wisdom: The phronesis of school leadership practice. American Journal of direct research papers, Education, 111(1), 90-121.
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Experience and consciousness in the shadow of Descartes. Philosophical Psychology, 15(1), 5-18. Retrieved October 10, 2007, from the EBSCOhost Database. Large, W. (n.d.). Aristotle. Direct Research Papers! Retrieved October 23, 2007, from http://www.arasite.org/aristotle.html. Leigland, S. (2004).
Pragmatism and radical behaviorism: comments on malone (2001). Behavior and Philosophy, 32(2), 305-315. Retrieved November 2, 2007, from the ProQuest Database. Levin, J. (2004). Functionalism. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved November 8, 2007, from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/functionalism/ Ludvig, E. Rules Essay! A. (2003). Why pinker needs behaviorism: A critique of the blank slate. Behavior and Philosophy, 31, 139-143. Retrieved October 23, 2007, from the ProQuest Database.
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Memory: Hermann Ebbinghaus. Retrieved October 23, 2007, from http://psychclassics.yorku.ca/Ebbinghaus/wozniak.htm. Zachar, P. (2002). The practical kinds model as a pragmatist theory of general essay writing, classification. Philosophy, Psychiatry Psychology, 9(3), 219-227.
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Free The Salvation Army Essay Sample. The Salvation Army is a global not-for-profit evangelical Christian organization that is known for charitable work and has a military structure. Currently it has established a base in one hundred and nine countries and its international headquarters is in rules London, England (Murdoch, 1996). The Salvation Army mission was originally founded by a couple going by the names of William and Catherine Booth and it was initially known as the East London Christian Mission. The organization was formed with a mission of direct instruction research papers, performing evangelical, social and charity work.
It has succeeded in this mission since it has been able to spread the message of Christ to essay the poor, destitute and interesting openings in essays the hungry. Rules Essay. Not only have they met their spiritual needs but they have also managed to meet also their physical needs (Murdoch, 1996). . The Salvation Army is an organization that for a long a time has been opened to anyone irrespective of the age, race, and gender. Curfew Violations. Its set objective is to enhance the rules growth of Christianity as a religion with the desire to arnaud thesis advance education, and rules essay eliminate poverty. It has a flag that symbolizes the organization's battle with sin and social evils. The colors on the flag symbolizes different things e.g. the yellow represents the fire of the holy spirit, the red represents the blood that was shed on the cross by Jesus Christ, and the blue represents the purity and righteousness of God. It has a star that shows the organizations war cry which is blood and fire.
The war cry defines the blood that was shed at Calvary and the fire of the Holy Spirit that is believed to purify the souls of believers. Openings In Essays. Basically the flag represents the entire mission of the Salvation Army as an organization with a Christian background (Murdoch, 1996). The Salvation Army has a number of rules essay, stakeholders that are in a way directly or indirectly involved in the daily running of the organization. General Essay Tips. Its internal environment includes stakeholders like the general, commissioner and the territorial commanders, the high council, uniformed officers, the non-uniformed staff, the rules essay active soldiers who are basically the curfew essays followers, the rules essay retired officers, and finally the thesis families of the uniformed officers. There is also an rules, external group of stakeholders like the governments of the nations that the general writing organization operates, the financiers, the recipients who benefit from the essay services provided by essay writing tips, the organization, the families of the recipients, those relatives seeking missing people, international aid agencies, actual military organizations, and finally the regulatory environment. There are also other significant stakeholders who are indirectly attached to the organization e.g. other organizations following the Christian faith, those in rules essay need, and cold war persuasive essay the providers and suppliers of alcohol (Daft, 2007). Within the organization, these stakeholders have interests e.g. power and expectations. Theses are some of the issues that the Salvation Army as a Christian organization must address and resolve amicably. There are those stakeholders that who have very high levels of interest with relatively little amount of rules essay, power and authority. There are those stakeholders like the uniformed officers, the territorial commanders and the general who are known to have large interest and also great power and authority at curfew essays the same (Fitzgerald, 2007). The religious and professional roles that exist within the organization present a very vital platform for exploring stakeholders' issues.
These issues may include things such as governance, power, and matters pertaining to status. There are matters involving the remuneration of senior uniformed officers that must be addressed (Jeffrey, 2003). The Salvation Army as a non- profit organization must be smart in its quest to seek finances and rules essay resources to be able to fund and actually implement its activities. Arnaud. It is rules also important take note of the fact that since the organization has a clear and strong view against alcohol and gambling, it is therefore not in a position to violations accept funds and resources that are accrued from such activities. This in itself also poses a major issue that the organization has been dealing with simply because there has been a territorial difference concerning what should be regarded as acceptable and essay unacceptable sources of finances (Cruz, 2000).
In dealing with the underlying stakeholders' issue, the Salvation Army has therefore over the times crafted a number of strategies to general essay writing handle these issues. One of the strategies has been building trust through online mechanisms. The Salvation Army has managed to develop its own website that is designed to essay unveil the organization's needs and expectations with those concerned parties in mind. The website gives information regarding the arnaud new and ongoing programs and rules essay services that are being offered by the organization. This is very necessary in highlighting the various ways that the organization is serving the community in order to be able to attract more stakeholders. The website has also been able to provide a very elaborate platform to avail annual reports to sweepstake update the various stakeholders on how finances are being managed in order to build confidence and trust with those concerned stakeholders (Ostling, 2005). There are those members of the rules public who may have the interest and desire to be part of the organization. The website offers an sweepstake essay, appropriate mechanism necessary to provide the essential information to these kinds of willing volunteers.
The Salvation Army like any other non-profit making organization has managed to rules essay use both formal and informal research methods to establish the needs and requirements of papers, its key stakeholders. This has been done both by rules essay, means of engaging different people personally and also through the internet. The Salvation Army has managed to focus on maintaining their website in koetsier thesis a way that it only provides information that is relevant to rules essay their stated mission as a non-profit making organization. By doing so, the organization has managed to communicate with their stakeholders in way that the person previous experience with the organization is enhanced. Cold War Persuasive. Still, this way the rules essay organization is able to build trust with their stakeholders. The Salvation Army like any other organization has used a number of strategies to source for funds from war persuasive essay its stakeholders and also to build the necessary trust.
One of these strategies is the inclusion of a hyperlink the organization's webpage that allows visitors to directly donate towards supporting the activities of the organization. Rules. Through this way, the Salvation Army as an organization has managed to openly demonstrate its need for charitable gifts. Instruction Research Papers. At the point where an individual has clicked and gone to rules essay the donation page, the Salvation Army as a non-profit organization has also managed to build trust with its stakeholders by demonstrating its safety precautions (McKinley, 1995). As an organization, it is obvious that the Salvation Army is would definitely like to expand its online membership. Direct Instruction Papers. Non-profit making organizations like the Salvation Army must therefore take advantage of both online and non-online opportunities to communicate and rules essay source for funds. In doing this the Salvation Army includes its URL in brochures, newsletters and even released magazines. By doing so the organization has managed to pull visitors to their website showing their openness by frequently updating the website and ensuring it remains relevant to research their specific mission. It a fact that when an organizational website does not have up to date information then the image they are demonstrating to the public is that they have nothing new to rules essay offer or share. The internet has offered the organization with an avenue to enhance the four principles of stewardship. Cold Essay. These principles include reciprocity, responsibility, reporting, and essay relationship building.
It common knowledge that most of these stakeholders that offer financial support to these non-profit organizations would always desire to be recognized and appreciated. To show the organization's gratitude and modesty, the Salvation Army has always used both online and non-online mechanisms to send thanksgiving messages to its well-wishers and donors who not only participate financially but also through offering of advice and operational ideas. The Salvation Army has also used the internet to demonstrate its transparency to everyone concerning how they use each penny they acquire from well-wishers. In the year 2005, the Salvation Army after realizing that many retailers were not anymore interested in soliciting their properties, the organization decided to come up with virtual kennels. Anybody who had an interest in coming up with a virtual kennel was allowed to register at the organization's website. Those persons were after that encouraged to send e-mails to other various people they knew in order to offer invitations and expand the stakeholder territory necessary to support the organization financially (Winston, 2000. The Salvation Army managers just like any other non-profit making organization deal with diverse stakeholders. They are charged with responsibility of marketing the organization to attract volunteers and donors. A lot of time this has brought about conflicts and power struggles within the organization and this has been a major challenge that the Salvation Army as a non-profit making organization has been dealing with.
As the arnaud koetsier organization expands and spread its wings even more, this is expected to be even worse (Craig, 2003). It obvious that the more people an organization like the Salvation army helps, the easier it becomes to source for funds. As a result of the decline in economy due to the global crisis, the Salvation Army has had some difficulties too in its quest for financial support. Even as other organizations continue to abuse the system of funds solicitation, the Salvation Army has still managed to remain consistent in terms of transparency and honesty. Many organizations have been seen to be competing for the needy in the society (children, the old and drugs addicts) To be able to essay remain in business.
The Salvation Army on sweepstake the other hand has continued to set goals and mechanisms of measuring their effectiveness, and handling appropriately the rules essay environmental uncertainties. The organization has put in place open mechanisms reliable in cold war persuasive dealing with stakeholder's continued issues concerning power and conflict. Another strategy that the Salvation Army has been seen to appropriately use to deal with its numerous stakeholder issues is by managing itself in an open system. The organization is fully dependent and rules reliant on its environment by consuming and offering services directly or indirectly to its environment. It has continually remained dynamic, adapting to its ever changing environment. The organization has staffed itself with active and enabled resources, both human and non human, in koetsier order to be able to achieve its set goals and objectives. The organization has recognized the rules fact that internal efficiency is a very vital principle required to take input, give appropriate output, and also to manage the internal activities to be able to even handle the challenges and uncertainties that an organization faces. Salvation Army must organize itself appropriately in terms of governance and strategic vision. Sweepstake. Strategic planning and positioning is therefore very essential in driving a non profit organization just like the profit making organizations. Organizational strategy positioning is all about what an organization desires to be after different periods of time.
The Salvation Army should strategically position itself by creating and affirming its mission very clearly. Its mission should be to offer evangelical services, as well as social and rules charitable work to the global community. The mission should not end there since it also entails spreading the cold essay gospel of Jesus Christ to those regarded as the needy in the society. Essay. This group includes the poor, destitute, and the hungry. Openings In Essays. The organization should not only endeavor in trying to essay meet the society's spiritual needs, but also their physical needs to. The objective of the cold essay Salvation Army as a non-profit making and religious organization is to enhance the growth of rules essay, Christianity as defined by the biblical doctrines taught by Jesus Christ. The army has also strategically positioned itself in a way they are able to participate in the activities that are designed towards advancing education, doing away with poverty and a variety of charitable activities that are geared towards benefiting the entire global society with regards to the diversity in culture or rather way of life (Walker, 2001). To strategically position itself, the Salvation Army should also have a clear understanding of the needs of general, its environment as well as create an appropriate communication mechanism that is rules essay able to make it remain relevant with its environment. It should also be able to sweepstake essay determine its internal strengths and use it appropriately for the success of its internal and rules essay external activities (Eden, 1998). The strategy should also seriously take into interesting openings, consideration the future plans and objectives of the organization and develop an implementation plan.
The organization should be able to strategically position itself with regards on each of the following strategic factors; needs (both internal and external), the people, services that are being offered, the competitors, financing, geographical positioning, labor and the special assets. The Salvation Army has to do a number of rules essay, things in order to successfully sustain their growth and success in the future. The organization must engage its stakeholder frequently and violations essays allow them to give input. The organization should also be able to establish potential contentious issues and in turn address them promptly (Eason, 1995). It is important for the Salvation Army in the desire to achieve its dream to establish a well and able management team to drive the agenda of the organization. The management should be able to rules offer proper direction necessary to run and expand the sweepstake essay organization.
It should also be able to come up with strategy, goals and policies that are relevant to the entire organization and in agreement with the rules essay entire mission of the organization. They should also lead the implementation of the general essay tips organization's strategies (Eden, 1998). The organization should dynamic in its approach and dimensioned both structurally and contextually. The structural dimension basically offers a description of the internal operations of the rules essay organization and on the other hand the contextual dimension describes the cold war persuasive entire organization in terms of size, outreach, outlook, environment and rules last but not least, the organizational goals. It is very necessary for the organization to carry out formalization. This basically describes the procedures, activities, job descriptions, regulations as well as policy papers.
It is also important for the Salvation Army as a profit non-making organization to specialize. This basically defines the level at which the tasks and responsibilities within the organization are split into distinct jobs. Each service provided within the organization must be able to have well cut out group of tasks to perform; this in other words can be described as the division of labor (Taiz, 2001). There must also be some degree of hierarchy in authority. It should be clear to everyone on where and who should be approached on different organizational issues that require agent attention. Another very important matter that must be addressed by the Salvation Army to be able to sustain their growth and future is centralization. This is all about having a single center of authority to essay writing tips reduce chances of conflicts within the organization.
There should be a single decision making organ to enhance centralization. It is also necessary for the Salvation Army as a non-profit making global organization to embrace high levels of professionalism. Level of formal education and training should be a very vital factor to put into consideration when staffing both the headquater and regional offices all around the world (McLaughlin, 2006). Personnel ratios must also be taken into serious consideration when deploying different people to different jobs and department. It is also important for the Salvation Army to establish an organizational culture that defines the set of values and rules essay beliefs that should govern how every stakeholder should handle him/herself within their environment. It is also important to mention that this also involves the ethical behavior expected of each person, commitment, and efficiency (Harvey, 2000). Organizational culture provides an elaborate medium essential in uniting the organization's members. Cold War Persuasive Essay. It usually never documented but can be seen in the organization's stories, slogans, events, and even the dressing (Duhe, 2007). The whole idea behind understanding the structural and the contextual dimensions of an organization it to be able to rules essay create an organization that is able to achieve high performance levels as well as efficiency and effectiveness (Winifred, 2005).
Efficiency basically describes how organizations are able to deploy resources in its quest to achieve its set goals and objectives. It revolves around how people (as a resource) are able to use the available funds at in essays their disposal to produce certain amounts of organizational desired outputs. Essay. Effectiveness on the other hand basically describes the level at which organizations have managed to achieve its goals. To be effective, the Salvation Army must have clear and focused goals together with a set of elaborate strategies necessary to achieve them. It should embrace the use of technology to enhance both efficiency and effectiveness of the organization (Harris, 2006).