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Persuasive memo

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Example Persuasive Memo - Jason Taylor - Google Sites

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We collect information about You and computer(s) You use when You use our Services or otherwise interact with us. Persuasive Memo. “Personal Information” means information that we directly associate with a specific person or entity (for example: name; addresses; telephone numbers; email address; payment information; device location etc.). “Client”, “User”, “You” and 95 thesis, “Your” refers to persuasive you, the person accessing this Website and accepting these Privacy Policy. Any use of the above terminology or other words in the singular, plural, capitalization and/or he/she or they, are taken as interchangeable and therefore as referring to same. HOW INFORMATION ABOUT YOU IS COLLECTED. Essay. We collect information about You in three primary ways: Information You Provide. We collect information that You provide to us when You apply for and use and/or purchase our Services or otherwise communicate with us. Memo. For example, some of the for warriors, ways You may provide information to us include: When You purchase our Services, the payment system will require your personal, contact, billing and credit information. When You establish or modify Your user account online, We may collect user identification information, passwords, and/or security question responses that You will use for future sign-on. When You interact with our Customer Service representatives, enter information on our Website, submit survey responses, or pay for persuasive, Services, we may also collect Personal Information and photography art form essay, other information. We may monitor and record phone calls, e-mails, live chats, or other communications between You and our Customer Service representatives or other employees or representatives. Information We Collect Automatically.

We automatically collect a variety of information associated with Your use of our Services. Each time You visit the Website, Personal Information is persuasive memo, automatically gathered. In general, this information does not identify You personally. The Jungle. Examples of automatically collected personal information include, but are not limited to: IP address, Collection Date, Publisher Name, Connection Speed, Day of Week Time of Day (hour), Language settings, Country, City (relating to IP address, if available). For example, some of the ways we may automatically collect information include: Cookies and persuasive, similar technologies. A “cookie” is a small text file that a web site can place on Your computer's hard drive in order, for example, to cold essay collect information about Your activities on memo, the Website. The cookie transmits this information back to the Website's computer, which, generally speaking, is the the jungle thesis, only computer that can read it. We need to use cookies on the Website to enhance the user experience and avoid multiple logins or password authentication requests.

We may use, or we may engage third-parties to use on our behalf, cookies or similar web tags (small data text files placed on your computer or device) or similar technologies to identify Your computer or device and record Your preferences and other data so that our Website can personalize Your visit(s), see which areas and features of our Website are popular, and persuasive, improve our Website and Your experience. Depending upon Your computer, You may be able to set Your browser(s) to reject cookies or delete cookies, but that may result in the loss of some functionality on the Website. The Jungle. We may also use web beacons (small graphic images on persuasive, a web page or an HTML e-mail) to monitor interaction with our websites or e-mails. Web beacons are generally invisible because they are very small (only 1-by-1 pixel) and the jungle, the same color as the background of the web page or e-mail message. Web Browsing Activity. When accessing our Website, We automatically collect certain information about Your computer and Your visit, such as your IP address, browser type, date and time, the persuasive, web page You visited before visiting our Website, Your activities and purchases on our Website, and other analytical information associated with the Website. Art Form. Information From Other Sources. Persuasive Memo. We may also obtain information about You from other sources.

For example, We may receive credit information from third-party sources before initiating Your service. We may also purchase or obtain Personal Information (for example, e-mail lists, postal mail lists, demographic and marketing data) from others. HOW WE USE INFORMATION WE COLLECT ABOUT YOU. We use the information We collect for a variety of business purposes, such as: To provide and flow essay, bill for persuasive memo, Services You purchase; To deliver and confirm Services You obtain from us; To verify Your identity and maintain a record of Your transactions and interactions with us; To provide customer services to You; To create, modify, improve, enhance, remove or fix our Services and their performance; To identify and suggest products or services that might interest You; To make internal business decisions about current and future Service offerings; To provide You customized user experiences, including personalized Services offerings; To protect our rights, interests, safety and property and that of our customers, service providers and other third parties; and. Essay On Post Stress Syndrome. To comply with law or as required for legal purposes.

We may use Personal Information for investigations or prevention of fraud or network abuse. We may use information we collect to contact You about memo, our and/or third-party products, services, and offers that We believe You may find of war persuasive, interest. We may contact You by telephone, postal mail, e-mail, or other methods. Persuasive Memo. You may see advertisements when You visit our Website. We may help advertisers better reach our customers by providing certain customer information, including geographic information, language preferences or demographic information obtained from erwin 95 thesis, other companies. This information is used by advertisers to determine which ads may be more relevant to You. However, we do not share Personal Information outside of our corporate family for advertising purposes without Your consent. WHEN WE SHARE INFORMATION COLLECTED ABOUT YOU.

We do not sell, license, rent, or otherwise provide Your Personal Information to unaffiliated third-parties (parties outside our corporate family) without Your consent. Persuasive. We may, however, disclose Your information to unaffiliated third-parties as follows: With Your Consent. We may disclose Personal Information about You to third-parties with Your consent. We may obtain Your consent in writing; online, through “click-through” agreements; when You accept the terms of disclosures for erwin 95 thesis, certain Services; orally, when You interact with our customer service representatives. We encourage You not to share Your password.

If You provide Your user account password and/or security question responses to third parties they will have access to Your Personal Information when they access Your user account with Your account password. To Our Service Providers. We may disclose information to third-party vendors and memo, partners who complete transactions or perform services on our behalf (for example, credit/debit card processing, billing, customer service, auditing, and marketing). In a Business Transfer. We may sell, disclose, or transfer information about You as part of a corporate business transaction, such as a merger or acquisition, joint venture, corporate reorganization, financing, or sale of company assets, or in the unlikely event of insolvency, bankruptcy, or receivership, in which such information could be transferred to third-parties as a business asset in the transaction. For Legal Process Protection. The Jungle. We may disclose Personal Information, and other information about You, or Your communications, where we have a good faith belief that access, use, preservation or disclosure of persuasive, such information is reasonably necessary: to satisfy any applicable law, regulation, legal process or enforceable governmental request; to enforce or apply agreements, or initiate, render, bill, and collect for services and products (including to collection agencies in order to obtain payment for our products and services); to essay protect our rights or interests, or property or safety or that of others; in connection with claims, disputes, or litigation – in memo, court or elsewhere; to for warriors into the wild facilitate or verify the appropriate calculation of persuasive, taxes, fees, or other obligations; or. in the jungle thesis, an emergency situation. We may provide information that does not identify You personally to third-parties for marketing, advertising or other purposes. HOW WE STORE AND PROTECT THE INFORMATION COLLECTED ABOUT YOU.

Protecting Your Information. We use a variety of physical, electronic, and persuasive, procedural safeguards to protect Personal Information from unauthorized access, use, or disclosure while it is under our control. Unfortunately, no data transmission over the internet can be guaranteed to be completely secure. The Jungle Thesis. As a result, although we will utilize such measures, we do not guarantee You against the loss, misuse, or alteration of memo, Personal Information under our control, and You provide Personal Information to thesis us at Your own risk. You should always take care with how You handle and disclose your Personal Information and should avoid sending Personal Information through insecure e-mail, social networks or other internet channels. Persuasive. Retention and Disposal. We retain information only for as long as we have a business or tax need or as applicable laws, regulations and/or government orders allow. When we dispose of photography as an, Personal Information, we use reasonable procedures designed to erase or render it unreadable (for example, shredding documents and wiping electronic media).

PRIVACY POLICY UPDATES. How We Communicate Changes to This Policy. Memo. We may update this Policy at flow essay any time to provide updates to or clarification of memo, our practices. Cold Essay. If we make changes we may provide You with additional notice (such as adding a statement to the homepage of our Website or sending You a notification). You should refer to this Policy often for the latest information and persuasive memo, the effective date of any changes. This web site is owned and operated by Viatta Business Ltd . A Partner is an individual who refers customers. A Referral is an cold war persuasive individual who requests a service via the persuasive, referral link given by a Partner. With the first order, a Referral acquires a 15% discount on the order, while a Partner receives $50 to the Referral Balance. With further purchases, a Partner earns 5% of the essay on post stress, Referral’s total order price. All money earned with the Referral Program is stored on your Referral Balance.

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occom essay sermon A TREASURY OF PRIMARY DOCUMENTS. Primary Source Documents Pertaining to Early American History. An invaluable collection of historical works which contributed to the formation of American politics, culture, and ideals The following is persuasive a massive collection of the literature and documents which were most relevant to the colonists' lives in America. If it isn't here, it probably is not available online anywhere. ARRANGED IN CHRONOLOGICAL SEQUENCE (500 B.C.-1800 A.D.) (Use Your Browser's FIND Function to Search this Library) Classical Literature Having Significant Influence Upon the American Colonists. Ancient and Medieval Classics, The Great Books of Western Civilization now available online. These writings provide the European framework of the cultural backdrop in which America was established.

The Latin Library, (Cicero, Livy, Horace, etc.) Ability to read these sources extemporaneously was an iserloh's 95 thesis entrance requirement at memo, colonial schools such as Harvard. VULGATE, The Holy Bible In Latin Language With Douay-Rheims English Translation. The Holy Bible was, of course, the most influential piece of literature in the wild, Colonial America. A The New Strong's Expanded Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible; Publisher: Thomas Nelson; Expanded edition (April 13, 2010). This hardbound book includes includes expanded Hebrew and Greek dictionaries, as well as the best of Vine's Complete Expository Dictionary . BibleGateway, A searchable online Bible in over 100 versions and 50 languages. Bible, A searchable online Bible, multiple versions and languages. Logos Bible Software 4, Software to persuasive aid investigation of the original meaning by studying the Bible's Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek words. Multiple upgrades, also en Espanol.

St. Augustine was the church father of choice among American Puritans. St. Augustine, English translations of his works on predestination which greatly influenced the Puritans. Constitutions of Clarendon (1164) Established rights of laymen and the church in England. Assize of Clarendon (1166) Defined rights and duties of essay traumatic stress syndrome, courts and people in criminal cases. Persuasive? Foundation of the principle of due process.

Assize of Arms (1181) Defined rights and report into the wild duties of memo, people and militias. Magna Carta (1215) One of the American colonists' most revered documents, the Magna Carta established the principle that no one, not even the king or a lawmaker, is above the law of God. De Legibus Et Consuetudinibus Angliæ, (index page for several framed simultaneous-view versions) - Henry de Bracton (1268) This text was the most important legal treatise written in England in the medieval period as it organized, systematized, and explicated the principles of English Common Law later embraced by the American colonists. Summa Theologica, St. Thomas Aquinas (1265-1273) Pinnacle of erwin, Scholasticism.

Covering a wide range of memo, topics, by the colonial times, most educated people in the Western world were thoroughly familiar with this important text. Marco Polo's Travels [excerpt] (@1300), the description of the South Pacific which inspired Columbus to attempt to go to India by way of the Atlantic. An English Law Library, The sources studied by thesis, many of the lawyers who founded the U.S. The Declaration of Arbroath (1320) Scotland's declaration of independence from England. Persuasive? An early model for the U.S. Declaration, this document ends with a phrase parallel to that of the U.S. Declaration: and to Him as the Supreme King and Judge we commit the maintenance of our cause, casting our cares upon Him and firmly trusting that He will inspire us with courage and bring our enemies to nought. Fifteenth and Sixteenth Century Sources Profoundly Impacting the History of America.

Journal, Christopher Columbus, (1492). Thesis? This document begins with Columbus' statement that the persuasive memo, reason why Isabella sponsored his voyage was for the sake of going to India to convert Khan to Roman Catholicism. King Henry VII's Commission to John Cabot (1497) Cabot was the first Englishman to discover New England. The Prince, Machiavelli (1513) Practical advice on governance and statecraft, with thoughts on the kinds of cold, problems any government must be able to solve to endure. Works of Martin Luther, The father of the Protestant Reformation, his principles were a major part of the memo, American colonists' worldview. Temporal Authority: To What Extent it Should Be Obeyed, Luther (1523). Also referred to as On Secular Authority, this document started the political discussion about religious liberty which led to the American Revolution. In this document Luther sets forth the idea of two kingdoms, one is stress syndrome political and the other is spiritual, and the two ought be separate. President James Madison commended this due distinction, to which the genius and courage of Luther led the way, between what is due to Caesar and what is due to God. (Madison to F.L.

Schaeffer, December 3, 1821). The Bondage of the Will, Luther (1524). Luther claimed that this particular document was the memo, cornerstone of the Protestant Reformation; it argues the idea of predestination and erwin iserloh's 95 thesis God's sovereignty, two principles which were paramount to many of the American colonists. The Act of Supremacy, Henry VIII (1534). By this act, the English Reformation began, and the pope was stripped of his jurisdiction over the English Church. This allowed Lutheran principles to make their way into the English church, and led to the birth of Puritanism. Institutes of the Christian Religion, John Calvin (1540). Calvin's magnum opus. The most celebrated American historian, George Bancroft, called Calvin the father of America, and added: He who will not honor the memory and respect the influence of Calvin knows but little of the origin of American liberty. To John Calvin and the Genevan theologians, President John Adams credited a great deal of the impetus for religious liberty (Adams, WORKS, VI:313). This document includes a justification for rebellion to tyrants by subordinate government officials; this particular justification was at the root of the Dutch, English, and American Revolutions.

From The Revolutions of the persuasive memo, Heavenly Bodies, Copernicus (1543). This document touched off the Scientific Revolution as it repudiated the Geocentric theory and asserted a Heliocentric theory of the solar system. The Council of Trent (1545) The Roman Catholic responses to the Protestant Reformation. A Short Treatise on Political Power, John Ponet, D.D. (1556) President John Adams credited this Calvinist document as being at the root of the theory of government adopted by the the Americans. According to flow essay Adams, Ponet's work contained all the persuasive memo, essential principles of liberty, which were afterward dilated on by Sidney and Locke including the idea of essay, a three-branched government. (Adams, Works, vol. 6, pg.

4). Published in Strassbourg in 1556, it is one of the first works out of the memo, Reformation to advocate active resistance to tyrannical magistrates, with the exception of the Magdeburg Bekkentis (the Magdeburg Confession). How Superior Powers Ought to Be Obeyed by Their Subjects, Christopher Goodman (1558). Justifying a Christian's right to resist a tyrannical ruler. Goodman indicated that he had presented the thesis of this book to John Calvin, and Calvin endorsed it. The First Blast of the Trumpet Against the Monstrous Regiment of flow essay, Women, John Knox (1558). Persuasive Memo? A vigorous critique of the tyranny of Bloody Mary's reign in England, and a call to resist. A large portion of the Americans who fought in the American Revolution were adherents to Knox's doctrines as set forth in this document. Act of Supremacy, Elizabeth I (1559). After the brief and bloody reign of cold essay, her sister, Mary I, who executed numerous Protestants for the cause of Roman Catholicism, this document states Elizabeth's intention to reaffirm the English Church's independence from Rome.

Her beloved status among her subjects caused the first settlers of memo, America to name their colony Virginia in honor of this virgin queen. Foxe's Book of erwin 95 thesis, Martyrs (1563). Detailing the bloody persecutions of Puritans during the memo, reign of Mary I, this book was second only to the Bible in its popularity in the American colonies. Supralapsarian Calvinism, Theodore Beza (1570) Laying out the principle that God willed and predestined the fall of Adam and the existence of sin and evil. This assertion became the most controversial philosophical conflict among American colonists up through the 19th century. The Scholemaster (1570) Philosophy of photography, Education among English people, particularly with respect to the importance of learning Latin. The Thirty-Nine Articles of Religion (1571) The official statement of persuasive, faith of the Church of England; this document formally adopts the Calvinistic doctrine of flow essay, predestination and repudiates common notion of free will. Treasons Act (1571) Forbidding criticism of Queen Elizabeth. The Right of Magistrates Over Their Subjects, Theodore Beza (1574). Expanding upon Calvin's political resistance theory set forth in the final chapters of his Institutes, this work by Calvin's successor in Geneva, Theodore Beza, was published in response to memo the growing tensions between Protestant and Catholic in France, which culminated in the St.

Bartholomew Day Massacre in photography as an art form essay, 1572. This text suggests that it is the right of a Christian to revolt against memo a tyrannical King: a principle central to on post traumatic stress the American colonists' cause. The Works of Sir Walter Raleigh, Sponsor of the First Settlements in Virginia. De Jure Regni apud Scotos, George Buchanan (1579) Considered the persuasive memo, most important piece of political writing in thesis, the 16th century as it articulated the doctrine of the rule of law. Vindiciae Contra Tyrannos, or, A Vindication Against Tyrants (1579). This Calvinist document is one of the persuasive, first to set forth the theory of social contract upon cold war persuasive essay, which the United States was founded. The idea was disseminated through the English Calvinists to the pen of John Locke, and eventually into memo the Declaration of Independence. John Adams reported the relevance of this document to the American struggle. The Dutch Declaration of Independence (1581); This Calvinistic document served as a model for the U.S. Declaration of erwin iserloh's 95 thesis, Independence.

In his Autobiography, Jefferson indicated that the Dutch Revolution gave evidence and confidence to the Second Continental Congress that the American Revolution could likewise commence and memo succeed. Recent scholarship has suggested that Jefferson may have consciously drawn on this document. John Adams said that the Dutch charters had been particularly studied, admired, and imitated in report for warriors the wild, every State in America, and he stated that the analogy between the means by which the persuasive, two republics [Holland and U.S.A.] arrived at independency. will infallibly draw them together. A Briefe and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia, Thomas Hariot. Flow Essay? (from this page, either view on-line or use button on left side of page to download as a pdf file) Adam Winthrop's Commonplace Book (1586) Early diary of a Puritan whose family eventually settled in America. The Colony of Roanoke, Ralph Lane (1586). Persuasive Memo? The first English attempt at colonizing the New World. Return To Roanoake, John White (1590) Relating the surprise of the loss of the thesis, Roanoake colony and the few clues left regarding their fate. An Act Against Papists (1593) Parliament's tough words against those who would attempt to depose Elizabeth for her Protestantism. Works of Richard Hooker (1593) Anglican political commentator and major influence upon memo, John Locke.

A Trew Law of for warriors into the wild, Free Monarchs, James I Stuart (1598). Championed the doctrine of Divine Right of Kings. This oppressive political theory contributed to the exodus of the Puritans to America in 1630, and resistance to it was the ultimate goal of three revolutions: 1) the Puritan Revolution of the 1640s, 2) the Glorious Revolution, and 3) the American Revolution. The Dutie of A King, Sir Walter Raleigh (1599) Promoting the doctrine of Divine Right of persuasive, Kings. This analysis begins with recognizing the influence of humanity's greatest philosophers on the creation of thesis, America. Close analysis shows that Christianity's role was profound, giving rise to our political ideals of religious liberty, inalienable rights, and secular reform. This book also has a textbook version. Your purchase of persuasive memo, this hardbound book through our link (the green A icon) will aid us in preserving and maintaining this web-site. Seventeenth Century Sources Relating to American History.

Voyages, Samuel de Champlain (1604) accompanying history and a variety of interesting maps at the jungle thesis, Boundaries and Charters of Virginia. Works of Francis Bacon, Identified by Jefferson as one of his three most profound influences. The Church At Jamestown, William Strachey (1610) (just below middle of the page) Laws of Virginia (as compiled and published 1612 in London, England). Long title is For The Colony in memo, Virginea Britannia. Lawes Divine, Morall and Martiall, c. In this document, the commonly known Laws of Virginia begin to display on what is identified as page 9 yet this web-page is a single document/page. Indentured Servants In The U.S. Flow Essay? This blog/journal/post has numerous citations, mostly PBS, about comparing and memo merging the concepts of indentured servitude (began in photography art form, 1607 with Europeans) and slavery and the beginnings of racism.

Describes arrival of the first African slaves in 1619. Works of persuasive, Arminius Arminius was a Dutchman who dared to challenge Luther and Calvin on the predestination issue. His writings led to a major controversy in Holland while the Pilgrims were residing there. Flow Essay? Arminius's views were adopted by Archbishop Laud of England, which greatly contributed to the English Calvinists' desire to leave England in 1630. Canons of Dort (1619). The Synod at Dort in persuasive memo, the Netherlands was called to respond to the views of the Arminians. Iserloh's 95 Thesis? Participating in this Synod moderated by Gomarus was the leader of the Pilgrims, as well as William Ames (the leading Puritan theologian of the persuasive memo, day).

As a result of this synod, the five points of photography art form, Calvinism were developed. The five points, also called TULIP, became a centerpiece of persuasive, Puritanism and were ardently defended by American Calvinists such as Jonathan Edwards. The conflict between Calvinists and Arminians was perhaps the most explosive debate in America in the early 18th century. On the Calvinist side, Americans such as Benjamin Franklin and Jonathan Edwards wrote philosophical defenses; on the Arminian side, John Wesley was the premiere mouthpiece. While Madison wrote in defense of Calvinism, Thomas Jefferson utterly repudiated it. Mayflower Compact (1620). The first political covenant of the New England migration. Of Plymouth Plantation (Written 1630-1654, first published 1854). This is Governor William Bradford's history of Plymouth, the most comprehensive primary source available on early Plymouth. Of Plymouth Plantation, William Bradford. An eyewitness history of the first English settlers of New England.

Mourt's Relation: A Journal of the Pilgrims at Plymouth. As An Art Form Essay? (London, 1622). This journal, written by several Pilgrims--namely William Bradford and Edward Winslow--records events at Plymouth from the Mayflower's arrival in November 1620 through the First Thanksgiving in October 1621, and everything in between. The Sin and Danger of Self-Love (1621) There were no clergymen among the pilgrims at Plymouth when they first settled. This sermon was written and given by a layman, Robert Cushman, to the Plymouth congregation in December 1621. Robert Cushman was a member of the Pilgrims church in persuasive, Leyden, Holland, and came on (and returned in) the ship Fortune. Good Newes from New England (London, 1624).

This book, authored by Edward Winslow, continues the journal in Mourt's Relation, covering the years 1622 and 1623 at Plymouth. Of the book report for warriors into the wild, Law of War and persuasive Peace, Hugo Grotius (1625, Latin) One of the first works on international law. Written by a Puritan leader of cold war persuasive, Parliament, this document was almost the only textbook for lawyers (e.g., Jefferson) during the American Colonial Period. Persuasive Memo? Coke's influence over the minds of American politicians is inestimable. Clear traces between Coke and the U.S. Constitution are apparent in this work. The Petition of Right, Sir Edward Coke (1628).

This document set forth complaints of the members of Parliament to King Charles I regarding rights of due process. Charles did not receive this complaint warmly. Iserloh's 95 Thesis? As a result, Charles I shut down Parliament, which ultimately culminated in the English Civil War, and contributed to the exodus of 20,000 Puritans to New England. Protests of the House of persuasive memo, Commons, Documents showing the growth of Parliament's hatred for King Charles I, first complaining against his closet Catholicism, his Arminianism, and photography as an art form essay his presumptuousness in levying taxes without the consent of Parliament. Experiencia, John Winthrop. A Journal of Religious Experiences. Charter of persuasive, Massachusetts Bay (1629). This document sets forth the Puritans' commission in New England. The Library of John Winthrop's Father, A catalogue of the books available for the Puritan Laywer who founded Boston.

Pratt's Memoir of the Wessagussett Plantation, (1622/23) Reasons for the P lantation in New England (circa 1628). Book Into The Wild? This document states clearly and forcefully that the motivations of the Puritans who came to New England @ 1630 were fundamentally religious. Adventurers who founded the Massachusetts Bay Commonwealth (1628-1630) Savage's Genealogical Dictionary of New England This comprehensive source lists the entire families who lived in New England in the early 17th century. A Short and True Description of New England, by the Rev. Francis Higginson (1629) The Cambridge Agreement among the leaders of the settlement (1629)

History of the First Settlements as told by persuasive, Capt. John Smith, Admiral of New England (1629) The Constitution of the Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Bay (1629) Medulla Theologica (The Marrow of photography as an art form, Theology), William Ames (1629). The Medulla was the persuasive, principal required textbook in the Ivy League in flow essay, the American Colonial Period. Persuasive Memo? One cannot adequately grasp the intellectual climate of New England without understanding the concepts in for warriors into, this book. The following two sections on the Decrees of God and Predestination highlight the persuasive, central peculiarities of flow essay, Puritan theology.

Ames was unequivocal in stating that God controls the universe and that humans do not change or determine God's behavior in any way. A Model of Christian Charity by John Winthrop (1630). A sermon preached aboard one of the ships carrying the Puritans to New England. The Oath of a Freeman, including a list of memo, men who took this oath (1630-36) The Indictment of Galileo (1633) The height of the essay on post traumatic syndrome, conflict between religion and science. Winthrop's Testimony (1636), the Boston Governor's account of his Christian experience. Theocracy in Colonial New England (1636) Interesting mention of John Cotton in related study. Massachusetts Bay Colony Again, interesting mention of persuasive memo, John Cotton in related study. Essay Against the Power of the Church To Sit in Judgement on the Civil Magistracy, John Winthrop, Esq. (1637) A treatise indicating an early desire among the Puritans to keep church and the wild state separate.

Officers of the Commonwealth from persuasive, 1630 to 1686. Letter of erwin iserloh's 95 thesis, Thomas Shephard to persuasive memo his son at Harvard College Contained in this body of work ( Publications of the Colonial Society of Massachusetts, Volume 14 ), and begins on page 192 in the viewer's navigation bar. Residents of New Towne , (later called Cambridge) from the as an essay, original town Court records, 1632-1635, alphabetized. The Memoir of Capt. Roger Clapp (1609 -1691) Events in Massachusetts Bay Colony to about the year 1640. The National Covenant (1639) Scotland's declaration of resistance to Charles I. UNIQUELY AMERICAN DOCUMENT AS PROTOTYPE OF THE U.S.

CONSTITUTION Fundamental Orders of Connecticut (1639) Acknowledged by scholars to be a prototype of the persuasive, U.S. Flow Essay? constitution. -also- Montauk Trustee Corporation. (1639) Includes the text (from preface of persuasive memo, book it mentions) The Fundamental Orders of book into the wild, Connecticut was the first written constitution in America. Whereas the Mayflower Compact was a general statement in favor of majority rule and government in the interest of the common welfare. John Winthrop's Journal, John Winthrop (excerpts), Tremendous and valuable insights into the mind of the Puritan leader. The Wicked Capitalism of Robert Keayne, John Winthrop (1639) A merchant named Robert Keayne was practicing capitalistic economics in Boston and was squarely rebuked for it by John Cotton and Governor Winthrop. Laws Regulating the Price of persuasive, Tobacco in Virginia (1639-40) This web-page image includes pages 209-238.

The content for this specific item begins (scrolling down) on page 224. The many aspects of regulation of tobacco are found throughout these records, as it was a significant component of the community's existence. The Bay Psalm Book (1640) With an photography as an Introduction written by Richard Mather. New England's First Fruits, The first written history regarding the founding of Harvard College (@1640) Massachusetts Body of Liberties (1641) Early written expression of the liberties asserted by the colonists in reaction to the oppressions of European governments. The Citizen, Thomas Hobbes (1641-47) Discussion of the natural law foundations of government. Protestation (1641) An oath taken by British citizens loyal to the Puritan interests in Parliament. Declaration to Justify Their Proceedings and Resolutions to Take Up Arms (1642) Thomas Jefferson, in persuasive memo, his Autobiography, said that this Puritan precedent was an inspiration to the American cause. Massachusetts Bay School Laws (1642) Requiring that every father teach his children the on post syndrome, Catechism; if not, the children shall be taken from the home.

The Establishment of the United Colonies of New England (1643) The first attempt at a union of colonies, foreshadowing the United States. This document combines several colonies together for the primary purpose of persuasive, national defense. This is the first document resembling a federal constitution in America. Religio Medici, Thomas Browne (1643) The Religion of syndrome, a Physician; showing the link between religion and Enlightenment science in the 17th century. A Plea for Religious Liberty, Roger Williams (1644) Early expression of the principle of religious tolerance by the founder of the colony of Rhode Island. The Solemn League and persuasive Covenant (1643-44) The document which allied the Scotch Presbyterians and the Puritans in their struggle against Charles I. The English Civil War: A people's history by Diane Purkiss. Review of a book containing first-Hand military accounts of the English Civil War, including an account that was used as evidence against Charles I in 1649 - purported to be the report for warriors into, first war crimes trial. It also illuminates the evolution of the persuasive memo, techniques of war, such as Women come to the fore as battlefield cooks and nurses. Lex, Rex, Samuel Rutherford (1644). Erwin Iserloh's 95 Thesis? This excerpt shows Rutherford's social contract theory and includes the Puritan theory of resistance to a tyrant.

Lex, Rex, or The Law and the Prince; a Dispute for the Just Prerogative of persuasive, King and People Author: Samuel Rutherford, newly set type by Portage Publications, Medium: Hi-fidelity Portable Document Format (PDF), Last Updated: June 19, 2010, Download Size: 1.6 MB, Suggested Donation: US $2.00. On Liberty, John Winthrop (1645) Discusses liberties demanded by the colonists. Hypocricie Unmasked (London, 1646). This is a religious treatise written by Edward Winslow. The Westminster Confession of cold war persuasive, Faith (1646) [ as a lead page to multiple html files ] In addition to being the memo, decree of Parliament as the standard for Christian doctrine in the British Kingdom, it was adopted as the official statement of belief for the colonies of Massachusetts and erwin iserloh's Connecticut. Memo? Although slighlty altered and flow essay called by different names, it was the creed of persuasive, Congregationalist, Baptist, and Presbyterian Churches throughout the English speaking world. Assent to the Westminster Confession was officially required at book report, Harvard, Yale, and Princeton. Memo? Princeton scholar, Benjamin Warfield wrote: It was impossible for any body of Christians in the [English] Kingdoms to war persuasive essay avoid attending to it. The Westminster Catechism (1646) Second only to the Bible, the persuasive, Shorter Catechism of the Westminster Confession was the most widely published piece of literature in essay on post stress syndrome, the pre-revolutionary era in America. It is persuasive memo estimated that some five million copies were available in the colonies. With a total population of only four million people in America at the time of the Revolution, the number is staggering.

The Westminster Catechism was not only a central part of the colonial educational curriculum, learning it was required by law. Each town employed an officer whose duty was to visit homes to hear the children recite the Catechism. The primary schoolbook for children, the New England Primer, included the Catechism. Daily recitations of it were required at flow essay, these schools. Their curriculum included memorization of the Westminster Confession and the Westminster Larger Catechism. There was not a person at Independence Hall in 1776 who had not been exposed to it, and most of them had it spoon fed to them before they could walk. New England's Salamander Discovered. Persuasive Memo? (London, 1647). This is another religious treatise written by thesis, Edward Winslow.

The Simple Cobbler of Aggawamm in persuasive, America, Nathaniel Ward (1647) [ free to download the entire pdf file, merely enter the visual code verification ] An Agreement of the People (1647) A proposal for a republican government in England. King Charles I's Speech at His Trial (1649); Including Judge Bradshaw's response appealing to social contract theory. Of the photography as an art form essay, Non-Compelling of Heathens, Samuel Rutherford (1649) Exploring the persuasive, extent to which a government can coerce religious conformity. An Agreement of the Free People of England (1649) The manifesto of the essay, Levellers, the leaders of the 1649 English Civil War that deposed Charles I and brought a period of parliamentary rule. It expresses many of the ideals that later inspired the memo, American Revolution.

The Tenure of Kings and Magistrates (1650) by John Milton in defense of the execution of Charles I by the British Parliament a few days after its occurance. Iserloh's? It includes an excellent evaluation and summation of the political literature produced on the Continent in persuasive, the 16th Century. Charles I was the first monarch executed in Europe by his subjects, setting the stage for a religious struggle which would grip Britain for several decades to cold war persuasive come. Leviathan, Thomas Hobbes (1651) Laid basis for social contract theory, providing branching point for the theories of constitutionalism and memo fascism. Sumptuary Laws in New England (1651) Laws regarding what one may and may not wear. The Instrument of Government, 1653; The Constitution of the English Commonwealth under Oliver Cromwell. The Jungle Thesis? Many of the founders, such as Samuel Adams, considered Oliver Cromwell their hero, and considered the Commonwealth as the glory years of England. Healing Question, Sir Henry Vane, 1656, published the following tract, expounding the principles of civil and religious liberty, and proposed that method of forming a constitution, through a convention called for the purpose, which was actually followed in America after the Revolution. The Commonwealth of Oceana, James Harrington (1656) Outline of a plan for republican government. The Flushing Remonstrance (1657) _-[also see History of Flushing Meeting in left margin] Proclamation granting liberty to Jews, Muslims, and Quakers on Long Island, New York, on the grounds of persuasive, New Testament graciousness.

Extremely progressive for the American colonies. The Declaration of the jungle thesis, Breda, King Charles II Stuart (1660), As the Stuart King was to persuasive be restored to the throne after the end of the reign of the Puritan Protectorates, one of his first decisions was to attempt to avoid another religious war, by granting religious liberty to tender consciences, so long as they did not disturb the peace. Excerpts from the Navigation Acts, 1660-1696, The first Parliamentary legislation toward the colonies which would lead to the colonial rebellion of the eighteenth century. Institutes of Elenctic Theology, [excerpt on predestination] Francis Turretin (1660) The principle textbook used by iserloh's, students in American colleges in the 18th century (used at Princeton into the late 19th century). Institutes of Elenctic Theology, Vol. 1,. Volume 1 (of 3 books), 1st through 10th topics, reviewed by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon. Institutes of persuasive, Elenctic Theology free download of pdf file of all 20 topics. The Book of Common Prayer (1662) As the Protectorate of Oliver Cromwell came to an end and Charles II was restored to the throne of England, the Church of England once again introduced a new Book of Common Prayer. This was the guiding document for many throughout the American colonies, particularly in Virginia.

The Anglican Catechism (1662) The document which provided the religious training for many of the founding fathers of the U.S. Erwin Iserloh's 95 Thesis? (e.g., Washington, Madison, Henry, Wythe, Mason). Deposition of Phineas Pratt (1662) Recounting the settlement at Plymouth. Paradise Lost, John Milton (1667) Complete on-line access. Theologico-Political Treatise, Read on-line Samuel Shirley is the 2nd Edition translator working from Gebhardt 1st Edition translation in Heidelberg in 1925 - - included advanced notations and persuasive corrections beyond Elwes. Theologico-Political Treatise, local copy Scanned and converted to essay on post searchable HTML. Source was original complete English translation by R.M.H. Elwes in 1883 working from Bruder's 1843 Latin text - - several inaccuracies known. De Jure Naturae, Samuel Puffendorf (1672, tr. Basil Kennett 1703) De Officio Hominis Et Civis Juxta Legem Naturalem Libri Duo, Samuel Pufendorf (1673).

The political theorist of choice among American Puritans in the early 18th century. Works of John Bunyan, According to Ben Franklin's Autobiography, Bunyan was his favorite author. Barclay's Apology, Robert Barclay (1675). A Quaker treatise later used in memo, favor of American Independence. Index to Samuel Willard. Samuel Willard's book A Compleat Body of Divinity was the primary textbook used at cold war persuasive, Harvard College.

The New England Primer, The best-selling textbook used by children in the colonial period. Millions of copies were in print. Filled with Calvinist principles, the influence of this little document is inestimable. On Bacon's Rebellion, Governor William Berkely, 19 May 1676. Political Treatise, Baruch de Spinoza (1677) Constitutional considerations of memo, various forms of government, including ideas that later influenced the Founders. Habeas Corpus Act (1679) English Parliament established key right which was embraced in America. 1680_The second Exclusion Parliament The second drafted Exclusion Bill was defeated in the House of the Lords. Frame of Government of Pennsylvania, William Penn (1682) Early model for written constitutions. Principia, Isaac Newton (1687) One of the three most significant influences upon Jefferson. Parliament Invites William of Orange to England (1688) This invitation was sent by the Immortal Seven and was the beginning of the end of the Glorious Revolution. The King's Oath (1689) Established the requirement that the monarch uphold the Protestant reformed religion

English Bill of the jungle thesis, Rights (1689) Early model for recognizing natural rights in writing. Much of its language appeared later in the Declaration of Independence and U.S. Constitution. Second Treatise on persuasive Government John Locke (1689) Principal proponent of the social contract theory which forms the basis for modern constitutional republican government. A Letter Concerning Toleration, John Locke (1689) Classic statement of the flow essay, case for toleration of those holding different views. The London Confession of memo, Faith (1689) Drawn from the Westminster Confession, this document set for the beliefs of English Baptists during this era. Discourses Concerning Government, Table of Contents. Algernon Sidney (1698) Built principles of popular government from the jungle, foundation of persuasive, natural law and the social contract. This book has been considered by scholars the report, textbook of the persuasive, American Revolution. Journal of George Fox, Founder of the Quakers. It is noted this web-page guide was scanned and reformatted from the Rufus Jones Edition of Autobiography of George Fox page which has multiple viewing options.

17th Century New England 17th Century Colonial New England, with special emphasis on the Essex County Witch-Hunt of 1692 - other resources = links. Well-known relevant work of art - The Crucible, Fact and Fiction (or Picky, Picky, Picky!), by Arthur Miller. An Account of West Jersey and Pennsylvania, Gabriel Thomas (1698) A Never Before in flow essay, History: America's Inspired Birth by Gary Amos and Richard Gardiner; Publisher: Foundation for Thought and Ethics (January 1, 2011). This analysis begins with recognizing the persuasive memo, influence of book report for warriors the wild, humanity's greatest philosophers on persuasive the creation of America. Close analysis shows that Christianity's role was profound, giving rise to our political ideals of religious liberty, inalienable rights, and secular reform.

This book also has a textbook version. Your purchase of this hardbound book through our link (the green A icon) will aid us in preserving and maintaining this web-site. Eighteenth Century Sources Which Profoundly Impacted American History. The Selling of Joseph, Samuel Sewall (1700) An argument against the slave trade. A Memorial Representing the Present State of Religion on the Continent of North America, Thomas Bray, D.D. (1700) Documenting the Anglican view of the colonists and appended with a proposition to found the SPG (Society for Progating the Gospel). Magnalia Christi Americana, Cotton Mather (1702) This link opens to the page for A General Introduction, one of the more commonly cited parts of this work. Robert Beverley on Bacon's Rebellion, 1704, various aspects-; Robert Beverley on Bacon's Rebellion_ContextComments to aid perspective Robert Beverley on Bacon's Rebellion_Full text Robert Beverley on Bacon's Rebellion, 1704 Nice 'modernization' based on the original document. The lead page includes more useful commentary - - (History repeats itself – compare the grievances cited in this commentary to our current 2011 economic and political conditions) - - Bacon's Rebellion appears at first sight to be a simple uprising of backwoods farmers against flow essay the ruling class of rich planters in memo, Virginia, and book for warriors indeed, the author of this account labels it a civil war, but it was more layered than that. The leaders of the rebellion, primarily Nathaniel Bacon, were well-to-do men themselves who were excluded from the powered elite led by Governor William Berkeley (among them Robert Beverley, the father of the author of this account). In addition, they were excluded from the persuasive, lucrative Indian trade monopolized by Berkeley's friends. Using the very real grievances of the common farmers - - falling tobacco profits, rising taxes, reduced opportunities to buy their own farms, harsh shipping regulations imposed by England, and finally, the flow essay, outbreak of war between the backwoods farmers and the Susquehannock Indians (with whom Berkeley wanted to maintain trade) . Source cited for this was Alan Taylor, American Colonies: The Settlement of North America (New York: Penguin Books, 2001), pp.

146-150. Philosophical Commentary, Pierre Bayle (1708) A writer recommended by Thomas Jefferson, Bayle criticised French Catholic persecution of persuasive, Protestants; and argued for toleration as a matter of Biblical principle. William Byrd's Diary [excerpts regarding slave punishments] (1709) Theopolis Americana (God's City: America), Cotton Mather (1709) This excerpt from Mather's sermon shows how Mather, with other Puritans, believed that America was truly the Promised Land. This thinking led ultimately to the doctrine of thesis, Manifest Destiny, whereby Anglo-Americans believed that it was their divine commission to spread their culture from Atlantic to memo Pacific. Awakening Truths Tending to Conversion, Increase Mather (1710). A sermon wrestling with the paradox between predestination and man's effort toward salvation. Mather appears nearly contradictory throughout. Vindication of the Government of New England Churches, John Wise (1717) A Puritan political sermon which included most of the principles of government embraced by the founders of the U.S. The Angel of flow essay, Bethesda, Cotton Mather.

Here, as a watershed in the history of medical science in America, Mather takes a position in favor of inoculation. Selections from memo, Cato's Letters, John Trenchard and Thomas Gordon (1720-23) English newspaper articles advocating Whig principles, which much influenced the American colonists. Constitution of the Iroquois Confederacy A model for a federal system of government for several Native American nations, Franklin lauded the Iroquois for their ability to confederate. Statutes of the College of William and Mary (1727) The rules governing the college where Thomas Jefferson received his training. Plain Reasons for Presbyterians Dissenting, Andrew Clarkson (1731); arguing against unconditional submission to the National Church and magistrates. Dissertation Upon Parties, Henry St. John Bolingbroke (1733). A heavy influence upon Jefferson.

Trial of Peter Zenger_intro interesting comment - - English law at the time, which was designed to protect the government from cold essay, critical elements, dictated that truth was not a defense to libel. The jury, however, exonerated Zenger thereby establishing an ongoing central tenet to defamation law: that truth is an absolute defense. This decision proved to not only redefine the law of memo, libel and the jungle thesis slander but also to lay the foundation for the freedom of the press that we enjoy today . Trial of Peter Zenger_full text Page 1, electronic text, navigation buttons at bottom. Discourse on the Five Points_local copy [Of Calvinism], Daniel Whitby. The text which incited Jonathan Edwards to persuasive memo write his most important book, The Freedom of the essay on post traumatic, Will.

Of Efficacious Grace_intro, John Gill (1738) Defense of Calvinism by a celebrated English Calvinist. Persuasive? This work is found in Part II, Chapter 4, of The Cause of God and Truth , go here for = index page and use the browser function to read further with SECTION 1. - Ephesians 1:19, 20 - of 16 sections in this chapter. Intentions of the SPG (Society for flow essay the Propagation of the Gospel) (1740) The desire of this group to land an Anglican Bishop in the American colonies ignited the American Revolution. The True Scripture-Doctrine Concerning Some Important Points of the Christian Faith, Jonathan Dickinson (1741) Jonathan Dickinson was the persuasive memo, first President of the College at Princeton, New Jersey. In this excerpt, Dickinson states that atheism is photography art form pure stupidity and madness. Dickinson's opinion in this regard represented the persuasive memo, consensus in America. Subsequently all of the founders of the United States were certain of the book into the wild, existence of a Deity. On the persuasive, other hand, Dickinson here emphasizes the doctrine of Predestination, which was the essay stress syndrome, central controversy of the eighteenth century in the Colonies. Colonists' opinions were divided in persuasive, this regard. Earlier in art form, the century predestination was the majority view, but by the end of the century a belief in free-will had become prevalent among many such as Methodists.

The Works Of Jonathan Edwards, Enlightenment Philosopher, Theologian, Orator, Scientist; Edwards was the memo, most important American-born Great Awakening preacher and defender of orthodox Calvinism. This page links to flow essay both volumes of Works of. as well as other titles. Sermons of George Whitefield, Known for his supreme oratory skills, Whitefield was the most famous inter-colonial celebrity during the Great Awakening. Persuasive? The inter-colonial nature of Whitefield's ministry was an important step in the development of the intercolonial union which commenced in flow essay, the 1760's and 70's. A strong advocate of memo, predestination, Whitefield entered into a bitter dispute with his Methodist colleague, John Wesley over the issue, and photography as an essay the movement was split. The Works of persuasive memo, John Wesley, An English preacher, Wesley developed the practice of itinerant preaching: out of doors, traveling long distances on horseback. Wesley was a strong opponent of the Calvinism which was prevalent in America. The Essential Rights and as an essay Liberties of Protestants, Elisha Williams (1744) An excerpt explaining what makes something a person's property, from memo, a Boston minister who vigorously promoted liberty of conscience. Regulations at Yale College (1745) Showing the centrality of Calvinism and the Westminster Confession in colonial higher education.

The Presence of Great God in the Assembly of photography art form essay, Political Rulers, John Barnard (1746) A early warning against persuasive tyranny from one of Boston's ministers. Narrative of the Deliverance of Briton Hammond, An account of an African-American taken captive by essay on post traumatic syndrome, Native Americans (1747) The Principles of Natural Law, J. Burlamaqui, tr. Thomas Nugent (1748, tr. Thomas Nugent 1752) This was the textbook on memo political theory used at Harvard. Essay? It was this book that gave James Otis, John Hancock, Samuel Adams, Joseph Warren, and John Adams their understanding of persuasive, political science. The Principles of Politic Law, J. Burlamaqui, tr. Report The Wild? Thomas Nugent (1748, tr. Memo? Thomas Nugent 1752) Sequel to The Principles of Natural Law carrying natural law into constitutional law.

Commentary on the ideas of Grotius, Hobbes, Puffendorf, Barbeyrac, Locke, Clarke, and essay on post Hutchinson. This page includes discussion by Peter Korkman that The Burlamaqui that reached British and persuasive American universities and was read for generations was Principles of iserloh's 95 thesis, Natural and persuasive memo Politic Law. Much of Burlamaqui's audience took the latter half of this work to be just as much his as the former. - - . Flow Essay? Others who had read their Pufendorf with care may have recognized many borrowed passages. The Spirit of Laws, Charles de Montesquieu, (1748, tr. Memo? Thomas Nugent 1752) Laid the foundations for the theory of republican government, particularly the concepts of the separation of powers into legislative, executive, and art form judicial, a federal republic, representatives elected from political subdivisions, a bicameral legislature, and a system of checks and balances. Montesquieu was the most frequently cited political theorist during the founding of the U.S. An Inquiry into the Principles of Political Economy, James Steuart. Recommended by Jefferson as one of the memo, best books on flow essay political science. History of Massachusetts Bay, Thomas Hutchinson, excerpt regarding coinage.

A Discourse Concerning Unlimited Submission and Non-Resistance to the Higher Powers, Jonathan Mayhew (1750) About this document, John Adams wrote, It was read by everybody; celebrated by friends, and memo abused by enemies. It spread an flow essay universal alarm against the authority of Parliament. It excited a general and just apprehension, that bishops, and dioceses, and churches, and persuasive priests, and tithes, were to be imposed on us by Parliament. This sermon has been called the spark which ignited the American Revolution. Photography? This illustrates that the Revolution was not only about stamps and taxes but also about memo, religious liberty. A Discourse on the Origin of Inequality, Jean Jacques Rousseau (1754) Discussion on political inequality, its origins and implications.

A Discourse on Political Economy, Jean Jacques Rousseau (1755) Discussion on on post traumatic stress syndrome the economic principles affecting the politics of a society. Dictionary, Samuel Johnson (1755) This was the standard dictionary of the late 18th century. The Value and Purpose of Princeton College, Samuel Davies and Gilbert Tennent (1754); an appeal to persuasive British citizens to support the seminary which became Princeton University. Religion and Patriotism the Constituents of a Good Soldier, Samuel Davies (1755). Erwin Iserloh's 95 Thesis? Davies, a Presbyterian preacher and president of the College at Princeton, here interprets the French and Indian war as a religious war. In this excerpt from a sermon preached in Virginia, Davies rouses the anti-Catholic sentiment of his hearers to rally them to arms against the French in persuasive, the Ohio country. Jupiter Hammon Jupiter Hammon was the first published African American poet.

His first work, the broadside An Evening Thought (also referred to as An Evening Prayer and An Evening's Thought: Salvation by Christ, with Penitential Cries), was published in 1760. The Social Contract, Jean Jacques Rousseau (1762) Discussed legitimate government as the expression of the general will. James Otis, Jr. was one of the earliest American patriots. Otis was a flame of fire. In a five-hour speech, in iserloh's, February of 1761, which was witnessed by a young John Adams, Otis argued that the persuasive memo, writs were unconstitutional. He based his case on the rights guaranteed in book report into the wild, English common law. This was probably the original argument for what we now refer to persuasive memo as The Castle Doctrine, i.e., A man's house is his castle. Elements of Criticism, Lord Kaims [Henry Homes] (1762), Highly recommended by Jefferson. Treaty of Paris (1763) Ended the book report into the wild, French and Indian War and gave the English control of all the land east of the Mississippi River. Acts of Parliament concerning the American Colonies. Blackstone's Commentaries (1765) Considered the book that lost the colonies for England.

This text delineates the persuasive memo, legal principles of common law which ensure the fundamental rights of Englishmen. Blackstone was quoted by the colonists twice as often as they quoted Locke. Offenses Against God and essay traumatic syndrome Religion, William Blackstone (1765). Showing the common understanding that the integrity of the judicial system depends upon the participants' belief in God. Considerations, Daniel Dulany, October 1765. The Declaration of persuasive memo, Rights of the Stamp Act Congress (1765) Developed the erwin iserloh's, concept that people could not legitimately be taxed except by their elected representatives. On Crimes and Punishments, Cesare Beccaria (1766) Set out persuasive rights of the accused in criminal proceedings. Argues for crime prevention over punishment, and against photography the death penalty and torture.

An Election Sermon, Daniel Shute; Delivered in Boston, Massachusetts-Bay, 26 May 1768. The Boston Massacre, The Boston Gazette, 12 March 1770. The Hymnbook of Isaac Watts, After the Bible and the Catechism, this was the third most commonly used book in colonial New England. The Rights of the Colonists, Samuel Adams (1772) John Adams indicated that all the concepts which Jefferson later set forth in persuasive, the Declaration of cold war persuasive, Independence were first introduced here. An Election Sermon, Simeon Howard (1773) Demonstrating that an armed war against a tyrant was a Christian's duty. Early Virginia Religious Petitions (1774-1802) Thomas Jefferson, a member of the Virginia Committee on Religion, was greatly impacted by these petitions in developing his thoughts about religious liberty. The Library of Congress . This invaluable collection of documents tells what took place in Philadelphia as the United States was being birthed. Sermon on Civil Liberty, Nathaniel Niles (1774) An example of how clergymen stoked the revolutionary spirit. The Olive Branch Petition (1774). This document is a last-ditch attempt to mend the tears between Britain and America. But George III never read this petition.

Phyllis Wheatley to Samson Occam (1774). Full title of the work is Phillis Wheatley's strongest anti-slavery statement is contained in this letter to the Rev. Samson Occom dated February 11, 1774. Works of memo, Henry Laurens, President of the Continental Congress. Works of Benjamin Franklin. Works of Sam Adams. Works of cold war persuasive, George Washington. Works of John Adams. Letter to Timothy Pickering, August 6, 1822.

Detailing Adams' recollection of the production of the Declaration of Independence. Adams states here that there is not an idea in the Declaration which had not been hackneyed in Congress for two years before. According to Adams, the substance of the Declaration is persuasive memo contained in the Declaration of Colonial Rights of the Continental Congress, and the essence of it is contained in The Rights of the erwin 95 thesis, Colonists, written before the first Congress met, by Samuel Adams. Works of Thomas Jefferson. Works of James Madison.

Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787, James Madison. These are the proceedings of the Constitutional Convention held in Philadelphia, an essential guide to persuasive interpreting the intent of the Framers. James Madison, First Inaugural (1809) James Madison, Second Inaugural (1813) The Federalist Papers, James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, John Jay (1787-88) Arguments for ratification of the proposed Constitution. Memorial and photography Remonstrance (Virginia, 1785) James Madison, speech proposing the Bill of Rights, June 8, 1789 Detached Memoranda (1817), detailing Madison's views of the persuasive, importance of no religious establishments Letter to F.L. Schaeffer (1821) in which Madison credits Luther with leading the way for the appropriate distinction between church and state. The Works of Thomas Paine. As noted on historyguide.org, . In London (England) he met Benjamin Franklin who helped him to emigrate to America in October 1774. Essay? . . Paine settled in Philadelphia where he soon began a new career as a journalist. As noted on FreeAudio.org, . Persuasive? Published March 8, 1775 in the Pennsylvania Journal and the Weekly Advertiser, this tract was Thomas Paine's first published work . It is an example of how Thomas Paine, who is famous primarily for thesis his tracts in support of the persuasive, American Revolution, was interested in liberty no matter what the cause or whether it was politically unfavorable. Paine was one of the first abolitionist writers in America and flow essay was a founding member of the first anti-slavery society in America.

He wanted to abolish slavery at the time of the American Revolution but that was not to be and we would have to wait for memo another generation. (The writing of) African Slavery in America stands as a great monument to the abolitionist movement as one of its first and book report into most influential works. Common Sense (1776) (index) The American Crisis, 1776 - 1783 (index) Age Of Reason (1795) (index) The Age of Reason - Part 1 Paine demonstrates the absurdity of persuasive memo, a word of God existing in war persuasive essay, print. As a Deist, Paine believed that the true word of persuasive memo, God is nature. The Age of Reason - Part 2 Paine demonstrates that neither the Old Testament nor the New Testament can be the Word of God. Agrarian Justice Answer to Bishop LLandaff Publication of photography art form, The Age of Reason generated a storm of controversy. One of persuasive memo, Paine's critics was Bishop Llandaff, who published a detailed rebuttal to flow essay The Age of Reason. Persuasive? This is erwin iserloh's 95 thesis Paine's reply to that rebuttal. Biblical Blasphemy Dissertation on persuasive memo First Principles of Government (1795) An Essay On Dream (1807) Examination of the Prophecies (1807) The Existence of God Letter to Andrew Dean (1806) Thomas Paine on death and Christianity. Letters Concerning The Age of book report, Reason (1797-1803) Thomas Paine's correspondence concerning The Age of memo, Reason . Includes correspondence with Samuel Adams. Of the Religion of Deism Compared with the Christian Religion In this hard-hitting article, Paine argues that Deism is superior to Christianity. Origin of Free-Masonry (1818) Predestination Prospect Papers (1804) Rights Of Man (1792) Worship and flow essay Church Bells (1797)

American Revolution Military Documents. Ethan Allen, Revolutionary War hero and Deist. The Farmer Refuted, Alexander Hamilton (1775). In this defense of the American cause in response to an Anglican minister's criticism of the revolution, Hamilton states that laws, rights, and political principles are all based in the existence and law of God. John Newton Criticizing Arminians (1775) A letter from the author of Amazing Grace claiming that repentance is the not key to memo atonement. Speech on flow essay Conciliation with America, Edmund Burke, March 22, 1775; Burke describes the character of the persuasive, American colonists and links their commitment to liberty to their Protestantism. Government Corrupted by Vice, and Recovered by Righteousness, Samuel Langdon, May 31, 1775; This sermon preached a year before Jefferson wrote his declaration, included this phrase: By the law of nature, any body of people, destitute of order and government, may form themselves into a civil society, according to their best prudence, and so provide for their common safety and advantage. The American Vine, Jacob Duche (1775) - - The American Vine: A Sermon, Preached in iserloh's 95 thesis, Christ-Church, Philadelphia, before the Honourable Continental Congress, July 20th, 1775. Persuasive Memo? Being the Day Recommended by Them for a General Fast throughout the United English Colonies of America. The Charlotte Town Resolves (1775) Resolutions of Presbyterians of Mecklenberg, North Carolina. Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death, Patrick Henry (1775).

Famous oration which motivated Southerners to join in the battle already taking place in New England. Declaration of the Causes and war persuasive Necessity of Taking up Arms, Jefferson and Dickinson, July 6, 1775. This document was inspired by the Puritan Declaration of August, 1642, Declaration of the Lords and Commons to Justify Their Taking Up Arms, available in persuasive memo, John Rushworth, ed., Historical Collections of Private Passages of State, Weighty Matters in Law, Remarkable Proceedings in Five Parliaments (1680-1722), vol. 4, pp. 761-768. Yankee Doodle The anthem of the iserloh's 95 thesis, Continental Army. The Church's Flight into the Wilderness, Samuel Sherwood, January 17, 1776; A sermon which labels British tyranny Satanic. The Virginia Declaration of Rights, George Mason (1776) Unquestionably a document which Jefferson had in mind when writing the Declaration of Independence.

Sources of the Declaration of Independence (1776) Documents which prove that Jefferson modeled the persuasive, Declaration largely upon the 1689 Declaration of Rights. The Dominion of Providence Over the Passions of Men, John Witherspoon, May 1776. This sermon was preached by a member of the Second Continental Congress during the period in 95 thesis, which the members were deciding upon American Independence. The Declaration of Independence (1776) According to persuasive memo recent scholarship, this document was modeled after the Dutch Calvinist Declaration of flow essay, Independence. In other words, this statement of basic principles was simply a restatement of what Protestant Political theorists and memo preachers had been saying for flow essay centuries. State Constitutions A collection of the constitutions of persuasive memo, each colony. Religious Clauses of State Constitutions Demonstrating that most states had establishments of religion. The True Interest of America Impartially Stated, Charles Inglis (1776).

A statement of an American loyal to the King. Wealth of Nations, Adam Smith (1776). The manual for capitalism, the economic backbone of the United States. Jefferson said this was the iserloh's, best book of its kind. Divine Judgements Upon Tyrants, Jacob Cushing, April 20, 1778; a sermon on the three year anniversary of the war. Defensive Arms Vindicated (1779) A sermon vindicating the activity of General George Washington. U.S. Persuasive? Articles of Confederation The first Constitution of the United States.

The Origins and Progress of the American Revolution Peter Oliver (1781). Oliver, a tory, names the stress, persons he feels are most responsible for the rebellion. James Otis and the Calvinist clergy (black regiment) were the chief culprits. Essay on Money, John Witherspoon, Presbyterian theologian and president of Princeton University. The Lord's Supper, Joseph Priestly (1783) Another author who Jefferson and Franklin commended. The named dissertation begins on page 231, as this link should deliver. The full work is entitled An history of the corruptions of Christianity, Volume 1 Memorial and memo Remonstrance, James Madison (1785). Championing the principal of religious liberty. The Land Ordinance Of May 20,1785 One of the main reasons the LAND ORDINANCE OF 1785 was enacted by the Continental Congress was an attempt to alleviate the financial crisis with which the Revolutionary War had saddled the fledgling American Government.

Representatives from the thirteen states had debated and wrestled with the problem of raising money since the start of the revolution. The war debt would exceed 100 million dollars. In yeoman service, the private sector had raised over 20 million dollars, leaving 80 million dollars, according to Thomas Jefferson, to be paid. Under the Articles of Confederation, which was the law of the land in photography, 1781, - - the Constitution not having been adopted until 1789 - - Congress had no power to tax and very little power to persuasive memo enforce any program. But the tremendous increase in pressure to the jungle thesis pay the bills made them realize that they must do something. The Annapolis Convention (1786), prelude to persuasive the Constitutional Convention in as an essay, Philadelphia. The Federalist Papers 1-85, Madison, Jay, and Hamilton's defense of Federalism. Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787, James Madison. These are the proceedings of the persuasive memo, Constitutional Convention held in as an essay, Philadelphia, an essential guide to interpreting the memo, intent of the Framers. Denominational Affiliations of the Framers of the Constitution, contrary to the myth, this chart shows that only 3 out of 55 of the framers classified themselves as Deists.

Northwest Ordinance (1787) Detailing the manner in which new states may be added to thesis the United States. Shay's Rebellion (1787) Alas, history repeats in some ways. . A wave of farm foreclosures in western Massachusetts swept the young republic to its first episode in persuasive memo, class struggle. 95 Thesis? Demonstrators and rioters protested high taxation, the persuasive memo, governor's high salary, high court costs and flow essay the assembly's refusal to issue paper money (an inflationary measure highly favored by the debtor class). Debates in the First Federal Congress Regarding A Religious Amendment to the Constitution (1789), edited by persuasive, Jim Allison. An important source for understanding the the jungle thesis, intention of the persuasive memo, framers concerning religious liberty. Mr. Allison has collected together the debates in the House and the Senate on this most important subject. Bill of Rights and the Amendments to The Constitution (1791) The concession to flow essay the Anti-Federalists to win their acceptance of the Constitution.

Slave Trade and the Middle Passage, Alexander Falconbridge (1788). Memo? Helpful overview. Click the text next to the second image to view the actual document. The Virginia Chronicle, John Leland (1790). Champion of flow essay, religious disestablishment. Friend and influence upon James Madison. Named article begins on page 92. Full book entitled The writings of the late Elder John Leland: including some events in his life, By John Leland, L. F. Greene.

Another discussion cited as On Dissenting from the Episcopal Church is not a named article. It is included in this same book and begins on page 107. The Rise and Progress of the Young Ladies' Academy of Philadelphia. Discussion begins on page 40 in this book, and cites Molly Wallace's valedictory oration of 1792 as preliminary proof of an memo absence of a future. Enquiry Concerning Political Justice, William Godwin (1793) Part of Jefferson's library of political works. Treaty of Tripoli (1795) One of cold, nine treaties the United States made with the Barbary States. On the Mode of Education Proper in a Republic (1798), Benjamin Rush, signer of the Declaration of Independence, emphasizing the religious foundation and memo goal of all education. Four Discourses On The General First Principles of Deism (1798), Samuel E. McCorkle, D. D. The biggest intellectual controversy of the flow essay, 1790's was called the deist controversy. On the one side were the followers of Thomas Paine, on the other side were the orthodox Christians as represented here by persuasive, the Rev.

McCorkle. Particular significance to photography essay this host site is revealed in. Acts, Bills, and Laws, 1798 which mentions . Persuasive Memo? The two sets of resolutions (Virginia and Kentucky) followed a similar argument: The states had the duty to nullify within their borders those laws that were unconstitutional. The Alien and cold essay Sedition acts were unconstitutional because they infringed on the reserved powers of the states. . Nothing concrete resulted from the passage of these resolutions; no other states followed with similar actions. In fact, the Massachusetts legislature passed a declaration to the effect that courts and not state legislatures were the proper arbiters of constitutionality. The providers of the persuasive memo, sources on this page encourage the viewing and book report downloading of memo, these documents for personal use. Most of these texts are so old that they are unquestionably public domain. In a few cases, however, they may be copyrighted.

When in doubt about flow essay, republication rights, please consult the memo, webmaster of the page you are interested in erwin, republishing.(most will probably consent).

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Using the Focus Group in Market Research. In a hotel in the centre of London, a group of persuasive memo IT managers are discussing the type of information they need from a supplier of application serving software. They are all involved in the jungle the technical side of management and have the requirement for technical information to persuasive memo help them to keep their systems updated. They are looking at, and essay stress evaluating different examples of communication material from pamphlets to newsletters, from press releases to persuasive memo websites. They need specific information and regular contact and they discuss how best a supplier can deliver this to people like them. In a room in the Students Union, a group of students discuss their experiences as students at the University. The Jungle! They are talking about persuasive what they like and dislike at the University and war persuasive how this compares to their expectations before arriving. They are brainstorming words which come to mind when thinking abut the University and memo are working in pairs to come up with a “strap line” which typifies their experiences.

Eight plumbers have been invited to discuss domestic showers. They are talking about trends in bathroom design and how much influence they have on the final decision about which shower is finally installed. They go into great detail about the installation issues and the problems they face with certain types of showers. War Persuasive Essay! The group is being held in a viewing centre and the Client, a leading European shower manufacturer is watching and listening first hand through a two way mirror. These are all examples of a focus group in action. Focus groups are essentially group discussions which rely heavily on the interaction between group members and the relationship between the researcher and the respondents. Focus groups have been a dominant form of memo qualitative data collection in market research for more than 30 years. Tony Blair may well be responsible for increasing public awareness of the focus group as a tool for collecting people’s views.

The newspapers have been proactive in reporting his affinity for cold war persuasive the methodology and some have even suggested he dares not make a move without testing out his intentions within a focus group. Despite their recent shunt into the public eye over the past decade, focus groups are nothing new. Within the social sciences, they can be found detailed in the literature as far back as the 1920’s. This non-directive approach increased in appeal in the 1930s and 1940s as many sociologists were looking for alternative ways of persuasive memo conducting interviews as the traditional closed response choice questionnaires were being questioned. Cold! Paul Lazersfeld, an academic also involved in marketing,used and documented the approach in persuasive memo evaluating audience responses to stimulus material such as films, radio and written manuals. Robert Merton, himself a Sociologist was introduced to the focus group technique by on post his colleague Lazersfeld, and he pioneered the approach with his work during World War II exploring morale in persuasive the US military for the War Department (Merton Kendall 1946). Focus groups played a valuable part during the Second World War including evaluating the effectiveness of propaganda efforts and the effectiveness of training materials for the troops (Merton Kendall 1946). It had become recognised that people revealed sensitive information when they felt they were in a safe, comfortable place with people like themselves.

This marked the inception of the focus group, and many of the procedures accepted as common practice in focus groups were laid down in the work carried out by Robert Merton with his contemporaries Marjorie Fiske and Patricia Kendall (The Focused Interview 1956). Despite this early enthusiasm, the focus group as a research method seemed to disappear from usage amongst the academic community. However, the market research community embraced the war persuasive essay, approach. After the memo, war, business was booming, development was high, and market researchers were charged with finding out how to make their products most attractive to potential customers. Thesis! The focus group appeared to be the ideal method to stay in touch with customers, in memo both exploring their needs and identifying their attitudes. The focus group technique has evolved over book, the years within market research and has strongly influenced the business community from product design through to promotions and advertising. In the early 1980s the method re-emerged in the academic community and was being used in academic research to persuasive understand attitudes and behaviours. Around this time, the communications industry adopted the methodology to examine how audiences interpreted media messages, and with this the value of the focus group became increasingly recognised. In 1987, the first full length focus group text book by marketers was published (Goldman MacDonald 1987). With this recognition, focus groups have become an increasingly well known method for collecting qualitative data in all fields of research. The focus group is a research technique used to traumatic stress collect data through group interaction on a topic determined by the researcher.

Thus the Client determines the focus of the group and the data comes from the group. Essentially, it is a group experience. It comprises a small number of carefully selected people who are recruited to a group discussion based on their commonality of experience. Focus groups have four key characteristics: They actively involve people The people have a commonality of experience They provide in depth qualitative data Discussion is focussed to persuasive memo help us understand what is going on. Focus groups typically comprise five to ten people. The Wild! The group needs to be small enough to allow everyone the opportunity to share insights, and yet large enough to provide group interaction and diversity of memo experience.

Larger groups can inhibit discussion due to lack of opportunity and smaller groups can result in a smaller pool of ideas. Commonality of the jungle Experience. Focus group participants have a degree of homogeneity, and persuasive memo this is important to the researcher. This similarity is the basis for recruitment, and indeed, specific requirements may be necessary for attendance at the group. It is crucial to the jungle thesis identify who can give you the information you need. It is common for researchers and Clients to jointly identify the key criterion which identify the individuals for focus group discussions. For example, when researching the use of sealant and memo filler compounds, it may be necessary to recruit builders with a certain number of years experience and a minimum level of usage of sealant and fillers in their work practice. Focus groups are a research method which delivers qualitative data that is 95 thesis, rich in depth and not numerical in nature. Data tends to memo be in words, pictures, symbols etc. The group provides the forum for discussion, and the group moderator, i.e. the researcher guiding the group, uses their skills to assist the group members to on post stress syndrome engage in discussion, thus flushing out ideas, attitudes, and experiences. The focus group is more than a group interview.

The key element is the group process; the interaction between the group members. The questions in a focus group discussion are carefully designed to elicit the views of the respondents. A discussion guide is prepared prior to the group and memo the group moderator uses this as the vehicle for discussion. Careful design of the guide ensures a logical flow of conversation around the topic area, and ensures a clear focus for the discussion. The topic guide is reflective of how groups operate, commencing with introductory questions to help the group to for warriors into form. This serves to get people talking and feeling comfortable enough to proffer their opinions and persuasive experiences. Questions then progress to yield more information, and there should be no pressure on the group members to alter their views, rather, attention is centred on understanding the comments and thought processes as the issues are discussed. Focus groups deliver qualitative depth information, where exploration and identification of flow essay attitudes, behaviours and processes are the chief research objectives. They are best used where “why?” “what?” , and persuasive memo “how?” questions require illumination. They can be used in three ways in the research design: Stand alone method : where the focus groups are the sole data collection method and they serve as the principal source of data Supplementary to a survey : where they are used to enhance an iserloh's alternative primary data collection i.e. before a survey to identify the issues, or after a survey to expand and illuminate particular issues As part of a multi method design : where studies use several sources of data collection and no one method determines the persuasive, use of the others.

The type of design will depend on the objectives of the research. When focus groups are used as the sole source of data, the objectives centre on identification, exploration, and illumination, whereas, when these objectives are coupled with quantification, a multi method design will be the preferred option (McQuarrie 1996). Group discussions are especially useful techniques for cold war persuasive essay researching new products, testing new concepts or determining what would happen if… They work because of the persuasive, interaction between the group members. Individuals are not under pressure to give spontaneous answers. They can digest the points raised by other members and, as they consider the report the wild, implications of issues raised, and persuasive memo ideas may be sparked off which would remain untapped in a personal interview. Typical market research situations when focus groups are used are: To unravel complex processes from the basics e.g. a complicated buying process To identify customer needs i.e. Erwin 95 Thesis! where there is a complex interaction of factors influencing motives To identify working practices e.g. how a particular product is used To test new products i.e. where something needs showing to people To explore a concept with stimulus aids To explore and identify issues of satisfaction for customers, staff or suppliers To explore perceptions of persuasive memo brand and as an essay service elements associated with the persuasive memo, brand. For the researcher, the decision about whether to carry out focus group discussions or individual interviews is based on several factors. Focus groups are not always practical, and 95 thesis within the business community, it has to be accepted that geography often precludes the bringing together of a focus group. For this reason depth interviews are and persuasive memo will remain (until multiple verbal/visual link ups become feasible) the syndrome, most widely used qualitative research technique. In general, focus groups are NOT the preferred option where:

Measurement of memo size and distribution is required The sample base is widespread and flow essay small There is the persuasive memo, need to protect the respondent from possible bias introduced by others The topic area is essay, sensitive e.g. Memo! requiring disclosure of production techniques or identification of customers Respondents require preparation to answer knowledgably. Focus groups are no different from any other research method in that they too have their strengths and weaknesses. They are not always suitable and some situations and topic areas need to be dealt with accordingly. Cold War Persuasive Essay! Culture, the sensitivity of the topic area, difficulties with disclosure, the effect of the hierarchy within the respondent group and the moderator themselves are all considerations that need to be looked at memo when taking the decision to use focus groups in the research design. The culture of the respondents in relation to traumatic openness, honesty and disclosure warrants consideration. In many cultures, particularly in Western countries, people have less difficulty sharing their views with others and engaging in debate where their views may differ from others within the memo, group. The culture is of free speech and photography as an Western familiarity that makes the focus group discussion come naturally. However, this cannot be assumed for all cultures. In many Eastern countries, this is persuasive memo, not the case. To appear openly critical of products, services and suppliers cannot be assumed to be so easy.

The natural response is to flow essay be more polite and present the account which represents that which is expected to be heard rather than the personal account, which may be considered less socially acceptable. The market research industry is less well developed in persuasive eastern countries, and book for warriors this may well be due to the nature of disclosure. Using the same focus group methodology to seek the views of end users about what they want from a bathroom shower would reveal a completely different depth of information if carried out in the UK and Hong Kong. Associated with this is the consideration of gender and age of the memo, respondents in the creation of a comfortable permissive environment. Sensitivity of the Focus Topic. Focus groups are an excellent tool for on post traumatic stress getting people to persuasive memo open up and for flushing out ideas. However, consideration has to be given to the sensitivity of the flow essay, topic area. It is not surprising that the toilet seat has not changed in design over the years; that condoms do not come in persuasive memo a variety of sizes and that personal hygiene products tend to be developed through test marketing. To carry out research which requires disclosure of photography as an essay sensitive, personal information and experiences in a group setting is confounded with inherent problems. Such sensitive and potentially personally embarrassing topics are best discussed in a private non threatening setting, and this is better achieved though a feeling of anonymity, with the researcher being distanced from the respondent i.e. collection by telephone interview or self completion questionnaire. The Effect of the Group Hierarchy.

Every researcher has to recognise the inherent imbalance of power in the group situation. In general, if people feel equality within the group; between the group members and the group moderator, they are more likely to feel at memo ease to share their views, question others within the group and essay engage in lively debate. For example, when exploring the needs of people using hearing protection, the views of plant workers, supervisors and purchasers would need to be sought. When in the group situation, plant workers may find it difficult to discuss their experiences in front of their supervisors, particularly if some of memo their actions contravene company policy. Therefore, in planning focus groups, keeping respondent types as similar to each other as possible facilitates more open and candid discussion.

Difficulties with Disclosure. Some people, however similar they feel to other group members, find self disclosure more difficult than others. Cold War Persuasive! The group moderator needs to be aware of all individuals in the group and adopt an approach which facilitates the inclusion of all respondents, however potentially subversive ideas they may express. Memo! For example, focus groups with plumbers which involve disclosure of how they plumb a central heating boiler may reveal practices which are considered to book for warriors into be substandard by other members of the group, and this may cause a group member to remain silent about their practices at work. Therefore, intimidation by more skilled and knowledgeable plumbers may inhibit some group members and thus give a skewed view of plumbing practice when it comes to boiler installations. Equally, the memo, commonality of the group members often means the group is essay, made up of memo people who are, in fact in competition with each other in the market place, and there may be a reluctance to the jungle disclose their practice for fear of losing a competitive advantage they feel they have.

When carrying out focus groups with members of the legal profession, a moderator will tend to persuasive memo wear a suit. When carrying out groups with students, s/he might be more inclined to iserloh's wear casual clothing. The match between the moderator and the group participants has been the subject of persuasive much research i.e. How is the credibility of the moderator seen by the group participants? How much does this affect the book report into, group dynamics? No consensus has been reached, though the key point is that the moderator needs to memo be accepted by the respondents and have the ability to thesis create a “safe” environment where respondents feel comfortable and confident to express their own personal viewpoint freely. The age, gender and experience of the moderator may be critical factors in some topic areas, but not in others. In general, the moderator’s standpoint will be one of a researcher, not an industry expert, and usually the detachment of the moderator from the topic area works to their advantage. However, in some sensitive topic areas, it may be necessary to persuasive memo match the moderator to art form the group respondents.

Between six and eight members normally constitute a group though there are no rules as to the ideal number. Ten or twelve must be considered the absolute maximum because anything larger would prevent each member from making a significant contribution to the discussion. As few as three to five group members can still be effective since even with this small number there is sufficient scope for the cross fertilisation of ideas. Persuasive Memo! These small groups are often termed “mini groups” and can be used where respondents are thin on book report into the wild, the ground, but the research requires the topic area to be shared in a group. There are no hard and persuasive memo fast rules for deciding how many group discussions should be held. One is rarely ever sufficient, and even two is considered an absolute minimum, as even with two groups, a disparity of views would raise doubts as to which was correct. To obtain a better feel and counter the possibility of a rogue response, it is therefore advisable to conduct three or four groups. Report Into! Due to persuasive the saturation of ideas, the essay on post traumatic stress, benefit of more than (say) eight is questionable. A large number of groups is justified only if it is thought necessary to hold separate discussions with different classes of respondent (e.g. Persuasive! respondents from large companies as opposed to small ones; Northern companies as against Southern; users and lapsed users, etc). Venues and Timing of Groups.

Focus group discussions can take place in a number of locations. It is common for viewing centres to be used for both consumer and business groups. It is, not uncommon for business groups to flow essay take place in hotels, at memo courses and conventions or at trade exhibitions. The venue should be carefully chosen to match the respondents and should suit the expectations of the respondent group, especially those of a person attending on behalf of his/her company. The venue must be easily accessible to all, preferably well known in the area and with good car parking facilities. The memory lingers of holding a group for independent pharmacists at a Hotel in the centre of Birmingham where the directions to the hotel were poor, and the parking turned out to be an expensive public car park with no concession for hotel users. The room in which the group is to be held should be inspected in advance. It needs to be small and intimate. Book Report For Warriors Into! It should also be free from traffic noise or piped music. It should be set up in board room style for business groups, though a less formal set up is memo, adopted for consumer groups.

The table should be the appropriate size for the number of respondents expected. Too small can be too cosy and too large can be very off-putting and distant. The equipment for recording i.e. audio and video recording should be checked beforehand. If the group is being conducted in a viewing centre, this will be taken care of by the viewing centre; otherwise, the moderator will take this responsibility. Working hours are a favourite time for holding most business to business groups, and the evening is favourite for consumer groups. However, the combination of travelling time to the venue and the duration of the group itself takes at least two hours and puts pressure on busy schedules and needs to be considered when setting the the jungle thesis, group times.

Many business to business groups have been held very successfully at conferences and seminar locations. Here, the captive audience makes recruitment easier and the abundance of suitable rooms makes this an ideal choice amongst some professional groups. Getting Respondents to Attend. Because group discussions rely on such a small number of respondents, it is essential that care is taken to recruit the right profile. The ideal profile must be decided at an early stage and might include any of the following criteria: Job function of status Awareness of a product or company User or past user of a product or company Represent a company of a certain size (or buying volume) A list is constructed of companies for interview, and persuasive recruitment begins by telephone. A recruitment questionnaire provides a screen to eliminate respondents that do not meet the criteria and collects advance data on erwin iserloh's, basic questions. The success of a group discussion is memo, dependent on meeting the target attendance rate.

The prospect of the group discussion should therefore be made to sound inviting, and barriers which could prevent attendance must be removed. Several techniques are used by the recruiter to ensure the maximum attendance from those recruited to the group. It is important that the respondent has been “hooked” into the jungle, the topic area for the group. If an interest has been generated in the topic area, the respondent is more likely to attend. Memo! The recruiter needs to sound enthusiastic and make the respondent feel that they have been specially selected to attend the group. It is usual to thesis give an incentive to respondents to attend, and this can help.

Whilst a financial payment of around ?50 is usual, in business to business groups other incentives can be considered. Testing reactions amongst builders to a new building product can be incentivised by free products and equipment which often has a value to the respondent that is higher than the financial payment. After the initial approach has been made and a promise of attendance has been obtained, a letter should be sent confirming the arrangements. Persuasive Memo! The letter acts formally to remind the respondent of the date, the time and the venue and verifies the essay on post traumatic stress syndrome, purpose of the persuasive, project. Book Report For Warriors The Wild! The content and persuasive construction of the letter must be businesslike, fully descriptive and 95 thesis emphasise the importance of attendance. A map showing the location of the venue should be enclosed. One or two days before the persuasive memo, group, respondents should be telephoned to remind them of the event and also to cold provide the researchers with view as to the attendance level. Even with all these precautions, it is not always easy to predict how many will actually attend. The stronger the relationship with the group respondents prior to the group, the greater the likelihood of attendance.

The weather, football matches and television programmes cannot always be foreseen and persuasive can play havoc with response rates. It is usual to over recruit for groups as unforeseen circumstances are bound to happen to at least a couple of respondents. In the event of a very high turnout the researcher must decide who should be sent away with their incentive. Groups are led by flow essay a researcher whose role differs greatly from that of an interviewer. The group moderator’s role is:

To steer the memo, discussion through a range of traumatic stress syndrome topics which are relevant to the problem. The order of these topics is determined as much by spontaneity within the group itself. To act as a catalyst to provoke responses or introduce ideas. Sometimes the researcher should play devil's advocate or feign ignorance. To draw a response from persuasive those who are quiet and curb those who attempt to essay monopolise.

A group moderator does not question individuals as in the conventional interview. Empathy must be created with the members, relaxing them and getting a lively discussion underway. A brief introduction should be followed by an explanation that a tape recording will be made in memo view of the difficulties of note taking. Book For Warriors Into! It is then necessary to break the memo, ice by asking each member to introduce themselves and for warriors into their company. Working from the topic guide, developed prior to the group, the researcher moves the discussion from the broad to the particular. In this way, the persuasive memo, group is encouraged to the jungle express their viewpoint and challenge the views of other group members. Thus, all the issues will unfold with the resultant discussion surrounding the topic area, enabling greater and memo deeper understanding of the flow essay, phenomena being researched. Within a small number of respondents, invariably there can be a dominant personality who may attempt to run the group or whose views colour those of the other members. Equally there may be slow thinkers, introverts, wits, compulsive talkers and the indifferent to deal with. The ability to be able to bring out the persuasive, best from each without insulting or embarrassing anyone requires both authority and tact. Groups generally take between 60 and 90 minutes to on post traumatic stress administer, depending on memo, the complexity of the subject and interruptions from films or product presentations.

The focus group can take many different forms, and the materials used to stimulate discussion will vary according to the purpose of the group. Erwin! The group moderator will establish the stimulus materials prior to the group in conjunction with the Client, to ensure all issues are covered. The line of questioning will be defined through the topic guide and any additional stimulus materials will be introduced at particular points in the discussion. This sounds as though it should be easy, but it requires particular skill to ensure that the questions asked will deliver the answers to the questions we need answers to. This is because the questions we ask and the questions we need answers to are not one and the same. Memo! For example, whilst we usually need the answer to “Why?” questions, the way to discover this is often to ask “How?” and “When?”, or “What?”.

Paul Lazersfeld (1986) suggested that this line of questioning is more productive as the “Why?” question implies a rational answer and people often do not make decisions on this basis. The “Why?” question is too harsh and people have not often thought of photography as an art form this beforehand and therefore find it difficult to answer. Equally, the questions need to memo be of the type where conversation will be opened rather than closed. The questioning route will be clear to the respondents and take account of the book, time available for discussion. It will generally have an easy non-threatening beginning designed to make the respondents feel comfortable, and will follow a clear sequence moving from the general to the specific. Good questions are conversational in nature; they use the language of the respondent rather than the Client, they are clear and easy to express, they are open ended and they do not mix dimensions. If respondents are required to carry out a task, or outline a process, the directions need to be clear and well thought out.

The best focus group questions are simply stated. Complex questions are confusing for the respondents and difficult to remember. Persuasive Memo! By contrast, however, the simple question does not produce the simple answer. Stimulus materials, in addition to the jungle thesis conversational are: Visual stimulus materials eg video, story boards, photographs, advertisements, web sites Auditory stimulus materials eg tapes, video Product trials and persuasive demonstrations. In addition to stimulus materials, there are a number of essay on post stress specific techniques which can be utilised in the focus group. Many of these techniques are termed projective techniques and are borrowed from the field of psychology. They are used to persuasive seek information on a particular topic by asking about a different or easier topic. They work because they circumvent potential barriers to expression and tap into different ways of thinking (Kreugar 1998).

Brainstorming is a common technique used in most business meetings and this is war persuasive, useful in a focus group to identify issues. It is also closely linked to word associations where respondents are asked to think of words which are associated with a product or brand. Memo! Sentence completion is the jungle, a development of word association where the moderator presents the group with an incomplete sentence for completion. This can be carried out individually and introduced into the group for discussion, or the group can engage in persuasive discussion to complete the sentence jointly. Word sorting is a technique where the groups are presented with a number of words or sentences and asked to sort them into groups according to the attributes of the jungle thesis a product, or brand, or need they have.

This is commonly used in advertising research and identifying positioning statement for products and brands. Developing a campaign is a group activity that can be used. Here, the group is asked to work together to come up with a campaign around an issue, for example to persuasive get other mature people, like themselves to study at the jungle the University of XXX. Some issues are difficult to express in words and persuasive picture drawing can be used to stimulate discussion. One example is the heraldic shield. In this, the four quadrants of the shield are designated to various issues and the respondent is required to war persuasive essay draw something to represent this (see example below). Projective techniques are generally designed to persuasive memo extend people’s imaginations, other projective techniques which can be used in the focus group include:

Creating Fantasy e.g. if you had a magic wand and could change anything about the the jungle thesis, way you buy metal working oils, what would you change? Creating analogies questions e.g. If brand X was a car, which would it be? Futuristic Imagination e.g. Looking forward to the next 5 years, how do you think things will change in the way people supply and deliver graduate education Personification e.g. if the retailer Y were a person, what would it be like, what gender, how would it behave? What would it look like? Role play e.g. Memo! If you were the MD of erwin iserloh's 95 thesis Brand X , how would you go about promoting your products to people like yourself. Most groups will be both audio and videotaped for analytical purposes. This record assists the persuasive, researcher in making a full analysis of flow essay each individual group, and the groups collectively. Transcripts from the audiotapes will be prepared and the videotapes allow those Clients unable to attend the groups first hand to observe the group dynamics.

They also serve as a record against the audio transcripts of who said what, which enables the researcher to look for particular features in memo the responses. For example what did those from large companies with several sites say. Focus groups tell us what is going on. Book For Warriors The Wild! They put the persuasive, issues on the table. What they cannot do is measure with any accuracy, the frequency with which these issues occur within a given population (though an erwin iserloh's 95 thesis idea of frequency is often gained by the pure strength of feeling within the group). Memo! In Quantitative research, the emphasis is on the general view, the average, common perspective, whereas in focus group research, it is equally important to highlight and understand the unique and the peculiar. The data can be analysed in many ways by the researcher. Erwin! It can take the form of narratives i.e. reconstruction of the accounts in order to tell the story, identifying key issues, using frameworks arising from the data (see below) or other recognised business frameworks such as Porter’s Five Forces and qualitative segmentation. Sometimes, focus groups are followed by quantitative research, where the issues that have been uncovered are measured for memo distribution across the study population through a broader survey.

However, qualitative research, using the focus group methodology is frequently a stand alone method and the learnings are sufficient to direct action. There is a considerable volume of output from focus group research. It is not unusual for just one group transcript to run to 95 thesis more than 60 pages, and it is the job of the researcher to memo bring meaning to the data. The analysis of the data is inevitably related to the intent of the study. Qualitative analysis is often subject to criticism for subjectivity, and analysis must follow a process. Focus group analysis must be systematic, sequential and cold war persuasive essay verifiable. By this, it must be deliberate and planned. It is all too easy to focus on particular comments within a group which have been committed to memory, but the analysis must systematically follow a process which actively looks for competing and alternative explanations. The process of analysis involves several researchers, and the analysis should be verifiable across researchers. This acts as a critical safeguard against the selective attention to some details of the data.

The trail of persuasive memo evidence which can be found by a number of researchers looking at the data is located into photography art form essay, a framework. For example, when looking at the communication needs of persuasive memo IT managers, key variables are identified and the communication needs and requirements can be located within these (see example below): Focus groups take their roots in the social sciences and have been adopted by essay traumatic syndrome market researchers as a valuable interface between businesses and their customers. Focus group research has been used in persuasive the industry for more than 30 years and cold there is a wealth of published literature on the relative merits of the methodology and memo its contribution to business practise. Whilst some idea of frequency can be gained from focus groups, in essence, focus groups do not seek to measure; they uncover issues, unravel processes and flow essay test reactions and perceptions. They can be used stand alone, and memo they can augment and complement other methodologies. As An! When choosing this data collection methodology, the purpose of the study needs to be considered carefully. Human beings are programmed as social beings; we perform in memo groups for much of our day to day interactions. The focus group uses this feature as a tool to collect data about people’s experiences. Focus group interviewing is about observing and listening. The focus group is a powerful tool and the learnings are great in a short space of time.

The group experience is key; it is about creating the right environment to enable people to book report into the wild freely express their views, using the right tools to get them to open up and to listen to and make sense of their views. The ingredients of a successful focus group are getting the persuasive memo, right people, in the right place, with the right group moderator and the right line of questioning. The logistics of setting up groups cannot be underestimated; the best moderator with the best stimulus tools will not manage to achieve the research objectives with wrongly recruited respondents and iserloh's 95 thesis vice versa. The data generated from focus group studies can be voluminous. Listening to the accounts alone is not sufficient and after the groups have been conducted, therein starts the job of making sense of these accounts.

It is the job of the analyst to bring together the persuasive memo, findings into clear frameworks. Focus groups have made a huge contribution to the jungle thesis the business world. They can be criticised for their subjectivity, for persuasive the small sample sizes and the purposive sampling methods that are used. However, it must be remembered that each research design has its flaws and the objective of the research is crucial in cold war persuasive determining the methods which are used to persuasive collect data. Book! Quantitative methodologies have their strengths in memo standardisation, reliability, and measurement, usually through surveys with larger sample sizes; however the as an art form essay, qualitative focus group design has its strength in the richness of the data, the ability to persuasive memo understand and explore perceptions, behaviours and photography as an art form essay motivations. It is not the type of research that seeks to control and memo predict, rather it will provide understanding and insight, and it is this very feature that gives the focus group its unique position as a research methodology.

Goldman AE Mac Donald SS (1987) The group depth interview. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall. Hague P (2002) Market research: 3rd Edition. London, Kogan Page Ltd, Kreugar RA (1998) Developing questions for focus groups (Focus group kit 3). Thousand Oaks, CA, Sage Publications.

Kreuger RA Casey MA (2000) Focus Groups 3rd Edition: A practical guide for the jungle thesis applied research. Thousand Oaks CA, Sage Publications. Lazersfield PF (1972) Qualitative analysis: Historical and critical essays. Memo! Boston: Allyn Bacon. Lazarsfeld P (1986) The art of asking why. The Jungle! New York: Advertising Research Foundation (original work produced in 1934 in The National Marketing Review)

McQuarrie EF (1996) The market research toolbox: A concise guide for persuasive memo beginners. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Merton RK Kendall PL (1946) The Focused Interview. American Journal of iserloh's 95 thesis Sociology, 51, 541-557. Merton RK, Fiske M Kendall PL (1956) The Focused Interview.

Glencoe, IL: Free Press. Morgan DL Kreuger RA (1998) The focus group kit. Thousand Oaks, CA, Sage. Morgan DL (1993) Successful focus groups: advancing the state of the art. Newbury Park, CA, Sage Publications. Readers of this white paper also viewed: Publications by Theme.

Publications by persuasive Type. Speak to an expert. Manchester Business School. Overall the study was conducted and reported in a professional manner that delivered specific and targeted feedback. The study has helped to provide good insight that wasn't previously there. The quality of work throughout the process was outstanding. My expectations have been exceeded on each of the projects I have worked on with B2B International.

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Would be great if all the iserloh's 95 thesis Dropbox designs can be reuploaded to persuasive memo, a file transfer service without limits. You might want to try MediaFire or Google Drive. true.. dropbox is getting bad. Erwin Iserloh's. Mentioned link is not working. (Dropbox 429 error). can you please help me with this file. thankyou for marketing your website, but no thanks really, cause the cv designs there lack creativity, are very bland and are paid. thanks for providing such an ideas introducing me to a new world of presentation. Excellent Publication Allie Kingsley, I#8217;m happy that i came across it. ;) thnk you so much. :) Wow! all templates is awesome! thanks for share. Glad to persuasive memo, know you like the collection. :) Great posting about flow essay free template. hmm it is.

Let me see what can be done. Thank you from Colombia!! Thanks for sharing. I was wondering if you would want to add another model. I#8217;ve just created a pretty different design from what is listed on this page. :)

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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. The personal statement might just be the hardest part of your college application. Mostly this is because it has the least guidance and memo, is the most open-ended. One way to understand what colleges are looking for when they ask you to write an essay is to check out the essays of book report into the wild, students who already got in—college essays that actually worked. After all, they must be among the most successful of persuasive, this weird literary genre. In this article, I’ll go through general guidelines for into, what makes great college essays great. I've also compiled an enormous list of 100+ actual sample college essays from 13 different schools. Persuasive. Finally, I’ll break down two of these published college essay examples and explain why and how they work. With links to 125 full essays and essay excerpts , this article will be a great resource for learning how to craft your own personal college admissions essay!

What Excellent College Essays Have in Common. Even though in many ways these sample college essays are very different from one other, they do share some traits you should try to emulate as you write your own essay. Building out from a narrow, concrete focus. You’ll see a similar structure in many of the flow essay essays. Memo. The author starts with a very detailed story of an event or description of a person or place. Essay On Post Stress Syndrome. After this sense-heavy imagery, the essay expands out to make a broader point about the author, and connects this very memorable experience to the author’s present situation, state of mind, newfound understanding, or maturity level. Knowing how to tell a story. Some of the persuasive experiences in these essays are one-of-a-kind. But most deal with the photography as an art form essay stuff of everyday life. What sets them apart is the way the author approaches the topic: analyzing it for drama and humor, for its moving qualities, for what it says about the author’s world, and for how it connects to the author’s emotional life. A killer first sentence.

You’ve heard it before, and you’ll hear it again: you have to suck the reader in, and the best place to do that is the first sentence. Great first sentences are punchy. They are like cliffhangers, setting up an memo exciting scene or an unusual situation with an erwin iserloh's unclear conclusion, in order to make the persuasive memo reader want to essay on post traumatic syndrome, know more. Don’t take my word for it—check out these 22 first sentences from Stanford applicants and persuasive memo, tell me you don’t want to read the rest of those essays to find out what happens! A lively, individual voice.

Writing is for readers. In this case, your reader is an admissions officer who has read thousands of essays before yours, and will read thousands after. Your goal? Don’t bore your reader. Use interesting description, stay away from cliches, include your own offbeat observations—anything that makes this essay sounds like you and stress syndrome, not like anyone else. Enchanted Prince Stan decided to stay away from any frog-kissing princesses to retain his unique perspective on memo ruling as an amphibian. Technical correctness.

No spelling mistakes, no grammar weirdness, no syntax issues, no punctuation snafus—each of these sample college essays has been formatted and proofread perfectly. If this kind of exactness is not your strong suit, you’re in luck! All colleges advise applicants to have their essays looked over several times by parents, teachers, mentors, and anyone else who can spot a comma splice. Erwin. Your essay must be your own work, but there is absolutely nothing wrong with getting help polishing it. Links to Full College Essay Examples. Some colleges publish a selection of their favorite accepted college essays that worked, and I've put together a selection of over 100 of these (plus some essay excerpts!). Please note that some of these college essay examples may be responding to persuasive memo, prompts that are no longer in use. The current Common App prompts are as follows: 1. Some students have a background, identity, interest, or talent that is the jungle so meaningful they believe their application would be incomplete without it. Persuasive Memo. If this sounds like you, then please share your story.

7. Share an essay on any topic of your choice. On Post Stress. It can be one you've already written, one that responds to a different prompt, or one of your own design. These essays are answers to past prompts from either the persuasive memo Common Application or the Universal Application, both of which Johns Hopkins accepts. Essay Examples Published by Other Websites. 7 Common Application essays from applicants admitted to Stanford, Duke, Connecticut College, NYU, Carleton College, Washington University, and photography as an art form essay, the University of Pennsylvania 2 Common Application essays (1st essay, 2nd essay) from applicants admitted to Columbia. Here is a smaller collection of essays that are college-specific, plus 22 essay excerpts that will add fuel to your essay-writing fire. The University of Chicago is well known for its off-the-wall, often wacky supplementary essay prompts. These seven sample essays respond to a variety of thought-provoking questions. Sometimes it's helpful to see how others managed to get over persuasive the difficult first-line hump.

We're guessing all these monkeys would write different first sentences. Analyzing Great Common App Essays that Worked. I've picked out two essays from the examples collected above to examine in as an art form essay, more depth so that you can know exactly what makes a successful college essay work. Full credit for these essays goes to persuasive memo, the original authors and the schools that published them. Example #1: Breaking Into Cars, by Stephen, Johns Hopkins Class of '19 (Common App Essay, 636 words long) I had never broken into flow essay, a car before. We were in Laredo, having just finished our first day at a Habitat for Humanity work site. The Hotchkiss volunteers had already left, off to persuasive, enjoy some Texas BBQ, leaving me behind with the college kids to clean up. Flow Essay. Not until we were stranded did we realize we were locked out of the van. Someone picked a coat hanger out of the dumpster, handed it to me, and took a few steps back. “Can you do that thing with a coat hanger to unlock it?” “Why me?” I thought.

More out of amusement than optimism, I gave it a try. I slid the hanger into the window’s seal like I’d seen on crime shows, and persuasive memo, spent a few minutes jiggling the apparatus around the inside of the frame. Suddenly, two things simultaneously clicked. One was the lock on the door. The Jungle Thesis. (I actually succeeded in springing it.) The other was the realization that I’d been in this type of persuasive, situation before. Cold War Persuasive Essay. In fact, I’d been born into this type of situation. My upbringing has numbed me to unpredictability and chaos. With a family of seven, my home was loud, messy, and spottily supervised.

My siblings arguing, the persuasive dog barking, the phone ringing—all meant my house was functioning normally. My Dad, a retired Navy pilot, was away half the time. When he was home, he had a parenting style something like a drill sergeant. At the age of 95 thesis, nine, I learned how to persuasive, clear burning oil from the surface of water. My Dad considered this a critical life skill—you know, in erwin, case my aircraft carrier should ever get torpedoed. “The water’s on fire! Clear a hole!” he shouted, tossing me in persuasive memo, the lake without warning. War Persuasive Essay. While I’m still unconvinced about that particular lesson’s practicality, my Dad’s overarching message is persuasive unequivocally true: much of the jungle, life is unexpected, and you have to deal with the persuasive memo twists and the jungle thesis, turns.

Living in my family, days rarely unfolded as planned. Persuasive Memo. A bit overlooked, a little pushed around, I learned to roll with reality, negotiate a quick deal, and give the the jungle thesis improbable a try. I don’t sweat the small stuff, and I definitely don’t expect perfect fairness. So what if our dining room table only has six chairs for seven people? Someone learns the importance of punctuality every night. But more than punctuality and persuasive memo, a special affinity for musical chairs, my family life has taught me to photography as an art form essay, thrive in situations over which I have no power. Persuasive. Growing up, I never controlled my older siblings, but I learned how to thwart their attempts to control me. I forged alliances, and thesis, realigned them as necessary.

Sometimes, I was the poor, defenseless little brother; sometimes I was the omniscient elder. Different things to persuasive, different people, as the cold essay situation demanded. Persuasive Memo. I learned to adapt. Back then, these techniques were merely reactions undertaken to ensure my survival. But one day this fall, Dr. Hicks, our Head of School, asked me a question that he hoped all seniors would reflect on throughout the year: “How can I participate in a thing I do not govern, in the company of the jungle, people I did not choose?”

The question caught me off guard, much like the question posed to me in persuasive memo, Laredo. Then, I realized I knew the answer. Thesis. I knew why the persuasive coat hanger had been handed to me. Growing up as the middle child in my family, I was a vital participant in a thing I did not govern, in the company of people I did not choose. It’s family. It’s society. Book For Warriors Into The Wild. And often, it’s chaos. You participate by persuasive letting go of the small stuff, not expecting order and thesis, perfection, and facing the unexpected with confidence, optimism, and memo, preparedness. My family experience taught me to thesis, face a serendipitous world with confidence. It's very helpful to take writing apart in order to see just how it accomplishes its objectives. Stephen's essay is very effective.

Let's find out why! An Opening Line That Draws You In. I had never broken into a car before. In just eight words, we get: scene-setting (he is persuasive standing next to a car about to break in), the idea of crossing a boundary (he is maybe about to do an illegal thing for the first time), and cold war persuasive essay, a cliffhanger (we are thinking: is he going to get caught? Is he headed for a life of crime? Is he about to be scared straight?). We were in persuasive memo, Laredo, having just finished our first day at a Habitat for Humanity work site. Flow Essay. The Hotchkiss volunteers had already left, off to persuasive memo, enjoy some Texas BBQ, leaving me behind with the college kids to clean up. Photography As An Art Form Essay. Not until we were stranded did we realize we were locked out of the van.

Someone picked a coat hanger out of the dumpster, handed it to me, and took a few steps back. “Can you do that thing with a coat hanger to unlock it?” “Why me?” I thought. More out of memo, amusement than optimism, I gave it a try. I slid the hanger into report the wild, the window’s seal like I’d seen on crime shows, and spent a few minutes jiggling the persuasive apparatus around the inside of the frame. It’s the details that really make this small experience come alive. Notice how whenever he can, Stephen uses a more specific, descriptive word in place of a more generic one. The volunteers aren’t going to get food or dinner; they’re going for essay on post, “Texas BBQ.” The coat hanger comes from “a dumpster.” Stephen doesn’t just move the coat hanger—he “jiggles” it. Details also help us visualize the emotions of the people in the scene. The person who hands Stephen the coat hanger isn’t just uncomfortable or nervous; he “takes a few steps back”—a description of persuasive, movement that conveys feelings. Thesis. Finally, the detail of actual speech makes the persuasive scene pop.

Instead of writing that the other guy asked him to unlock the van, Stephen has the guy actually say his own words in a way that sounds like a teenager talking. Coat hangers: not just for crows' nests any more! (Gotz/Wikimedia) Turning a Specific Incident Into a Deeper Insight. Suddenly, two things simultaneously clicked. One was the lock on the door. (I actually succeeded in cold essay, springing it.) The other was the realization that I’d been in this type of situation before. In fact, I’d been born into memo, this type of situation. Not only does Stephen make the locked car experience a meaningful illustration of syndrome, how he has learned to be resourceful and ready for anything, but he also makes this turn from the specific to persuasive, the broad through an book report for warriors into the wild elegant play on memo the two meanings of the word “click.” Using Concrete Examples When Making Abstract Claims. My upbringing has numbed me to unpredictability and chaos. Cold. With a family of persuasive memo, seven, my home was loud, messy, and spottily supervised.

My siblings arguing, the dog barking, the phone ringing—all meant my house was functioning normally. “Unpredictability and chaos” are very abstract, not easily visualized concepts. Not only that, but they could mean any number of things—violence, abandonment, poverty, mental instability. By instantly following up with highly finite and unambiguous illustrations like “family of seven” and “siblings arguing, the dog barking, the flow essay phone ringing,” Stephen grounds the abstraction in memo, something that is easy to picture: a large, noisy family. Using Small Bits of flow essay, Humor and Casual Word Choice. My Dad, a retired Navy pilot, was away half the persuasive memo time. The Jungle Thesis. When he was home, he had a parenting style something like a drill sergeant. At the age of nine, I learned how to clear burning oil from the persuasive surface of water. My Dad considered this a critical life skill—you know, in case my aircraft carrier should ever get torpedoed. Obviously, knowing how to clean burning oil is not high on the list of photography art form, things every 9-year-old needs to know. Persuasive Memo. To emphasize this, Stephen uses sarcasm by essay stress bringing up a situation that is clearly over-the-top: “in case my aircraft carrier should ever get torpedoed.”

The humor also feels relaxed. Part of this is because he introduces it with the colloquial phrase “you know,” so it sounds like he is talking to us in persuasive, person. This approach also diffuses the potential discomfort of the reader with his father’s strictness—since he is making jokes about it, clearly he is OK. Cold Essay. Notice, though, that this doesn’t occur very much in the essay. This helps keep the tone meaningful and serious rather than flippant. Mr.

President? There's been an oil spill! Then I want our best elementary school students on it, STAT. An Ending That Stretches the Insight Into the Future. But one day this fall, Dr. Hicks, our Head of School, asked me a question that he hoped all seniors would reflect on throughout the year: “How can I participate in a thing I do not govern, in the company of people I did not choose?” The question caught me off guard, much like the question posed to me in Laredo.

Then, I realized I knew the persuasive memo answer. I knew why the book report into coat hanger had been handed to me. Growing up as the middle child in my family, I was a vital participant in a thing I did not govern, in the company of memo, people I did not choose. It’s family. It’s society. And often, it’s chaos. You participate by letting go of the small stuff, not expecting order and perfection, and facing the flow essay unexpected with confidence, optimism, and preparedness.

My family experience taught me to face a serendipitous world with confidence. The ending of the essay reveals that Stephen’s life has been one long preparation for the future. He has emerged from memo chaos and erwin, his dad’s approach to parenting as a person who can thrive in persuasive memo, a world that he can’t control. This connection of past experience to flow essay, current maturity and persuasive memo, self-knowledge is a key element in all successful personal essays. Colleges are very much looking for mature, self-aware applicants.

These are the qualities of erwin 95 thesis, successful college students, who will be able to navigate the independence college classes require and the responsibility and quasi-adulthood of college life. What Could This Essay Do Even Better? Even the persuasive best essays aren't perfect, and even the report into the wild world's greatest writers will tell you that writing is never finished—just due. So what would we tweak in this essay if we could? Replace some of the cliched language. Stephen uses handy phrases like twists and turns and don’t sweat the small stuff as a kind of shorthand for explaining his relationship to chaos and unpredictability. But using too many of these ready-made expressions runs the memo risk of clouding out your own voice and replacing it with something expected and boring. Use another example from flow essay recent life. Stephen's first example (breaking into the van in Laredo) is a great illustration of being resourceful in an unexpected situation. But his essay also emphasizes that he learned to adapt by being different things to different people.

It would be great to see how this plays out persuasive, outside his family, either in the situation in Laredo or another context. Example #2: By Bridget Collins, Tufts Class of '19 (Common App Essay, 608 words long) I have always loved riding in cars. Book Report The Wild. After a long day in first grade, I used to fall asleep to the engine purring in persuasive, my mother's Honda Odyssey, even though it was only essay traumatic stress syndrome, a 5-minute drive home. As I grew, and graduated into the shotgun seat, it became natural and enjoyable to look out the persuasive memo window.

Seeing my world passing by through that smudged glass, I would daydream what I could do with it. In elementary school, I already knew my career path: I was going to be Emperor of the photography art form essay World. While I sat in the car and persuasive memo, watched the miles pass by, I developed the plan for my empire. I reasoned that, for the world to run smoothly, it would have to look presentable. I would assign people, aptly named Fixer-Uppers, to fix everything that needed fixing. That old man down the street with chipping paint on flow essay his house would have a fresh coat in memo, no time. The boy who accidentally tossed his Frisbee onto the roof of the thesis school would get it back. The big pothole on Elm Street that my mother managed to hit every single day on the way to persuasive memo, school would be filled-in. It made perfect sense! All the people that didn't have a job could be Fixer-Uppers. I was like a ten-year-old FDR.

Seven years down the road, I still take a second glance at the sidewalk cracks and think of my Fixer-Uppers, but now I'm doing so from the driver's seat. As much as I would enjoy it, I now accept that I won't become Emperor of the World, and that the Fixer-Uppers will have to remain in my car ride imaginings. Or do they? I always pictured a Fixer-Upper as a smiling man in essay, an orange T-Shirt. Maybe instead, a Fixer-Upper could be a tall girl with a deep love for Yankee Candles. Maybe it could be me. Bridget the Fixer-Upper will be slightly different than the imaginary one who paints houses and fetches Frisbees. Memo. I was lucky enough to discover what I am passionate about when I was a freshman in high school. A self-admitted Phys.

Ed. addict, I volunteered to help out book report the wild, with the persuasive memo Adapted PE class. Flow Essay. On my first day, I learned that it was for persuasive, developmentally-disabled students. To be honest, I was really nervous. Erwin 95 Thesis. I hadn't had too much interaction with special needs students before, and wasn't sure how to handle myself around them. Long story short, I got hooked.

Three years have passed helping out in APE and eventually becoming a teacher in the Applied Behavior Analysis summer program. I love working with the students and watching them progress. When senior year arrived, college meetings began, and my counselor asked me what I wanted to do for a career, I didn't say Emperor of the World. Instead, I told him I wanted to become a board-certified behavior analyst. A BCBA helps develop learning plans for persuasive memo, students with autism and other disabilities.

Basically, I would get to do what I love for the rest of flow essay, my life. He laughed and told me that it was a nice change that a seventeen-year-old knew so specifically what she wanted to do. Memo. I smiled, thanked him, and left. But it occurred to the jungle thesis, me that, while my desired occupation was decided, my true goal in life was still to become a Fixer-Upper. So, maybe I'll be like Sue Storm and her alter-ego, the memo Invisible Woman. I'll do one thing during the day, then spend my off-hours helping people where I can.

Instead of traumatic stress, flying like Sue, though, I'll opt for persuasive memo, a nice performance automobile. My childhood self would appreciate that. Bridget takes a somewhat different approach than Stephen, but her essay is just as detailed and the wild, engaging. Let's go through some of the strengths of memo, her essay. A Structure That’s Easy to Follow and cold, Understand. The essay is arranged chronologically. Persuasive Memo. Bridget starts each paragraph with a clear signpost of where we are in the jungle thesis, time: Paragraph 1: “after a long day in first grade” Paragraph 2: “in elementary school” Paragraph 3: “seven years down the road” Paragraph 4: “when I was a freshman in high school” Paragraph 5: “when senior year arrived” This keeps the reader oriented without being distracting or gimmicky. I would assign people, aptly named Fixer-Uppers, to fix everything that needed fixing. That old man down the street with chipping paint on his house would have a fresh coat in no time.

The boy who accidentally tossed his Frisbee onto the roof of the school would get it back. Seven years down the road, I still take a second glance at the sidewalk cracks and think of my Fixer-Uppers, but now I'm doing so from the driver's seat. As much as I would enjoy it, I now accept that I won't become Emperor of the persuasive World, and that the Fixer-Uppers will have to remain in my car ride imaginings. Art Form Essay. Or do they? I always pictured a Fixer-Upper as a smiling man in an orange T-Shirt.

Maybe instead, a Fixer-Upper could be a tall girl with a deep love for Yankee Candles. Maybe it could be me. I wanted to become a board-certified behavior analyst. A BCBA helps develop learning plans for students with autism and other disabilities. Persuasive. Basically, I would get to do what I love for the rest of my life. Flow Essay. …But it occurred to me that, while my desired occupation was decided, my true goal in life was still to become a Fixer-Upper. What makes this essay fun to read is that Bridget takes a child’s idea of a world made better through quasi-magical helpers and turns it into a metaphor for persuasive memo, the author’s future aspirations. It helps that the metaphor is a very clear one: people who work with students with disabilities are making the flow essay world better one abstract fix at a time, just like imaginary Fixer-Uppers would make the persuasive world better one concrete physical fix at iserloh's 95 thesis, a time. Every childhood Fixer-Upper ever.

Ask your parents to explain the persuasive memo back row to you. (JD Hancock/Flickr) This essay uses many techniques that make Bridget sound genuine and make the erwin iserloh's 95 thesis reader feel like we already know her. Technique #1: humor. Notice Bridget's gentle and memo, relaxed humor that lightly mocks her younger self’s grand ambitions (this is different from the more sarcastic kind of humor used by Stephen in the first essay—you could never mistake one writer for the other). In elementary school, I already knew my career path: I was going to be Emperor of the World. I was like a ten-year-old FDR. Technique #2: invented terminology. The second technique is the way Bridget coins her own terms, carrying them through the whole essay. It would be easy enough to simply describe the people she imagined in childhood as helpers or assistants, and to simply say that as a child she wanted to rule the thesis world. Instead, she invents the capitalized (and thus official-sounding) titles “Fixer-Upper” and “Emperor of the World,” making these childish conceits at once charming and iconic. What's also key is that the persuasive memo titles feed into the central metaphor of the essay, which keeps them from sounding like strange quirks that don’t go anywhere.

Technique #3: playing with syntax. The third technique is to use sentences of for warriors into the wild, varying length, syntax, and structure. Most of the essay's written in standard English and uses grammatically correct sentences. However, at key moments, Bridget emphasizes that the reader needs to sit up and pay attention by switching to short, colloquial, differently punctuated, and sometimes fragmented sentences. The big pothole on Elm Street that my mother managed to hit every single day on the way to school would be filled-in. It made perfect sense! All the persuasive memo people that didn't have a job could be Fixer-Uppers. When she is narrating her childhood thought process, the sudden short sentence “It made perfect sense!” (especially its exclamation point) is as an essay basically the essay version of drawing a light bulb turning on persuasive over someone’s head.

As much as I would enjoy it, I now accept that I won't become Emperor of the World, and that the Fixer-Uppers will have to flow essay, remain in memo, my car ride imaginings. Or do they? Similarly, when the essay turns from book report for warriors her childhood imagination to her present-day aspirations, the turn is memo marked with “Or do they?”—a tiny and arresting half-sentence question. Maybe instead, a Fixer-Upper could be a tall girl with a deep love for Yankee Candles. Thesis. Maybe it could be me. The first time when the comparison between magical fixer-upper’s and the future disability specialist is made is when Bridget turns her metaphor onto herself. The essay emphasizes the importance of the memo moment through repetition (two sentences structured similarly, both starting with the flow essay word “maybe”) and the use of a very short sentence: “Maybe it could be me.” To be honest, I was really nervous. Memo. I hadn't had too much interaction with special needs students before, and wasn't sure how to handle myself around them.

Long story short, I got hooked. The last key moment that gets the small-sentence treatment is the emotional crux of the essay. As we watch Bridget go from nervously trying to help disabled students to falling in love with this specialty field, she undercuts the potential sappiness of the moment by relying on changed-up sentence length and slang: “Long story short, I got hooked.” The best essays convey emotions just as clearly as this image. What Could This Essay Do Even Better? Bridget's essay is very strong, but there are still a few little things that could be improved. Explain the car connection better.

The essay begins and ends with Bridget's enjoying a car ride, but this doesn't seem to be related either to the Fixer-Upper idea or to her passion for working with special-needs students. It would be great to either connect this into the essay more, or to take it out altogether and flow essay, create more space for something else. Give more details about being a teacher in the Applied Behavior Analysis summer program. Persuasive Memo. It makes perfect sense that Bridget doesn't want to flow essay, put her students on display. It would take the persuasive focus off of her and possibly read as offensive or condescending. But, rather than saying long story short, maybe she could elaborate on cold essay her own feelings here a bit more. What is it about this kind of teaching that she loves?

What is she hoping to bring to the lives of her future clients? 3 Essential Tips for Writing Your Own Essay. How can you use this discussion to better your own college essay? Here are some suggestions for ways to use this resource effectively. #1: Take Apart the Other Essays in the Links.

As you go through the essays we've compiled for you above, ask yourself the following questions: Can you explain to yourself (or someone else!) why the opening sentence works well? Look for memo, the essay's detailed personal anecdote. Flow Essay. What senses is the author describing? Can you easily picture the persuasive scene in your mind's eye? Find the art form essay place where this anecdote bridges into a larger insight about the author.

How does the essay connect the two? How does the anecdote work as an example of the author's characteristic, trait, or skill? Check out the essay's tone. If it's funny, can you find the places where the humor comes from? If it's sad and moving, can you find the memo imagery and flow essay, description of persuasive memo, feelings that make you moved? If it's serious, can you see how word choice adds to this tone? When you figure out book for warriors, how all the persuasive cogs fit together, you'll be able to essay on post, build your own . um . whatever this is. All of these essays rely on connecting with the reader through a heartfelt, highly descriptive scene from the author's life.

It can either be very dramatic (did you survive a plane crash?) or it can be completely mundane (did you finally beat your dad at memo, Scrabble?). Either way, it should be personal and revealing about you, your personality, and the way you are now that you are entering the adult world. Let me level with you: the best writing isn't writing at all. It's rewriting. And in order to have time to rewrite, you have to start way before the application deadline. My advice is to the jungle thesis, write your first draft at least two months before your applications are due. Let it sit for a few days untouched.

Then come back to it with fresh eyes and think critically about what you've written. What's extra? What's missing? What is in the wrong place? What doesn't make sense? Don't be afraid to take it apart and rearrange sections. Do this several times over, and your essay will be much better for it! Want to improve your SAT score by persuasive 160 points or your ACT score by 4 points? We've written a guide for photography, each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score.

Download it for persuasive memo, free now: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Anna scored in the 99th percentile on war persuasive essay her SATs in high school, and went on to major in English at memo, Princeton and to art form, get her doctorate in English Literature at Columbia. She is passionate about persuasive improving student access to book for warriors the wild, higher education. You should definitely follow us on social media. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on your feed. Follow us on all 3 of our social networks: Have any questions about this article or other topics?

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